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Encyclopedia > Theodore of Tarsus

Theodore (602September 19, 690) was the eighth archbishop of Canterbury. He was born at Tarsus in Cilicia (in present-day Turkey). Events Phocas kills Byzantine Emperor Maurice I and makes himself emperor Beginning of a series of wars between the Byzantine Empire and the Sassanids Births Muawiyah, founder of the Umayyad Dynasty of caliphs (approximate date) Xuanzang, famous Chinese Buddhist monk. ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Events Beginning of Wu Zetians Zhou Dynasty in China. ... Arms of the Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior clergyman of the established Church of England and symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Tarsus is a city in present day Turkey, on the mouth of the Tarsus Cay (Cydnus) into the Mediterranean. ... In ancient geography, Cilicia (Ki-LIK-ya) formed a district on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), north of Cyprus. ...


On the death of Wighard, who had been sent to Pope Vitalian by Ecgberht of Kent and Oswiu of Northumbria in 667, apparently for consecration as archbishop, Theodore, who had become prominent in the Eastern work of the church, was recommended by Hadrian of Niridanum(also known as Saint Adrian) to fill the vacant see. Vitalianus (died January 27, 672) was Pope from 657 - 672. ... Ecgberht, or Egbert (d. ... Oswiu (c. ... Events Births Deaths Categories: 667 ... There are at least two Saint Adrians: Adrian of Nicomedia Saint Adrian (abbot) ...


Vitalian consecrated Theodore in April 668 on condition that Hadrian, afterwards abbot of St Peter's, Canterbury, should go with him. Hadrian was detained for some time by Ebroin, the Neustrian Mayor of the Palace, but Theodore reached England in May 669. According to Bede's account he made a tour of the whole of Anglo-Saxon England, reforming abuses and giving instruction as to the monastic rule and the canonical Easter. Bede also declares that he was the first archbishop to whom all the "church of the Angles" submitted. Events Childeric II succeeds Clotaire III as Frankish king Constantine IV becomes Byzantine Emperor, succeeding Constans II Theodore of Tarsus made archbishop of Canterbury. ... St Peters St, Canterbury, from the West Gate, 1993 Canterbury (Latin: Duroverum) is a cathedral city in the county of Kent in southeast England. ... Ebroin (d. ... Neustria & Austrasia The territory of Neustria originated in A.D. 511, made up of the regions from Aquitaine to the northern seacoast approximating most of the north of present-day France. ... Mayor of the Palace was an early medieval title and office, also known by the Latin name, maior domus or majordomo, used most notably in the Frankish kingdoms in the 7th and 8th centuries. ... Events Theodore appointed Archibishop of Canterbury Births Justinian II, Byzantine emperor Deaths Hasan ibn Ali, grandson of Muhammad and second Shia Imam Categories: 669 ... Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493 Bede (Latin Beda), also known as Saint Bede or, more commonly, the Venerable Bede (c. ... The Anglo-Saxons refers collectively to the groups of Germanic tribes who achieved dominance in southern Britain from the mid-5th century, forming the basis for the modern English nation. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... Easter is the most important religious holiday of the Christian liturgical year, observed in March, April, or May to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus from the dead after his death by crucifixion (see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year around AD 30-33. ...


From the first he seems to have ignored the scheme for a separate province of York, but he reorganized the episcopate, assigning Bisi to East Anglia, Putta to Rochester, Hlothhere to Wessex, and Ceadda after reconsecration to Mercia. York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... Rochester is a small, historic town in Kent, at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London. ... Hlothhere (died February 6, 685) was a King of Kent who ruled from 673 to 685. ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the kingdom of England. ... Chad of Mercia (died March 2, 672) was a monk and priest in 7th century England. ... Mercia, sometimes spelled Mierce, was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon heptarchy, in what is now England, in the region of the Midlands, with its heart in the valley of the River Trent and its tributary streams. ...


He brought the monastic education up to date by introducing literary, metrical and musical studies. In 673 Theodore presided at the first synod of the clergy in England which was held at Hertford. Various disciplinary regulations were emphasized, and an annual meeting arranged at a place called Cloveshoe. After this council Theodore revived the East Saxon bishopric, to which he appointed Earconwald. Soon after the first expulsion of Wilfrid in 678 he divided the Northumbrian diocese, appointing Trumwine bishop to the Picts. This led to a quarrel with Wilfrid which was not finally settled until 686-687. In 679, Aelfwine, the brother of King Ecgfrith of Northumbria, was killed in battle against the Mercians, and Theodore intervened to make peace between the two kingdoms by persuading King Aethelred of Mercia to pay a weregild in compensation for Aelfwine's death. Events Hlothhere becomes king of Kent Maelduin becomes King of Dalriada Foundation of Ely, England Births Bede, English monk, writer and historian (or 672) Deaths Childeric II, Frankish king of Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy Domangart II, King of Dalriada General Kim Yu-shin of Silla Heads of states Japan - Temmu... A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine or administration. ... Essex is an administrative county in the East of England. ... Wilfrid (c. ... Events Pope Agatho succeeds Pope Donus. ... Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of an Anglian kingdom which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, and of the much smaller earldom which succeeded the kingdom. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Events October 21 - Conon becomes Pope, succeeding Pope John V. Empress Jito ascends to the throne of Japan Kingdom of Kent attacked and conquered by West Saxons under Caedwalla Births August 23 - Charles Martel, winner of the Battle of Tours Deaths Emperor Temmu of Japan Korean Buddhist monk Weonhyo See... Events: December 15 - Sergius succeeds Conon as Pope King Theuderic III of Neustria is defeated by Pepin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. ... Events Adamnan becomes abbot of the monastery on Iona. ... Aelfwine (c. ... Ecgfrith (645–May 20, 685) was the King of Northumbria from 670 until his death. ... For the later earl, see Earl Aethelred of Mercia. ... Weregild (Alternative spellings: wergild, wergeld, weregeld, etc. ...


Theodore presided at other synods held in 680 at Hatfield and in 684 at Twyford. He died in 690. A penitential composed under Theodore's direction is still extant. Events October 10 - Battle of Kerbela November 12 - The Sixth Ecumenical Council opens in Constantinople The Bulgars subjugate the country of current-day Bulgaria Pippin of Herstal becomes Mayor of the Palace Umayyad caliph Muawiyah I succeeded by Yazid I ibn Muawiyah Erwig deposes Wamba to become king of the... Mark Hatfield Hatfield is the name of some places around the world. ... Events Wu Ze Tian took power in China. ... Twyford is the name of more than one place. ...


See Bede, Hist. Eccl, edited by C Plummer (Oxford, 1896); Eddius, Vita Wilfridii in J Raine's Historians of the Church of York, vol. i. (London, 1879); Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, edited by Earle and Plummer (Oxford, 1899); Haddan and Stubbs, Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents (Oxford, 1869-78), iii. 173-213. Eddius (Æddi) was a Kentish choirmaster recruited by bishop Wilfrid (c. ...


This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911), contend supporters, in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...



Preceded by:
Deusdedit
Archbishop of Canterbury
668–690
Succeeded by:
Bertwald


Saint Deusdedit (d. ... Arms of the Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior clergyman of the established Church of England and symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
September 19: Theodore of Tarsus; Christian History Institute (696 words)
Theodore could have complicated matters by introducing yet a third tradition, for he was from Tarsus in the Roman Empire's Eastern province, Celicia.
Saxon historian Bede said Theodore was the "first archbishop whom all the English church obeyed." Together Theodore and Adrian taught Roman forms and the proper dating of Easter; and Adrian schooled the English in mathematics, astronomy, Latin and the Bible.
Theodore of Tarsus was archbishop for twenty-one years and left a united church.
Theodore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (246 words)
Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury from 668 to 690
Theodore, Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch from 751 to 797
Tewodros I of Ethiopia, Theodore I, Emperor of Ethiopia from 1411 to 1414
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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