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Encyclopedia > Thirty Tyrants

The Thirty Tyrants were a pro-Spartan oligarchy installed in Athens after Athens' defeat in the Peloponnesian War in April 404 BC. Its two leading members were Tharamenes and Critias, a former acolyte of Socrates.


The Thirty severely reduced the number of rights of Athenian citizens. Instead of all Athenians participating in legal functions, only a specially selected 500 could. Only 3,000 people had the right to carry weapons or receive a jury trial. Hundreds of Athenians were killed (they were ordered to drink hemlock) and thousands more were exiled.


The Thirty Tyrants were overthrown by Thrasybulus, with help from Thebes, the following year.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Critias - LoveToKnow 1911 (206 words)
CRITIAS, Athenian orator and poet, and one of the Thirty Tyrants.
He was banished (probably in the democratic reaction of 407) and fled to Thessaly, where he stirred up the Penestae (the helots of Thessaly) against their masters, and endeavoured to establish a democracy.
Returning to Athens he was made ephor by the oligarchical party; and he was the most cruel and unscrupulous of the Thirty Tyrants who in 404 were appointed by the Lacedaemonians.
Thirty Tyrants - Encyclopedia.com (1105 words)
Thirty Western journalists were thrown out of the country on the eve of the election because their work permits were supposedly invalid...
The male villain as domestic tyrant in Daniel Deronda: Victorian masculinities and the cultural context of George Eliot's novel.(Critical Essay)
Thirty per cent of the money received from the sale of oil has to be paid to creditors, not used to buy food.
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