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Encyclopedia > Thomas J. Dodd
Thomas J. Dodd
Thomas J. Dodd

In office
January 3, 1959January 2, 1971
Preceded by William A. Purtell
Succeeded by Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.

Born May 15, 1907(1907-05-15)
Willimantic, Connecticut
Died May 24, 1971 (aged 64)
Old Lyme, Connecticut
Political party Democratic
Spouse Grace Murphy Dodd
Religion Roman Catholic

Thomas Joseph Dodd (May 15, 1907May 24, 1971) was a United States Senator and Representative from Connecticut, and the father of U.S. Senator Christopher Dodd. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Willimantics town hall sports a Victorian-era clock tower. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Old Lyme is a town located in New London County, Connecticut. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Christopher John Dodd (born May 27, 1944) is an American lawyer and politician from Willimantic, Connecticut. ...

Contents

Early life

Dodd was born in Norwich, New London County to Abigail Margaret O'Sullivan and Thomas Joseph Dodd; all four of his grandparents were immigrants from Ireland.[1] He graduated from Providence College in 1930, and Yale University Law School in 1933. In 1934, Dodd married Grace Murphy of Westerly, Rhode Island. They had six children.[2] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... New London County is located in the southeastern corner of the state of Connecticut. ... This page refers to a college in Rhode Island. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He served as a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1933 and 1934, and was Connecticut director of the National Youth Administration 1935-1938. He was assistant to five successive United States Attorneys General from 1938-1945. The five Attorneys General were: Homer Cummings, Frank Murphy, Robert Jackson, Francis Biddle, and Tom Clark.[3] F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Youth Administration (NYA) was a New Deal agency in the United States. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Seal of the United States Department of Justice The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. Â§ 503) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


As a special agent for the Attorney General, Dodd was basically a trial-level federal prosecutor. He worked primarily on criminal and civil liberties cases, including the prosecution of the Klu Klux Klan in the 1930's.[3] In 1942 he was sent to Hartford to prosecute a major spy ring case in which five defendants were accused of violating the Espionage Act of 1917 by conspiring to gather and deliver U.S. Army, Navy and defense information to Germany or Japan. Four of the five plead guilty, but Dodd tried and won the conviction of the fifth, Reverend Kurt Emil Bruno Molzahn.[4] The Espionage Act of 1917 was a United States federal law passed shortly after entering World War I, on June 15, 1917, which made it a crime for a person to convey information with intent to interfere with the operation or success of the armed forces of the United States...


Dodd became vice chairman of the Board of Review and later executive trial counsel for the Office of the United States Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality at Nuremberg, Germany, in 1945 and 1946. He practiced law privately in Hartford, Connecticut, from 1947 to 1953. This article is about the city in Germany. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA Hartford Region Capitol Region Named 1637 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Eddie Perez Area  - City  18. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Nuremberg Trials

Both Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson, chief prosecutor for the U.S., and Dodd insisted upon a fair and legal trial to prosecute the Nazi war criminals. Dodd accepted Justice Jackson's offer to join him in Germany. Dodd expected the position to last only several months, but he wound up spending 15 months there. Dodd suggested Heidelberg as the location for the International Military Tribunal, since it had survived the war almost completely unscathed, but Nuremberg ended up being appropriate considering the Nazi leadership had signed its code into law in Nuremberg[5]. Nuremberg was in ruins. In October, 1945, Justice Jackson named Dodd to his senior Trial Board for the Nuremberg Trials, and later in 1946, named him Executive Trial Counsel, putting him in the number-two position at the trials. In the summer of 1946, Justice Jackson appointed Dodd as the acting Chief of Counsel while he returned to DC. Dodd finally returned to the U.S. in October 1946.[3] He described the delegation as "an autopsy on history's most horrible catalogue of human crime."[6] Robert Houghwout Jackson (February 13, 1892–October 9, 1954) was United States Attorney General (1940–1941) and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (1941–1954). ... The Nuremberg Trials is the general name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in World War II and the Holocaust. ...


Dodd was very involved with the trials and had a reputation for his tough cross examinations. Dodd cross-examined defendants Wilhelm Keitel, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Walther Funk, Baldur von Schirach, Ernst Sauckel, and Arthur Seyss-Inquart. In addition to cross examining, Dodd drafted indictments against the defendants, showed films of concentration camps, provided evidence of slave labor programs, and presented evidence of economic preparations by the Nazis for an aggressive war.[3]   (January 12, 1893 Reval (nowadays Tallinn) – October 16, 1946) was an early and intellectually influential member of the Nazi party, who later held several important posts in the Nazi government. ... Hans Frank (May 23, 1900 – October 16, 1946) was a lawyer for the Nazi party during the 1920s and a senior official in Nazi Germany. ... Walter Funk Walter Emanuel Funk (August 18, 1890 - May 31, 1960) was a prominent Nazi official. ... Baldur von Schirach Baldur Benedikt von Schirach (May 9, 1907 – August 8, 1974) was a Nazi youth leader later convicted of being a war criminal. ... Arthur Seyss-Inquart Arthur Seyss-Inquart (born Arthur Zajtich, officially (German) Arthur Seyß-Inquart) (July 22, 1892 – October 16, 1946) was a prominent Nazi official in Austria and for wartime Germany in Poland and the Netherlands. ...


Dodd showed through his evidence that Ukrainian Overlord Eric Koch and defendant Polish Overlord Hans Frank were responsible for the plans to deport one million Poles for slave labor.[7] Dodd also showed evidence that defendant Walther Funk turned the Reichsbank into a depository for gold teeth and other valuables seized from the concentration camp victims. Dodd showed a motion picture of the vaults in Frankfurt where allied troops found cases of these valuables, containing dentures, earrings, silverware and candelabra.[8] Dodd had a flair for drama and showed many gruesome items of evidence, such as a shrunken, stuffed and preserved human skull of one of the concentration camp victims that had been used as a paperweight by the commandant of Buchenwald Concentration Camp.[9] A 100 Mark banknote issued by the German Reichsbank in 1908 (http://www. ... Slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp (Elie Wiesel is second row, seventh from left). ...


Final pleas were made on August 31, 1946, and the Tribunal announced its judgment in September 1946. Dodd assisted the Allied prosecuting team of convicting all but 3 of the defendants.[3] Twenty of the 21 Nazis had claimed innocence, including Hermann Goering, whom Dodd had charged with ordering Reinhardt Heydrich to kill the Jews.[10] In addition to prosecuting the individual defendants, Dodd demanded in his summation to the Tribunal that all 6 of the indicted Nazi organizations be convicted of crimes against humanity, on the same grounds of the crimes against humanity ascribed to the individual defendants. These six organizations are the Leadership Corps, the Reich cabinet, the Gestapo, The Storm Troops (SA), the Armed Forces, and the Elite Guard (SS). Dodd felt that these organizations should not escape liability on the grounds that they were too large, part of a political party, etc.[11] is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hermann Göring Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also spelled Hermann Goering in English) (January 12, 1893–October 15, 1946) was a prominent and early member of the Nazi party, founder of the Gestapo, and one of the main architects of Nazi Germany. ... The   (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei: “secret state police”) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ...


Dodd was given several awards in recognition of his work at the Nuremberg trials. Justice Jackson awarded him the Medal of Freedom in July 1946 and President Truman awarded him the Certificate of Merit, which Justice Jackson personally delivered to him in Hartford in the fall of 1946.[3] Dodd also received the Czechoslovak Order of the White Lion.[2] In 1949, the Polish government had intended to award Dodd with a badge of honor called the Officer's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta, but Dodd rejected the medal due to his commitment to human rights and views that the Polish government was imposing a tyranny similar to that imposed by the Nazis, and accepting an honor from the President of Poland would be like accepting one from the Nazis.[12][13] 4th Class Medal of the Order of the White Lion, Military Division The Order of the White Lion is the highest order of the Czech Republic, which continues a Czechoslovak order of the same name created in 1922 as an award for foreigners ( Czechoslovakia had no decoration for its citizens...


Congress

Dodd was elected as a Democrat to the House of Representatives in 1952, and served two terms. He lost a Senate election in 1956 to Prescott S. Bush, but was elected in 1958 to Connecticut's other Senate seat and then re-elected in 1964. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1956 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with Dwight D. Eisenhower re-election. ... Prescott Sheldon Bush (May 15, 1895, Columbus, Ohio - October 8, 1972, New York City) was a U.S. Senator from Connecticut and a Wall Street executive banker with Brown Brothers Harriman. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1958 was an election for the United States Senate which occurred in the middle of President Dwight D. Eisenhowers second term. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1964 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with the re-election of President Lyndon Baines Johnson by an overwhelming majority. ...


Before becoming a U.S. senator, Dodd was hired to lobby for Guatemala in the United States for $50,000 a year" by Guatemalan dictator Carlos Castillo Armas.[14] Castillo Armas wearing the presidential sash after his taking of power Carlos Castillo Armas (November 4, 1914 – July 26, 1957) was president of Guatemala from July 8, 1954 until his assassination in 1957. ...


As chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency, Dodd worked to restrict the purchase of mail order handguns, and later shotguns and rifles. These efforts culminated in the Gun Control Act of 1968, which Dodd introduced.[15] The Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency was convened during the early 1950s to investigate the influence on youth by violence and sex in mass media and, in particular, comic books. ... Mail order is a term which describes the buying of goods or services by mail delivery. ... The Gun Control Act of 1968, Pub. ...


In 1967 he was censured by the Senate for using campaign funds for personal purposes. In 1970, after suffering a heart attack, he chose not to run for re-election for the Senate, and the Democrats nominated Joseph Duffey to replace him. However, Dodd entered the race after the primary, which both he and Duffey lost to Lowell Weicker. Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Results -- Conservative pickups in orange, Independent pickups in yellow, Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1970 was an election for the United States Senate which was a midterm election in the term of... Dr. Joseph Duffey, the former chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities (1977-1982), and former assistant Secretary of State for education and cultural affairs, served as director of the United States Information Agency from 1993 to 1999. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Dodd died from a heart attack in 1971. His son Christopher J. Dodd was elected to the Senate as a Connecticut Democrat in 1980. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), more commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Christopher John Dodd (born May 27, 1944), is an American politician. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1980 was an election for the United States Senate that coincided with Ronald W. Reagans election to the presidency. ...


Protest singer Phil Ochs references Dodd in his song "Draft Dodger Rag": "I believe in God and Senator Dodd and keeping old Castro down." A protest song is a song which protests problems in society such as injustice, racial discrimination, war, globalization, inflation, social inequalities, incarceration, and global warming. ... Philip David Ochs (December 19, 1940–April 9, 1976) was a U.S. protest singer (or, as he preferred, a topical singer), songwriter, musician and recording artist who was known for his sharp wit, sardonic humor, earnest humanism, political activism, insightful and alliterative lyrics, and haunting voice. ...


Thomas J. Dodd Memorial Stadium in Norwich was named in his honor. Thomas J. Dodd Memorial Stadium is a stadium in Norwich, Connecticut. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


External links

Find A Grave is an online database of seventeen million cemeteries and burial records. ... The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all members of both houses of the United States Congress, past and present. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Battle, Robert. The Ancestors of Chris Dodd. Retrieved on 2007-09-04.
  2. ^ a b Thomas J. Dodd, 1907-1971. Thomas J. Dodd Research Center. University of Connecticut (2006-12-23). Retrieved on 2007-09-04.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Barrett, John Q. (March 2005). From Justice Jackson to Thomas J. Dodd to Nuremberg (pdf). Retrieved on 2007-09-04.
  4. ^ Associated Press . "Prosecutor Calls Kunze Liar and Nazi at Molzahn Trial", 1942-08-15, p. 4. 
  5. ^ Dodd, Chris. "Prosecuting The Peace Of The World: The Experiences Of Thomas J. Dodd At The International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-46" United States Supreme Court, Washington, D.C. (2005-02-15). Retrieved on 2007-09-04
  6. ^ Boyd, James (1968). Above the Law. The Rise and Fall of Senator Thomas J. Dodd. New York: The New American Library. OCLC 233961. 
  7. ^ "Ukraine Murder Chief Still Hunted by Allies", Los Angeles Times, 1945-12-12, p. 4. 
  8. ^ "Funk Claims Aides Handled ‘Stained’ Gold", The Washington Post, 1946-05-08, p. 2. 
  9. ^ "[Nuremberg Trials]". American Experience. PBS. 2006-01-30. No. 6, season 18. Transcript.
  10. ^ McLaughlin, Kathleen. "20 of 21 Nazis Claim Innocence As Nuremberg Trial Is Concluded", The New York Times, 1946-09-01, p. 1. 
  11. ^ "Convictions Asked for 6 Nazi Groups", The New York Times, 1946-08-30, p. 5. 
  12. ^ "Rejects Polish Badge of Honor as a Dishonor", Chicago Daily Tribune, 1949-04-26, p. 8. 
  13. ^ "Nazi Trial Prosecutor Rejects Polish Medal", The Washington Post, 1949-04-26, p. 13. 
  14. ^ Gerassi, John [1965] (1966). The Great Fear in Latin America. New York: Collier Books. OCLC 17447442. 
  15. ^ Zimring, Franklin E. (1975). "Firearms and Federal Law: The Gun Control Act of 1968". The Journal of Legal Studies 4: 133. ISSN 0047-2530. OCLC 1754648. Retrieved on 2007-03-13. 
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Abraham A. Ribicoff
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 1st congressional district

January 3, 1953January 3, 1957
Succeeded by
Edwin H. May, Jr.
United States Senate
Preceded by
William A. Purtell
United States Senator (Class 1) from Connecticut
1959— 1971
Served alongside: Prescott S. Bush, Abraham A. Ribicoff
Succeeded by
Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.
Persondata
NAME Dodd, Thomas Joseph
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Senator from Connecticut and father of Chris Dodd
DATE OF BIRTH May 15, 1907
PLACE OF BIRTH Willimantic, Connecticut, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH May 24, 1971
PLACE OF DEATH Old Lyme, Connecticut, U.S.

  Results from FactBites:
 
About the Dodd Prize (294 words)
Thomas J. Dodd and the Purpose of the Dodd Prize: Thanks to the continuing efforts of Senator Christopher J. Dodd and members of his family, in 2003, the University of Connecticut established a new endowment entitled the Thomas J. Dodd Prize in International Justice and Human Rights.
The prize is awarded by the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center at the University of Connecticut to a leader or group who has made a significant effort to advance the cause of international justice and global human rights.
Dodd Prize recipients are honored at an awards ceremony and make a public presentation to the campus community and members of the general public.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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