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Encyclopedia > Theodor Busse

General der Infanterie Theodor Busse (15 December 1897 in Frankfurt21 October 1986 in Wallerstein). General in the German Wehrmacht (Army) in World War II. December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Frankfurt (Oder) [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the river Oder, on the German-Polish border, directly opposite to the city of Słubice. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Immanuel Wallerstein (born 1930) is a U.S. sociologist. ... Wehrmacht â–¶ (help· info) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Combatants Allies: • Soviet Union, • UK & Commonwealth, • USA, • France/Free France, • China, • Poland, • ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Japan, • Italy, • ...and others Commanders Strength Casualties Full list Full list World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a large scale military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ...


Born in Frankfurt an der Oder, he joined the Imperial German Army as an officer cadet in 1915, and was commissioned in February 1917. Seeing action in World War I, after the armistice he was accepted into the new Reichswehr where he steadily rose in rank. Frankfurt (Oder) [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the river Oder, on the German-Polish border, directly opposite to the city of Słubice. ... The term German Empire (Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 5 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) 3 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) {{{notes}}} World War I... The Reichswehr (help· info) (literally National Defense or Imperial Defense) formed the military organization of Germany from 1919 until 1935, when the government rebranded it as the Wehrmacht (Defence Force). ...


Brusse was a General Staff officer in April 1939, and prepared a training program which was approved by the Chief of the General Staff in August. The program covered a period from the 1st of October 1939, to 30 September 1940. Between 1940 until 1942. He served as the Chief of Operations to General (later Field Marshal) Erich von Manstein in the 11th Army on the Eastern Front. He remained serving on Manstein's staff from 1942 until 1943 he was Chief Operations of Army Group Don and then from 1943 until 1944 he was Chief of Staff of Army Group South, both Army Groups on the Eastern Front. While serving with Army Group he was awarded the Knight's Cross on January 30, 1944. He spent a short time in reserve and then appointed General Officer Commanding German 121st Division. In July 1944 he commanded I Corps and on 21 January 1945 he took over command of the 9th Army which was his final command. During the last month of the war he commanded the 9th Army in the Battle of the Oder-Neisse line and the 9th Army breakout to reach American lines known as the Battle of Halbe. Between 1945 and 1946 he was a Prisoner of War.[1][2] Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein Erich von Manstein (November 24, 1887–June 10, 1973) was a lifelong professional soldier who rose to become one of the most prominent commanders of Nazi Germanys Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) during World War II; he attained the rank of Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall), although he was... The Eastern Front of World War II was the theatre of war covering the conflict in eastern Europe, notorious for its unprecedented ferocity, destruction, and immense loss of life. ... Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd in German) was a German Army Group during World War II. Germany used two army groups to invade Poland in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. ... The Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) is a military decoration of Germany which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The German Ninth Army (German: ) was a World War II field army. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union, Poland Commanders Gotthard Heinrici Helmuth Weidling Helmuth Reymann Wilhelm Mohnke Georgy Zhukov Ivan Konev Vassili Chuikov Strength 1 million men, 1,500 AFVs, 3,300 aircraft 2. ... The Battle of Halbe occurred during the last days of April 1945 in the Spree Forest near the village of Halbe, south-east of Berlin. ...


He took command of the 9th Army on 21 January 1945 but his appointment was never confirmed. It would appear that it was customary for commanders of formations of the status of an Army and higher to be on six months probation before their final appointments as Commanders-in-Chief.[3] January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


At the Nuremberg Trials:

Various witnesses were asked why they took over command of the Army at the end of the war when the situation was already desperate. BUSSE, for instance, said that he was moved by the sight of miserable groups of countrymen travelling west and wished to protect them from the enemy coming from the East. He said that he followed the example of many other soldiers who have preferred death to surrender.[4]

After the war he was West Germany's director of civil defense, and wrote and edited a number of works on the military history of World War II.


Books by Busse

  • "Kursk: The German View" by Steven H. Newton. The first part of the book goes to a new translation of a study of Operation Citadel (the great tank battle of Kursk) edited by General Theodor Busse, which offers the perspectives of key tank, infantry, and air commanders.

Battle of Kursk Conflict World War II Date July 4, 1943 - July 22, 1943 Place Kursk, USSR Result Indecisive The Battle of Kursk was a significant battle on the Eastern Front of World War II. It remains the largest armored engagement of all time, and included the most costly single...

Bibliography

The Avalon Project is Yale Law Schools digital library of Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. ... Yale Law School, established in 1843 in New Haven, Connecticut, is a division of Yale University. ...

Footnotes

See Wikipedia:Footnote3
  1. ^  Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Volume 42. See Bibliography
  2. ^  The Generals of WWII. See Bibliography
  3. ^  Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Volume 42. See Bibliography
  4. ^  Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Volume 42. See Bibliography

  Results from FactBites:
 
Australian Information from Wikipedia (3708 words)
It was fought in the Spree Forest near the village of Halbe, south-east of Berlin, and was a part of the Battle for Berlin, known as the 'Berlin Offensive Operation' by the Soviet Army.
Leading the surrounded German 9th Army, Colonel General Theodor Busse tried to link up with the German 12th Army commanded by General Walther Wenck with the intention of heading west and surrendering to the Western Allies.
Busse ordered von Luck to stay near Baruth but discontinue the attack when informed of this, however von Luck disobeyed the order and disbanded his battle group, allowing soldiers to try and attempt a breakout individually.
Theodor Busse - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre (516 words)
Busse se unió al Ejército Imperial Alemán en 1915 como cadete, siendo comisionado oficial en 1917.
Busse preparó un programa de entrenamiento en abril de 1939, que fue aprobado en agosto del mismo año, dicho programa se ejecutó entre el 1 de octubre hasta el 30 de septiembre de 1940.
Busse escapó con su ejército al oeste, abriéndose paso violentamente en lo que luego se llamó la Batalla de Halbe, después de contactar a Wenck, ambos se dirigieron al Río Elba y se entregaron a los aliados norteamericanos, violando directamente las órdenes de Hitler.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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