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Encyclopedia > Thomas Hood
Thomas Hood
Thomas Hood

Thomas Hood (May 23, 1799 - May 3, 1845) was a British humorist and poet. His son, Tom Hood, became a well known playwright and editor. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1100x1200, 149 KB) Summary Thomas Hood - Project Gutenberg eText 16786. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1100x1200, 149 KB) Summary Thomas Hood - Project Gutenberg eText 16786. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A humorist is an author who specializes in short, humorous articles or essays. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Tom Hood (January 19, 1835 - November 20, 1874), English humorist, son of the poet Thomas Hood, was born at Lake House, Wanstead, Essex. ...

Contents

Biography

The son of Thomas Hood, a bookseller, he was born in London. "Next to being a citizen of the world," writes Thomas Hood in his Literary Reminiscences, "it must be the best thing to be born a citizen of the world's greatest city." On the death of her husband in 1811, Mrs Hood moved to Islington, where Thomas Hood had a schoolmaster who, appreciating his talents, "made him feel it impossible not to take an interest in learning while he seemed so interested in teaching." Under the care of this "decayed dominie", he earned a few guineas--his first literary fee--by revising for the press a new edition of Paul and Virginia. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Islington is an inner-city district in north London. ... Paul et Virginie (or Paul and Virginia) is a novel that was written by Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre in 1787. ...


Admitted soon after into the counting house of a friend of his family, he "turned his stool into a Pegasus on three legs, every foot, of course, being a dactyl or a spondee"; but the uncongenial profession affected his health, which was never strong, and he was sent to his father's relations at Dundee, Scotland. There he led a healthy outdoor life, and also became a large and indiscriminate reader, and before long contributed humorous and poetical articles to the provincial newspapers and magazines. As a proof of his literary vocation, he used to write out his poems in printed characters, believing that that process best enabled him to understand his own peculiarities and faults, and probably unaware that Samuel Taylor Coleridge had recommended some such method of criticism when he said he thought "print settles it." On his return to London in 1818 he applied himself to engraving, enabling him later to illustrate his various humours and fancies by quaint devices. This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Pegasus and Bellerophon, Attic red-figure In Greek mythology, Pegasus (Greek name: ) was a winged horse that was the son of Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and the Gorgon Medusa. ... For other uses see Dundee (disambiguation) Dundee is Scotlands fourth largest city, population 154 674 (2001), situated on the North bank of the Firth of Tay. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge(October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ...


In 1821, John Scott, the editor of the London Magazine, was killed in a duel, and the periodical passed into the hands of some friends of Hood, who proposed to make him sub-editor. His installation into thispost at once introduced him to the literary society of the time; and in becoming the associate of Charles Lamb, Henry Cary, Thomas de Quincey, Allan Cunningham, Bryan Procter, Serjeant Talfourd, Hartley Coleridge, the peasant-poet John Clare and other contributors to the magazine, he gradually developed his own powers. The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... // John Scott may be: John Scott (Australian politician), Member of the Australian House of Representatives John Scott (Canadian politician) (1822–1857), first mayor of Bytown, later Ottawa John Scott (Missouri politician), Missouris first U.S. Representative (1821-1827) John Scott (Pennsylvania) (1824–1896), lawyer, U.S. Senator for Pennsylvania... Harro5 23:13, Jun 25, 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... A duel is a formalized type of combat. ... Charles Lamb (1775-1834) Charles Lamb (10 February 1775 –- 27 December 1834) was an English essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the childrens book Tales from Shakespeare, which he produced along with his sister, Mary Lamb (1764–1847). ... Henry Francis Cary (December 6, 1772 - August 14, 1844) was an English author and translator. ... Thomas de Quincey from the frontispiece of Revolt of the Tartars, Thomas de Quincey (August 15, 1785 – December 8, 1859) was an English author and intellectual. ... Allan Cunningham (December 7, 1784 _ October 30, 1842) was a Scottish poet and author. ... Bryan Waller Procter (November 21, 1787 - October 5, 1874) was an English poet. ... Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd (May 26, 1795 - March 13, 1854), was an English judge and author. ... Hartley Coleridge (September 19, 1796 - January 6, 1849) was an English writer. ... John Clare (13 July 1793 – 20 May 1864) was an English poet, in his time commonly known as the Northamptonshire Peasant Poet, the son of a farm labourer, born at Helpston near Peterborough. ...


He had married in 1825, and Odes and Addresses--his first work--was written in conjunction with his brother-in-law J.H. Reynolds, a friend of John Keats. S. T. Coleridge wrote to Charles Lamb averring that the book must be his work. The Plea of the Midsummer Fairies (1827) and a dramatic romance, Lamia, published later, belong to this time. The Plea of the Midsummer Fairies was a volume of serious verse. But he was known as a humorist, and the public rejected this little book almost entirely. Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... ...


The series of the Comic Annual, dating from 1830, was a kind of publication at that time popular, which Hood undertook and continued, almost unassisted, for several years. Under that somewhat frivolous title he treated all the leading events of the day in caricature, without personal malice, and with an under-current of sympathy. The attention of the reader was distracted, by the incessant use of puns, of which Hood had written in his own vindication: It has been suggested that dajare be merged into this article or section. ...

"However critics may take offence,
A double meaning has double sense."

He was probably aware of this danger. As he gained experience as a writer, his diction became simpler. In another annual called the Gem appeared the poem on the story of Eugene Aram. He started a magazine in his own name, for which he secured the assistance of many literary men, but which was mainly sustained by his own iactivity. From a sick-bed, from which he never rose, he conducted this work, and there composed well known poems, such as the "Song of the Shirt" (which appeared anonymously in the Christmas number of Punch, 1843), the "Bridge of Sighs" and the "Song of the Labourer". They are plain, solemn pictures of conditions of life. Woman, in her wasted life, in her hurried death, here stands appealing to the society that degrades her, with a combination of eloquence and poetry, and with great metrical energy and variety. Eugene Aram (1704 - August 6, 1759), English philologist, but also infamous as the murderer celebrated by Hood in his ballad, The Dream of Eugene Aram, and by Bulwer Lytton in his romance of Eugene Aram, was born of humble parents at Ramsgill, Yorkshire. ... Punch was a British weekly magazine of humour and satire published from 1841 to 1992 and from 1996 to 2002. ...


Hood was associated with the Athenaeum, started in 1828 by James Silk Buckingham, and he was a regular contributor for the rest of his life. Prolonged illness brought on straitened circumstances; and application was made to Sir Robert Peel to place Hood's name on the pension list with which the British state rewarded literary men. This was done without delay, and the pension was continued to his wife and family after his death. The Athenaeum was a literary magazine published in London from 1828 to 1921. ... James Silk Buckingham (August 25, 1786 - June 30, 1855), was an English author and traveller. ... This is about the British Prime Minister. ...


Nine years later a monument, raised by public subscription, in the cemetery of Kensal Green, was inaugurated by Richard Monckton Milnes. Kensal Green Cemetery Kensal Green Cemetery, located in Kensal Green, London, England, was incorporated in 1832, and is the oldest of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries still in operation. ... Richard Monckton Milnes Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton (June 19, 1809 - August 11, 1885) was an English poet and politician. ...


Examples of his works

Hood wrote humorously on many contemporary issues. One of the most important issues in his time was grave digging and selling of corpses to anatomists (see West Port murders). On this serious and perhaps cruel issue, he wrote humorously thus: The West Port murders were perpetrated in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1827-1828 by William Burke and William Hare who sold the corpses of their 17 victims to the Edinburgh Medical College for dissection. ...


Don’t go to weep upon my grave,
And think that there I be.
They haven’t left an atom there
Of my anatomie
-Thomas Hood


Modern references

Jane Campion (born April 30, 1954 in Wellington, New Zealand) is an Academy Award Winning film maker. ...

Bibliography

The list of Hood's separately published works is as follows:

  • Odes and Addresses to Great People (1825)
  • Whims and Oddities (two series, 1826 and 1827)
  • The Plea of the Midsummer Fairies, hero and Leander, Lycus the Centaur and other Poems (1827), his only collection of serious verse
  • The Dream of Eugene Aram, the Murderer (1831)
  • Tylney Hall, a novel (3 vols., 1834)
  • The Comic Annual (1830-1842)
  • Hood's Own, or, Laughter from Year to Year (1838, second series, 1861)
  • Up the Rhine (1840)
  • Hood's Magazine and Comic Miscellany (1844-1848)
  • National Tales (2 vols., 1837), a collection of short novelettes
  • Whimsicalities (1844), with illustrations from John Leech's designs; and many contributions to contemporary periodicals.

Portrait of John Leech. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

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Thomas Hood
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Thomas Hood at Old Poetry (451 words)
Sometimes dismissed as a 'lesser poet' of the Romantic Era, Thomas Hood was known in his lifetime as a comic writer.
In addition to his poetry, Hood wrote a collection of stories, National Tales, and a three-volume prose novel, Tylney Hall, which sold well upon publication in 1834 but did not save his ailing finances (he was forced to move to the Continent for a time).
Hood was sub-editor of the London Magazine for a time, and then in 1829, the editor of The Gem, which published works by Alfred Lord Tennyson, amongst others.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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