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Encyclopedia > The Wrekin
The Wrekin

The Wrekin near Atcham, Shropshire with the M54 motorway visible in the distance.
Elevation 407 metres (1335 feet)
Location Shropshire, England
Range Shropshire Hills
Prominence 298 m
Parent peak Kinder Scout
Topo map OS Landranger 127
OS grid reference SJ628080
Listing Marilyn, County Top

The Wrekin is a hill in east Shropshire, England. It is located some 7 km (4 miles) west of Telford, on the border between the boroughs of Shrewsbury and Atcham and Telford and Wrekin. Rising to a height of 407 metres (1335 feet) above the Shropshire Plain, it is a prominent and well-known landmark, marking the entrance to Shropshire for travellers westbound on the M54 motorway.[1] The Wrekin is contained within the northern panhandle of the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1982x952, 1291 KB) Summary Photo taken by Chris Bayley with Canon PowerShot A610 A view of the Wrekin, Shropshire near the M54 motorway. ... Atcham is a village in the English county of Shropshire. ... Shropshire (pronounced /, -/), alternatively known as Salop[6] or abbreviated Shrops[7], is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... The M54 motorway is a major road in England also known as the Telford motorway. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Shropshire (pronounced /, -/), alternatively known as Salop[6] or abbreviated Shrops[7], is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... The Shropshire Hills area is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... Kinder Scout is a moorland plateau (and mountain) in the Dark Peak of the Derbyshire Peak District in England. ... // Topographic maps are a variety of maps characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour lines in modern mapping, but historically using a variety of methods. ... Part of an Ordnance Survey map at 1 inch to the mile scale from 1945 Ordnance Survey (OS) is an executive agency of the United Kingdom government. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... There are many notable lists of mountains around the world. ... Map of Marilyns in the British Isles A Marilyn is a mountain or hill in the British Isles (including Ireland) with a relative height of at least 150 metres (492 ft), regardless of absolute height or other merit. ... This is a list of metropolitan counties, non-metropolitan counties and unitary authorities of England by their highest point. ... The panoramic view from Connors Hill, near Swifts Creek, Victoria A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain, in a limited area. ... Shropshire (pronounced /, -/), alternatively known as Salop[6] or abbreviated Shrops[7], is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... , This article is about the town of Telford, Shropshire. ... Shrewsbury and Atcham is a local government district with borough status in Shropshire, England. ... Telford and Wrekin is a unitary district with borough status in the West Midlands region of England. ... The M54 motorway is a major road in England also known as the Telford motorway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Shropshire Hills area is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), in the English county of Shropshire, close to the border with Wales. ...


The hill is popular with walkers and tourists and offers good views of Shropshire. It can be seen well into Staffordshire and the Black Country, and even as far as the Beetham Tower, Winter Hill in Lancashire and Cleeve Hill in Gloucestershire. Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... The Black Country is a loosely-defined area of the English West Midlands conurbation, to the north and west of Birmingham, and to the south and east of Wolverhampton, around the South Staffordshire coalfield. ... Beetham Tower Manchester, also known as Hilton Manchester, is a mixed-use skyscraper in Manchester, England. ... Winter Hill is a hill in southern Lancashire, England, located between Chorley and Bolton. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Cleeve Hill is the highest point both in the Cotswolds and in the county of Gloucestershire, at 330 metres (1083 feet). ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ...

Contents

Name

The name of the Wrekin derives from the ancient British Uriconion, and is thus one of the relatively few place names in England with a Celtic origin. It subsequently gave its name to the Roman town of Viroconium Cornoviorum, some five miles to the west, which is now Wroxeter. The minor Anglo-Saxon kingdom of the Wreocensæte took its name from the Wrekin. For several centuries the hill was known as Mount Gilbert, a name given to it by the Normans after a hermit who lived there. British was an ancient Celtic language spoken in much of southern and central Britain, up to the central lowlands of Scotland. ... Toponymy is the taxonomic study of toponyms (place-names), their origins and their meanings. ... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Viroconium Cornoviorum, or simply Viroconium, was a Roman town, one corner of which is now occupied by the small village of Wroxeter in the English county of Shropshire, about 8 km (5 miles) east-south-east of Shrewsbury. ... Wroxeter is a village in the county of Shropshire, England, on the east bank of the River Severn, at grid reference SJ563082. ... For other uses, see Anglo-Saxon. ... The Wreocensæte or Wocensæte were one of the peoples of Anglo-Saxon Britain. ... Norman conquests in red. ...


Summit

The M54 motorway near Wellington viewed from the northern side of The Wrekin.
The M54 motorway near Wellington viewed from the northern side of The Wrekin.

There is an Iron Age hill fort on the summit almost 8 hectares in size, to which the name Uriconio originally referred. It is thought the fort was built by the Cornovii tribe and was once their capital. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The M54 motorway is a major road in England also known as the Telford motorway. ... Wellington is a suburb of the new town of Telford in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. ... In the British Isles, the Iron Age lasted from about the 7th century BC until the Roman conquest and until the 5th century in non-Romanised parts. ... A hill fort is a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for military advantage. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... The Cornovii (perhaps meaning people of the horn Cornwall), were a people of Iron Age and Roman Britain, who lived in the modern counties of North Staffordshire, Shropshire and Cheshire in the English West Midlands. ...


A more recent addition is The Wrekin transmitting station, used for broadcasting and telecommunications. At the top of the main mast is a beacon which emits a red pulse of light every few seconds at night, primarily to alert low flying aircraft. It is known locally as the "Beacon on the Wrekin", and is visible for many miles around. The Wrekin transmitting station is a telecommunications and broadcasting facility on the The Wrekin, a hill in the county of Shropshire, England. ... This page discusses Beacons, fires designed to attract attention. ...


Wider area

The summit of The Wrekin with its trig point, toposcope (viewfinder), and the "Beacon on The Wrekin".
The Wrekin shown in relation to other geographical features in Shropshire.
The Wrekin shown in relation to other geographical features in Shropshire.

The name The Wrekin is also used to refer more generally to the part of East Shropshire around the towns of Telford and Wellington, within sight of the hill. The area is rich in geology and is one of the birthplaces of industry: Ironbridge Gorge is just to the south of The Wrekin hill. Woodland covers much of the hill, the area around the hill and into the Ironbridge Gorge area too. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... A trig point near Wootton Wawen. ... A toposcope is a monument erected on hills or high places which indicates the direction, and usually the distance, to notable features which can be seen from that point. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... , This article is about the town of Telford, Shropshire. ... Wellington is a suburb of the new town of Telford in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. ... Geological map of Great Britain. ... The Ironbridge Gorge looking east towards the Iron Bridge that gave the gorge its name Map sources for Ironbridge Gorge at grid reference SJ672033 The Ironbridge Gorge is a deep gorge formed by the river Severn in Shropshire, England. ...


To the north of the Wrekin is the smaller hill, The Ercall, which is notable for its extraordinary geology and exposed quarries. The Ercall, sometimes known as Ercall Hill, is a small hill in the ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. ...


Access

The Wrekin can be accessed from the final junction on the M54 motorway (J7) before it turns into the A5 which continues to Shrewsbury. The hill is then signposted. There is a well-used footpath up the side of the hill which has an entrace at the end of the road off the M54. There is also a small carpark and parking bays up the road. The M54 motorway is a major road in England also known as the Telford motorway. ... The A5 is a major road in the United Kingdom. ... For other places with the same name, see Shrewsbury (disambiguation). ...


Politics

The hill gives its name to the unitary authority and borough of Telford and Wrekin, formerly a district of Shropshire called simply The Wrekin. The Wrekin is the highest point in the borough. A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Telford and Wrekin is a unitary district with borough status in the West Midlands region of England. ...


The Wrekin is also a United Kingdom Parliament constituency, returning an MP to Parliament at Westminster. It has been held by the Conservative party since the general election of May 2005. Towns in this constituency are Wellington, Newport and Shifnal. Telford has its own constituency, called simply Telford.ok The Wrekin is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... Map sources for Newport at grid reference SJ7419 Newport is a market town in Shropshire, England, some 6 miles north of Telford. ... Market Place & Park Street, Shifnal Shifnal is a small market town in Shropshire, England. ... Telford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


Folklore and customs

The Wrekin is the subject of a well-known legend in Shropshire folklore. One version of the story runs as follows:[2] For other uses, see Legend (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

A giant called Gwendol Wrekin ap Shenkin ap Mynyddmawr with a grudge against the town of Shrewsbury decided to flood the town and kill all its inhabitants. So he collected a giant-sized spadeful of earth and set off towards the town. When in the vicinity of Wellington he met a cobbler returning from Shrewsbury market with a large sackful of shoes for repair. The giant asked him for directions, adding that he was going to dump his spadeful of earth in the River Severn and flood the town. "It's a very long way to Shrewsbury," replied the quick-thinking shoemaker. "Look at all these shoes I've worn out walking back from there!" The giant immediately decided to abandon his enterprise and dumped the earth on the ground beside him, where it became the Wrekin. The giant also scraped the mud off his boots, which became the smaller hill Ercall Hill nearby. Ironically Shrewsbury is subjected to flooding from the River Severn on frequent occasions naturally. Jack the Giant-Killer by Arthur Rackham. ... For other places with the same name, see Shrewsbury (disambiguation). ... Wellington is a suburb of the new town of Telford in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. ... Shoemaking is a traditional handicraft profession, which has now been largely superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear. ... “Severn” redirects here. ... Ercall Hill, sometimes known simply as The Ercall, is a small hill in the ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. ...

"All around the Wrekin" is a phrase common in Shropshire, Herefordshire, Wolverhampton, Stafford and around to mean "the long way round", in the same way that "round the houses" is used more widely. "To all friends around the Wrekin", meanwhile, is a toast traditionally used in Shropshire. Shropshire (pronounced /, -/), alternatively known as Salop[6] or abbreviated Shrops[7], is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... // Wolverhampton is a City in the historical county of Staffordshire and metropolian county of the West Midlands. ... , Stafford is the county town of Staffordshire in England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1981 or '82, an event was undertaken by local school pupils called "Hands around the Wrekin", whereby a large group of pupils all held hands near the summit, surrounding the hill.


Notes

  1. ^ BBC Shropshire - The Wrekin.
  2. ^ The Wrekin Giant, BBC Shropshire. Accessed 5 November 2006.

External links

  • Computer generated summit panoramas The Wrekin indexGroup dedicated to The Wrekin[1]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Shropshire Myths (561 words)
The Wrekin is a very distinctive 400m hill which dominates the views of mid Shropshire near the new town of Telford.
From the Bronze Age to the 1st Century the Wrekin was the hill fort headquarters of the Celtic Cornovii tribe.
The Wrekin is made of volcanic rock but is not a volcano.
The Wrekin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (414 words)
All are named after The Wrekin, a prominent elevation capped by a hill fort almost 8 hectares (80,000 m²) in size, located in East Shropshire, on the border between Shrewsbury and Atcham and Telford and Wrekin, some 4 miles west of Telford.
The Wrekin was renamed as Mount Gilbert by the Normans after a local hermit who lived on the hill, but in time the ancient name became used again.
The name The Wrekin is also used to refer more generally to the part of East Shropshire around the towns of Telford and Wellington, within sight of the hill.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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