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Encyclopedia > The Wizard of Oz (1902 stage play)

The Wizard of Oz was a 1902 stage play based on the book by L. Frank Baum, which was originally published in 1900. It premired in Chicago and later moved to Broadway in 1903, where it ran for nearly 300 performances from January 21, 1903 to December 31, 1904, followed by travelling tours of the original cast. It starred Anna Laughlin as Dorothy Gale, Fred Stone as The Scarecrow and David C. Montgomery as the Tin Woodman. Arthur Hill (no relation to the Canadian film, theatre and TV actor) played the Cowardly Lion, but in this version, his role was reduced to a bit part. Some elements from show were later used in the famous 1939 movie. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919) was an American author, and the creator with illustrator W. W. Denslow of one of the most popular books ever written in American childrens literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... ... Fred Andrew Stone (August 19, 1873 – March 6, 1959) was an American actor. ... Cover of The Tin Woodman of Oz by L. Frank Baum. ... The Cowardly Lion in the 1939 movie. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

The play was written by L. Frank Baum himself, though after producer Fred R. Hamlin and director Julian Mitchell rejected his 1901 spec script, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, which held close to the novel, he wrote a completely new script based on their desires. He hired a New York joke writer, Glen MacDonough to add topical humor he felt himself incapable of writing. Most of the original songs were written by Paul Tietjens on Baum's lyrics, but two, "The Guardian of the Gate" which was cut ofter only a few performances, and "The Different Ways of Making Love" (which sounded less risqué at the time) were composed by Nathaniel D. Mann, who later wrote the score for Baum's 1908 film/theatrical presentation, The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays. Most of Baum's songs related to the story in some way, as in operetta, but as performed, the play was more like Vaudeville, and new songs by other songwriters were frequently substituted. In fact, the first song interpolated into the musical was "The Traveler and the Pie", a major number for the Scarecrow, a song Baum and Tietjens had intended for a play called The Octopus; or the Title Trust, which was never produced and possibly never completed. This was to be an exception in that it was written by Baum and Tietjens, but it was a classic of the time and stayed in the show. James O'Dea and Edward Hutchinson wrote one of the show's most celebrated songs, "Sammy", which was sung by Trixie Tryfle about a lost love before Pastoria, though the only contemporary recording of the piece was sung by a man! Producer may refer to: Executive producer, supervises one or more producers Record producer, or music producer, in the music industry Theatrical producer, oversees the staging of theatre productions Film producer, oversees the making of movies Television producer, oversees the making of television programs Radio producer, oversees the making of a... Generally a director is a person or one of a body of persons appointed to manage the affairs of a government agency, company, corporation, group or project. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays was an early attempt to bring L. Frank Baums Oz books to the screen. ... Operetta (literally, little opera) is a performance art-form similar to opera, though it generally deals with less serious topics. ... Vaudeville is a style of multi-act theatre which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ... A songwriter is someone who writes either the lyrics or the music for songs. ...

The witches are largely absent in this version; The Good Witch of the North appears, named Locasta, and The Wicked Witch of the East is a special effect. The Wicked Witch of the West does not appear, and Glinda appears to have been written out, as she does not appear in the Broadway cast list, though she does appear in the script, and in cast lists of Chicago and preview productions. Toto, Dorothy's dog, has also been replaced by a cow named Imogene. The Good Witch of the North is a fictional character in the Land of Oz, created by American author L. Frank Baum. ... The Wicked Witch of the East is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his classic books. ... The Wicked Witch of the West (or simply The Wicked Witch) is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his childrens books. ... Glinda (or Glinda the Good Witch) is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. ...

New characters in the script include King Pastoria II, Oz's true king working as a Kansas motrorman and his girlfriend, Tixie Tryfle, a waitress. His return takes up a bit more of the story than Dorothy's desire to return home. Another subplot includes Cynthia Cynch, the Lady Lunatic, a prototype for Nimmie Amee, in that she is the Tin Woodman's girlfriend. Niccolo Chopper was renowned for his ability to play the piccolo, which was the subject of one of her songs, and he is shown playing a piccolo in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910 film), which, the first Oz film made without Baum, was highly influenced by the popular play. The Wizard of Oz is a villain in the play, and was presented as various ethnic stock character stereotypes, depending upon who played him. He was assisted by Sir Wiley Gyle and General Riskitt. David L. Greene and Dick Martin erroneously captioned a picture of General Riskitt as "Sir Wiley Gyle" in The Oz Scrapbook, and Donald Abbott carried this mistake over into his illustrations for How the Wizard Saved Oz. A Yamaha piccolo. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) was the first film version of L. Frank Baums 1900 novel. ... A stock character is a fictional character that relies heavily on cultural types or stereotypes for its personality, manner of speech, and other characteristics. ... A 19th century childrens book informs its readers that the Dutch are a very industrious race, and that Chinese children are very obedient to their parents. ... Dick Martin (born January 30, 1922 in Battle Creek, Michigan) is an American comedian. ...

The animals in the play, including the Cowardly Lion, did not speak, based on pantomime traditon. Although the lion costume was realistic, far more so than Bert Lahr's in the MGM film, his main purpose was a bit of comic relief and scaring off the villains on occasion. His quest for courage is completely omitted, much as the other characters' quests are deemphasized in favor of various comic routines. Ultimately, though, their desire to seek the Wizard's aid gets them caught on the wrong side of the revolution, jailed and ultimately scheduled for execution. In a deus ex machina, another tornado arrives to sweep Dorothy home from the chopping block. The Christmas Pantomime colour lithograph bookcover, 1890 In Great Britain, Australia, Ireland, and New Zealand pantomime (informally, panto) refers to a theatrical genre, usually performed around the Christmas and New Year holiday season. ... Bert Lahr as the Cowardly Lion. ... Deus ex machina is a Latin phrase that is used to describe an unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot (e. ...

Many new plot twists are virtually pointless. In addition to a kiss of protection, Dorothy gets three wishes, one of which is wasted on a triviality. The second is used to bring the Scarecrow to life, and the third is used so she can learn the song Sir Dashemoff Daily (a trouser role) has written to his girlfriend, Carrie Barry. This song was written by Baum and Tietjens, but some programs credited the song to Glen MacDonough and A. Baldwin Sloane to make their connection to the play look greater. A breeches role (also pants role or trouser role) is a role in which an actress appears in male clothes (breeches being tight-fitting knee-length pants, the standard male garment at the time breeches roles were introduced). ...

Probably the biggest influence on the 1939 MGM film is, aside from making the story into a musical (for which many at MGM thought this show's classic songs should be utilized, though they were outvoted), is the Poppy Sequence that ended Act I. In the novel, Baum imaginatively has a legion of field mice pull a cart with the Cowardly Lion out of the poppy field. This was deemed unfeasible (though the stage version of The Wiz created a variation, with the mice as anthropomorphic vice cops), and Baum, though he included it in the 1901 script, replaced the scene with that of the Snow Queen creating a storm that destroys the poppies, much as Glinda does in the 1939 movie. This concluded Act I with an elaborate dance known as "Winter Reveries", which James Patrick Doyle plays on synthesizers on the album, Before the Rainbow: The Original Music of Oz. For the New York area electronics stores, see Nobody Beats The Wiz. ... Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. ... A Vice Unit is a department in many police forces that investigates morality crimes. ...

Because there were no cast albums in those days, productions of the musical often exceeded four hours in legth because of multiple demands for encores, since many of the attendees knew they would never get to attend again, and these encores were responded to. Popular songs were often sung multiple times and this was often used to gague whther a song should be retained or dropped. Two popular routines that were worked in include a sailing routine and a football routine, the latter parodying the level of violence in the sport, which had recently been lessened due to new regulations. Sailing at sunset Wooden sailing boat Sailing is the skillful art of controlling the motion of a sailing ship or smaller boat, across a body of water. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Violence refers to acts of aggression and abuse which causes or intends to cause criminal injury or harm to persons, and (to a lesser extent) animals and property. ...

The play has been revived in Tarpon Springs, Florida by the New Century Opera Company numerous times since the 1960s, most recently on July 7, 2006. Hungry Tiger Press announced several years ago that it would be publishing the complete libretto for the first time, but has been delayed years beyond the original announcement on claims of finding new material, though many suspect the sudden death of James Patrick Doyle was the major factor, which the company denies. There have been several new recordings of the songs, though none have had major distribution.


  • cast and crew information
  • Internet Broadway Database



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