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Encyclopedia > The Wiz
The Wiz
Original Cast Recording
Music Charlie Smalls
Lyrics Charlie Smalls
Book William F. Brown
Based upon The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
by L. Frank Baum
Productions 1975 Broadway
1984 Broadway Revival
2006 San Diego
Awards Tony Award for Best Musical
Tony Award for Best Original Score

The Wiz is a 1975 Broadway musical, an adaptation by Ken Harper of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, exclusively featuring African American actors. The play features music and lyrics by Charlie Smalls, and starred Stephanie Mills, Hinton Battle, Tiger Haynes, Ted Ross, Dee Dee Bridgewater, André DeShields, Tasha Thomas and Mabel King. The Broadway version opened on January 5, 1975 and ended on January 28, 1979, and ran for 1,672 performances. A motion picture adaptation of The Wiz was produced in 1978 (see 1978 in film) by Motown Productions and Universal Pictures, starring Diana Ross (no relation to Ted), Michael Jackson, Nipsey Russell, Ted Ross, Lena Horne, Richard Pryor, and Mabel King. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Wiz is a 1978 American musical film (see 1978 in film) produced by Motown Productions and Universal Pictures, and released by Universal on October 24, 1978. ... The Wiz was the name of a chain of electronic stores in the northeastern United States, primarily in New York and New Jersey. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919) was an American author, actor, and independent filmmaker best known as the creator, along with illustrator W. W. Denslow, of one of the most popular books ever written in American childrens literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, better known today... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article is about the year. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the composers and lyricists of the best original score written for a musical in that year. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919) was an American author, actor, and independent filmmaker best known as the creator, along with illustrator W. W. Denslow, of one of the most popular books ever written in American childrens literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, better known today... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Stephanie Mills (born March 22, 1957 in Harlem, New York) is an African American R&B and soul singer and former Broadway star. ... Hinton Battle (b. ... Tiger Haynes (December 13, 1914 - February 14, 1994) was an African American actor and musical performer. ... Ted Ross (June 30, 1934 - September 3, 2002), born Theodore Ross Roberts in Zanesville, Ohio, was an American actor who was probably best known for his role as the Lion in the Black pride-era classic The Wiz, an all-African American reinterpretation of The Wizard of Oz. ... Dee Dee Bridgewater (b. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mabel King (born Donnie Mabel Elizabeth Washington, December 25, 1932 - November 9, 1999) was an American actress. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Wiz is a 1978 American musical film (see 1978 in film) produced by Motown Productions and Universal Pictures, and released by Universal on October 24, 1978. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... // Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... Motown Record Company, L.P., also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label specializing in the musical genres of R&B, pop, soul music, and hip-hop music. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... For the author-illustrator, see Diana Ross (author). ... Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... Julius Nipsey Russell (September 15, 1918 – October 2, 2005)[1] was an African-American comedian, best known today for his many appearances as a guest panelist on game shows from the 1960s through the 1990s, especially Match Game, Password, Hollywood Squares, To Tell the Truth and Pyramid. ... Lena Mary Calhoun Horne (born June 30, 1917 in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, New York City, New York) is a popular singer of African-American descent. ... Richard Franklin Lennox Thomas Pryor III (December 1, 1940 – December 10, 2005) was an American comedian, actor, and writer. ...

Contents

History

Broadway musical

The Broadway musical opened on January 5, 1975 with Stephanie Mills as Dorothy, Hinton Battle as Scarecrow, Tiger Haynes as Tin Man, Ted Ross as Lion, Dee Dee Bridgewater as Glinda the Good Witch, André DeShields as the Wiz and Mabel King as Evillene the Wicked Witch of the West. The production was directed by Geoffrey Holder. The Wiz opened at the Majestic Theatre and later moved to The Broadway Theatre. It ran for four years and over 1600 performances, and won seven Tony Awards, including Best Musical. The most popular song from the production was "Ease on Down the Road", sung by the characters as they dance down the Yellow Brick Road. For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stephanie Mills (born March 22, 1957 in Harlem, New York) is an African American R&B and soul singer and former Broadway star. ... Doctor Who character, see Ace (Doctor Who). ... Hinton Battle (b. ... The Scarecrow is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and illustrator William Wallace Denslow. ... Tin Man may refer to: In television: Tin Man (Stargate SG-1), an episode of the science fiction television series Stargate SG-1 Tin Man (TNG episode), an episode from the third season of Star Trek: The Next Generation Tin Man (miniseries), a modern re-imagining of The Wonderful Wizard... Cover of The Cowardly Lion of Oz (1929) by Ruth Plumly Thompson. ... Dee Dee Bridgewater (b. ... Glinda (or Glinda the Good) is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mabel King (born Donnie Mabel Elizabeth Washington, December 25, 1932 - November 9, 1999) was an American actress. ... The Wicked Witch, as portrayed by Margaret Hamilton in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz The Wicked Witch of the West (or simply The Wicked Witch) is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his childrens books. ... Geoffrey Holder as Baron Samedi in Live and Let Die. ... The Majestic Theatre is a Broadway theatre at 245 West 44th Street in Manhattan, New York City. ... The Broadway Theatre is located in New York City, on 1681 Broadway (Broadway and 53rd Street). ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... Ease On Down the Road was a 1978 duet between soul singers and former Motown alums Diana Ross & Michael Jackson. ...


Along with other musicals like Purlie (1971) and Raisin (1974), The Wiz was a breakthrough for Broadway, a large-scale big-budget musical featuring an all-black cast. It laid the foundation for later African-American hits like Bubbling Brown Sugar, Dreamgirls and Duke Ellington's Sophisticated Ladies. Purlie is a Broadway musical with music by Gary Geld, lyrics by Peter Udell and book by Ossie Davis, Peter Udell and Philip Rose. ... Raisin was a musical theatre adaptation of the Lorraine Hansberry play A Raisin in the Sun, and was first performed on Broadway on October 18, 1973. ... Dreamgirls is a Broadway musical, which opened on December 20, 1981 at the Imperial Theatre. ...


It never performed on London's West End, but a handful of amateur and semi-professional productions have appeared in Britain with black and non-black casts. West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre...


During the tour, Stephanie Mills was replaced by Rene Harris in 1976. Deborah Malone replaced Harris in 1978. Stephanie Mills (born March 22, 1957 in Harlem, New York) is an African American R&B and soul singer and former Broadway star. ... René Harris René Reynaldo Harris, MP (born November 11, 1948 in Aiwo) was President of Nauru from 2003 to 2004, and has served three terms in the past. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


Motion picture

For more details on this topic, see The Wiz (film).

Motown Productions acquired the film rights to The Wiz in 1977, and signed Stephanie Mills in anticipation of having her star in the film adaptation. Motown singer and actress Diana Ross asked Motown CEO Berry Gordy to cast her as Dorothy instead, but Gordy declined, feeling the thirty-three year old Ross was far too old for the part. However, Ross contacted Rob Cohen of Universal Pictures, who offered to have Universal finance the film if Ross were to play Dorothy, at which point Gordy acquiesced. The Wiz is a 1978 American musical film (see 1978 in film) produced by Motown Productions and Universal Pictures, and released by Universal on October 24, 1978. ... Motown Record Company, L.P., also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label specializing in the musical genres of R&B, pop, soul music, and hip-hop music. ... Stephanie Mills (born March 22, 1957 in Harlem, New York) is an African American R&B and soul singer and former Broadway star. ... For the author-illustrator, see Diana Ross (author). ... Berry Gordy, Jr. ... Director Rob Cohen on the set of Stealth Rob Cohen (born March 12, 1949 in Cornwall, New York, USA) is an American film director, producer and writer. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ...


The resulting film version of The Wiz also starred former Motown star Michael Jackson as The Scarecrow, Nipsey Russell as the Tin Man, and Lena Horne as Glinda the Good Witch. Ted Ross and Mabel King reprised their respective roles of the Cowardly Lion and Evilene from the Broadway production. Sidney Lumet served as director, working with screenwriter Joel Schumacher (who used none of Brown's stage script) and music supervisor Quincy Jones. Although the stage musical's setting begins in Kansas before moving into the fanciful Oz (as do most other versions of the Oz stories), the film version of The Wiz is set in New York City: Dorothy's real-life home is in Harlem, and the Oz of the film is an alternate fantasy version of the rest of New York City. The $22 million production was poorly received by critics and grossed only $12 million during its original theatrical release. Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... Julius Nipsey Russell (September 15, 1918 – October 2, 2005)[1] was an African-American comedian, best known today for his many appearances as a guest panelist on game shows from the 1960s through the 1990s, especially Match Game, Password, Hollywood Squares, To Tell the Truth and Pyramid. ... Lena Mary Calhoun Horne (born June 30, 1917 in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, New York City, New York) is a popular singer of African-American descent. ... Portrait of Sidney Lumet, May 7, 1939. ... Joel Schumacher (born August 29, 1939 in New York, New York, USA) is an American film director, writer, and producer. ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the Harlem neighborhood in New York City. ...


The Wiz was Michael Jackson's first feature film, and Diana Ross's final theatrical feature film. Its commercial failure helped to bring to an end the stream of all-black films that had begun with the "blaxploitation film" era of the 1970s.[citation needed] However, Michael Jackson and Quincy Jones's collaboration on the film's soundtrack led to Jones producing three of Jackson's most successful albums, Off the Wall, Thriller, and Bad. In later years, due to its recurrent broadcasts on television, The Wiz has become something of a cult classic among African-American audiences.[citation needed] Shaft (1971) Blaxploitation is a film genre that emerged in the United States in the early 1970s when many exploitation films were made that targeted the urban black audience; the word itself is a portmanteau of the words “black” and “exploitation. ... For other uses, see Off the Wall (disambiguation). ... Alternate cover Special Edition release cover. ... Alternate cover Special Edition release cover. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Dueling revivals: America vs. Holland

The Wiz was revived on Broadway in 1984 with Stephanie Mills reprising her role as Dorothy. The production, which played at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, was a flop, lasting only 13 performances.


Dodger Productions acquired the worldwide rights to revive the Wiz in 2004. It is rumored that when Dodger Productions and Joop Van den Ende's Stage Entertainment split in 2005, the worldwide rights to the revival were split between the two companies, with the Dodgers retaining the US rights, while Stage Entertainment kept the European rights.


The new American production of The Wiz began in September 2006 at the La Jolla Playhouse in California. Tony Award-winning director Des McAnuff, and with Harold Wheeler, orchestrator of the original Broadway version, have revised the show for contemporary audiences. It starred David Alan Grier and featured sets by Robert Brill. Its run was extended by more than three weeks due to popular demand, and it is rumored to be headed for Broadway. However, there has been no official word on this matter. La Jolla Playhouse is a not-for-profit, professional theatre-in-residence on the campus of the University of California, San Diego. ... Des McAnuff is the highly celebrated, Tony award-winning director of such hit Broadway musicals as Big River, The Whos Tommy, Titanic, and most recently, Urinetown. ... Harold Wheeler is a Tony-nominated composer, conductor, orchestrator, arranger, record producer, music director. ... David Alan Grier (born June 30, 1955) is an American actor and comedian famous for his work on the Emmy Award winning sketch comedy show In Living Color. ...


Simultaneously, Joop Van den Ende's Stage Entertainment is mounting a full-scale, Broadway-caliber production at the Beatrix Theater in Utrecht, Holland. Directed by Glen Castle, the production will feature choreography by Anthony Van Laast of Mamma Mia fame, sets by Tony Award winner David Gallo and costumes by Miguel Humidor. It stars a number of Dutch theater and music stars.


Stage Entertainment also acquired ownership of Dodger Stages, a multi-theater Off-Broadway venue in New York City (now dubbed New World Stages) in the break-up.


See also

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1900 novel by L. Frank Baum, which has been adapted into several different works, the most famous being the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland. ...

External links

Awards
Preceded by
Raisin
Tony Award for Best Musical
1975
Succeeded by
A Chorus Line
Preceded by
Gigi
by Frederick Loewe and
Alan Jay Lerner
Tony Award for Best Original Score
1975
by Charlie Smalls
Succeeded by
A Chorus Line
by Marvin Hamlisch and
Edward Kleban

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wiz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (259 words)
With resembles a hybrid of a dog and a bunny (the closest animal Daisuke could compare it to was a lop-eared rabbit), and it is unknown how old he is. He hates water, is afraid of scary movies, and hates Krad.
In the English manga translation, With is known as "Wiz".
With transforms into Dark’s wings and is also able to transform into Daisuke Niwa or Dark Mousy (although the more commonly Daisuke when his feelings causes him to gain Dark's appearance, but with Dark asleep Daisuke keeps his personality).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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