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Encyclopedia > Thomas Dale

Sir Thomas Dale (d. August 19, 1619) was a British naval commander and deputy-governor of the Virginia Colony in 1611 and from 1614 to 1616. Governor Dale is best remembered for the energy and the extreme rigour of his administration in Virginia, which established order and in various ways seems to have benefited the colony. He is also credited with the establishment of Bermuda Hundred, Bermuda Cittie (sic), and the progressive but ill-fated development at Henricus. is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony from sea to sea The Virginia Colony refers to the English colony in North America that existed during the 17th and 18th centuries before the American Revolution. ... Bermuda Hundred was the first incorporated town in the English settlement of Virginia. ... Waterfront at City Point, Virginia (now Hopewell) in 1865 City Point was a town in Prince George County, Virginia in the state of Virginia. ... The Citie of Henricus was a city founded by Sir Thomas Dale in 1611 as an alternative to the swampy and dangerous area around Jamestown Settlement, Virginia. ...

Contents

Early career

Sir Thomas Dale was a scientist from England who studied the science of reproduction. Thomas as a young man from Oxford went to America to study reproduction there. His ship got blown off course and he ended up on the Chesapeake Bay.The people of James town thought he was so smart that they decided to send Lord De La Warr back to England. They made him their Governor.


Leading the Virginia Colony

Five years later, the Virginia Company of London sent Sir Thomas Dale to act as deputy-governor or as "Marshall of Virginia" (a new position) for the Virginia Colony under the authority of Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (Lord Delaware). Sent with three ships, on May 19, 1611, he arrived at Jamestown (named after King James) with men, cattle, and provisions. he found the conditions unhealthy and greatly in need of improvement. Dale immediately called for a meeting of the Jamestown Council, and established crews to rebuild Jamestown. Virginia Company of London Seal The London Company (also called the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company established by royal charter by James I on April 10, 1606 with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. ... The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony from sea to sea The Virginia Colony refers to the English colony in North America that existed during the 17th and 18th centuries before the American Revolution. ... Thomas West, 3rd (or 12th) Baron De La Warr (July 9, 1577 - June 7, 1618), was the Englishman for whom the state, river, and American Indian tribe called Delaware (in the United States) were named. ... At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newports 3 ships are docked in the harbour. ... James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary...


He served as acting Governor for 3 months in 1611, and again for a two year period between 1614 and 1616. In the interim, he served as the Marshall of the colony, initially serving directly under Deputy Governor Sir Thomas Gates. Effectively, for five years, he was the highest ranking law enforcement officer in Virginia. He exhibited a certain stern efficiency which was perhaps the best support and medicine that could have been devised. [1]. It was during his administration that the first code of laws of Virginia, nominally in force from 1611 to 1619, was effectively tested. This code, entitled "Articles, Lawes, and Orders Divine, Politique, and Martiall" (popularly known as Dale's Code), was notable for its pitiless severity, and seems to have been prepared in large part by Dale himself. Sir Thomas Gates (fl. ... We dont have an article called Dales Code Start this article Search for Dales Code in. ...


Upstream: a better environment than Jamestown

Seeking a better site than Jamestown, Thomas Dale sailed up the James River (also named after King James) to the area now known as Chesterfield County. He was apparently impressed with the possibilities of the general area where the Appomattox River joins the James River, and there are published references to the name "New Bermuda" although it apparently was never formalized. (Far from the mainland of North America, the archipelago of Bermuda had been established as part of the Virginia Colony in 1612 following the shipwreck of the Sea Venture in 1609). The James River at Cartersville The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 660 km (410 miles) long including its Jackson River source and drains a watershed comprising 27,019 km² (10,432 square miles). ... James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary... Chesterfield County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... The Appomattox River at Matoaca, Virginia The Appomattox River is a tributary of the James River, approximately 137 mi (220 km), in central and eastern Virginia in the United States. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture The Sea Venture was a 17th-century English sailing ship, the wrecking of which in Bermuda is widely thought to have been the inspiration for Shakespeares The Tempest. ...


A short distance further up the James, in 1611, he began the construction of a progressive development at Henricus on and about what was later known as Farrars Island. Henricus was envisioned as possible replacement capital for Jamestown, and was to have the first college in Virginia. (The ill-fated Henricus was destroyed during the Indian Massacre of 1622, during which a third of the colonists were killed). In addition to creating the new settlement at Henricus, Dale also established the port town of Bermuda Hundred and "Bermuda Cittie" (sic). He began the excavation work at Dutch Gap, using methods he had learned while serving in Holland. The Citie of Henricus was a city founded by Sir Thomas Dale in 1611 as an alternative to the swampy and dangerous area around Jamestown Settlement, Virginia. ... Indian massacre of 1622, depicted as a woodcut by Theodore de Bry The Indian massacre of 1622 (also known as the Jamestown massacre) occurred in the Virginia Colony on March 22, 1622. ... Bermuda Hundred was the first incorporated town in the English colony of Virginia. ... Waterfront at City Point, Virginia (now Hopewell) in 1865 City Point was a town in Prince George County, Virginia in the state of Virginia. ... Dutch Gap is located on the James River in Chesterfield County, Virginia near the site of the lost city of Henricus. ... This article is about a region in the Netherlands. ...


America's First Terrorist

Dale could be described as America's first terrorist. His famous quotation: "Terrour . . . makes short warres" (Source: Quoted in George Percy, A True Relation, 1612) was implemeted in practice by his introduction of the the technique of attacking Indian villages, whether hostile or not, and totally burning them to the ground and taking all their crops or burning what they could not carry. Surviving Indians who escaped into the forest had nothing to return to and had to go to other distant tribes and bands for survival. This it was the first major American “ethnic cleansing.”


Eastern Shore: salt works, Dale's Gift

In 1614, Governor Thomas Dale sent 20 men, under Lieutenant William Craddock, to the area across the Chesapeake Bay from mainland Virginia now known as the Eastern Shore to establish a salt works and to catch fish for the colonists. They intended to make salt by boiling down the sea water. They settled along Old Plantation Creek at a place named "Dale's Gift" on the mainland, but established the salt works on Smith Island, which is located adjacent to the southern portion of the Eastern Shore in present-day Northampton County near Cape Charles. [2] Eastern Shore refers to many places, including: Maryland Eastern Shore Eastern Shore (Nova Scotia) Eastern Shore (electoral district) of Nova Scotia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Smith Island is located adjacent to the southern end of the Eastern Shore of Virginia in Northampton County near Cape Charles. ... Northampton County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... Cape Charles is a town located in Northampton County, Virginia. ...


Return to England, publication, death

Governor Dale sailed back to England in the spring of 1616 aboard the Treasurer. Accompanying him on what was considered an investor-relations journey were John Rolfe, his wife Pocahontas, and their baby son, Thomas Rolfe. Queen Anne and others were reportedly charmed by Pocahontas, and investment in the Virginia Company was enhanced. However, soon after leaving London, as John Rolfe and his wife sailed down the Thames River, Pocahontas became very ill and died on March 21, 1617 while still in England. This article is about the Virginia colonist. ... For other uses, see Pocahontas (disambiguation). ... Thomas Rolfe (January 30, 1615 - c. ... Anna of Denmark (October 14, 1574 – March 4, 1619) was queen consort of King James I of England and VI of Scotland. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ...


Although Dale and Pocahontas were destined to never to return to Virginia, he wrote A True Relation of the State of Virginia, Left by Sir Thomas Dale, Knight, in May last, 1616. On a new military assignment, during a subsequent trip to the West Indies, he became sick and died at sea on August 19, 1619 of a fever. The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ...


Legacy

  • The Dale Magisterial District of Chesterfield County is also named in honor of Sir Thomas Dale.

Thomas Dale High School Thomas Dale High School is a public school located in Chester, an unincorporated community in Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States. ... Chesterfield County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... Minor civil division (MCD) is a term used by the United States Census Bureau to designate the primary governmental and/or administrative divisions of a county, such as a civil township, precinct, or magisterial district. ... Chesterfield County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition article "Sir Thomas Dale", a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Additional reading

  • Scarboro, D. Dewey The Establisher: The Story of Sir Thomas Dale, Old Mountain Press, Fayetteville, NC ISBN 1-931575-58-4

External links

Preceded by
George Percy
Colonial Governor of Virginia
1611
Succeeded by
Thomas Gates
Preceded by
Thomas Gates
Colonial Governor of Virginia
1614-1616
Succeeded by
George Yeardley

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sir Thomas Dale, Virginia Governor 1614-1616 (7476 words)
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