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Encyclopedia > Third Battle of Kharkov
Third Battle of Kharkov
Part of World War II
Date February 16, 1943March 15, 1943
Location 49°57′60″N 36°18′60″E / 49.96667, 36.31667 (Kharkiv)Coordinates: 49°57′60″N 36°18′60″E / 49.96667, 36.31667 (Kharkiv)
Kharkiv, USSR
Result German victory
Combatants
Red Army Flag of Germany Germany
Commanders
Filipp Golikov
Nikolay Vatutin
Erich von Manstein
Theodor Eicke
Strength
300,000 men 160,000 men
Casualties
Voronezh Front: Army of Popov:
3,000 KIA
11,000 WIA
Southwestern Front: 20,000 KIA
90,000 WIA
9,000 POWs
Final battles: 25,000 KIA
80,000 WIA
10,000 POWs
(total=48,000 KIA, 180,000 WIA
19,594 POWs)
Unknown; reported as "moderate"

The Third Battle of Kharkov was the last major strategic German victory of World War II. Kharkiv had originally been captured on October 25, 1941, but had fallen to the Soviets in February 1943, following the German defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad. Led by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, the Germans counter-attacked and after destroying Soviet spearheads, retook the city in bitter street fighting. Operation Blue(German: Fall Blau) was the German Wehrmachts codename for the 1942 summer offensive. ... Combatants Germany, Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Hermann Hoth Gusztav Jany Yevgeny Golikov Strength Casualties The Battle of Voronezh was a battle of the Eastern Front of World War II, fought in and around the city of Voronezh on the Don river in June and July 1942. ... The Battle of Caucasus is a generic name for a series of operations during the Great Patriotic War. ... Combatants Germany Romania Italy Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Friedrich Paulus # Erich von Manstein Hermann Hoth Petre Dumitrescu Constantin Constantinescu Italo Garibaldi Gusztav Jany Vasiliy Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy Georgiy Zhukov Semyon Timoshenko Konstantin Rokossovskiy Rodion Malinovskiy Andrei Yeremenko Strength Army Group B: German Sixth Army # German Fourth Panzer Army... The eastern front at the time of Operation Uranus. ... Operation Winter Storm (German Unternehmen Wintergewitter) was the German Fourth Panzer Armys attempt to relieve the German Sixth Army from encirclement during the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II. The operation commenced on 12 December 1942 and was able to advance just halfway to its objective before a... Soviet advances during Operations Uranus, Mars and Saturn. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Hermann Balck V.M.Badanov Casualties Soviet claims for 12,000 KIA 5,000 POW unknown WIA 84 Tanks 106 Guns Unknown KIA Unknown MIA Unknown WIA up to 190 tanks The Tatsinskaya Raid occurred during Operation Little Saturn in late December 1942. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Map of Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Germany Romania Italy Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Friedrich Paulus # Erich von Manstein Hermann Hoth Petre Dumitrescu Constantin Constantinescu Italo Garibaldi Gusztav Jany Vasiliy Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy Georgiy Zhukov Semyon Timoshenko Konstantin Rokossovskiy Rodion Malinovskiy Andrei Yeremenko Strength Army Group B: German Sixth Army # German Fourth Panzer Army... Replica of the marshals baton of Generalfeldmarschall von Richthofen (Third Reich) Generalfeldmarschall ( ) (general field marshal, usually translated simply as field marshal, and sometimes written only as Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Austrian Empire. ... Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


The II SS Panzer Korps, equipped with heavy Tiger tanks, played a significant role. It comprised the Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler and Das Reich divisions, which had been resting and refitting for a long period of time and were at full strength. Under the command of SS-Gruppenführer Paul Hausser, it checked the Soviet advance on Kharkov, despite odds of six to one, but, threatened with encirclement, Hausser withdrew against explicit orders from Hitler. The act so infuriated Hitler, he refused to award Hausser after the battle. ... First Tiger I tank captured near Tunis The Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. ... The Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (German for Adolf Hitlers Bodyguard Regiment) was a unit of the SS. It was a Waffen SS security and combat formation which saw action on both the Eastern and Western fronts during World War II. As its name suggested, the Leibstandarte started life in... SS-Division Verfügungstruppe SS-Division Deutschland SS-Division Reich SS-Division Das Reich 2. ... Paul Papa Hausser (October 7, 1880 - December 21, 1972) was an officer in the German Army, achieving the high rank of Lieutenant General in the inter-war Reichswehr, after retirement from regular Army he became the father (thus the nickname “Papa”) of the Waffen-SS and one of its most... Hitler redirects here. ...


The II SS Panzer Korps (now reinforced with the Totenkopf division) was attached to Manstein's counter-thrust, which destroyed the Soviet spearheads and saved Army Group South. The Leibstandarte division then retook Kharkov, for which Hitler renamed the central square "Leibstandarteplatz". The battle is often regarded as the last successful German offensive in the USSR and is still studied in military academies as a textbook example of mobile defence. This article concerns the military unit SS Division Totenkopf Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow. ... Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd in German) was a German Army Group during World War II. Germany used two army groups to invade Poland in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. ... The Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler started life in the early days of the NSDAP as Adolf Hitlers personal elite bodyguard. ...


The city remained only temporarily in Axis hands. On August 22, 1943, in the aftermath of the Battle of Kursk, the Germans were driven out once again. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Günther von Kluge Hermann Hoth Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovskiy Nikolay Vatutin Ivan Konyev Strength 2,700 tanks 800,000 infantry 2,000 aircraft 3,600 tanks 1,300,000 infantry and supporting troops 2,400 aircraft Casualties German...


Despite its significance, the battle has been the subject of minimal post-war academic study.


References

  • The Battle of Kharkov, by Jean Restayn, J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing. ISBN 0-921991-48-7
  • Platz der Leibstandarte: The SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Division "LSSAH" and the Battle of Kharkov January - March 1943, by George Nipe & Remy Spezzano, RZM Imports. ISBN 0-9657584-2-7
  • Last Victory in Russia: The SS-Panzerkorps and Manstein's Kharkov Counteroffensive February - March 1943, by George M. Nipe, Jr., Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 0-7643-1186-7

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Third Battle of Kharkov (184 words)
Kharkov had originally been captured on 25 October 1941, but had been retaken by the Soviets in February 1943 following the German defeat at Stalingrad.
The Second Battle of Kharkov left the city only temporarily in Axis hands; on 22 August 1943, in the aftermath of the Battle of Kursk, the Germans were driven out once again.
Platz der Leibstandarte: The SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Division "LSSAH" and the Battle of Kharkov January - March 1943, by George Nipe & Remy Spezzano, RZM Imports.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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