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Encyclopedia > The Ten Gurus of Sikhism

Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period 1469 to 1708. These teachers were enlightened souls whose main purpose in life was the spiritual and moral well-being of the masses. Each master added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous, resulting to the creation of the religion of Sikhism. Guru Nanak was the first Guru and Guru Gobind Singh the final Guru in human form. When Guru Gobind Singh left this world, he made the Sri Guru Granth Sahib the ultimate and final Sikh Guru. A guru (गुरू Sanskrit) is a teacher in Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism. ... Events July 26 - Battle of Edgecote Moor October 17 - Prince Ferdinand of Aragon wed princess Isabella of Castile. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Guru Gobind Singh Ji (December 22, 1666 in Patna, Bihar, India - October 7, 1708) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Teg Bahadur Ji. ... Guru Arjan dictating the Adi Granth to Bhai Gurdas. ...


The Ten Gurus of Sikhism

# Name Guruship on Prakash DOB Date of Demise Aged Father Mother
1 Guru Nanak Dev 15 April 1469 15 April 1469 22 September 1539 69 Mehta Kalu Mata Tripta
2 Guru Angad Dev 7 September 1539 31 March 1504 29 March 1552 48 Baba Pheru Mata Ramo
3 Guru Amar Das 25 March 1552 5 May 1479 1 September 1574 105 Tej Bhan Bhalla Bakht Kaur
4 Guru Ram Das 29 August 1574 24 September 1534 1 September 1581 47 Baba Hari Das Mata Daya Kaur
5 Guru Arjan Dev 28 August 1581 15 April 1563 30 May 1606 43 Guru Ram Das Mata Bhani
6 Guru Hargobind 30 May 1606 19 June 1595 3 March 1644 49 Guru Arjan Mata Ganga
7 Guru Har Rai 28 February 1644 26 February 1630 6 October 1661 31 Baba Gurditta Mata Nihal Kaur
8 Guru Har Krishan 6 October 1661 7 July 1656 30 March 1664 8 Guru Har Rai Mata Krishan Kaur
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur 20 March 1665 1st April 1621 11 November 1675 54 Guru Hargobind Mata Nanki
10 Guru Gobind Singh 11 November 1675 22 December 1666 6 October 1708 42 Guru Tegh Bahadur Mata Gujri

In addition to The Ten Gurus of Sikhism, Guru Granth Sahib was made the Eleventh Perpetual Guru of Sikhs. Together they make up the Eleven Gurus of Sikhism Guru Nanak (गुरु नानक) (20 October 1469 - 7 May 1539), the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Gurus of the Sikhs, was born in the village of Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore in present-day Pakistan. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Events July 26 - Battle of Edgecote Moor October 17 - Prince Ferdinand of Aragon wed princess Isabella of Castile. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Events July 26 - Battle of Edgecote Moor October 17 - Prince Ferdinand of Aragon wed princess Isabella of Castile. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years). ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... Guru Angad Dev Ji (31 March 1504 - 29 March 1552) was the second of The Ten Gurus of Sikhism. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... Events January 1 - French troops surrender Gaeta to the Spanish under Cordoba. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... Sri Guru Amar Das Ji (Gurmukhi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅਮਰ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ, Devanagari: स्री गुरू अमर दास जी) (5 April 1479 – 1 September 1574) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 26 March 1552 following in the footsteps of Guru Angad Dev ji, who died... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... Events January 20 - Ferdinand II ascends the throne of Aragon and rules together with his wife Isabella, queen of Castile over most of the Iberian peninsula. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... Guru Ram Das Ji (24 September 1534 - 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 30 August 1574 following in the footsteps of Guru Amar Das ji. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... Events May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... Guru Arjan Dev Ji (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das ji. ... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill pretender Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... Guru Ram Das Ji (24 September 1534 - 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 30 August 1574 following in the footsteps of Guru Amar Das ji. ... Guru Har Gobind Ji (19 June 1595 - 03 March 1644) was the sixth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev Ji. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill pretender Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time May 24 - Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... Guru Arjan Dev Ji (15 April 1563 - 30 May 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 1 September 1581 following in the footsteps of Guru Ram Das ji. ... Guru Har Rai Ji (26 February 1630 - 30 May 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 8 March 1644 following in the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in Leap years). ... // Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ... Another editor has suggested that this article might be improved by more material on its significance. ... Sri Guru Har Krishan (Gurmukhi: ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਜੀ, Devanagari: स्री गुरु हरि क्रिस़न जी) (7 July 1656 - 30 March 1664) was the eighth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 7 October 1661 following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Har Rai. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in Leap years). ... // Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in Leap years). ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... Guru Har Rai Ji (26 February 1630 - 30 May 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 8 March 1644 following in the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. ... Guru Teg Bahadur Ji (April 1, 1621 - November 11, 1675) was the ninth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on March 20, 1665 following in the footsteps of his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan Ji. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War March 6 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society begins publication March 16 - Bucharest allows Jews to settle in the city in exchange of annual tax of 16 guilders June 3 - The Duke of York defeats the Dutch Fleet off the... (Redirected from 1st April) April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim August 10 - Building of the Royal Greenwich Observatory began November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Guru Har Gobind Ji (19 June 1595 - 03 March 1644) was the sixth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev Ji. ... Guru Gobind Singh Ji (December 22, 1666 in Patna, Bihar, India - October 7, 1708) was the tenth and last of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on November 11, 1675 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Teg Bahadur Ji. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim August 10 - Building of the Royal Greenwich Observatory began November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events September 2 - Great Fire of London: A large fire breaks out in London in the house of Charles IIs baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in Leap years). ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Guru Teg Bahadur Ji (April 1, 1621 - November 11, 1675) was the ninth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on March 20, 1665 following in the footsteps of his grand-nephew, Guru Har Krishan Ji. ... The Golden Temple is the most important sacred shrine for Sikhs Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which means a strong and able disciple. ... Guru Arjan dictating the Adi Granth to Bhai Gurdas. ... A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism, a religious faith originating in the Punjab. ...


See Also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ten Sikh Gurus - SikhiWiki, free Sikh encyclopedia. (2060 words)
Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, teachers or masters, over the period from 1469 to 1708 - that is over a period of 239 years.
The "Guru" in Sikhism is an enlightener and messenger.They are the messengers of the Timeless.
Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of the Gurus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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