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Encyclopedia > Thomas Burns (New Zealand)

Thomas Burns (ca. 1796–1871) was a prominent early European settler and religious leader of the province of Otago, New Zealand. Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ...


Burns was baptised at Mauchline, Ayrshire, Scotland in April 1796, the son of estate manager Gilbert Burns, who was the brother of the poet Robert Burns. In his childhood Thomas attended Haddington Grammar School and then the University of Edinburgh, where he studied theology. Mauchline is a town in the division of Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir in Scottish Gaelic) was a county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. ... Motto: , traditionally rendered in Scots as Wha daur meddle wi me?[1] and in English as No one provokes me with impunity. ... Robert Burns, preeminent Scottish poet Robert Burns (January 25, 1759 – July 21, 1796) was a poet and songwriter. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ...


In 1826, he was ordained as minister of the parish of Ballantrae, and in 1830 married Clementina Grant, the daughter of an episcopal minister in Edinburgh. the couple lived in Monkton, where Clementina's uncle had been Presbyterian minister. Ballantrae is a community in South Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Monkton could be Monkton, Devon Monkton, Kent See also: Moncton This article consisting of geographical locations is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


At the age of 47, Burns joined the Free Church secession from the Church of Scotland. The proposal for a Free Church settlement in New Zealand gained Burns's interest, and he was offered the position of minister of the New Edinburgh scheme (later the Otago scheme) in June 1843. Burns and William Cargill established a lay association to promote the settlement in May 1845. A free church is a Christian church or denomination that is intrinsically separated from any government (as opposed to a theocracy or the state church). ... The Church of Scotland (CofS, known informally as The Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is the national church of Scotland. ... William Cargill was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, 1784. ...


On 27 November 1847, Burns and 239 settlers sailed on the Philip Laing from Greenock, among them his wife, five daughters, and one son. The arrived at the new settlement of Dunedin on 15 April 1848. A firm and devout churchman, he was also skilled in farming skills though his childhood upbringing, and as such, he was a strict but practical man in the early days of the new settlement. November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Greenock (Grianaig in Scottish Gaelic) is a large burgh and a burgh of barony in the unitary authority region of Inverclyde in western Scotland, forming part of a continuous urban area with Gourock to the west and Port Glasgow to the east. ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Burns created a strong Presbyterian church as a cornerstone of the new settlement. He presided over the setting up of the Synod of Otago and Southland in 1866, and established the presbyteries of Dunedin, Clutha and Southland. A strong supporter of education, he helped edstablish both Otago Boys' High School and Otago Girls' High School during the 1870s, and was the first Chancellor of the University of Otago from 1869 until his death on January 23, 1871. His wife Clementina survived him by seven years.   The Synod of Otago and Southland is a synod of the Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand (PCANZ). ... Otago Boys High School, Dunedin Otago Boys High School is a single-sex secondary school located at the north end of Arthur Street on the hill north-west of the centre of Dunedin, New Zealand. ... Otago Girls High School is a secondary school in Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand. ... // Events and Trends Technology The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... The University of Otago in Dunedin is New Zealands oldest university with over 20,000 students enrolled during 2006. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Sources

  • Dictionary of New Zealand Biography

 
 

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