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Encyclopedia > Theophany
Look up theophany in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

From the Greek, theo (God), and phainein (to show forth),[1] theophany means an appearance of God to man. Or a divine disclosure. [2] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that French Wiktionary be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Information_icon. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ... Shortcut: WP:CU Marking articles for cleanup This page is undergoing a transition to an easier-to-maintain format. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ...

Liturgical year

The Encyclopaedia Britannica similarly defines this as "a manifestation of deity in sensible form."[3] In the Judeo-Christian tradition, the Bible is the primary source of events which both Britannica and the New Catholic Encyclopedia cite as being theophanies. The liturgical year, also known as the Christian year, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in some Christian churches which determines when Feasts, Memorials, Commemorations, and Solemnities are to be observed and which portions of Scripture are to be read. ... Advent (from the Latin Adventus, implicitly coupled with Redemptoris, the coming of the Saviour) is a holy season of the Christian church, the period of expectant waiting and preparation for the celebration of the Nativity of Christ, also known as the season of Christmas. ... The Christmas season is a term that covers the time when two interconnected periods of celebration are held. ... The Wise Men (Magi) adoring the infant Jesus. ... In Western Christianity, Lent is the forty-day period (or season) lasting from Ash Wednesday to Easter[1] or Holy Saturday. ... Easter Triduum (or Paschal Triduum) is a term used by some Christian churches, particularly the Roman Catholic Church, to denote, collectively, the last three days before Easter Sunday. ... Eastertide, or the Easter Season, begins on Easter Sunday and continues until Pentecost in the Christian liturgical calendar, thus spanning a total of seven weeks. ... General understanding of the Christian doctrine of Ascension holds that Jesus bodily ascended to heaven in the presence of his apostles, following his resurrection. ... Pentecost (Greek: [], pentekostē [hēmera], the fiftieth day) is the fiftieth day after Easter Sunday, which corresponds to the tenth day after Ascension Thursday. ... Ordinary Time is a season of the Christian (especially the Catholic) liturgical calendar. ... Kingdomtide is a liturgical season observed in the autumn by the United Methodist Church, particularly in the United States, and certain other Protestant denominations. ... It has been suggested that Crouchmas be merged into this article or section. ... The Nativity Fast, practiced by the Eastern Orthodox Church, is believed to enable participants to draw closer to God by denying the body of worldly pleasure in preparation for celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ, which is held on December 25th (Julian Calendar). ... For the Nativity of Jesus, see Nativity of Jesus. ... Great Lent is the greatest fasting period in the church year in Eastern Christianity, which prepares Christians for the greatest feast of the church year, Easter (or Holy Pascha). Although it is in many ways similar to Lent in Western Christianity, there are important differences in the timing of Lent... Easter, the Sunday of the Resurrection, Pascha, or Resurrection Day, is the most important religious feast of the Christian liturgical year, observed at some point between late March and late April each year (early April to early May in Eastern Christianity). ... Pentecost (Greek: [], pentekostē [hēmera], the fiftieth day) is the fiftieth day after Easter Sunday, which corresponds to the tenth day after Ascension Thursday. ... The upper part of The Transfiguration (1520) by Raphael, depicting Christ miraculously discoursing with Moses and Elijah The word Transfiguration means a changing of appearance or form. ... The Dormition of the Theotokos is the Eastern Orthodox commemoration of the falling asleep or death of Mary, the mother of Jesus. ... The Intercession of Our Most Holy Lady Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary (Russian Pokrov, Покров) is one of the most important Russian Orthodoxy feasts (maybe the most important after the Twelve Great Feasts). ... ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library of Congress. ...

The New Catholic Encyclopedia cites examples such as Gen 3:8a.[4] The same source then quotes Gen 16:7-14.[5] In this case, initially it is an angel which appears to Hagar, however it then says that God spoke directly to her, and that she saw God and lived (Gen 16:13). The next example the New Catholic Encyclopedia cites is Gen 22:11-15, which states explicitly that it was the angel of the Lord, rather than God Himself, speaking to Abraham (Gen 22:11a).[6] However, the angel addressing Abraham speaks the very words of God in the first person (Gen 22:12b). In both of the last two examples, although it is an angel present, the voice of the Lord Himself is spoken through the angel, and so this is a manifestation of Deity. The angel is therefore a preincarnate appearance of Jesus Christ. The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

A similar case would be Moses and the burning bush. Initially Moses saw an angel in the bush, but then goes on to have a direct conversation with God Himself (Ex 3).

In the case of Jesus Christ according to the Gospels and tradition, Christians understand Him to be God the son, become man (Jn 1:14). The New Catholic Encyclopedia, however, makes few references to a theophany from the Gospels. Mk 1:9-11, and Lk 9:28-36 are cited[7] which recount the Baptism, and the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ respectively. Although we could understand that although Jesus Christ is believed by Christians to be a manifestation of the divine throughout His life, it is only when His divine glory is manifested and not veiled by His humanity, that we would call it a theophany.

Thus, theophany is better understood as an unambiguous manifestation of God, to man, where "unambiguous" indicates that the seers or seer are of no doubt that it is God revealing Himself to them.


Theophany in Orthodox Christianity

The Feast of Theophany in the Eastern Orthodox Church on January 19 of the Julian Calendar or January 6th of the Gregorian Calendar celebrates the theophany at Jesus' baptism. The Wise Men (Magi) adoring the infant Jesus. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself: as the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used calendar in the world. ... Baptism in early Christian art. ...

The 4th century bishop Eusebius of Caesarea wrote a book called Theophania, referring to Jesus' Incarnation. Eusebius of Caesarea Eusebius of Caesarea (c. ...


The founder of Mormonism, Joseph Smith claimed a personal, modern theophany: a physical appearance of God the Father and his physical son Jesus Christ. This theophany is known as the First Vision. Mormonism is a term to describe religious, ideological, and cultural aspects of the various denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement. ... Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Stained glass depiction of the first vision of Joseph Smith, Jr. ...

Theophany in other beliefs

Since Hinduism is often understood as polytheistic or pantheistic, theophany has a different significance than it carries in Judaism and Christianity. The most well-known theophany in Eastern religions is contained within the Bhagavad-Gita of Hinduism, itself representing one chapter of the epic, Mahabharata. In the Gita, the famed warrior Arjuna begs for Krishna to reveal his true form after a series of teachings given by Krishna to Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra indicates Krishna to be far more than mortal. Krishna complies and gives Arjuna the spiritual vision which enables him to see Krishna in his true form, a terrifying and awe-inspiring manifestation that forms the main part of Chapter XI. This theophany was paraphrased by Robert Oppenheimer upon witnessing the first atomic bomb test, "Now I am become Death, the Destroyer of worlds." Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Artwork © courtesy of The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust The Bhagavad Gita (Sanskrit: भगवद्‌गीता - Bhagavad Gītā, Song of God or Divine Song[1]) is an ancient Sanskrit text comprised of 700 verses (or 701 in some recensions) from the Mahabharata (Bhishma Parva chapters 25 – 42... Hinduism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra The (Devanagari: ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the . ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Krishna with Radharani, 18th C Rajasthani painting Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, in IAST ) is a deity famously worshipped throughout the traditions of Hinduism. ... J. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb served as the first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, beginning in 1943. ...


  1. ^ Merriam-Webster Dictionary; retrieved 24 March 2006.
  2. ^ J.T.Burtchaell, "Theophany", in New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed. (2003), 13:929.
  3. ^ "Theophany", in Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th ed. (1986), 11:694.
  4. ^ J.T.Burtchaell, "Theophany", in New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed. (2003), 13:929.
  5. ^ J.T.Burtchaell, "Theophany", in New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed. (2003), 13:929.
  6. ^ J.T.Burtchaell, "Theophany", in New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed. (2003), 13:929.
  7. ^ J.T.Burtchaell, "Theophany", in New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed. (2003), 13:930.

See also

Death, as a skeleton which carries a scythe, visiting a dying man. ... The ten avatars of Lord Vishnu, copyright BBT In Hindu philosophy, an avatar, avatara or avataram (Sanskrit: , IAST: ), most commonly refers to the incarnation (bodily manifestation) of a higher being (deva), or the Supreme Being (God) onto planet Earth. ... Avalokitesvara with a 1,000 arms, part of the Dazu Stone Carvings at Mount Baoding, Dazu County, Chongqing, China. ... Tajalliat (plural of tajalli) or theophanies in the realm of being are manifestations of the divine Truth with regard to infinite perfection and eternal glory. ... From left, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva In Hinduism, the Trimurti (also called the Hindu trinity) is a concept that holds that God has three aspects, which are only different forms of the same one God. ... Darshan is a Sanskrit and Hindu (also used to some extent in Urdu) term meaning sight (in the sense of an instance of seeing something or somebody), vision, apparition, or a glimpse. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News (632 words)
Thus, theophany is better understood as an unambiguous manifestation of God, to man, where "unambiguous" indicates that the seers or seer are of no doubt that it is God revealing Himself to them.
The Feast of Theophany in the Eastern Orthodox Church on January 6 of the Julian Calendar or Gregorian Calendar celebrates the theophany at Jesus' baptism.
This theophany, known as the First Vision, is unique in that Smith claims that God the Father appeared physically, a first in Judeo-Christian religion.
Theophany - OrthodoxWiki (627 words)
Theophany (from Greek theophania, meaning "appearance of God") is one of the Great Feasts of the Orthodox Church, celebrated on January 6.
The Feast of Theophany is the culmination of the Christmas Season, which starts on December 25 and ends on January 6.
The feast is called Theophany because at the baptism of Christ the Holy Trinity appeared clearly to mankind for the first time -- the Father's voice is heard from Heaven, the Son of God is incarnate and standing physically in the Jordan, and the Holy Spirit descends on Him in the form of a dove.
  More results at FactBites »



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