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Encyclopedia > Theodor Körner

Theodor Körner (April 23, 1873 - January 4, 1957) served as President of Austria between 1951 and 1957. April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Leopoldine Wing of Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna: home to the offices of the Federal President. ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

He was born in Uj Szönyi, a small suburb of Komorn (today Komárno in the Slovak Republic) as son of an officer of the Austro-Hungarian army. Family legend has it that he was related to the poet of the same name, but that stories are not proven. Körner attended the military school in Mährisch-Weißkirchen ([Hranice na Moravě]]) and then the military academy and became lieutenant in 1894. He served as an officer in Agram (today Zagreb in Croatia) and was promoted to major in 1904, in which year he became a member of the Austrian chief of staff. During World War I, he was an active commander on the Italian front and he resigned from his military career in 1924 as a General. Komárno (in Hungarian: Komárom [today a separate town, also Révkomárom], in German: Komorn) is a town in Slovakia at the Danube and the Váh rivers. ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Zagreb (pronounced ZA-greb) is the capital city of Croatia. ... Insignia of an 0-4 in the U.S. Armed Forces In the US Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and the British Army, a major is a commissioned officer superior to a captain and inferior to a lieutenant colonel. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The term Chief of Staff can refer to: The White House Chief of Staff, the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Always interested in politics, he joined the social democrats and become a member of parliament in 1924. He served as Chairman of the Federal Council of Austria between December 1933 and February 1934. The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... The Federal Council of Austria or Bundesrat is one of the two separate councils of parliament of Austria. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

The so-called civil war in Austria and the installation of the so-called austro-fascist dictatorship under Engelbert Dollfuss ended Körner´s career as a politician. He was arrested like his fellow partymen by the authoritarian government that banned all opposition parties and put their representatives into prison. During World War II, Körner was again imprisoned, this time by the Nazis. Austrofascism is a term which is frequently used to describe the authoritarian rule installed in Austria between 1934 and 1938. ... Engelbert Dollfuss Engelbert Dollfuss (German: Dollfuß) (October 4, 1892 - July 25, 1934) was an Austrian politician and dictator. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ...

After the war, in April 1945, Körner became Mayor of Vienna in the newly erected Second Republic. Körner was responsible for rebuilding and reconstructing Vienna, which was heavily destroyed due to the bombing during the war. After the death of Karl Renner, his party nominated Körner as candidate for the presidency, and Körner won the elections with slightly more than 51 percent of the votes. He therefore became the first President of Austria directly elected by the people. Körner died in office. Körner had a profound knowledge of military sciences and wrote many books about military theory. In Vienna there is a street named after him. 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The following people were mayors of Vienna: Habsburg Monarchy Konrad Poll 1282 Heinrich Hansgraf 1285 Konrad von Eslarn 1287 Konrad Poll 1288-1305 Heinrich Chrannest 1305-07 Dietrich von Kahlenberg 1307 Heinrich von d. ... There were several Second Republics in the course of history. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). ... Karl Renner Karl Renner (December 14, 1870 - December 31, 1950) was an Austrian politician. ...



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