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Encyclopedia > Thomas Gates (governor)

Sir Thomas Gates (fl. 1585-1621), was the successor to Lord De La Warr as governor of the English colony of Virginia (now part of the United States of America). The English born Gates ruled with deputy governor Sir Thomas Dale. Their controlled, strict methods helped the early colonies survive. However, they did not assist in making them thrive. 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Earl De La Warr (pronounced Dellaware) is a title created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1761. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... Sir Thomas Dale was a British naval commander and colonial deputy-governor of Virginia. ...


Gates was appointed by the Virginia Company, which had established the Jamestown settlement under a Royal Charter for the colonisation of Virginia. He had sailed for Jamestown in 1609, aboard the Sea Venture, the flagship of the Virginia Company. The Sea Venture was part of a fleet, intended to deliver new settlers and desperately needed supplies, that was broken up by a savage storm. The Admiral of the Virginia Company, Sir George Somers, had taken the helm to fight the storm, and had deliberately driven the ship onto rocks to prevent its foundering. The rocks proved to be the reefline to the east of the dreaded Bermudas. The 150 survivors spent the next ten months in Bermuda building two new ships on which to complete the journey to Jamestown. Two factions developed, however, due to a dispute between Gates and Somers over who was now the superior. As appointed Governor for Jamestown, Gates felt he was in authority, now that they were ashore. Somers felt that he retained authority until the settlers, including Gates, were landed at Jamestown. The two new ships, the Deliverance and the Patience were completed and sailed for Virginia in 1610. They left two men to maintain their claim of Bermuda for England. The Charter of the Virginia Company would officially be extended to include Bermuda in 1612. Ever since, Bermuda has also been known officially as The Somers Isles. Sir Thomas Gates left his own name on a part of the colony, Gate's Bay, where the survivors of the Sea Venture landed. The oldest surviving fort in Bermuda, built between 1612 and 1615, is known as Gate's Fort. Virginia Company of London Seal The London Company (also called the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company established by royal charter by James I on April 10, 1606 with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. ... The Sea Venture was a 17th century ship which may have been the inspiration for Shakespeares The Tempest. ... Admiral Sir George Somers (1554-1610) was a British naval hero. ...


On reaching Jamestown, only 60 of the 500 settlers previously landed there were found alive. The condition of the settlement was so poor that it was decided to abandon it and return everyone to England. However, the timely arrival of another relief fleet under Lord De La Warr gave the colony a reprieve. Earl De La Warr (pronounced Dellaware) is a title created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1761. ...


Gates' actions as governor were recorded by his secretary William Strachey, and were later published as the True repertory of the wreck and redemption of Sir Thomas Gates. William Strachey (1572-1621) was an English writer and barrister, whose writings are among the primary sources for the history the English colonization of North America, and as one of the only narratives describing Powhatan society. ...


References

Source used (though not the actual wording of the text): America: Past and Present (Revised Seventh Edition, AP* Edition).


External links

  • Famous Americans Sir Thomas Gates.
  • Genealogy Magazine Bermuda‚Äôs Immigrants to the Colonies.
  • Bermuda Online Bermudian Forts.
  • Experience Bermuda Saint George's.
  • Travel Journals Gate's Bay.

 
 

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