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Encyclopedia > Thimphu
Thimphu from Sangey Gang
Thimphu (Bhutan )
Coordinates: 27°28′00″N 89°38′30″E / 27.466667, 89.64167
Country Bhutan
District Thimphu District
Elevation 7,656 ft (2,320 m)
Population (2005)
 - Total 98,676

Thimphu (Tibetan script: ཐིམ་ཕུག།) is the capital of Bhutan, and also the name of the surrounding valley and dzongkhag, the Thimphu District. With a population of 98,676 (2005 PHCB), it is the largest population centre in the country. Thimphu is located at 27°28′00″N, 89°38′30″ECoordinates: 27°28′00″N, 89°38′30″E, altitude of 2320m/7656ft. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 838 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Thimphu Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Location of Thimphu dzongkhag within Bhutan Thimphu is a district of Bhutan. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Bhutan is divided into 20 districts (dzongkhag, singular and plural): Bumthang Chukha (old spelling Chhukha) Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuntse (old spelling Lhuntshi) Mongar Paro Pemagatshel (old spelling Pemagatsel) Punakha Samdrup Jongkhar Samtse (old spelling Samchi) Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang (old spelling Tashigang) Trashiyangste Trongsa (old spelling Tongsa) Tsirang (old spelling Chirang... Location of Thimphu dzongkhag within Bhutan Thimphu is a district of Bhutan. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Tashichoedzong, the fortress monastery on the northern edge of the city, built in the 17th century, has been the seat of Bhutan's government since 1952. Monastery of St. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

View of Tashichoedzong, Thimphu
View of Tashichoedzong, Thimphu

The city sprawls across the western slopes of the Wang Chhu river valley, with a government quarter centred on Tashichoedzong. Rapid expansion following the pattern of rural exodus has resulted in considerable rebuilding in the city centre and mushrooming suburban development elsewhere. Norzin Lam, the recently upgraded main thoroughfare, is lined with shops, restaurants, retail arcades and public buildings. Elsewhere, there is a mix of apartment blocks, small family homes and family-owned stores. By regulation, all buildings are required to be designed in traditional style with Buddhist paintings and motifs. A lively weekend market near the river supplies meat, vegetables and tourist items. Most of the city's limited light industry is located south of the main bridge. Thimphu has a growing number of commercial services and offices which provide for ever-growing local needs. The city is surrounded by forests which make the city look even greener. With on going construction for the 2008 celebrations of 100 years of Monarchy and Bhutan's transition to Parliamentary Democracy, more and more construction is seen throughout Thimphu. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (4200 × 4200 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (4200 × 4200 pixel, file size: 2. ... Rural exodus is a term used to describe the migratory patterns that normally occur in a region following the mechanisation of agriculture. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ...

Dechenphu, Tango and Cheri monasteries, and Dechenchoeling Palace, the official residence of the King, are located to the north of the city. Cheri Monastery, Bhutan Categories: | | | ...



Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C 12,3 14,4 16,4 20 22,5 24,4 18,9 25 23,1 21,9 17,9 14,5
Average low °C -2,6 0,6 3,9 7,1 13,1 15,2 13,4 15,8 15 10,4 5 -1,1
Source: [1]

Public transport

Thimphu is served by a 'City Bus' service which operates throughout the day. Plans have also been made to construct a light tram along the banks of the Wang Chhu that is both environment-friendly and efficient.

Landmarks in Thimphu

Tashichoedzong hosts a colourful masked-dance festival (tsechhu) at the end of summer, which is popular with tourists. A new Tsechhu ground is said to be constructed that can take in the capacity of both tourists and the locals as well. View of Tashichoedzong, Thimphu Tashichoedzong is a Buddhist monastery and fortress on the northern edge of the city of Thimpu in Bhutan. ...

Thimphu is the only national capital in Asia that does not have traffic lights. When local authorities installed a set of lights, people complained that they were too impersonal. The authorities gave in, and took them down. Instead of traffic lights, the city takes pride in its traffic police that directs the oncoming traffic with their dance-like movement of their arms and hands. Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Traffic lights will sometimes differ where there are several lanes of traffic. ...

Memorial Chorten, Thimphu
Memorial Chorten, Thimphu

The Memorial Chorten dominates the skyline of Thimphu. This Chorten is dedicated to the Third Druk Gyalpo(King), Jigme Dorji Wangchuck after his sudden death while travelling abroad. A great amount of renovation is taking place for the 2008 celebrations to mark the Century of the Monarch in Bhutan. Druk Gyalpo meaning Dragon King is the title for the King of Bhutan. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

The National Library (1967) built in the style of a traditional temple contains a large collection of religious books and manuscripts in Dzongkha and Classical Tibetan and a collection of English-language books. It also contains a copy of the largest published book in the world. The National Library of Bhutan (NLB) (Dzongkha: Druk Gyelyong Pedzö འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་དཔེ་མཛོད།), Thimphu, Bhutan was established in 1967 for the purpose of preservation and promotion of the rich cultural and religious heritage of Bhutan. ...

The Buddha Dordenma statue, the largest Buddha statue in the world, is under construction on a mountain top called Kuensel Phodrang, overlooking the city. The statue will be finished on 2008. The Buddha Dordenma statue is a large bronze statue of the Buddha being constructed on the mountainside above Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan. ... Buddhist art, defined as the figurative arts and decorative arts linked to the Buddhist religion, originated in the Indian subcontinent in the centuries following the life of the historical Buddha Shakyamuni in the 6th to 5th century BCE, before evolving through its contact with other cultures and its diffusion through...

The National Post Office, along Chang lam, is an institute itself where famous Bhutanese export is seen and sold: the various stamps. Stamp collectors all over the world know that Bhutan is the first country to diversify and export quality stamps. Old and expensive stamps are exhibited at the National Museum in Paro. A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... A national museum is a museum maintained by a nation. ... location of Paro dzongkhag within Bhutan. ...

The Clock Tower Square is a recently renovated square surrounded by shops and restaurants. Fountains and traditional Bhutanese Mani Lhalhor (prayer wheels) make the place more comfortable. On one side, the luxurious Druk Hotel is situated. Various programmes and activities are held here. It was also the check point for the SAARC Car Rally.


National Library of Bhutan
National Library of Bhutan

Along the end of the Norzin Lam(Lam - road/street), Thimphu's own Textile Museum that displays various Bhutanese textiles that are extensive and rich in traditional culture. It also exhibits colourful and rare kiras and ghos (traditional Bhutanese dress, kira for women and gho for men). The National Library of Bhutan (NLB) (Dzongkha: Druk Gyelyong Pedzö འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་དཔེ་མཛོད།), Thimphu, Bhutan was established in 1967 for the purpose of preservation and promotion of the rich cultural and religious heritage of Bhutan. ... The Textile Museum is located in the Kalorama neighborhood of Northwest Washington, D.C., USA. The museum is dedicated to furthering the understanding of mankinds creative achievements in the textile arts. ... Bhutanese women in the kira The kira is the national dress for women in Bhutan. ... Binomial name Bubo virginianus (Gmelin,, 1788) The Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus, is a very large owl. ...

The National Folk Heritage Museum displays traditional Bhutanese ways of life in a traditional Bhutanese house. It is an interesting view in to Bhutanese culture and domestic lives of the Bhutanese. There is also Bhutanses Dances and exhibits that are held in the Museum Compound.

VAST (Voluntary Artist's Studio, Thimphu) located along Chang Lam is a busy place with after-school and weekend drawing and painting classes for youngsters conducted by volunteer artists. A gallery on the top floor exhibits a mixture of both traditional and contemporary works. There is also a small library and coffee shop where budding artists are encouraged to meet.

TheNational Institute of traditional Medicine has also a small museum on its premises.

Every monastery and temple in Thimphu is alive and well. These are some institutions where one can see how Buddhists pray and their daily routines.


Thimphu is the center for various educational institutions:

The city is the home for the office of the Royal University of Bhutan (Commonly known as the RUB). The Royal University of Bhutan, founded on June 3, 2003, is the national university system of Bhutan. ... RUB may stand for Currency code for Russian Ruble Ruhr-Universität Bochum Rich Urban Biker Rub may refer to: the Kuliak languages of Uganda Spices blended together to season and flavor raw pork, beef, chicken, fish, and wild game before grilling. ...

Cinema in Thimphu
Cinema in Thimphu

The Institute for Language and Culture Studies (ILCS) which is part of the Royal University is a college for Dzongkha teachers and researchers. Dzongkha is the national language of the Kingdom of Bhutan. ...

The National Institute for Zorig Chusum is a training institute that trains students in the thirteen traditional arts known as the Zorig Chusum. Many visitors take time to look at the works and arts and even watch how a piece is made.

The National Institute of Traditional Medicine (Estb. 1988) contains an impressive, large laboratory and production facilities that ensures quality of the products, the components of which includes plants, minerals, animal parts, precious metals and gems. The Institution produces traditional Bhutanese medicine towards the needs of the public. There is a day-care facility and clinic where doctors diagnose patients and prescribe appropriate medicines or treatments. The institute also researches the use of herbs and plants and has a plot(trial) on the premises. A small museum and a gift shop(where the famous herbal tea -Tsheringma- is produced) is also present in its compounds.

The Royal Academy of Performing Arts (RAPA) is the home of the Royal Dance troupe.

Thimphu Structure Plan

A new plan for the city, called the Thimphu Structure Plan (TSP)[2] , was prepared and approved by the Council of Ministers in 2003, and subsequently by the elected Thimphu Municipal Corporation, that is implementing the plan. The TSP was prepared by the well-known architect Christopher Charles Benninger, who won the American Institute of Architect's Award 2000 for his design of the United World College of India. In 2006 the British Society for Design made him the first Indian Architect to receive the Recognition of Excellence Award. In 2007 he became the sixth Indian Architect to win the Golden Architect Award for Life Time Achievement. He has recently won the Indian Institute of Architects Award for the Best Institutional building in India (2006). Until 1999, Bhutans Cabinet consisted of a council of Ministers chaired by the King. ...

Clock Tower square, Norzin Lam, Thimphu
Clock Tower square, Norzin Lam, Thimphu

The TSP is directed at protecting the fragile ecology of the valley, including its rivers and forests. Considering the rapid growth of automobiles and pressure on the public health infrastructure in the town centre, restrictions on plot coverage and building heights were imposed. Critical to the plan are fifteen Urban Villages created through participatory land pooling, each having its own Village Square with amenities, garden, creche and an express bus link connected by the proposed Urban Corridor (under construction). The planning approach became widely known as the Principles of Intelligent Urbanism. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

Challenges facing the TSP from large land owners were considerable, but were resolved through Public Consultations and meetings with Stakeholders. The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank are funding the plan, which the planners feel is visibly improving the city. Planners and urban managers from other countries are visiting the Kingdom to learn how an urban fabric can be well managed with limited funds. The Structure Plan is noteworthy for its participatory approach in which there were city wide consultations and grass root meetings with the local land owners. The plan was given a dedicated web page by the government so that it could be downloaded in its entirety by anyone wishing to analyse it. Unlike many other such plans in the sub-continent, this plan is rapidly being implemented.

See also

  • Punakha is the former capital of Bhutan.

Punakha is a dzong in Punakha District, Bhutan. ...


Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links

  • Thimphu on Wikitravel
  • Department of Tourism, Bhutan
  • City map RAO online
  • Thimphu Dzongkhag
  • Five year plan 2002-2007
  • The Thimphu Classifieds
  • Thimphu City Information and Pictures
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District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Kuwait City Kuwait City (also Al-Kuwait - الكويت), population 32,403 (2005 Census), is the capital of the emirate of Kuwait and part of the Al-Asimah governorate. ... Location in the Republic of Lebanon Coordinates: , Governorate Government  - Mayor Abdel Mounim Ariss[1] Area  - City 100 km² (31 sq mi) Population (2005)  - City 1,574,397  - Metro 1,792,111 Time zone +2 (UTC)  - Summer (DST) +3 (UTC) Website: City of Beirut This article is about the Lebanese city. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
Thimphu, Bhutan, Pictures (138 words)
Thimphu, town, capital of Bhutan, in the western part of the country, in a high valley of the Himalayas.
Thimphu is connected to other parts of the country and to India, on the south, by a highway system.
Formerly the winter capital (Punakha was the summer capital), Thimphu was made the permanent seat of government in 1962.
  More results at FactBites »



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