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Encyclopedia > Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Theodore Roosevelt National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Location: North Dakota, USA
Nearest city: Dickinson, ND
Coordinates: 46°58′0″N, 103°27′0″W
Area: 70,448 acres (285 km²)
Established: November 10, 1978
Total Visitation: 476,783 (in 2003)
Governing body: National Park Service

Established in 1978, Theodore Roosevelt National Park is a United States National Park comprising three geographically separated areas of badlands in western North Dakota. The park was named for 26th US President, Theodore Roosevelt, who owned and worked for a few years on a ranch now preserved in the park. The park covers 110 mi² (285 km²) of land in three sections: the North Unit, the South Unit, and the smaller Elkhorn Ranch Unit. The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links US_Locator_Blank. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Dickinson is a city in Stark County, North Dakota in the United States. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... The Chinle Badlands at Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... The presidential seal was first used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt, Jr. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


The park's South Unit lies alongside Interstate 94 near Medora, North Dakota. The North Unit is situated about 80 mi (130 km) north along U.S. Highway 85, near Watford City, North Dakota. Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch is located between the North and South units, approximately 20 mi (32 km) west of US 85 and Fairfield, North Dakota. The entire park is contained within the Little Missouri National Grassland, and the Little Missouri River flows through the park. The Maah Daah Hey Trail connects all three units. Interstate 94 (abbreviated I-94) is a long interstate highway connecting the Great Lakes and Intermountain region of the United States. ... Medora is a city in Billings County, North Dakota in the United States. ... United States Highway 85 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 1,479 miles from the Canadian border in North Dakota to the Mexican border in El Paso, Texas. ... Watford City is a city located in McKenzie County, North Dakota. ... United States Highway 85 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 1,479 miles from the Canadian border in North Dakota to the Mexican border in El Paso, Texas. ... Little Missouri National Grassland is a National Grassland located in North Dakota, USA. It contains over 1 million acres within its area. ... The Little Missouri River The Little Missouri River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 560 mi (901 km) long, in the northern Great Plains of the United States. ... Tip: stick to the trail on the slanted side of the guideposts. ...

Badlands in North Dakota
Badlands in North Dakota


Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Contents

History

Roosevelt connection

In 1884, after the death of his wife and mother, Roosevelt travelled to his North Dakota ranch to rebuild his life and to recover from the tragedy. The badlands were a catharsis for him and although he returned east several times, for most of two years he ranched in the area and noted his experiences in pieces published in eastern newspapers and magazines. Returning to the East and back into politics, Roosevelt would forever associate himself with the vanishing frontier and the life of the western cowboy and rancher. Politics is the process by which groups make decisions. ...

Badlands in Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Badlands in Theodore Roosevelt National Park

Theodore Roosevelt National Park from NPS public domain digital image archive File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Theodore Roosevelt National Park from NPS public domain digital image archive File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Park development

The Little Missouri Badlands were explored in 1924 to determine possible park sites. Civilian Conservation Corps camps were set up in both of the future park units in 1934. The area was designated the Roosevelt Recreation Demonstration Area in 1935. In 1946 it was transferred to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service as the Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge. It was established as the Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park on April 25, 1947 and finally became a national park in 1978. 29,920 acres (121.1 km²) of the park was preserved as Theodore Roosevelt Wilderness. CCC workers on road construction, Camp Euclid, Ohio 1936 The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a work relief program for young men from unemployed families established in March 1933 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in his first hundred days. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Theodore Roosevelt Wilderness is located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. ...


Attractions

Both units of the park have scenic drives, dozens of miles of foot and horse trails and allow back country hiking and camping. There are three automobile campgrounds, two in the South Unit. Bison are usually visible from the scenic drives, often grazing by the roadside.


The park displays spectacular seasonal variations in scenery. Sprouting plants and moisture in the Spring accentuates stria of green, blue, red and white. Red "clinker" (a naturally baked rock locally known as "scoria")[1] dominates in the summer and golden brown grasslands in the fall. Winter is almost devoid of color and the landscape is covered with a thin layer of snow. Scoria Scoria is the vesicular ejecta of mafic to intermediate magmas such as basalt and andesite. ... An Inner Mongolia Grassland. ...

Badlands during a winter night.
Badlands during a winter night.

The park is well suited to back country hikers and permits can be obtained at either park office. It is possible to hike for days without seeing or hearing another human or evidence of development. The park units are mostly surrounded by Forest Service grasslands. Sagebrush grows throughout most of the park, providing a pleasant scent throughout most of the year. The area has very dark skies with excellent star gazing and northern lights displays. However, the conditions are harsh, with little or no natural water, and summer temperatures can stay above 95°F (35°C) and winter temperatures below -20°F (-30°C) for extended periods. The bison can be very dangerous, especially during springtime calving. They have been known to destroy automobiles when drivers harass them. Image File history File links Theodore Roosevelt National Park in Winter source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Theodore Roosevelt National Park in Winter source: http://www. ... The USDA Forest Service, a United States government agency within the United States Department of Agriculture, is under the leadership of the United States Secretary of Agriculture. ... U.S. National Grasslands are protected areas of the United States. ... Binomial name Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ... Aurora borealis Polar aurorae are optical phenomena characterized by colorful displays of light in the night sky. ...


A large variety of wild animals can be spotted, including; buffalo (bison), elk, pronghorn, prairie dogs, coyotes, wild horses, Bighorn sheep, and wild turkey. Bison and Bighorn sheep were reintroduced into the South unit in 1956, some 75 years after they had been extirpated. An American Bison is a bovine mammal, the largest terrestrial mammal in North America, and one of the largest wild cattle in the world. ... Binomial name Cervus canadensis New species designate Siberian and American Elk (Cervus canadensis), are the second largest species of deer in the world, after the Moose (Alces alces). ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ... Species Cynomys gunnisoni Cynomys leucurus Cynomys ludovicianus Cynomys mexicanus Cynomys parvidens Prairie dogs are small stout-bodied burrowing rodents with shallow cheek pouches native to both North and Central America. ... Binomial name Canis latrans Say, 1823 The coyote (Canis latrans, meaning barking dog) also prairie wolf [2]) is a member of the Canidae (dog) family and a close relative of the domestic dog. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Binomial name Ovis canadensis Shaw, 1804 Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) are one of two species of mountain sheep in North America; the other species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep. ... Binomial name Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758 For other uses, see Wild Turkey (disambiguation). ...


The entire park has been surrounded with barbed wire to keep bison separated from commercial livestock. The North Unit was fenced by 1962 when bison were reintroduced there. The park has a capacity for about 500 bison and relies on roundups to keep their population below this number. Captured bison are sold or go to other parks or to Native Americans. Wild horses are kept to a level of about 100 in the park through occasional roundups.


Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch is a remote and seldom-visited area of the park not easily accessible by vehicle. The most direct route to the ranch is via US 85 at Fairfield. A system of gravel roads leads approximately 20 miles west to the Little Missouri River. Once visitors reach the river, it must be forded (on foot or possibly 4x4, depending on the river's depth). The actual ranch is a one-mile hike beyond the river. A visitor's log at the trailhead revealed fewer than 20 visitors in the year preceding July 2006. Disappointingly, almost nothing is left of the ranch. The outlines of the former buildings are surrounded by fences, but even the foundations are gone. With the exception of a National Park Service map and tack board, the site has probably changed very little since Roosevelt's days. Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... A map is a simplified depiction of a space which highlights relations between components (objects, regions) of that space. ...

Wild horses at the Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Wild horses at the Theodore Roosevelt National Park

American Bison roundup at Theodore Roosevelt National Park with wild horses from NPS public domain image archive File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... American Bison roundup at Theodore Roosevelt National Park with wild horses from NPS public domain image archive File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

External links


 
 

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