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Encyclopedia > The Tin Drum
The Tin Drum
Author Günter Grass
Original title Die Blechtrommel
Country Germany
Language German
Series Danzig Trilogy
Genre(s) Novel
Publisher Luchterhand
Publication date 1959
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages 736 pp
ISBN NA

The Tin Drum (German: Die Blechtrommel) is a 1959 novel by Günter Grass. The novel is part of Grass' Danziger Trilogie (Danzig Trilogy). It is considered one of the finest pieces of German post war literature and a great contributor to the genre of Magical Realism. .[citation needed] Image File history File links 0375420576. ... Günter Wilhelm Grass (born October 16, 1927) is a Nobel Prize-winning German author. ... In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity, a sovereign territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government. ... The Danzig Trilogy (German: Danziger Triologie) is a series of novels and novellas by German author Günter Grass about wartime Danzig (now GdaÅ„sk). ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... ISBN-13 represented as EAN-13 bar code (in this case ISBN 978-3-16-148410-0) The International Standard Book Number, ISBN, is a unique[1] commercial book identifier barcode. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... Günter Wilhelm Grass (born October 16, 1927) is a Nobel Prize-winning German author. ... The Danzig Trilogy (German: Danziger Triologie) is a series of novels and novellas by German author Günter Grass about wartime Danzig (now GdaÅ„sk). ... This article should be transwikied to wiktionary The term post-war is generally used for the period after the end of World War II, i. ... Magic Realism (or Magical Realism) is an illustrative or literary technique in which the laws of cause and effect seem not quite to apply in otherwise real world situations. ...

Contents

Plot summary

The story is about the life of Oskar Matzerath, who writes his autobiography from memory while in a sanitarium during the years 1952 to 1954. However, Oskar's memories begin before those of ordinary people. The story starts with his own birth, when Oskar sees the light of "two sixty-watt bulbs" in the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland). Gifted with a piercing shriek that can shatter glass or be used as a weapon, Oskar declares himself to be one of those "auditory clairvoyant babies", whose "spiritual development is complete at birth and only needs to affirm itself". At age three he receives a tin drum for his birthday and decides, after observing the obtuseness and duplicity of the adult world, to will himself not to grow up. As a result, he retains the stature of a child while living through the beginning of World War II, Hitler's holocaust, several love affairs, and the hypocritical world of postwar Europe. Through all this the tin drum remains his treasured possession, and he is willing to kill to retain it. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of Danzig The Free City of Danzig refers to either of two short-lived city-states which were centered on the present-day Baltic port known as GdaÅ„sk (German: Danzig). ... Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Pomeranian Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Oskar considers himself to have two "presumptive fathers" - his mother's husband Alfred, a member of the Nazi Party, and her secret lover Jan, a Polish citizen of Danzig who is executed for defending the Polish Post Office in Danzig during the Nazi invasion of Poland. Oskar's mother having died, Alfred marries Maria, a woman who is secretly Oskar's first mistress. After marrying Alfred, Maria gives birth to Oskar's son, Kurt. But Oskar is disappointed to find that the baby persists in growing up, and will not join him in ceasing to grow at the age of three. The Nazi Party (German: , or NSDAP, English: National Socialist German Workers Party), was a far-right, racist political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... The Defense of the Polish Post Office in Danzig (today Gdańsk) was one of the first battles of the Polish September Campaign, and of the World War II in Europe. ...


During the war, Oskar joins a troupe of performing dwarfs who entertain the German troops at the front line. But when his second love, the diminutive Roswitha, is killed by Allied troops in the invasion of Normandy, Oskar returns to his family in Danzig where he becomes the leader of a criminal youth gang. The Russian army soon captures Danzig, and Alfred is shot by invading troops after he goes into seizures while swallowing his party pin to avoid being revealed as a Nazi.


Oskar moves with his widowed stepmother and their son to Düsseldorf, where he models in the nude with Ulla and works engraving tombstones. He falls in love with the saintly Sister Dorothea, a neighbor, but fails to seduce her. Still devoted to his little tin drum, Oskar becomes a virtuoso jazz drummer and achieves fame and riches. One day while walking through a field he finds a severed finger: the ring finger of Sister Dorothea, who has been murdered. He then meets and befriends Vittlar. Oskar allows himself to be falsely convicted of the murder and is confined to an insane asylum, where he writes his memoirs. The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Duesseldorf. ...


Themes

Art versus War

World War II is compared with Oskar's art and music. The implied statement is that art has the ability to defeat war and hatred. Oskar escapes fighting through his musical talent. In chapter nine: The Rostrum, Oskar manages to disrupt the Nazi rally by playing his drums. Oskar plays a rhythm which is more complex and sensual than the march step of the rally. Despite his disruption of the activities of the Nazi party, the power of his music remains ambiguous. It seems that the music of the drum is simply disruptive, and not purely a moral force aligned against the Nazis. This is especially evident in another component of Oskar's music, his voice. As a substitution for singing, Oskar's voice is a terrible scream which exerts incredible power. Oskar's voice has the power to break glass, which he uses as the leader of a gang of criminals to rob stores by breaking their front windows. Grass's magical poetic imagery subtley aligns with political/ cultural events, and the reader realizes that Oskar is somehow an embodiment of Kristallnacht, the night of broken glass which signaled the unmasked aggression of the Nazi Party. Ultimately Oskar remains a complex, magically symbolic character, embodying both the wish to dismantle the emergent Nazi party as well as the aggression of the party itself. Grass beautifully elucidates the paradox and schizophrenia of post war German consciousness. National Socialism redirects here. ...


Horrors of the Nazi regime

The Tin Drum covers the period from the 1920s through the 1950s and ranges from Danzig to Cologne, Paris and Normandy. Grass describes the actions of the Nazi regime from Kristallnacht to the execution of the survivors of the Polish Post Office. National Socialism redirects here. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ...


Literary Legacy

The Tin Drum has had a shaping effect on the face of modern fiction since the date of its publication.[citation needed] Stylistically, it has been a defining point of the magical realism movement in Fiction which originates with Franz Kafka and includes artists such as Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Haruki Murakami, and Jonathan Safran Foer.[citation needed] The character of Oskar Matzareth, with his strange omniscience coupled with spiritual visciousness is the subject of homage in many works of contemporary fiction.[citation needed] John Irving's Owen Meany, for instance, has the same initials as Oskar Matzareth and in fact seems to be a literary re-incarnation of the character.[citation needed] In his review of Peeling the Onion, John Irving writes "Why did I give Owen Meany the same initials as Oskar Matzerath? they kept asking. "Homage," I kept answering, but they didn't want to hear it." Irving, John (July 8, 2007), "A Soldier Once", New York Times Book Review: 9 John Winslow Irving (born March 2, 1942 as John Wallace Blunt, Jr. ...


Film adaptation

Main article: The Tin Drum (film)

In 1978 a film adaptation was made by Volker Schlöndorff. It shared the 1979 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or with Apocalypse Now. The Tin Drum is a 1978 film adaptation of the novel of the same name by Gunter Grass. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Volker Schlondorff Volker Schlöndorff (born in Wiesbaden, Germany on March 31, 1939) is a Berlin-based German filmmaker. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Cannes Film Festival logo. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... Apocalypse Now is a 1979 American film set during the Vietnam War. ...


See also

The Onion Cellar is a play that premiered at Zero Arrow Theatre (a venue used by the American Repertory Theatre), in Cambridge, Massachusetts in December 2006. ... Amanda Palmer (born April 30, 1976) is a performer most noted for being the lead singer, pianist, and lyricist/composer of the Brechtian punk cabaret duo The Dresden Dolls. ... Brian Viglione (born May 16, 1979) is the drummer for the Brechtian punk cabaret duo The Dresden Dolls. ... The Dresden Dolls are an American musical duo from Boston, Massachusetts. ... The American Repertory Theatre (or A.R.T.) is housed in the Loeb Drama Center at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ...

External links

  • Extensive Review (in German)
  • Litkicks article (in English)

  Results from FactBites:
 
stephan schulz // maybevideodoes.de (430 words)
Tin Drum consists of a physical drumming machine which is controlled by the readings of a GPS enabled HP iPAQ handset.
While walking and occupying public space the GPS data is analyzed and translated in to drumming patterns.
That's why in the next version of this project I plan to interpret and translate the Global-Positioning-System data directly in to drumming patterns and avoid the use of pre-arranged sounds that are connected to fixed locations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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