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Encyclopedia > Theodor Heuss
Theodor Heuss
[[Image:|200px| ]]
Order President of Germany
President from September 13, 1949September 12, 1959
Vice President {{{vicepresident}}}
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Heinrich Lübke
Born January 31, 1884
Brackenheim, Germany
Died December 12, 1963
Stuttgart, Germany
Political party FDP
Spouse „Elly“ Heuss-Knapp (1881-1952)
Signature [[Image:{{{signature}}}|128px]]

Theodor Heuss (January 31, 1884 - December 12, 1963) was a German politician. He was the first person elected to a regular term as President of the Federal Republic of Germany after WWII, and the third person (after Friedrich Ebert and Paul von Hindenburg) to be elected German president. The Federal President (German: Bundespräsident, formerly Reichspräsident) is Germanys head of state. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Heinrich Lübke (October 14, 1892 – April 6, 1972) was President of Germany from 1959 to 1969. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Stuttgart, a city located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 as of September 2005 in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a free-market liberal (libertarian) party in Germany. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Friedrich Ebert (February 4, 1871–February 28, 1925) was a German politician (SPD), who served as the 9th Chancellor of Germany and its first president during the Weimar period. ... Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known universally as Paul von Hindenburg (October 2, 1847 – August 2, 1934) was a German Field Marshal and statesman. ...


Heuss was born in Brackenheim, near Heilbronn. He studied art history and state studies in Munich and Berlin. He received his doctorate in 1905 in Munich. In 1908 he married Elly Heuss-Knapp (1881-1952), with whom he had a son. After his studies he worked as a political journalist and presided over the magazine Die Hilfe ("The Help") in Berlin, from 1905 until 1912 for Friedrich Naumann. From 1912 to 1918 he was editor in chief of the Neckarzeitung (Neckar Newspaper) in Heilbronn. In Berlin, he worked as editor for the weekly newsletter Deutsche Politik ("German Politics"). In 1910 he joined the Fortschrittliche Volkspartei ("Progressive People's Party"), in which he was engaged until 1918. Between 1923 and 1926 he published the magazine Die Deutsche Nation ("The German Nation"). Heuss became a member of the Deutsche Demokratische Partei (DDP – "German Democratic Party"), the political heir of the Fortschrittliche Volkspartei, in 1918 and was a member of parliament in the Reichstag 1924-1928 and 1930-1933. In 1933, along with his fellow DDP parliamentarians, he gave in to Nazi-orchestrated street pressure and voted in favour of the Enabling Act (Ermächtigungsgesetz), granting Adolf Hitler quasi-dictatorial powers. During Hitler's regime he stayed in contact with a network of liberals, leading to contacts with the resistance movement towards the end of the war. Heilbronn is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, near Stuttgart. ... Art history usually refers to the history of the visual arts. ... Munich and the Bavarian Alps Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the largest city and capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A collection of magazines A magazine is a periodical publication containing a variety of articles, generally financed by advertising and/or purchase by readers. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Friedrich Naumann Friedrich Naumann (March 25, 1860 – August 24, 1919) was a German politician and Protestant parish priest. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Neckar is a river in Germany, a major tributary of the River Rhine, which it joins at Mannheim. ... -1... The Progressive Peoples Party (Fortschrittliche Volkspartei or FVP) was a left-liberal party of late Imperial Germany. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The German Democratic Party, or Deutsche Demokratische Partei (DDP), was founded by leaders of the former Progressive Peoples Party (Fortschrittliche Volkspartei) and the left wing of the National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei) in the early days of the Weimar Republic. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the German law passed in 1933 at the beginning of the Third Reich. ... (help· info) (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945) was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 and Führer (Leader) of Germany from 1934 until his death. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Widerstand (German: resistance) is the name given to the resistance movements in Nazi Germany. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 8 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ...


After World War II he was the first Minister of Culture in Baden-Württemberg. In 1946 and 1947 he taught history at the TH (Technical College) Stuttgart. As co-founder of the Demokratische Volkspartei ("Democratic People's Party"), which is now the FDP-regional branch in the state of Baden-Württemberg, he was a member of the Württemberg-Baden state parliament 1946-1949. In 1948, Heuss was named honorary professor (which is a superior title in Germany) at the Technische Hochschule Stuttgart. On December 12, 1948, he was elected head of West German and Berlin sections of the newly founded Freie Demokratische Partei ("Free Democratic Party"). He advocated uniting all the liberal parties in the Western occupation zones, overcoming the split between right liberals and left liberals that existed in the Weimar Repulic. In 1948 he was a member of the Parliamentary Council (Parlamentarischer Rat) with considerable influence on the Grundgesetz, the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany. Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in south-western Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... HIStory: Past, Present And Future - Book 1 was a double-disc album by Michael Jackson released in 1995. ... Stuttgart, a city located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 as of September 2005 in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area. ... ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in south-western Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... Württemberg-Baden is a former state of West Germany. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... West Germany was the informal but almost universally used name for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1990, during which years the Federal Republic did not yet include East Germany. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Parlamentarische Rat (parliamentary council) was a predecessor of the West German Bundestag. ... The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of modern Germany. ...


After being elected to the first German Bundestag, he relinquished his parliamentary mandate on September 12, 1949, when he was elected president, the highest state office, in the Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung) against Kurt Schumacher. In 1954 he was reelected with no opposition and held office until September 12, 1959. He declined a third term in office however, as this would have necessitated changing the constitution. The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The Federal Convention (Bundesversammlung) is a special body in the institutional system of Germany, convoked only for the purpose of selecting the Bundespräsident every five years. ... Dr Kurt Schumacher (13 October 1895 - 20 August 1952), was the leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany in the early years of the German Federal Republic. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Heuss shaped the office of president by his non-partisan governing. As a representative of the democratic-liberal and cultural traditions of Germany, he instated confidence in the German post-war republic in the international community. His state visits contributed greatly to the increase of appreciation toward the still young FRG. He was opposed to re-armament and the founding of the new West German Army in 1955, but had no power to stop it; however his ironical speech at the swearing in of the first new soldiers ("Nun siegt mal schön!", i.e. "Happy war-winning!") is well remembered. The term international community can refer to either: All the lands represented in United Nations. ... State visits usually involve a military review. ... 1955 (MCMLV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1959 he was awarded the prestigous Peace Prize of the German Book Trade (Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels). In 1963, he passed away in Stuttgart. The Peace Prize of the German Book Trade (German: Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels) is a peace prize given yearly at the Frankfurt Book Fair in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Since 1964, the Theodor-Heuss-Prize is awarded for exemplary democratic disposition. Heuss' former residence is now open to the public as the Theodor-Heuss-Haus. His image was imprinted on one series of the two-Mark coin. For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... A 10 Deutsche Mark banknote from Germany 1993 showing Carl Friedrich Gauss (http://www. ... A coin is usually a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is issued by a government to be used as a form of money. ...


The Airforce Airbus, which is used by the President of Germany is named in his honor.


External links

  • dhm.de - Museum of German History (German)
  • stiftung-heuss-haus.de - Foundation Theodor-Heuss-Haus (German)
  • bundespraesident.de Office of the President (also English)
Preceded by:
Karl Dönitz
(Reichspräsident)
President of Germany
1949–1959
Succeeded by:
Heinrich Lübke

 
 

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