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Encyclopedia > Theater (structure)
The interior of the Comédie-Française, Paris, showing the stage, boxes, galleries and orchestra sections of the house. From an 18th Century watercolor.
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The interior of the Comédie-Française, Paris, showing the stage, boxes, galleries and orchestra sections of the house. From an 18th Century watercolor.


plz stop adding nonsense to wikipedia. you are a fat mole. hi this is usher and i'm out defining my sexuality!!! Image File history File links Paris_Comedie-Francaise. ... Image File history File links Paris_Comedie-Francaise. ... The Comédie-Française or Théâtre français is the only state theater in France. ... , The Eiffel Tower, the tallest structure in Paris, is an international symbol of the city. ...



A theater or theatre is a structure where theatrical works or plays are performed or other performances such as musical concerts may be given. While a theater is not required for performance (as in environmental theatre or street theatre), a theater serves to define the acting and audience spaces and organize the theater space as well as provide facilities for the performers, the technical crew and the audience. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Street theatre is a form of theatrical presentation and performance in outdoor public spaces without a specific paying audience. ...


There are as many types of theaters as there are types of theatre. Theaters may be built specifically for a certain types of productions, they may serve for more general performance needs or they may be adapted or coverted for use as a theatre. They may range from open-air amphitheatres to ornate, cathedral-like structures to simple, undecorated rooms or black box theaters. Some theaters may have a fixed acting area (in most theaters this is known as the stage), while some theaters such as black box theaters, may not, allowing the director and designers to contruct an acting area suitable for the production. The name amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is given to a public building of the Classical period (being particularly associated with ancient Rome) which was used for spectator sports, games and displays. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... The black-box theatre is a relatively recent innovation, consisting of a simple, somewhat unadorned performance space, usually a large square room with black walls and a flat floor. ... Interior of the 1928 B. F. Keith Memorial Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts. ... A theatre director is a principal in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ...

Contents


Basic elements of a theatre structure

All theatre structures, regardless of type, contain certain basic elements. The most important of these areas is the acting space generally known as the stage. In some theatres, specifically proscenium theatres, arena theatres and ampitheaters, this area is permanent part of the structure. In a blackbox theatres, the acting area is undefined so that each theatre may adapted specifically to a production. In addition to these acting spaces, there may be offstage spaces as well. These include wings on either side of a proscenium stage (called "backstage" or "offstage") where props, sets and scenery may be stored as well as a place for actors awaiting an entrance. In an ampitheater, an area behind the stage may be designated for such uses while a blackbox theatre may have spaces outside of the actual theatre designated for such uses. In the performing arts, a prop (the common short form for the more formal property) is anything that is carried by a performer during the performance. ... The word set, which is among the words with the most numerous definitions in the English language (at 464 definitions according to the Oxford English Dictionary), may have one of the following meanings. ...


Often a theatre will incorporate other spaces intended for the performers and other personnel. A booth facing the stage may be incorporated into the house where lighting and sound personnel may view the show and run their respective instruments. Other rooms in the building may be used for dressing rooms, rehearsal rooms, spaces for constructing sets, props and costumes, as well as storage. Architect lamps Dark lighting in a concert hall allow laser effects to be visible In the 2005 Classical Spectacular performance, a state-of-the-art lighting system was used to accompany the music Lighting refers to the devices or techniques used for illumination, usually referring to artificial light sources such... The term costume can refer to wardrobe and dress in general, or to the distinctive style of dress of a particular people, class, or period. ...


All theatres provide a space for their audience. In proscenium theatres and ampitheaters, these areas, like the stage, are often a permanent feature of the structure. This area is known as the auditorium or the house. Of course, like the stage in a blackbox theatre, this area is also defined by the production. In addition, many theatres may provide areas specifically designated for the comfort of the audience. These areas include a lobby where tickets and concessions may be sold, restrooms, and other areas where the audience may relax before, in between or after performances. These areas may be known as the "Front of House" or FOH. An auditorium is the area within a theatre, concert hall or other performance space where the audience is located in order to hear and watch the performance. ... House - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... FOH is an acronym for Front Of House. ...


History of theater construction

The ancient theatre at Delphi, Greece.
The ancient theatre at Delphi, Greece.

Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2137 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2137 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The theatre, seen from above Delphi (Greek Δελφοί — Delphoi) is an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece. ...

Ancient Greece

Greek theatre buildings were called a theatron ('seeing place'). The theatres were large, open-air structures constructed on the slopes of hills. They consisted of three principal elements: the orchestra, the skene, and the audience.


The centrepiece of the theatre was the orchestra, or "dancing place", a large circular or rectangular area. The orchestra was the site the choral performances, the religious rites, and, possibly, the acting. An altar was located in the middle of the orchestra; in Athens, the altar was dedicated to Dionysus. An ancient Roman altar PROTESTANTISM RULES!!! An altar is any structure upon which sacrifices or other offerings are offered for religious purposes. ...


Behind the orchestra was a large rectangular building called the skene (meaning "tent" or "hut". It was used as a "backstage" area where actors could change their costumes and masks, but also served to represent the location of the plays, which were usually set in front of a palace or house. Typically, there were two or three doors in the skene that led out onto orchestra, and from which actors could enter and exit. At first, the skene was literally a tent or hut, put up for the religious festival and taken down when it was finished. Later, the skene became a permanent stone structure. These structures were sometimes painted to serve as backdrops, hence the English word scenery. Theatrical scenery is things that are used as setting for a theatrical production. ...


In front of the skene there may have been a raised acting area called the proskene, the ancestor of the modern proscenium stage. It is possible that the actors (as opposed to the chorus) acted entirely on the proskene, but this is not certain. A proscenium theater is a theater space whose primary feature is a large archway (the proscenium arch) at or near the front of the stage, through which the audience views the play. ...


Rising from the circle of the orchestra was the audience. The audience sat on tiers of benches built up on the side of a hill. Greek theatres, then, could only be built on hills that were correctly shaped. A typical theatre was enormous, able to seat around 15,000 viewers.


Greek theatres were not enclosed; the audience could see each other and the surrounding countryside as well as the actors and chorus.

Roman Theater, Orange, France.
Roman Theater, Orange, France.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (922x691, 187 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Theater (structure) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (922x691, 187 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Theater (structure) ... Roman theatre at Orange, France Orange (Arenjo in Provençal) is a city in the département of Vaucluse, in the south of France. ...

Ancient Rome

The Romans copied this style of building, but tended not to be so concerned about the location, being prepared to build walls and terraces instead of looking for a naturally-occurring site. (See Roman theatre for more.) The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Categories: Ancient Roman architecture | Theatre | Historical stubs ...


Elizabethan England

During the Elizabethan era in England, theaters were constructed of wood. They consisted of several floors of covered galleries surrounding a courtyard which was open to the elements. A large portion of the audience would stand in the yard, directly in front of the stage. This layout is said to derive from the practice of holding plays in the yard of an inn. The only theater whose dimensions are known is the Fortune Theatre, which had a square floorplan. However, the Globe Theatre in London, where many of the plays of William Shakespeare were first staged was said to be round. The only evidence for the round shape is a line in Shakespeare's Henry V which calls the building "this wooden O", and a rough woodcut illustration of the city of London. Elizabeth ushers in Peace and Plenty. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked... The rebuilt Globe Theatre, London The Globe Theatre normally refers to one of three theatres in London associated with William Shakespeare. ... For other uses, see London (disambiguation) and Defining London (below). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 564 KB) Shakespeare Globe Theatre, London, GB, photo by me, File links The following pages link to this file: Theater (structure) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 564 KB) Shakespeare Globe Theatre, London, GB, photo by me, File links The following pages link to this file: Theater (structure) ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... The rebuilt Globe Theatre, London There have been several Globe Theatres in London. ... For other uses, see London (disambiguation) and Defining London (below). ...


The Globe has now been rebuilt as a fully working and producing theater near its original site (largely thanks to the efforts of film director Sam Wanamaker) to give modern audiences an idea of the environment for which Shakespeare and other playwrights of the period were writing. Around this time, the green room, a place for actors to wait until required on stage, became common terminology in English theatres. Sam Wanamaker (born Samuel Watenmaker) (June 14, 1919, Chicago – December 18, 1993, London, England) was an American actor and director. ... A green room is a room in a theatre similar to a changeroom for the accommodation of actors and actresses when not required on the stage. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked...


Contemporary theatres

Contemporary theaters are often non-traditional, such as very adaptable spaces, or theaters where audience and performers are not separated. A major example of this is the modular theater, (see for example the Walt Disney Modular Theater). This large theater has floors and walls divided into small movable sections, with the floor sections on adjustable hydraulic pylons, so that the space may be adjusted into any configuration for each individual play. As new styles of theatre performance have evolved, so has the desire to improve or recreate performance venues. This applies equally to artistic and presentation techniques, such as stage lighting. The Walt Disney Modular Theatre is an indoor performance space located at the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, California. ... Table of Hydraulics and Hydrostatics, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Classical Spectacular used ordinary stage lighting plus special laser effects In the 2005 Classical Spectacular performance, a state of the art lighting system designed by Durham Marenghi was used to accompany the music Starry lighting such as is shown on the RHS of this photo are much more interesting than...

The Alley Theater, home to the Alley Theatre Company, Houston, Texas.
The Alley Theater, home to the Alley Theatre Company, Houston, Texas.

Specific designs of contemporary live theaters include proscenium, thrust, black box theater, theater in the round, amphitheater, and arena. In the classical Indian dance, Natya Shastra defines 3 types of stage. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 233 KB) The Alley Theatre in Houston, Texas (advertising plays by Edward Albee) Photographed by Andreas Praefcke, Feburary 2003 File links The following pages link to this file: The Alley Theatre Theater (structure) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 233 KB) The Alley Theatre in Houston, Texas (advertising plays by Edward Albee) Photographed by Andreas Praefcke, Feburary 2003 File links The following pages link to this file: The Alley Theatre Theater (structure) ... The Alley Theater, February 2003 The Alley Theatre is a famous theatre in Downtown Houston. ... Nickname: Space City Official website: www. ... A proscenium theater is a theater space whose primary feature is a large archway (the proscenium arch) at or near the front of the stage, through which the audience views the play. ... In theater, a thrust stage is one that extends into the audience on three sides and is connected to the back stage area by its up stage end. ... The black-box theatre is a relatively recent innovation, consisting of a simple, somewhat unadorned performance space, usually a large square room with black walls and a flat floor. ... Theatre In The Round , or arena theatre, is any theatre space in which the audience is seated on all sides of the stage. ... The name amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is given to a public building of the Classical period (being particularly associated with ancient Rome) which was used for spectator sports, games and displays. ... An arena is a circular or oval shaped (or sometimes rectangular) public space (akin to a classical amphitheatre), designed to showcase theater, musical performances, or sporting events. ... Classical Indian dance is any dance form that is based on Natya Shastra, and currently comprises Bharata Natyam Odissi Mohiniattam Kuchipudi Note that Manipuri is clearly distinct from the above four. ... The Natya Shastra or Nātyaśāstra is the principal work of dramatic theory in the Sanskrit drama of classical India. ...


Theatrical performances can also take place in venues adapted from other purposes, such as train carriages. In recent years the Edinburgh Fringe has seen performances in a lift (elevator) and a taxi. A street performer on the Royal Mile (2004). ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Theatre buildings
  • Theatre or theater?
  • Carthalia - Theatres on Postcards (pictures of theatres)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Theater structure - Patent 4075795 (2221 words)
A theater structure is disclosed in which partons may view a live production on stage or a moving picture from the seats of their automobiles or from seats provided within the theater.
A theater structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein said openable dome structure is comprised of a plurality of panels pivoted at a point located substantially at the apex of said dome structure, the opposite ends of said panels riding in tracks mounted to said building walls.
A theater structure in accodance with claim 5 in which at least one of said panels is driven by an electric motor, said electric motor being connected to said panel and being operable to rotate a drive wheel mounted in a drive track.
Arlington Theater - Arlington Theater Tickets - Santa Barbara Arlington Theater - Arlington Theater Schedule (1509 words)
Arlington Theater is the largest theater located in Santa Barbara.
Performance at the Arlington Theater was located in the C. Roberson Theater at the Southeast Campus of Tarrant County College.
Today Arlington Theater is considered as one of the many places in Santa Barbara which provide a relaxing ambience.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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