The Theatrical Syndicate was established in New York City, New York in 1896 by producers and investors Charles Frohman, Al Hayman, Abe Erlanger, Mark Klaw, Samuel F. Nixon, and Fred Zimmerman. Often referred to as "The Trust," their organization established systemized booking networks throughout the United States and created a monopoly that controlled every aspect of contracts and bookings until the late 1910s when the Shubert brothers broke their stranglehold on the industry. City nickname: The Big Apple Location in the state of New York Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg Area - Land - Water 1,214. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th) - Land 122,409 km² - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Charles Frohman (1860 - 1915) was a U.S. theatre manager. ... Abraham Lincoln Erlanger (May 4, 1859 – March 7, 1930) was a theatrical producer, director, designer, theatre owner, and a leading figure of the Theatrical Syndicate. ... Marcus Alonzo Klaw (May 29, 1858 – June 14, 1936) was an American lawyer, theatrical producer, theatre owner, and a leading figure of the Theatrical Syndicate. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a kind of product or service. ... ...
Coming into conflict with the TheatricalSyndicate, which controlled U.S. theatrical bookings, they led an independent movement to fight the syndicate and prevailed after a long legal battle.
Theatrical unions such as Actors' Equity were formed in response to their often sharp business practices.
Introduced to the world of the theatre, the three brothers overcame the stranglehold on the industry by the TheatricalSyndicate'smonopoly under Abe Erlanger and Mark Klaw to build the largest theatre empire in the 20th century.
The Philadelphia Theatrical Papers cover an expansive period in the history of the theater in Americathe end of the nineteenth century and into the early decades of the twentieth century.
Series I is Theatrical Management and Theaters, 1877-1920, which includes documents about the Forrest Theatre, the theatrical manager Thomas M. Love, the partnership of Nixon and Zimmerman, expenses from various theatrical companies that are listed in a Record Book, and the Walnut Street Theatre.
Philadelphia Theatrical Papers is filled with correspondence on stationery with striking letterheads and logos of the various theatrical agencies, companies, and performing arts houses.
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