FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (1280 - March 22, 1322) was one of the leaders of the barons opposed to Edward II of England.


Thomas was the eldest son of Edmund Crouchback and thus a grandson of Henry III of England. From his father he inherited the earldoms of Lancaster, Leicester, and Derby. By his marriage to Alice de Lacy, daughter of Henry de Lacy, he became earl of Lincoln and Salisbury upon the death of his father-in-law in 1311.


Lancaster was one of the Lords Ordainers who demanded the banishment of Piers Gaveston and the establishment of a baronial oligarchy. His private army helped separate the king and Gaveston, and Lancaster was one of the 'judges' who convicted Gaveston and saw him executed.


After the disaster at Bannockburn in 1314, Edward submitted to Lancaster, who in effect became ruler of England. He attempted to govern for the next four years, but was unable to keep order or prevent the Scots from raiding and retaking territory in the North. In 1318 a new faction of barons arose, and Lancaster was deposed from office.


The new leadership, eventually headed by the Despensers, proved no more popular with the baronage, and in 1321 Lancaster was again at the head of a rebellion. This time, however, he was defeated at the Battle of Boroughbridge, and afterwards convicted of treason and executed near the Pontefract Castle.


Upon his death his titles and estates were forfeited, but in 1323 his younger brother Henry successfully petitioned to take possession of the earldom of Leicester. In 1326 or 1327 Parliament posthumously reversed Thomas' conviction, and Henry was further permitted to take possession of the earldom of Lancaster.


Thomas became venerated as a martyr and saint within a few months of his death. Hagiographies were written about him, and Edward III wrote 3 times to the Pope requesting his canonization. He was never canonized, though rumors to that effect arose in the 1390s, when his cult experienced something of a revival.



Preceded by:
Edmund Crouchback
Lord High Steward
1296–1322
Succeeded by:
Henry Plantagenet
Earl of Leicester and Lancaster



References

  • C. Given-Wilson, "Richard II, Edward II, and the Lancastrian Inheritance", English Historical Review, 109 (1994), 553-571

  Results from FactBites:
 
Thomas Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Lancaster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (756 words)
Thomas was the eldest son of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Blanche of Artois.
Lancaster was one of the Lords Ordainers who demanded the banishment of Gaveston and the establishment of a baronial oligarchy.
Because of their kinship and Lancaster's royal blood, the king commuted the sentence to mere beheading (as opposed to being drawn, quartered, and beheaded) and Lancaster was convicted of treason and executed near the Pontefract Castle.
Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (422 words)
Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1281 – March 25, 1345) was an English nobleman, one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward II.
He was the younger son of Blanche of Artois and Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, who was a son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.
On the Queen’s return to England with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March in September 1326, Henry joined her party against Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the king’s cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m