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Encyclopedia > Thessaly
Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece
Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece

Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. The capital of the periphery is Larissa. The prefecture lies in central Greece and borders Macedonia on the north, Epirus on the west, Sterea Hellas or Central Greece on the south and the Aegean Sea on the east. Image File history File links GreeceThessaly. ... Image File history File links GreeceThessaly. ... This is a list of traditional Greek place names. ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... Alternative meanings: Larissa in mythology was a daughter of Pelasgus; Larrissa is a moon of Neptune; 1162 Larissa is an asteroid; Larissa is also a first name. ... Epirus (Greek Ήπειρος, Ípeiros; see also List of traditional Greek place names), is a province or periphery in northwestern Greece, bounded by West Macedonia and Thessaly to the east, by the province of Sterea Ellada (Central Greece) to the south, the Ionian Sea and the Ionian Islands to the west and... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Central Greece/Sterea Ellada: (Gr: Στερεα Ελλαδα) is one of the thirteen peripheries of Greece. ... The Aegean Sea. ...

Contents


Geography

Its geography consists of a ring of mountains surrounding a central plain: Trikala and Larissa lowlands. It has a distinct summer and winter season, with summer rains augmenting the fertility of the plains. This has led to Thessaly occasionally being called the breadbasket of Greece. Trikala (Greek: Τρίκαλα) is a city in northwestern Thessaly, Greece. ... Larissa (Greek: Λάρισα, Lárisa, (Turkish: Yenişehr-i Fenar) is the capital city of the Thessaly periphery of Greece, and capital of the Larissa Prefecture. ...


The region is well delineated by topographical boundaries. The Khásia and Cambunian mountains lie to the north, the Olympus massif to the northeast. To the west lies the Pindus mountain range, to the southeast the coastal ranges of Óssa and Pelion. This article refers to a mountain in Greece. ... The Pindus (Greek: Πίνδος, Albanian: Pino) mountains are a range located in northern Greece, roughly 160 km (100 miles) long, with a maximum elevation of 2636 m (8650 ft), along the border of Thessaly and Epirus. ... It may have been generated by a computer or by a translator with limited proficiency in English or the original language. ...


Several tributaries of the Pineios river flow through the region. The Pineiós (Greek: Πηνειός, also Pineus) is a river in Thessaly, Greece. ...


Transport

There are a number of highways and the main railway from Athens to Thessaloniki (Salonika) crosses Thessaly. The Parthenon seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and of the Attica prefecture of Greece. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


History

Thessaly was home to an extensive Neolithic culture around 2500 BC. Mycenaean settlements have also been discovered, for example at the sites of Iolcos, Dimini and Sesklo (near Volos). Later, in ancient Greek times, the lowlands of Thessaly became the home of baronial families, such as the Aleuads of Larissa or the Scopads of Crannon. These baronial families organized a federation across the Thessaly region, later went on to control the Amphictyonic League in northern Greece. The Thessalians were renowned for their cavalry. The Neolithic, (Greek neos = new, lithos = stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ... (Redirected from 2500 BC) (26th century BC - 25th century BC - 24th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC -- Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period 2494 BC -- End of Fourth Dynasty, start of Fifth Dynasty in Egypt. ... Mycenaean can have the following meanings: coming from or belonging to the ancient town of Mycenae in Pelloponese in Greece; belonging to the culture of the Mycenaean period of the eastern Mediterranean in the late Bronze Age; the Mycenaean language, an ancient form of Greek, known from inscriptions in Linear... Iolcos (also known as Iolkos or Iolcus, Greek: Ιώλκος) was an ancient city in Thessaly, central-eastern Greece (near the modern city of Volos). ... Dimini (Greek: Διμήνι), older forms: Diminio and Diminion was a village nearby the city of Volos, in Thessaly (central Greece), in the prefecture of Magnesia. ... Sesklo, rarely Sesclo (Greek: Σέσκλο) was a village nearby the city of Volos, in Thessaly (central Greece), in the prefecture of Magnesia. ... This page is about a city in Greece. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek-speaking world in ancient times. ... The Amphictyonic League (Amphictyony) was a form of Greek Hellenic religious organization that was formed to support specific temple or sacred place. ... Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ...


During the Greco-Persian Wars the Aleuads joined the Persians. In the 4th century BC Thessaly became dependent on Macedon and many served as vassals. In 148 BC the Romans formally incorporated Thessaly into the province of Macedonia, but in AD 300 Thessaly was made a separate province with its capital at Larissa. The Greco-Persian Wars or Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and lasted until 448 BC. // Origins Persian Empire in 500 BC At the end of the 6th century BC, Darius the Great ruled over an... (5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) // Events Invasion of the Celts into Ireland Battle of the Allia and subsequent Gaulish sack of Rome 383 BCE Second Buddhist Councel at Vesali. ... The Vergina Sun, a symbol associated with the Macedonian kingdom Macedon or Macedonia (from Greek ; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was the name of an ancient kingdom located in the northern-most part of ancient Greece, bordering the kingdom of Epirus on the west and the region... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC - 140s BC - 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC Years: 153 BC 152 BC 151 BC 150 BC 149 BC - 148 BC - 147 BC 146 BC... For other uses, see number 300. ...


Between the 7th and the 13th century the area was controlled by Slavs, Byzantines, Bulgars and Normans. However by the 13th century Thessaly came to be called Megale Vlachia (Great Walachia) and was controlled by Vlach herdsmen. In 1394 the Ottoman Empire assumed rule. In 1881 the Ottoman Empire ceded most of Thessaly to Greece. Byzantine Empire (in pink) and Wallachian Thessaly (in dark blue) Great Wallachia (Greek: Megale Vlachia; Romanian: Vlahia Mare), also Thessaly Wallachia, was a medieval state (12th and 13th century) of the Aromanian (Vlach) shepherds, which included the Thessaly region of Greece, the southern and central ranges of Pindus and extending... // Events Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, travels with King Richard II of England to Ireland. ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Administration

Thessaly is divided into 4 prefectures:

Map of peripheries of Greece Peripheries of Greece Flag of Greece
Attica | Central Greece | Central Macedonia | Crete | East Macedonia and Thrace | Epirus | Ionian Islands | North Aegean | Peloponnese | South Aegean | Thessaly | West Greece | West Macedonia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ancient coinage of Thessaly (5061 words)
Hence Poseidon was very generally revered in Thessaly as the creator of the national soil, as well as of the celebrated Thessalian horses which grazed in the rich alluvial plains with which the land abounded (Hom.
Larissa (Pelasgiotis), on the right bank of the Peneius, was the most important town in Thessaly, and the residence of the Aleuadae, the noblest of all the aristocratic families of the land.
In B.C. 196, after the battle of Cynoscephalae, the Thessali, the Perrhaebi, and the Magnetes, were proclaimed free by Flamininus, whereupon the Thessali instituted a federal currency, probably striking their coins at Larissa.
Thessaly - LoveToKnow 1911 (1009 words)
On the north side of Thessaly there was an important pass from Petra in Pieria by the western side of Olympus, debouching on the plain northward of Larissa; it was by this that Xerxes entered, and we learn from Herodotus (vii.
Again, when Thessaly, is entered from the south by the pass of Coela, another plain, containing a small lake, which was formerly called Xynias, intervenes, and a line of low hills has to be crossed before the town of Thaumaki is reached, which from its commanding position overlooks the whole of the upper plain.
In accordance with the provisions of the Berlin treaty, Thessaly was ceded to the Greeks by the Porte in 1881, and became a portion of the Hellenic kingdom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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