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Encyclopedia > The Gambia
Republic of The Gambia
Flag of The Gambia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Progress, Peace, Prosperity"
AnthemFor The Gambia Our Homeland
Capital Banjul
13°28′N 16°36′W / 13.467, -16.6
Largest city Serrekunda
Official languages English
Demonym Gambian
Government Republic
 -  President Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh[1]
Independence
 -  from the UK February 18, 1965 
 -  Republic declared April 24, 1970 
Area
 -  Total 10,380 km² (164th)
4,007 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 11.5
Population
 -  2007 United Nation estimate 1,700,000 (150th)
 -  Density 153.5/km² (74th)
397.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $3.094 billion (171st)
 -  Per capita $2,002 (144th)
Gini (1998) 50.2 (high
HDI (2007) 0.502 (medium) (155th)
Currency Dalasi (GMD)
Time zone GMT
Internet TLD .gm
Calling code +220

The Gambia, officially the Republic of The Gambia, commonly known as Gambia, is a country in Western Africa. It is the smallest country on the African continental mainland and is bordered to the north, east, and south by Senegal, and has a small coast on the Atlantic Ocean in the west. Flowing through the centre of the country and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean is the Gambia River. On 18 February 1965, The Gambia became independent from the former British Empire and joined The Commonwealth. Banjul is its capital but the largest conurbation is Serekunda. Gambia River in the Niokolo-Koba National Park The Gambia River is a major river in Africa, running 1,130 km (700 miles) from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_The_Gambia. ... Image File history File links Gambia_coa. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The national flag of Gambia consists of a horizontal tricolor of red, blue and green. ... The Coat of Arms of The Gambia depict two lions holding hoes supporting a shield that depicts a hoe and axe crossed. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... For The Gambia Our Homeland is the national anthem of The Gambia, written by Virginia Julie Howe and composed by Jeremy Frederick Howe (based on the traditional Mandinka song Foday Kaba Dumbuya). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ... A wide variety of ethnic groups live in The Gambia, each preserving its own language and traditions with minimal intertribal friction. ... Madrasa in Serrekunda Serrekunda or Serekunda is the largest city in The Gambia, lying southwest of Banjul. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... List of Heads of State of The Gambia (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- Sources http://www. ... Yahya (Abdul-Aziz Jemus Junkung) Jammeh (born May 25, 1965) is the President of The Gambia. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007 This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Look up Per capita in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... Graphical representation of the Gini coefficient The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality of income distribution or inequality of wealth distribution. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... The Dalasi is the currency of The Gambia. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... GMT redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .gm is the country code top-level domain (CCTLD) of The Gambia. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gambia River in the Niokolo-Koba National Park The Gambia River is a major river in Africa, running 1,130 km (700 miles) from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states, most of which were once governed by the United Kingdom and are its former colonies. ... Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Serrekunda or Serekunda is the largest city in the Gambia, lying south west of Banjul. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of The Gambia

In 10th century, communities of Muslim merchants and scholars became established in several of West Africa’s commercial centres and the trans-Saharan trade route for gold, ivory and trade came about. By the 11th or 12th century, the rulers of kingdoms such as Takrur(a kingdom centered on the Sénégal River just to the north), Ancient Ghana and Gao had converted to Islam and had appointed Muslims who were literate in Arabic as advisers.[2] The first written accounts of the region come from records of Arab traders in the ninth and tenth centuries AD. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, most of what is today called The Gambia was a tributary to the Mali Empire. The Portuguese reached the area by sea in the mid-fifteenth century and began to dominate the lucrative trade. The Gambia was once part of the Ghana and the Songhai Empires. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Satellite image of Sénégal River The Sénégal River is a 1790 km long river in West Africa, that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Extent of the Mali Empire (ca. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


In 1588, the claimant to the Portuguese throne, António, Prior of Crato, sold exclusive trade rights on the Gambia River to English merchants; this grant was confirmed by letters patent from Queen Elizabeth I. In 1618, James I granted a charter to a British company for trade with Gambia and the Gold Coast (now Ghana). Between 1651-1661 some parts of Gambia were under Courland's rule, bought by prince Jacob Kettler, who was a Polish vassal. This is a list of Portuguese monarchs dating from the independence of Portugal from the kingdom of León in 1128 under Afonso Henriques, who proclaimed himself King in 1139, to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on October 5, 1910, during the reign of Manuel II, the Patriot, or... Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António, pron. ... Gambia River in the Niokolo-Koba National Park The Gambia River is a major river in Africa, running 1,130 km (700 miles) from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. ... Elizabeth I Queen of England and Ireland Queen of France, nominal title Elizabeth I (September 7, 1533–March 24, 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from November 17, 1558 until her death. ... James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary... Flag of Gold Coast Map from 1896 of the British Gold Coast Colony. ... Coat of arms of Courland Courland (Latvian: ; German: ; Latin: Curonia / Couronia; Lithuanian: ; Estonian: ; Polish: ; Russian: ) is an historical Baltic province now part of Latvia. ... Jacob Kettler, Duke of Courland. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

A map of James Island and Fort Gambia.
A map of James Island and Fort Gambia.

During the late seventeenth century and throughout the eighteenth, Britain and France struggled continually for political and commercial supremacy in the regions of the Senegal and Gambia rivers. The 1783 Treaty of Versailles gave Great Britain possession of the Gambia River, but the French retained a tiny enclave at Albreda on its north bank. This was finally ceded to the United Kingdom in 1857. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x786, 225 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: The Gambia James Island (The Gambia) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x786, 225 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: The Gambia James Island (The Gambia) ... Albreda was a French exclave in The Gambia on the north bank of the Gambia River that was transferred from the French colonial empire to the British empire in 1857. ...


As many as 3 million slaves may have been taken from the region during the three centuries that the transatlantic slave trade operated. It is not known how many slaves were taken by inter-tribal wars or Arab traders prior to the transatlantic slave trade. Most of those taken were sold by other Africans to Europeans; some were prisoners of intertribal wars; some were sold because of unpaid debts; while others were kidnapped. Slave redirects here. ... The Atlantic slave trade, also known as the transatlantic slave trade, was the trade of African people supplied to the colonies of the New World that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


Traders initially sent slaves to Europe to work as servants until the market for labor expanded in the West Indies and North America in the 18th century. In 1807, the British abolished slave trading throughout their Empire. They also tried, unsuccessfully, to end the slave trade in The Gambia. The British established the military post of Bathurst (now Banjul) in 1816. In the ensuing years, Banjul was at times under the jurisdiction of the British Governor General in Sierra Leone. In 1888, The Gambia became a separate colonial entity. The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ...


An 1889 agreement with France established the present boundaries. The Gambia became a British Crown Colony, British Gambia, divided for administrative purposes into the colony (city of Banjul and the surrounding area) and the protectorate (remainder of the territory). The Gambia received its own executive and legislative councils in 1901 and gradually progressed toward self-government. It passed a 1906 ordinance abolishing slavery. A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ...


During World War II, Gambian troops fought with the Allies in Burma. Banjul served as an air stop for the U.S. Army Air Corps and a port of call for Allied naval convoys. U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt stopped overnight in Banjul en route to and from the Casablanca Conference in 1943, marking the first visit to the African continent by a sitting American president. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1. ... American president Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Free French leaders Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle in front of Roosevelt and Churchill at the Casablanca Conference, January 14, 1943 The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, Morocco, then a French...


After World War II, the pace of constitutional reform increased. Following general elections in 1962, the United Kingdom granted full internal self-governance in the following year. The Gambia achieved independence on February 18, 1965 as a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth of Nations. Shortly thereafter, the government held a referendum proposing that an elected president replace the Gambian Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) as head of state. The referendum failed to receive the two-thirds majority required to amend the constitution, but the results won widespread attention abroad as testimony to The Gambia's observance of secret balloting, honest elections, civil rights and liberties. On April 24, 1970, The Gambia became a republic within the Commonwealth, following a second referendum, with Prime Minister Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara, as head of state. is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2008. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara (born May 16, 1924) was the first President of The Gambia (1970 - 1994). ...


The Gambia was led by President Jawara, who was re-elected five times. The relative stability of the Jawara era was shattered first by a coup attempt in 1981. The coup was led by Kukoi Samba Sanyang, who, on two occasions, had unsuccessfully sought election to Parliament. After a week of violence which left several hundred people dead, Jawara, in London when the attack began, appealed to Senegal for help. Senegalese troops defeated the rebel force. Kukoi Samba Sanyang (born 1952) led a 1981 rebellion against the democratically elected Gambian government of President Dawda Jawara. ...


In the aftermath of the attempted coup, Senegal and The Gambia signed the 1982 Treaty of Confederation. The goal of the Senegambia Confederation was to combine the armed forces of the two states and to unify their economies and currencies. In 1989 The Gambia withdrew from the confederation. Senegambia was a loose confederation between the small West African country of Senegal and its smaller neighbor The Gambia (which is surrounded by Senegal, except for an outlet to the sea), which existed from February 1, 1982 to September 30, 1989 following an agreement between the two countries signed on...


In 1994, the Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council (AFRC) deposed the Jawara government and banned opposition political activity. Lieutenant Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh, chairman of the AFPRC, became head of state. The AFPRC announced a transition plan for return to democratic civilian government. The Provisional Independent Electoral Commission (PIEC) was established in 1996 to conduct national elections. The PIEC was transformed to the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) in 1997 and became responsible for registration of voters and conduct of elections and referendums. In late 2001 and early 2002, The Gambia completed a full cycle of presidential, legislative, and local elections, which foreign observers deemed free, fair, and transparent, albeit with some shortcomings. President Yahya Jammeh, who was elected to continue in the position he had assumed during the coup, took the oath of office again on December 21, 2001. Jammeh's Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC) maintained its strong majority in the National Assembly, particularly after the main opposition United Democratic Party (UDP) boycotted the legislative elections.[1] Arch 22 monument, a memorial of the 1994 coup Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council (AFPRC) gained control of Gambia in July 1994, in a military coup détat. ... Categories: People stubs | 1965 births ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction is an authoritarian political party in Gambia, founded by army officers who staged a coup in 1994. ... The United Democratic Party is a conservative political party in The Gambia, affiliated to the International Democratic Union, founded in 1996 by the human rights lawyer Ousainou Darboe. ...


Politics

Marina Parade street.
Marina Parade street.
See also: Heads of State of The Gambia, Foreign relations of The Gambia, and Military of The Gambia

Before the 1994 coup d'état, The Gambia was one of the oldest existing multi-party democracies in Africa. It had conducted freely contested elections every five years since independence. After the coup, politicians from deposed President Jawara's People's Progressive Party (PPP) and other senior government officials were banned from participating in politics until July 2001. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2160x1440, 875 KB) Beschreibung Source: Atamari Comment: Street Marina Parade and the National Assembly of Gambia on the left side photo taken on 24. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2160x1440, 875 KB) Beschreibung Source: Atamari Comment: Street Marina Parade and the National Assembly of Gambia on the left side photo taken on 24. ... The 1970 constitution of The Gambia, which divided the government into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches, was suspended after the 1994 military coup. ... List of Heads of State of The Gambia (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- Sources http://www. ... The Gambia followed a formal policy of nonalignment throughout most of former President Jawaras tenure. ... The Gambian national army numbers about 1,900. ... There are several parties named Peoples Progressive Party: Peoples Progressive Party (The Gambia) Peoples Progressive Party (Guyana) Peoples Progressive Party (Malaysia) Peoples Progressive Party (Papua New Guinea) Peoples Progressive Party (Solomon Islands) Categories: Disambiguation ...


A presidential election took place in September 1996, in which retired Col. Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh won 56% of the vote. Four registered opposition parties participated in the October 18, 2001, presidential election, which the incumbent, President Jammeh, won with almost 53% of the votes. The APRC maintained its strong majority in the National Assembly in legislative elections held in January 2002, particularly after the main opposition United Democratic Party (UDP) boycotted the legislative elections. Elections in Gambia gives information on election and election results in Gambia. ... Categories: People stubs | 1965 births ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The National Assembly is the legislative branch of government in The Gambia. ... The United Democratic Party is a conservative political party in The Gambia, affiliated to the International Democratic Union, founded in 1996 by the human rights lawyer Ousainou Darboe. ...


Jammeh won the 2006 election handily after the opposition coalition, the National Alliance for Democracy and Development, splintered earlier in the year. The voting was generally regarded as free and fair, though events from the run-up raised criticism from some. A journalist from the state television station assigned to the chief opposition candidate, Ousainou Darboe, was arrested. Additionally, Jammeh said, "I will develop the areas that vote for me, but if you don't vote for me, don't expect anything [1]." The National Alliance for Democracy and Development (NADD) is a five-party coalition of Gambian opposition political parties. ... Ousainou Darboe (born 8 August 1948) is a Gambian human rights lawyer and politician. ...


On the 21st and 22 March 2006, amid tensions preceding the 2006 presidential elections, an alleged planned military coup was uncovered. President Yahya Jammeh was forced to return from a trip to Mauritania, many suspected army officials were arrested, and prominent army officials, including the army chief of staff, fled the country. Yahya (Abdul-Aziz Jemus Junkung) Jammeh (born May 25, 1965) is the President of The Gambia. ...


There are claims circulating that this whole event was fabricated by the President incumbent for his own purposes; however, the veracity of these claims is not known, as no corroborating evidence has yet been brought forward.


The 1970 constitution, which divided the government into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches, was suspended after the 1994 military coup. As part of the transition process, the AFPRC established the Constitution Review Commission (CRC) through decree in March 1995. In accordance with the timetable for the transition to a democratically elected government, the commission drafted a new constitution for The Gambia, which was approved by referendum in August 1996. The constitution provides for a strong presidential government, a unicameral legislature, an independent judiciary, and the protection of human rights. Decree is an order that has the force of law. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...


President Jammeh incurred widespread condemnation from the international community from his comments on May 15, 2008, warning gays in The Gambia to leave the country within 24 hours or else face beheading. [2]


Media

Critics have accused the government of restricting free speech. A law passed in 2002 created a commission with the power to issue licenses and imprison journalists; in 2004, additional legislation allowed prison sentences for libel and slander and cancelled all print and broadcasting licenses, forcing media groups to re-register at five times the original cost [3][4].


Three Gambian journalists have been arrested since the coup attempt. It has been suggested that they were imprisoned for criticizing the government's economic policy, or for stating that a former interior minister and security chief was among the plotters. [5] [6]. Newspaper editor Deyda Hydara was shot to death under unexplained circumstances, days after the 2004 legislation took effect. Deyda Hydara (June 9, 1946-December 17, 2004) was the co-founder and leading editor of one of Gambias leading newspapers, The Point. ...


Licensing fees are high for newspapers and radio stations, and the only nationwide stations are tightly controlled by the government [7].


Reporters Without Borders has accused "President Yahya Jammeh’s police state" of using murder, arson, unlawful arrest and death threats against journalists. [8][9]. Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ...


Divisions and districts

The Gambia is divided into five divisions and one city. These are:[3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Gambia is subdivided into 37 districts. ... Districts of The Gambia The Subdivisions of The Gambia are subdivided into 37 districts. ... The Gambia is subdivided into 37 districts. ...

  1. Lower River (Mansa Konko)
  2. Central River (Janjanbureh)
  3. North Bank (Kerewan)
  4. Upper River (Basse)
  5. Western (Brikama)
  6. Banjul (East Banjul,Banjul, Central Banjul, Bakau, West Banjul Serrekunda)

The national capital, Banjul, is classified as a city. Lower River is one of the five administrative divisions of The Gambia. ... Mansa Konko is a town in the Gambia, lying north of Soma. ... Central River is the largest of the five administrative divisions of The Gambia. ... Janjanbureh or Jangjangbureh is a town on Janjanbureh Island in the River Gambia in eastern Gambia. ... North Bank is one of the five administrative divisions of The Gambia. ... Kerewan is a town in The Gambia. ... Upper River is one of the five administrative divisions of The Gambia. ... Basse Santa Su, usually known as Basse, is a town in The Gambia, lying on the south bank of the River Gambia. ... Western Division is one of the five administrative divisions of The Gambia. ... Brikama is one of the largest cities in the Gambia, lying south of Banjul. ... Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ... Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ... Bakau is a town on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Gambia, lying west of Banjul. ... Madrasa in Serrekunda Serrekunda or Serekunda is the largest city in The Gambia, lying southwest of Banjul. ... Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ...


The divisions are further subdivided into 37 districts. Of these, Kombo Saint Mary (which shares Brikama as a capital with the Western division) may have been administratively merged with the greater Banjul area.[4] Districts of The Gambia The Subdivisions of The Gambia are subdivided into 37 districts. ... Brikama is one of the largest cities in the Gambia, lying south of Banjul. ...


Geography

Map of The Gambia
Map of The Gambia

The Gambia is a very small and narrow country whose borders mirror the meandering Gambia River. The country is less than 48 km wide, with a total area of 11,300 km². Its present boundaries were defined in 1889 after an agreement between the United Kingdom and France. It is almost an enclave of Senegal, and is the smallest country on the continent of Africa. The Gambia is a very small and narrow country with the border based on the Gambia River. ... CIA World Factbook map of The Gambia. ... CIA World Factbook map of The Gambia. ... Gambia River in the Niokolo-Koba National Park The Gambia River is a major river in Africa, running 1,130 km (700 miles) from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of The Gambia

The Gambia has a liberal, market-based economy characterized by traditional subsistence agriculture, a historic reliance on groundnuts (peanuts) for export earnings, a re-export trade built up around its ocean port, low import duties, minimal administrative procedures, a fluctuating exchange rate with no exchange controls, and a significant tourism industry. Economy - overview: The Gambia has no important mineral or other natural resources and has a limited agricultural base. ...


Agriculture accounts for 29% of gross domestic product (GDP) and employs 75% of the labour force. Within agriculture, peanut production accounts for 6.9% of GDP, other crops 8.3%, livestock 5.3%, fishing 1.8%, and forestry 0.5%. Industry accounts for 12% of GDP. Manufacturing, which accounts for 5.5% of GDP, is primarily agriculturally based (e.g., peanut processing, bakeries, a brewery, and a tannery). Other manufacturing activities include soap, soft drinks, and clothing. Services account for 19% of GDP.


The UK and the other EU countries (Germany, France, Netherlands, Belgium) were the major source of imports, at 60% of the total share of imports, followed by Asia at 23%, and Cote d'Ivoire and other African countries at 17%. The Gambia reports 11% of its exports going to and 14.6% of its imports coming from the United States.


Demographics

A wide variety of ethnic groups live in The Gambia with a minimum of intertribal friction, each preserving its own language and traditions. The Mandinka tribe is the largest, followed by the Fula, Wolof, Jola, and Serahule. The approximately 3,500 non-African residents include Europeans and families of Lebanese origin (roughly 0.23% of the total population). A wide variety of ethnic groups live in The Gambia, each preserving its own language and traditions with minimal intertribal friction. ... The Mandinka (also known as Mandingo) are a Mande people of West Africa, all descend physically or culturally from the ancient Mali Empire. ... The Fulbhe (singular Pullo) or Fulani is an ethnic group of people spread over many countries in West Africa,Central Africa and as far as East Africa. ... The Wolof are an ethnic group found in Senegal, The Gambia, and Mauritania. ... The Jola (Diola, in French transliteration) are an ethnic group found in Senegal, Gambia, and Guinea-Bissau. ... The Soninke (also called Sarakole, Seraculeh, or Serahuli) are a Mandé people who descend from the Bafour, and are closely related to the Imraguen of Mauritania. ...


Muslims constitute more than 90% of the population. Christians of different denominations account for most of the remainder. Gambians officially observe the holidays of both religions. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...


More than 63% of Gambians live in rural villages (1993 census), although more and more young people come to the capital in search of work and education. Provisional figures from the 2003 census show that the gap between the urban and rural populations is narrowing as more areas are declared urban. While urban migration, development projects, and modernization are bringing more Gambians into contact with Western habits and values, the traditional emphasis on the extended family, as well as indigenous forms of dress and celebration, remain integral parts of everyday life.


Tourism

The tourism industry today in The Gambia started when a party of 300 Swedish tourists arrived in 1965.[1] That pioneering trip was organized by a Swede named Bertil Harding together with the tour operators Vingresor. It was seen as an ideal place to escape the harsh winter months of Scandinavia where Europeans would enjoy not only sun, sand and beaches but also experience the excitement of a real African holiday. Moreover due to its proximity to Europe, it also offered new opening for an affordable holiday to increasing numbers of traveling Europeans. For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...


The number of visitors increased from 300 tourists in 1965 to 25,000 visitors in 1976.[5] The number of tourists has continued to rise sharply throughout the years, and as the government is eager to diversify the economy, it recognized tourism as a potential major foreign exchange source of revenue. However, despite increasing popularity as a tourist destination, infrastructure development has been slow.


Popular attractions

Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ... Jufureh or Juffureh is a town in Gambia, lying on the north bank of the River Gambia in the North Bank Division. ... This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ... Janjanbureh or Jangjangbureh is a town on Janjanbureh Island in the River Gambia in eastern Gambia. ...

Other facts

 Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Categories: Literature stubs | 1976 books | American novels | Books starting with S ... Alexander Murray Palmer Haley (August 11, 1921 – February 10, 1992) was an American writer. ... Kunta Kinte is the central character of the novel, Roots: The Saga of an American Family by Alex Haley, and of the television mini-series Roots,[1] based on the book. ... Jufureh or Juffureh is a town in Gambia, lying on the north bank of the River Gambia in the North Bank Division. ... President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill. ... FDR redirects here. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... This article is about the space vehicle. ...

Miscellaneous topics

The Gambia is a West African country closely linked musically with its neighbor, Senegal. ... Communications in The Gambia. ... 560 bird species have occurred in The Gambia. ... In addition to Islamic and Christian religious holidays, The Gambia celebrates: Independence Day (February 18), Republic Day (April 24), and Holly Maria Day (August 15). ... This article details the transportation of the Gambia. ... The Gambian national army numbers about 1,900. ... A Ninki Nanka is a legendary creature based in West African folklore. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Background Note: The Gambia: Political Conditions, United States Department of State/Bureau of African Affairs, 2006-03.
    Beginning with "After World War II", the History section of The Gambia article as of this edit is a virtual copy, but as a work of the United States Department of State, is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Easton P Education and Koranic Literacy in West Africa IK Notes on Indigenous Knowledge and Practices, n° 11, World Bank Group 1999 p1-4
  3. ^ "The Gambia - Government". The World Factbook (2006-09-19). Retrieved on 2006-09-29.
  4. ^ Gwillim Law (2006-04-19). "Divisions of Gambia". Administrative Divisions of Countries ("Statoids"). Retrieved on 2006-09-29.
  5. ^ Lonely Planet: The Gambia & Senegal

Department of State redirects here. ... The State Department did not create a Bureau of African Affairs until 1958. ... The World Factbook (ISSN 1553-8133; also known as the CIA World Factbook)[2] is an annual publication of the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with almanac-style information about the countries of the world. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
The Gambia – FREE The Gambia Information | Encyclopedia.com: Facts, Pictures, Information! (1821 words)
The Gambia's population consists primarily of Muslim ethnic groups; the Malinke (Mandinka) is the largest, followed by the Fulani (Fula), Wolof, Diola (Jola), and Soninke (Serahuli).
In 1889, The Gambia's boundaries were defined, and in 1894 the interior was declared a British protectorate.
The Gambia was shaken in 1981 by a coup attempt by junior-ranking soldiers; it was put down with the intervention of Senegalese troops.
The Gambia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2051 words)
At the beginning of the 14th century, the Gambia was tributary to the Mali Empire, but by the end of that century, the Wolof were the strongest tribe in the region.
Between 1651 and 1661, part of Gambia was (indirectly) a colony of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; it was purchased by the Courlandish prince Jakub Kettler.
The Gambia withdrew from the confederation in 1989.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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