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Encyclopedia > Theo van Gogh (art dealer)
Theo van Gogh

Theo van Gogh (May 1, 1857 - January 25, 1891) was the younger brother of the painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and a successful art dealer. Since 1880, Theo's unfailing financial support allowed his brother to devote himself entirely to painting. Image File history File links Theo_van_Gogh_(1888). ... Image File history File links Theo_van_Gogh_(1888). ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch pronunciation: ) (March 30, 1853 in Zundert – July 29, 1890 in Auvers-sur-Oise) was a Dutch draughtsman and painter, classified as a Post-Impressionist. ...

Theo van Gogh's great-grandson, also named Theo van Gogh, was a film director, famous for his controversial criticism of Islam. Theo van Gogh (IPA pronunciation: ) (July 23, 1957 – November 2, 2004) was a Dutch film director, television producer, publicist and actor. ... Look up Controversy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A critic (derived from the ancient Greek word krites meaning a judge) is a person who offers a value judgement or an interpretation. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...



Like his elder brother Vincent, Theodorus van Gogh, who was best known by the familiar form of his name "Theo", was born in Groot-Zundert, in the province of Brabant in The Netherlands, son of Theodorus van Gogh and Anna Cornelia Carbentus. Zundert is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain...


Vincent worked for some years at the Dutch (The Hague) office of the Parisian art dealers Goupil & Cie, and Theo joined the Brussels office on January 1, 1873 as their youngest employee. After Vincent was transferred to the London office, Theo moved to the office in The Hague, where he developed into a successful art dealer. He was transferred to the Paris main office and, starting in the winter of 1880-1881, he sent painting materials as well as monthly financial support to Vincent. Arms of The Hague Flag of The city of The Hague. ... Goupil & Cie were amongst the leading art dealers in 19th century France, with head quarters in Paris. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums[] Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...

Private Life

In Paris, Theo met Andries Bonger and his sister Johanna, whom he married in Amsterdam on April 17, 1889. The couple lived in Paris, where on January 31, 1890 their son Vincent Willem was born. On June 8, the family visited Vincent, who was living near Paris in Auvers-sur-Oise. Johanna van Gogh-Bonger (4 October 1862 - 2 September 1925 ) was the wife of Theo van Gogh, art dealer and sister-in-law of the painter Vincent van Gogh. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 741,329 (1 August 2006) Agglomeration - 1. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Auvers-sur-Oise is a commune of the Val-dOise département, in France. ...

Malady and Death

In Paris, the family moved next door to Vincent, and Theo, asisted by Emile Bernard, improvised a first retrospective exhibition in his former apartment Émile Bernard (1868-April 16, 1941) was a French painter who worked with such artists as Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin and Paul Cézanne. ...

The graves of Vincent and Theo van Gogh at the cemetry of Auvers-sur-Oise
The graves of Vincent and Theo van Gogh at the cemetry of Auvers-sur-Oise

On July 27, 1890, Vincent shot himself in Auvers. One plausible reason for this act may have been that he wanted to stop being a burden to Theo, who maintained not only Vincent but also his young family and an aging mother. Refusing any kind of medical surgery, Vincent died two days later, in the presence of Theo. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (886x854, 491 KB) Grave of Vincent van Gogh, made by Remy Overkempe. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (886x854, 491 KB) Grave of Vincent van Gogh, made by Remy Overkempe. ... Auvers-sur-Oise is a commune of the Val-dOise département, in France. ...

The next day, he recorded these events to his wife and to his mother, and departed for Holland.

Only days later, on July 30, Theo became profoundly depressed and showed serious signs of mental confusion and, on the request of Andries Bonger, his brother-in-law, was accepted in the asylum of Auteuil, where he was diagnosed with "acute maniacal excitability with megalomania and progressive general paralysis". At the request of his wife, in November 1890 he was transferred to the Geneeskundig Gesticht voor Krankzinnigen ("Medical Institution for the Insane") in Utrecht, The Netherlands. There he died two months later at the age of 33 from complications of the final phase of syphilis, and was buried (at the Eerste Algemene Begraafplaats Soestbergen). Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a spirochaete bacterium, Treponema pallidum. ...

Two and a half decade later Theo van Gogh's corpse was transferred to France, and on April 8, 1914, both brothers were re-buried side by side at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise.


Theo admired his elder brother, probably for his lifetime. But communicating with him proved to be difficult, even before Vincent opted to follow his artistic vocation. The communication between both brothers suffered from diverging definitions of standards, and it was evidently Theo who kept on writing letters. Therefore it is more than regrettable that mostly Vincent's answers survived and little of Theo's input.

Dealer & Artist

Theo was instrumental in the popularity of Impressionist artists such as Claude Monet and Edgar Degas by persuading his employers, Goupil & Cie, to exhibit and buy their works.[1] On demand only, Theo seems to have shown even Vincent's paintings, but evidently, a loyal apprentice of Goupil & Cie, he never sold one of them. Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s. ... Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926)[1] was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movements philosophy of expressing ones perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein... Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917), born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (IPA ), was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, and drawing. ...

The two brothers maintained an intensive correspondence with Theo often encouraging his depressed brother. These letters have been collected and published into books, as revealing of the artist's mind and nature.

The relationship between the two brothers was the subject of the movie Vincent and Theo (1990), directed by Robert Altman. Robert Bernard Altman (February 20, 1925 – November 20, 2006) was an American film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with a stylized perspective. ...

In 1886 he invited Vincent to come and live with him, and from March of that year they shared a house in Montmartre. Theo introduced Vincent to Paul Gauguin, Paul Cézanne, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Rousseau, Camille Pissarro and Georges Seurat, and in 1888 he persuaded Gauguin to join Vincent, who had moved to Arles in the meantime. Montmartre seen from the centre Georges Pompidou (1897), a painting by Camille Pissarro of the boulevard that led to Montmartre as seen from his hotel room. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (June 7, 1848 – May 9, 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist artist. ... Paul Cézanne (January 19, 1839 – October 22, 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. ... Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec [äNrÄ“ du tOOlOOz lōtrek] (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draftsman, and illustrator, whose immersion in the decadent and theatrical life of fin de siècle Paris yielded an oeuvre of provocative images of modern life. ... Self Portrait, 1908 Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naive or Primitive manner. ... The garden of Pontoise, painted 1875. ... Le Chahut was painted by Seurat from 1889 to 1890. ... Coordinates Administration Country France Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (Subprefecture) Arrondissement Arles Canton Chief town of 2 cantons: Arles-Est and Arles-Ouest Intercommunality Agglomeration community of Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette Mayor Hervé Schiavetti  (PS) (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 0 m–57 m...



  1. ^ Rewald


  • Anonymous (initialled "H.H.H." and "W.F.d.C.H."): Van Gogh, 's-Gravenhage, Nederland's Patriciaat 50, 1964, p. 171-183
  • Hulsker, Jan: Vincent and Theo van Gogh: A Dual Biography, Ann Arbor, Fuller Publications, 1990 ISBN 0-940537-05-2
  • Jansen, Leo, and Jan Robert: Kort geluk. De briefwisseling tussen Theo van Gogh en Jo Bonger, Waanders, Zwolle 1999 ISBN 90-400-9353-9 (also available in English)
  • Rewald, John: Theo van Gogh, Goupil, and the Impressionists, Gazette des Beaux-Arts, January & February 1973, p. 1-107; reprinted in Rewald, John: Studies in Post-Impressionism, Thames and Hudson, 1986, p. 7-115 (no ISBN)
  • Stolwijk, Chris, & Thomson, Richard: Theo van Gogh 1857-1891: Art dealer, collector and brother of Vincent, Waanders, Zwolle 1999 ISBN 90-400-9363-6

See also

Vincent van Gogh
General: The Artist | Chronology | Medical condition | Posthumous fame | Post-Impressionism | Theo van Gogh | Paul Gachet | Paul Gauguin | Van Gogh Museum | Cultural depictions

Groups and series of works: The Décoration for the Yellow House | The Roulin Family | Display at Les XX, 1890 | Auvers size 30 canvases | Auvers Double-squares and Squares
Paintings: List of works | Self-Portraits | Sunflowers | The Potato Eaters | Bedroom in Arles | The Red Vineyard | The Night Café | The Yellow House | The Starry Night | Irises | The Church at Auvers | Wheat Field with Crows | Cafe Terrace at Night | Portrait of Dr. Gachet | Thatched Cottages by a Hill
Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch pronunciation: ) (March 30, 1853 in Zundert – July 29, 1890 in Auvers-sur-Oise) was a Dutch draughtsman and painter, classified as a Post-Impressionist. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1879x1500, 761 KB) Description: Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh painted 1889. ... Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch pronunciation: ) (March 30, 1853 in Zundert – July 29, 1890 in Auvers-sur-Oise) was a Dutch draughtsman and painter, classified as a Post-Impressionist. ... Van Gogh: Self Portrait (1889) This is a chronology of the artist Vincent van Gogh. ... There is no concensus on the medical condition of Vincent van Gogh. ... The Painter of Sunflowers (Le Peintre de Tournesols): Portrait of Vincent van Gogh, by Paul Gauguin, painted in Arles, December 1888 Main article: Vincent van Gogh For a timeline, see Vincent van Gogh chronology The fame of Vincent van Gogh began to spread during the last years of his life... A Hundred Years of Independence by Henri Rousseau Post-Impressionism is a term applied to painting styles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries — after Impressionism. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (June 7, 1848 – May 9, 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist artist. ... The Van Gogh Museum is a museum in Amsterdam featuring the works of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries. ... Vincent van Gogh has — through his work, his letters, and his life — inspired many other artists in various media. ... The Décoration for the Yellow House was the main project Vincent van Gogh focussed in Arles, from August 1888 till his breakdown the day before Christmas. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Roulin Family is group of portraits Vincent van Gogh executed in Arles in 1888 and 1889. ... Vincent van Goghs display at Les XX, 1890, in Brussels is an important testament to the recognition he received amongst avant-garde peers during his own lifetime. ... In May 1890, on his arrival in Auvers-sur-Oise, Vincent van Gogh continued his work by mainly conceiving size 30 paintings, in the end more than a dozen. ... Double-squares and Squares are terms which point to the uncommon sizes of canvas Vincent van Gogh used exclusively during the final weeks of his life in Auvers, in June and July 1890. ... This is a list of some of the notable works of the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890). ... Self-Portraits by Vincent van Gogh belong, together with his Sunflowers, to his most admired paintings. ... Sunflowers or Vase with Twelve Sunflowers (August 1888) is one of two sunflower paintings with twelve sunflowers, the others having fifteen. ... The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ... Bedroom in Arles (French: La Chambre à Arles; Dutch: Slaapkamer te Arles) is a painting by 19th-century Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh. ... The Red Vineyard was the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Night Café (original French title: Le Café de nuit) is an oil painting executed in Arles in September 1888, by Vincent van Gogh. ... The Yellow House at No. ... One of the most well Known Paintings For other uses, see Starry Night (disambiguation). ... Irises is a painting by Vincent van Gogh. ... The Church at Auvers, was painted by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh in 1890. ... In 1890 Van Gogh wrote he had made three paintings in Auvers of large fields of wheat under troubled skies and Wheat Field with Crows, an oil on canvas, may have been one. ... Cafe Terrace at Night, also known as The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum, is a painting by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh which he rendered in Arles, France in September 1888. ... Portrait of Dr. Gachet is one of the most revered paintings by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh, since it fetched a record price, in 1990. ... Thatched Cottages by a Hill is a painting by Vincent van Gogh Categories: ...

  Results from FactBites:
Van Gogh - MSN Encarta (969 words)
Vincent Willem van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853, in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands, the son of a Dutch Protestant pastor.
Van Gogh’s experiences as a preacher are reflected in his first paintings of peasants and potato diggers.
The brooding, ominous atmosphere of van Gogh’s last painting, Crows in a Wheatfield (1890, Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh), is considered a reflection of the artist’s disturbed state of mind at the end of his life.
  More results at FactBites »



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