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Encyclopedia > The Umariyya Covenant

Umariyya Covenant

Known in Arabic as the Al-Uhda Al-Umariyya containing a truce made between Umar and the governor of Jerusalem at the time Sophronius. After successfully defeating the Roman in the Battle of Yarmuk, Umar went up to Jerusalem by horse. He step down from his steed and enter the holy city without any bloodshed. He called every single religious leader from Christianity and Judaism to meet him. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sophronius of Jerusalem Sophronius (born 560 in Damascus - died March 11, 638 in Jerusalem) was the Patriarch of Jerusalem from 634 until his death. ... Combatants Byzantine Empire Muslim Arabs Commanders Theodore the Sacellarius Baänes Khalid ibn Walid Strength About 200,000 About 24,000 Casualties Very Heavy,About 50,000 Unknown,Relativly low The Battle of Yarmuk (also spelled Yarmuq or Hieromyax) took place between the Muslim Arabs and the Byzantine Empire in... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


On his arrival, he concluded the famous peace treaty with the people of Holy City. This opened the doors to the Jews, who were denied access for thousands of years and for the first time Jerusalem under Muslim rule became truly an OPEN CITY to all the three faiths. Throughout Muslim rule of over one thousand two hundred years of Jerusalem, members of Jewish, Christianity and Islam found a heaven to prosper from. Muslim rule enabled the city to live up to its rightful title of ‘The Holy City' as it encompassed all the believers in One God to go about their business without hindrance.[1] The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...


At that time Sophronius the Patriarch of Jerusalem Church went to seek Umar wanting to submit the city key to him. Umar then told Sophronius that he wants to perform Salat as a sign of gratitude to Allah. Sophronius offered him to pray in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre but Umar refused to do so fearing that maybe in the future Muslims might want to claim the place from Christians. Sophronius of Jerusalem Sophronius (born 560 in Damascus - died March 11, 638 in Jerusalem) was the Patriarch of Jerusalem from 634 until his death. ... Main Entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. ...


Umar made a treaty between him (as the caliph) and the inhabitant of Jerusalem. He guaranteed the security of the people, belongings and religious freedom. The treaty was known as "Al-Uhda Al-Umariyya". For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ...


 
 

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