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Encyclopedia > Theodosius Dobzhanski

Theodosius Grigorevich Dobzhansky (Russian — Феодосий Григорьевич Добржанский; sometimes anglicized to Theodore Dobzhansky; January 25, 1900 - November 11, 1975) was a noted geneticist and evolutionary biologist. Dobzhansky was born in Ukraine (then part of Imperial Russia), but lived in the United States beginning in 1927.


Dobzhansky was born in Nemirov, Ukraine then part of Imperial Russia, and his father was a mathematics teacher. Dobzhansky attended the University of Kiev between 1917 and 1921, before moving to Leningrad (St. Petersburg). He taught at the California Institute of Technology from 1930 to 1940 and subsquently moved to Columbia University from 1940 to 1962. He did much important genetic research, mainly on various species of Drosophila.


Dobzhansky was one of the engineers of the modern evolutionary synthesis, which united Mendelian genetics with evolution. He is notable for defining evolution as "a change in the frequency of an allele in a gene pool", in his 1937 book and for the phrase "nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution", which is the title of a 1973 essay criticising Creationism.


Bibliography

Books

  • Genetics and the Origin of Species (1937, third edition 1951)
  • The Biological Basis of Human Freedom (1954).
  • Mankind Evolving: The Evolution of the Human Species (1962)
  • The Biology of Ultimate Concern (1967)
  • Genetics of the Evolution Process (1970)
  • Genetic Diversity and Human Equality (1973).

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Theodosius Dobzhansky (368 words)
Theodosius Dobzhansky was born on January 25, 1900, in the town of Nemirov, Russia.
By age twelve, Dobzhansky already knew what he wanted to be and later told people that "there was no question that I wanted to become a biologist" and he planned to study nature science in the University of Kiev.
Dobzhansky's studies in population genetics served as a basis for his explanation of how the evolution of races and species could have come about through adaptation.
Theodosius Dobzhansky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (731 words)
Theodosius Grigorevich Dobzhansky (Russian — Феодосий Григорьевич Добржанский; sometimes anglicized to Theodore Dobzhansky; January 25, 1900 - December 18, 1975) was a noted geneticist and evolutionary biologist.
Dobzhansky was born in Ukraine (then part of Imperial Russia) and emigrated to the United States in 1927.
Dobzhansky emigrated to the United States in 1927 on a scholarship from International Education Board of the Rockefeller Foundation arriving in New York on December 27.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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