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Encyclopedia > The Temptations
The Temptations Flag of the United States

The Temptations in 2004. From left to right, Terry Weeks, Joe Herndon, Ron Tyson, G.C. Cameron, Otis Williams
Background information
Also known as Otis Williams and the Siberians, The Primes, The Distants, Otis Williams & the Distants, The Elgins, The Pirates
Origin Detroit, Michigan Flag of Michigan
Genre(s) R&B, soul
Years active 1960 – present
Label(s) Warwick, Motown, Atlantic,
New Door/Universal
Associated
acts
The Supremes
Website OtisWilliams.net
Members
Otis Williams
Terry Weeks
Joe Herndon
Ron Tyson
Bruce Williamson
Former members
Elbridge "Al" Bryant
Melvin Franklin
Eddie Kendricks
Paul Williams
David Ruffin
Dennis Edwards
Damon Harris
Glenn Leonard
Louis Price
Ali-Ollie Woodson
Theo Peoples
Ray Davis
Harry McGilberry
Barrington "Bo" Henderson
Richard Street
G.C. Cameron

The Temptations (often abbreviated as "The Tempts" or "The Temps") are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... Temptations is the name of a song by rapper Tupac Shakur. ... Look up temptation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Temptations-2004-promopic. ... Terry Wayne Weeks (born December 23, 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American R&B and soul singer who is currently a member and secondary lead singer of the legendary Motown quintet The Temptations. ... Joe Herndon with The Temptations, 2004. ... Ron Tyson (bottom right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... George Curtis G.C. Cameron (born in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Michigan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Rhythm and blues (disambiguation). ... This article is about the novel Soul Music. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... For other uses, see Supremes (disambiguation). ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ... Terry Wayne Weeks (born December 23, 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American R&B and soul singer who is currently a member and secondary lead singer of the legendary Motown quintet The Temptations. ... Joe Herndon with The Temptations, 2004. ... Ron Tyson (bottom right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Elbridge Al Bryant (September 28, 1939 - October 26, 1975) was an African American tenor singer, one of the founding members of Motown singing group The Temptations. ... Melvin Franklin (David Melvin English) (October 12, 1942 – February 23, 1995) was an American bass singer, best known for his role as a member of Motown singing group The Temptations from 1961 to 1994. ... Eddie Kendricks (born Edward James Kendrick, December 17, 1939 – October 5, 1992) was an American singer and songwriter. ... Paul Williams (July 2, 1939 – August 17, 1973) was an American second tenor/baritone singer. ... David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ... Dennis Edwards (born February 3, 1943 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American soul and R&B singer, most noted for being one of Motown act The Temptations lead singers. ... Damon Harris (born Otis Robert Harris, Jr. ... Glenn Carl Leonard (born June 11, 1947 in Washington, D.C.) is an American R&B and soul singer best remembered for serving as the first tenor/secondary lead singer of the legendary Motown quintet The Temptations from 1975 to 1983. ... Louis Bernhardt Price (born on March 29, 1953 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American R&B and soul singer, notable for being the lead singer of the first post-Dennis Edwards led version of The Temptations from 1977 to 1980. ... Ali=Ollie Woodson (far right in middle row, in red shirt) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Theo Peoples is an African-American R&B/soul singer. ... Raymond Ray Davis (born March 29, 1940 in Sumter, South Carolina - died July 5, 2005 New Brunswick, New Jersey) was the original bass singer and one of the founding members of The Parliaments, Parliament and Funkadelic. ... Harry McGilberry (born Harry McGilberry, Jr. ... Barrington Bo Henderson (second from left) with The Temptations in 1998, on the cover of the Phoenix Rising album. ... Richard Street (top right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... George Curtis G.C. Cameron (born in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Harry Belafonte singing, photograph by C. van Vechten Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, which is often contrasted with speech. ... Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ... This article is about the novel Soul Music. ... Psychedelia in music (or also psychedelic music, less formally) is a term that refers to a broad set of popular music styles, genres and scenes, that may include psychedelic rock, psychedelic folk, psychedelic pop, psychedelic soul, psychedelic ambient, psychedelic trance, psychedelic techno, and others. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, see Rhythm and blues (disambiguation). ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreviated AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream contemporary pop music, excluding hip hop, hard rock, and some teen pop music, which is intended for an adult audience. ...


Formed in Detroit, Michigan in 1960 as The Elgins, the Temptations have always featured five African American male vocalists/dancers. The group, known for its recognizable choreography, distinct harmonies, and onstage suits, has been said to be as influential to soul as the Beatles are to rock.[1] Having sold an estimated 22 million albums by 1982,[2] The Temptations are one of the most successful groups in music history[3] and were the definitive male vocal group of the 1960s.[4] In addition, they have the second-longest tenure on Motown (behind Stevie Wonder), as they were with the label for a total of 40 years: 16 years from 1961 to 1977, and 24 more from 1980 to 2004 (from 1977 to 1980, they were signed to Atlantic Records). As of 2007, the Temptations continue to perform and record for Universal Records with only one original member, founder Otis Williams, in its lineup. “Detroit” redirects here. ... See also: 1959 in music, other events of 1960, 1961 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 14 - Elvis Presley is promoted to Sergeant in the U.S. Army February 6 - Songwriter Jesse Belvin dies in an automobile accident in Los Angeles, California. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Stevie Wonder (born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Stevland Hardaway Morris),[1] is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... Universal Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group. ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ...


The original group included members of two local Detroit vocal groups: The Distants, which featured second tenor/baritone Otis Williams, first tenor Elbridge "Al" Bryant and bass Melvin Franklin; and first tenor/falsetto Eddie Kendricks and second tenor/baritone Paul Williams (no relation to Otis) from The Primes. Among the most notable future Temptations were lead singers David Ruffin and Dennis Edwards (both of whom became successful Motown solo artists after leaving the group), Richard Street (another former Distant), Damon Harris, Ron Tyson, Ali-Ollie Woodson, Theo Peoples, and G.C. Cameron. Like its sister female group, the Supremes, the Temptations' lineup has changed frequently over the years. This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ... Elbridge Al Bryant (September 28, 1939 - October 26, 1975) was an African American tenor singer, one of the founding members of Motown singing group The Temptations. ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... Melvin Franklin (David Melvin English) (October 12, 1942 – February 23, 1995) was an American bass singer, best known for his role as a member of Motown singing group The Temptations from 1961 to 1994. ... Falsetto is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range, in the treble range. ... Eddie Kendricks (born Edward James Kendrick, December 17, 1939 – October 5, 1992) was an American singer and songwriter. ... Paul Williams (July 2, 1939 – August 17, 1973) was an American second tenor/baritone singer. ... David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ... Dennis Edwards (born February 3, 1943 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American soul and R&B singer, most noted for being one of Motown act The Temptations lead singers. ... Richard Street (top right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Damon Harris (born Otis Robert Harris, Jr. ... Ron Tyson (bottom right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Ali=Ollie Woodson (far right in middle row, in red shirt) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Theo Peoples is an African-American R&B/soul singer. ... George Curtis G.C. Cameron (born in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... Reissue album cover showing The Supremes in 1966. ...


Over the course of their career, the Temptations have released four Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles and 14 Billboard R&B number-one singles. Their material has earned them three Grammy Awards, while two more awards were conferred upon the songwriters and producers who crafted their 1972 hit "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone". “Hot 100” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... See also: other events of 1972 list of years in music 1970s in music // January 17 - Highway 51 South in Memphis, Tennessee is renamed Elvis Presley Blvd January 20 - Pink Floyd debuts Dark Side of the Moon during a performance at The Dome, in Brighton, but due to technical difficulties... Papa Was a Rollin Stone is a soul song, written by Motown songwriters Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong as a single for Motown act The Undisputed Truth in 1971. ...

Contents

History

The Primes

Childhood friends Eddie Kendricks, Paul Williams, Kel Osbourne, and Wiley Waller formed a doo-wop group called the Cavaliers in their hometown of Birmingham, Alabama, in 1955.[5] Reduced to a trio after Waller left the group in 1957, Kendricks, Williams, and Osbourne left Birmingham in order to break into the music business. After first moving to Cleveland, they settled in Detroit. The Primes, as the doo-wop trio was now called, were well-known around Detroit for their meticulous performances.[6] Group manager Milton Jenkins even created a sister group for the Primes called the Primettes, recruiting Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson, Diane (later Diana) Ross, and Betty McGlown for the spin-off act.[5] Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ... Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country State County Jefferson, Shelby Government  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (D) Area  - City  151. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Reissue album cover showing The Supremes in 1966. ... Florence Glenda Ballard Chapman, nicknamed Flo or Blondie, (June 30, 1943 – February 22, 1976) was an American singer, and one of the original lead singers of the Motown act The Supremes. ... Mary Wilson (born 6 March 1944 in Greenville, Mississippi) is an American singer best known for her work as a member of the Motown soul and pop group The Supremes. ... For the author-illustrator, see Diana Ross (author). ... Betty McGlown was an African American singer, one of the founding members of THe Primettes, later known as The Supremes. ...


The Distants

Otis Williams had moved from his native Texarkana, Texas to Detroit as a young boy, to live with his mother.[7] By 1958, he was the leader of Otis Williams & the Siberians, a doo-wop group that included Williams, his friend Elbridge "Al" Bryant, James "Pee-Wee" Crawford, Vernard Plain, and Arthur Walton.[8] This quintet recorded the single "Pecos Kid" backed with "All of My Life" for a label run by local radio deejay Senator Bristol Bryant.[8] The single never took off outside the local Detroit market, and the Siberians changed their name to The El Domingoes shortly afterward.[5] Water tower in Texarkana. ...


At this time, more changes took place. Montgomery, Alabama native Melvin Franklin replaced Arthur Walton as the bass singer, and Franklin's cousin Richard Street replaced Vernard Plain as lead singer.[9] The group soon signed with Northern Records, run by Johnnie Mae Matthews, who renamed the group The Distants. The Distants recorded two singles for Northern, "Come On" (1959, featuring additional background vocals by the Andantes), and "Alright" (1960).[9] Between these two releases, Albert "Mooch" Harrell replaced Pee-Wee Crawford.[9] "Come On" was a local hit for the Distants, and the Warwick label picked the record up for national distribution.[9] After the release of "Alright", Matthews appointed Williams the group leader, and the group was renamed Otis Williams & the Distants.[10] Coordinates: , Country State County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Government  - Mayor Bobby Bright Area  - City  156. ... Richard Street (top right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... The Andantes were a prolific female session singing group for the Motown record label during the 1960s. ...


Influences and colleagues

The Primes and the Distants were but two of dozens of local male vocal acts, the most famous of which was the Miracles, led by Smokey Robinson. The Miracles were known for their stage show, and their pop success was something for which both groups strived.[11] Other important inspirations included the Cadillacs, Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, the Drifters, and the Isley Brothers.[12] The Miracles (known from 1965 to 1972 as Smokey Robinson & the Miracles) are an American musical group from Detroit, Michigan, notable as the first successful group act for Berry Gordys Motown Records. ... William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ... The Cadillacs were an American rock-and-roll and doo-wop group from Harlem, New York; active from 1953 to 1962. ... Frankie Lymon (September 30, 1942 - February 27, 1968) was the leader of a doo wop group called The Teenagers. ... The Drifters are a long-lived American doo wop/R&B vocal group, originally formed by Clyde McPhatter (of Billy Ward & the Dominoes) in 1953. ... The Isley Brothers are an American pop, R&B, funk and soul group who began their musical career in Cincinnati in the early 1950s. ...


The various members of The Primes and the Distants who would later become part of the Temptations met a number of their later Motown bandmates, labelmates, and producers during the early part of their careers. Melvin Franklin had been a member of the recording group the Voice Masters, which also included among its ranks Lamont Dozier and David Ruffin.[9] The musicians at the recording session for the Distants' "Come On" included James Jamerson on bass; the Andantes on background vocals; and Norman Whitfield on tambourine.[9] Lamont Dozier (born June 16, 1941 in Detroit, Michigan) is an African American songwriter and record producer, best known as a member of Holland-Dozier-Holland, the songwriting and production team that was responsible for much of the Motown sound and numerous hit records by artists such as Martha & the... James Jamerson (January 29, 1938 - August 2, 1983) was an American musician. ... The electric bass guitar (or electric bass) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers by plucking, slapping, popping or using a pick. ... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ... “Buben” redirects here. ...

A promotional image of the original early 1960s Temptations lineup. Clockwise from top right: Otis Williams, Paul Williams, Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, and Elbridge "Al" Bryant.
A promotional image of the original early 1960s Temptations lineup. Clockwise from top right: Otis Williams, Paul Williams, Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, and Elbridge "Al" Bryant.

ImageMetadata File history File links Pre-ruffin-tempts. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Pre-ruffin-tempts. ...

Forming the Temptations

Although "Come On" was a local success in the Detroit area, the Distants never saw much of their share from the record sales, and the second single was not as successful. After receiving an offer from Berry Gordy of Motown Records, the group got out of its contract with Matthews and left Northern. At the same time, it lost Mooch Harrell, Richard Street, and the rights to use its name. Street would front a new group of Distants for the local Thelma label during the early 1960s. Berry Gordy, Jr. ... Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City), where it achieved widespread international success. ...


The Distants were acquainted with the Primes, as both groups made the same rounds to local record hops, talent shows, and concerts. The two groups were friendly rivals. The Primes disbanded in 1960 when Kel Osbourne moved to California, and Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams returned to Alabama. While in Detroit visiting relatives, Kendricks called Otis Williams who, needing two more members for an audition for Gordy, offered Kendricks a place in the Distants. Kendricks agreed, with one condition -- that he could bring Paul Williams with him. Otis Williams agreed, and Kendricks and Paul Williams moved back to Detroit to join the group. Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


The new lineup of Otis Williams, Franklin, Bryant, Kendricks, and Paul Williams took on the name The Elgins and auditioned for Motown in March 1961. Gordy agreed to sign the group to his Miracle Records imprint, but discovered just before signing that there was already a singing group called the Elgins. The quintet quickly began tossing about ideas for a new name on the steps of Motown's Hitsville U.S.A. headquarters. On a suggestion from Miracle Records employee Billy Mitchell and Otis Williams, The Temptations became the group's new moniker. The "Elgins" name would re-surface at Motown in 1965, when Gordy renamed a quartet called The Downbeats as The Elgins. Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hitsville U.S.A, as seen in The Temptations (1998). ... The Classic 5 lineup of The Temptations, circa 1965. ...


The Temptations released two singles on Miracle, "Oh Mother of Mine" and "Check Yourself", before it was closed and merged with the Gordy label (to avoid confusion with the Miracles singing group). All seven of the Temptations' singles released between 1961 and 1963 failed to make it onto the U.S. pop singles charts; the 1962 single "Dream Come True" made it to number 22 on the R&B chart. Paul Williams and Kendricks split most of the leads during this period, with Bryant, Otis Williams, and Franklin occasionally singing lead.


Many songwriter and producer teams had been trying to craft a hit for the Temptations, including Berry Gordy, Mickey Stevenson, Clarence Paul, and Norman Whitfield. Gordy had in fact written the song "Do You Love Me" for The Temptations in 1961, but when he was unable to get ahold of the group, he recorded the song with the Contours instead. Miracles lead singer/songwriter/producer Smokey Robinson produced his first Temptations single, the Paul Williams-led "I Want a Love I Can See", in 1963, and proved to have the best rapport with the group. A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Berry Gordy, Jr. ... William Mickey Stevenson was a songwriter and record producer for the Motown label until 1967, when he and wife Kim Weston left the company for MGM. Categories: Musician stubs | Motown songwriters and producers | Record producers | American songwriters ... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ... Do You Love Me is a 1962 (see 1962 in music) hit single recorded by The Contours for Motowns Gordy Records label. ... The Contours were one of the early soul singing groups signed to Motown Records. ... Miracles may be: Miracles, a 1989 film starring and directed by Jackie Chan. ... William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ...


Elbridge Bryant, who preferred his day job as a milkman to performing, soon became restless and uncooperative. After a performance at the 1963 Motown company Christmas party, Bryant was fired from the group. His replacement was Meridian, Mississippi native David Ruffin, younger brother of Motown artist Jimmy Ruffin. Though both Ruffin brothers were considered, David was given an edge over Jimmy thanks to his performance skills, which David displayed when he joined the Temptations on-stage during a local Detroit performance earlier that year.[13] A milk truck A milkman is a person who delivers milk in milk bottles or cartons. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Meridian is a city located in, and the county seat of, Lauderdale County in Mississippi, a state of the United States of America. ... Jimmy Ruffin (born May 7, 1939 in Collinsville, Mississippi) is an African-American soul singer and older brother of David Ruffin, one of the lead singers for The Temptations. ...

The "Classic Five" lineup of the Temptations, circa 1965. Left to right: Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, Otis Williams, Paul Williams, and David Ruffin.
The "Classic Five" lineup of the Temptations, circa 1965. Left to right: Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, Otis Williams, Paul Williams, and David Ruffin.

Download high resolution version (900x688, 774 KB) A photo of The Temptations, from the cover to the 2002 compilation My Girl: The Very Best of the Temptations. ... Download high resolution version (900x688, 774 KB) A photo of The Temptations, from the cover to the 2002 compilation My Girl: The Very Best of the Temptations. ...

The "Classic Five" era

In January 1964,Miracles members Smokey Robinson and Bobby Rogers co-wrote and produced "The Way You Do the Things You Do" with Kendricks on lead; the single became the Temptations' first Top 20 hit that April. While traveling as part of Motown's Motortown Revue later that year, Robinson and fellow Miracle Ronnie White wrote a song for the emotive Ruffin to sing lead on, which the group recorded in the fall of 1964. Released as a single on December 24, 1964, "My Girl", became the Temptations' first number-one pop hit in March 1965, and is their signature song to this day. See also: 1963 in music, other events of 1964, 1965 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - Top of the Pops premieres on BBC television. ... The Way You Do the Things You Do is a 1964 hit single by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... The Motortown Revue was the name given to the package tours of Motown artists in the 1960s, such as The Supremes, The Temptations, The Four Tops, The Miracles, Martha & The Vandellas, etc. ... Ronald Ronnie White (April 5, 1939 - August 26, 1995) was an African American soul singer and songwriter, notable as a founding member of The Miracles, and the only member to survive all of that groups lineup changes. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the 1964 Temptations song. ... See also: 1964 in music, other events of 1965, 1966 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Fender Guitars is sold to CBS for $13 million. ...


David Ruffin's emergence as lead singer gave way to the Temptations' most successful period, today referred to as the "Classic Five" era, during which Ruffin, Kendricks, Franklin, Otis Williams, and Paul Williams recorded many of the group's most familiar hits. After the success of "My Girl", Ruffin sang lead on the next three Temptations singles: "It's Growing", "Since I Lost My Baby" and "My Baby", all of which made it to the Top 20 in 1965. The b-side to "My Baby", "Don’t Look Back", featured a lead from Paul Williams, and was a sleeper hit on the R&B charts. Since I Lost My Baby is a 1965 hit single recorded by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... The Temptin Temptations is a 1965 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... Dont Look Back is a 1965 song recorded by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... A sleeper hit (often simply called a sleeper) refers to a film, book, album, TV show, or video game that gains unexpected success or recognition. ...


In 1966, Norman Whitfield became the Temptations' new main producer, after his "Ain't Too Proud to Beg" performed better than Robinson's "Get Ready" on the U.S. pop charts. Whitfield began pushing the group away from Robinson's ballad-based production towards a harder-edged and brass-heavy soul sound reminiscent of the work of James Brown. // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ... Aint 2 Proud 2 Beg is also the name of a 1991 TLC single. ... This article is about the 1966 Temptations song. ... Illustration by Arthur Rackham of the ballad The Twa Corbies A ballad is a story, usually a narrative or poem, in a song. ... “Brazen” redirects here. ... James Brown, known variously as: Soul Brother Number One, the Godfather of Soul, Mr. ...


Nearly all of the pre-1968 Whitfield-produced Temptations singles featured David Ruffin on lead vocals, including the R&B number-one/pop Top 10 hits "Beauty Is Only Skin Deep" and "(I Know) I'm Losing You". Other singles from this period included "You're My Everything", on which Eddie Kendricks and David Ruffin share lead vocals, and "All I Need", produced by Whitfield's protégé Frank Wilson. Beauty Is Only Skin Deep was a big hit for The Temptations, wrote by Norman Whitfield and Eddie Holland. ... (I Know) Im Losing You is a 1966 hit single recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... Frank Wilson is an African-American former songwriter and record producer for Motown Records. ...


Whitfield's writing partners during this period included Roger Penzabene, Temptations road show manager/guitarist Cornelius Grant, and Edward Holland, Jr.. After Eddie Holland left Motown with the rest of the Holland-Dozier-Holland songwriting/production team in 1967, Barrett Strong (who sang Motown's first hit, 1960's "Money (That's What I Want)") began working with Whitfield and Penzabene on Temptations material. Two of Whitfield/Strong/Penzabene's collaborations, "I Wish It Would Rain" and "I Could Never Love Another (After Loving You)", became hits in 1968. Strong became Whitfield's sole collaborator after Penzabene's suicide in December 1967. Roger Penzabene was an African American songwriter for the Motown label. ... Edward Holland, Jr. ... Holland-Dozier-Holland is a songwriting and production team made up of Lamont Dozier and brothers Brian Holland and Edward Holland, Jr. ... The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... Barrett Strong (born February 5, 1941 in West Point, Mississippi) is an African-American singer and songwriter. ... Music sample The Beatles Money (Thats What I Want) ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... I Wish It Would Rain, released December 21, 1967, is a 1968 hit single recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


Exit David Ruffin

Between 1964 and 1968, the Temptations went from unknown hopefuls to international stars. The group appeared frequently on television shows such as American Bandstand and The Ed Sullivan Show, and catered to middle America with a pop standards album (The Temptations in a Mellow Mood, 1967) and performances at the Copacabana in New York City and other such supper clubs. Outside of music, the Temptations were made honorary members of Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... Dick Clark, host of American Bandstand American Bandstand was a long-running dance music television show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989. ... The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by former entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. ... The Temptations in a Mellow Mood is a 1967 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... Copacabana is a famous New York City nightclub. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Phi Beta Sigma (ΦΒΣ) Fraternity was founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C. on January 9, 1914, by three young African-American male students. ...


Initially laid back and even-keeled, by 1967 David Ruffin felt that he was almost single-handedly responsible for the group's success. He demanded special treatment, riding to and from gigs in a private mink-lined limousine with his then-girlfriend, singer Tammi Terrell (known for her duets with Marvin Gaye), instead of in the group limousine the other four Temptations used. Ruffin missed a number of rehearsals, concerts, and group meetings; and began regularly using cocaine. After seeing how Motown had made Diana Ross the focus of the Supremes by renaming the group Diana Ross & the Supremes, Ruffin demanded that his group be renamed, as well -- to David Ruffin & the Temptations. Additionally, Ruffin was demanding an accounting of the Temptations' earnings, which caused friction between him and Berry Gordy. For other uses, see Mink (disambiguation). ... Look up limousine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tammi Terrell (born Thomasina Montgomery) (April 29, 1945 – March 16, 1970) was an American Motown singer in the 1960s, best known for her duets with Marvin Gaye. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ...


There was general agreement among the rest of group that Ruffin needed to be replaced. Otis Williams insists that Ruffin was given fair warning that if he did not change his attitude he would be fired. When Ruffin missed a June 1968 engagement at a Cleveland supper club in order to attend a show by his new girlfriend (Dean Martin's daughter Gail), it was decided that he had crossed the line. The other four Temptations drew up legal documentation firing Ruffin from the group, and Dennis Edwards, formerly of the Contours, was hired to replace him. Edwards and Ruffin were good friends, and Ruffin at first went along with the changing of the guard. Ruffin began turning up at Temptations shows, jumping onstage during performances of the songs he once sang lead on and stealing the spotlight. The audiences were delighted, but the Temptations and Motown were frustrated and embarrassed. Extra security guards were hired to prevent Ruffin from attending other Temptations' performances. Ruffin sued Motown in October 1968, seeking a release from the label, and Motown settled by offering Ruffin a solo recording deal. Dean Martin (born Dino Paul Crocetti, June 7, 1917 – December 25, 1995) was an Italian American singer, film actor, and comedian. ... Dennis Edwards (born February 3, 1943 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American soul and R&B singer, most noted for being one of Motown act The Temptations lead singers. ...


Beginning in 1968, Berry Gordy commissioned a number of collaborations for the Temptations with Diana Ross & the Supremes. The results included a joint tour, two studio albums (Diana Ross & the Supremes Join the Temptations, which featured the number-two hit single "I'm Gonna Make You Love Me", and Together), and two NBC television specials, TCB (aired December 9, 1968) and G.I.T. on Broadway (aired November 12, 1969). The tracks for Diana Ross & the Supremes Join the Temptations included Dennis Edwards' first studio recordings with the Temptations. Diana Ross & the Supremes Join the Temptations is, as the title implies, a collaborative album combining Motowns two best selling groups, Diana Ross & the Supremes and The Temptations. ... Im Gonna Make You Love Me is a soul song, written in 1967 by Kenneth Gamble, Leon Huff, and Jerry Ross. ... Together, released by Motown Records in 1969, was the second and final duets studio album combining Diana Ross & the Supremes and The Temptations into an eight-person Motown act. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... TCB was a 1968 live television special produced by Motown Productions and George Schlatter-Ed Friendly Productions. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... G.I.T. on Broadway was a 1969 live television special produced by Motown Productions and George Schlatter-Ed Friendly Productions. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...


Psychedelic soul

Dennis Edwards' addition to the Temptations coincided with producer Norman Whitfield's adoption of a new sound for the group. In the fall of 1968, Whitfield began producing psychedelic-based material for the Temptations, derived primarily from the sound of funk band Sly & the Family Stone. This new style, which debuted with the Top 10 hit single "Cloud Nine" in October 1968, was a marked departure from the David Ruffin-era ballads. The instrumentation was funkier, the beat was hard-driving, and all five Temptations traded lead vocals, similar to Sly & the Family Stone. "Cloud Nine", the centerpiece of the group's landmark Cloud Nine LP, was a Top 10 hit and won Motown its first Grammy Award, for Best R&B Vocal Group Performance of 1969. Psychedelia in music (or also psychedelic music, less formally) is a term that refers to a broad set of popular music styles, genres and scenes, that may include psychedelic rock, psychedelic folk, psychedelic pop, psychedelic soul, psychedelic ambient, psychedelic trance, psychedelic techno, and others. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... Sly & the Family Stone was an American rock band from San Francisco, California. ... Cloud Nine is a 1968 hit song recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label. ... Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... Cloud Nine is a 1969 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal has been awarded since 1970. ... The 11th Grammy Awards were held in 1969. ...


The blending of the Motown sound and psychedelic rock sound resulted in a new subgenre of music called "psychedelic soul", also evident in the work of Diana Ross and the Supremes ("Reflections", "Love Child"), Marvin Gaye's version of "I Heard It Through the Grapevine", and the music of the Fifth Dimension and War. More Temptations psychedelic soul singles would follow in 1969 and 1970, among them "Runaway Child, Running Wild" (a number-one R&B hit), "I Can't Get Next to You" (a number-one pop hit), "Psychedelic Shack" , "Ball of Confusion (That's What the World Is Today)", and "Ungena Za Ulimwengu (Unite the World)". Psychedelic soul is a concept used to categorize music that featured elements of psychedelic rock and soul/funk music. ... Reflections is the name of a 1967 hit song recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label. ... Love Child is a 1968 #1 hit single released by the Motown label as a single for Diana Ross & the Supremes, although Diana Ross is the only member of the group present on the record. ... I Heard It through the Grapevine is a R&B/soul song written by Motown songwriter Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong. ... The Fifth Dimension The Fifth Dimension (also known as The 5th Dimension) is an American popular music vocal group, whose repertoire also includes R&B, soul, and jazz. ... War was a multiracial, multicultural American funk band of the 1970s from Southern California, known for the hit songs Low Rider and Why Cant We Be Friends?. Formed in 1969, War was the first and most successful musical crossover, fusing elements of rock, funk, jazz, Latin music, R&B... // Perhaps the most famous musical events of 1969 are two legendary concerts. ... Runaway Child, Running Wild (the original single labels the song as Run Away Child, Running Wild) is a 1969 hit single for the Motown label, performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... I Cant Get Next to You is a 1969 number-one single recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... Psychedelic Shack, released December 28, 1969, is the name of a 1970 hit single for the Motown label performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... Ball of Confusion (Thats What the World is Today) is the name of a 1970 hit single for the Motown label performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ...


Exit Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams

During the late-1960s, Paul Williams' physical and mental health began to decline sharply. Williams suffered from both depression and sickle-cell disease, and also developed alcoholism, all of which made it hard for him to continue performing. Oxygen tanks were kept in the wings of performance venue stages for Williams, and the other four Temptations made valiant efforts to raid and drain his alcohol stashes. By 1969, former Distant Richard Street, now lead singer of Motown act The Monitors, was touring with the group as a backup replacement for Williams. For most shows, Street would sing Williams' parts (save for his solo numbers) from offstage behind a curtain, while Williams danced and lip-synched onstage. At other shows, and during most of the second half of 1970, Street took Williams' place onstage. On the Threshold of Eternity. ... Sickle-cell disease is a group of genetic disorders caused by sickle hemoglobin (Hgb S or Hb S). ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... General Name, symbol, number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, period, block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... Richard Street (top right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... The Monitors were a minor Motown act from the 1960s. ... Lip-sync or Lip-synch (short for lip synchronization) is a technical term for matching lip movements with voice. ...


As Paul Williams' health failed, Eddie Kendricks became detached from the group. He regularly picked fights with Otis Williams and Melvin Franklin over the group's leadership. In addition, Kendricks was uncomfortable with the psychedelic soul material the group was now performing, preferring the ballad material from the earlier days. Kendricks rekindled his friendship with David Ruffin, who persuaded him to quit the Temptations and go solo. After another confrontation between himself, Otis Williams, and Franklin during a November 1970 Copacabana engagement, Kendricks walked out in-between shows and did not return. Both Franklin and Otis Williams agreed at this time that Kendricks would be leaving the group.


Before Kendricks officially left the Temptations, he and Paul Williams recorded the lead vocals for "Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)", a lush, wistful ballad that became Kendricks' Temptations swan song. Released as a single in January 1971, "Just My Imagination" began steadily climbing the U.S. pop singles chart. By the time "Just My Imagination" hit number-one in March, Kendricks had negotiated his release from the group and signed a solo deal with Motown's Tamla imprint. Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me) is a 1971 number-one hit single released on the Gordy (Motown) label, recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... For other uses, see Swan Song. ... See also: 1970s in music. ...


Kendricks' original replacement was Ricky Owens, from the Los Angeles-based vocal group the Vibrations. However, Owens gave poorly-received performances during the few shows he performed with the group, and he was dropped after only a few weeks. During most of the spring of 1971, the Temptations remained a quartet, and re-recorded the single "It's Summer" without a fifth member. In April, Paul Williams quit the Temptations, after a medical declaration that he was unable to continue performing. Richard Street officially took his place, while Williams remained on the group's payroll as an advisor and choreographer. After Williams had recovered enough to perform again, Motown made plans for a Paul Williams solo career, but he died at age 34 in Detroit on August 17, 1973. Williams' death was ruled a suicide. Ricky Owens (born Richard Edgar Owens in St. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The Vibrations were an American soul vocal group from Los Angeles, California, active from 1960 to 1976. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ...


The Temptations in the early 1970s

By May, The Temptations had found a permanent replacement first tenor in twenty-year-old Baltimore native Damon Harris. Otis Williams, Edwards, Franklin, Street, and Harris continued recording and performing, and Norman Whitfield continued producing hits for them. Among these were Top 40 hits such as "Superstar (Remember How You Got Where You Are)" (1971), a message from the Temptations to the estranged David Ruffin and Eddie Kendricks, and "Take a Look Around" (1972). Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Damon Harris (born Otis Robert Harris, Jr. ... Superstar (Remember How You Got Where You Are) is a 1971 hit single for the Gordy (Motown) label, recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ...


The fall of 1972 saw the release of Whitfield's magnum opus, "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone". Originally a three-minute record written and produced for the Undisputed Truth, Whitfield took the sombre tune and created a sprawling, dramatic eleven and ¾-minute version for the Temptations. An edited seven-minute version was released as a single in September 1972, hitting number-one on the pop charts and number-five on the R&B charts. In 1973, "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" won the Temptations their second Grammy for Best R&B Performance by a Group. Whitfield and arranger/conductor Paul Riser won the award for Best R&B Instrumental Performance with the instrumental version of "Papa" on the single's b-side, and Whitfield and Barrett Strong won the songwriters' Grammy for Best R&B Song. See also: other events of 1972 list of years in music 1970s in music // January 17 - Highway 51 South in Memphis, Tennessee is renamed Elvis Presley Blvd January 20 - Pink Floyd debuts Dark Side of the Moon during a performance at The Dome, in Brighton, but due to technical difficulties... Magnum opus (sometimes Opus magnum, plural magna opera), from the Latin meaning great work,[1] refers to the best, most popular, or most renowned achievement of an author, artist, or composer, and most commonly one who has contributed a very large amount of material. ... Papa Was a Rollin Stone is a soul song, written by Motown songwriters Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong as a single for Motown act The Undisputed Truth in 1971. ... The Undisputed Truth, on the cover of their first LP, 1971s The Undisputed Truth, which contains their only hit single, Smiling Faces Sometimes. The Undisputed Truth was a 1970s Motown recording act, assembled by record producer Norman Whitfield as a means for being able to experiment with his psychedelic... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal has been awarded since 1970. ... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Instrumental Performance was awarded from 1970 to 1990 and in 1993. ... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Song (sometimes known as the R&B Songwriters Award) has been awarded since 1969. ...


After "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone", Whitfield stopped working with Barrett Strong, and began writing the Temptations' material on his own. The success of "Papa" led Whitfield to create more elongated, operatic pieces, including the Top 40 hit "Masterpiece" (1973) and several of the tracks on the resulting Masterpiece album. Tensions developed between Whitfield and the group, who found Whitfield arrogant and difficult to work with. The group cited his habitual tardiness, his emphasis of the instrumental tracks over the vocals on many of his productions, and the declining singles and albums sales as other sources of conflict. Otis Williams complained about Whitfield's actions and the Temptations' stagnant sales to Berry Gordy, who intervened and reassigned them to Jeffrey Bowen, co-producer of the 1967 In a Mellow Mood album. Masterpiece is a 1973 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, entirely written and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... Jeffrey Bowen was a songwriter and record producer for the Motown label. ...


The final Norman Whitfield-produced Temptations album, 1990, was released in late 1973, and included the Top 30 single "Let Your Hair Down". Whitfield left Motown shortly afterwards, and in 1975 established Whitfield Records, taking with him the Undisputed Truth, Willie Hutch, and Rose Royce, who performed the instrumental track for "Let Your Hair Down". 1990 is a 1973 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, their final LP written and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... Whitfield Records (also known as W Records) was a record label, founded in 1975 by former Motown producer and songwriter Norman Whitfield. ... Willie Hutch (born Willie McKinley Hutchinson December 6, 1944 in Los Angeles, California, USA – September 19, 2005 in Dallas, Texas) was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter, and record producer. ... Rose Royce was a soul, funk, and disco band, formed by Motown writer/producer Norman Whitfield - previously most famous for his work with the Temptations - and featuring singer Rose Norwalt performing under the name Rose Royce. ...


Dry spell

Bowen's first LP with the Temptations was January 1975's A Song for You, which included a cover of the titular Leon Russell tune (popularized with soul audiences by Donny Hathaway), along with the pop Top 40/R&B number-one hits "Happy People" (featuring the Commodores as the instrumentalists) and "Shakey Ground" (featuring instrumentation by Funkadelic's Eddie Hazel and Billy Bass Nelson), and "Glasshouse", the group's final Top 40 Pop hit. Damon Harris was fired from the group during the recording of A Song for You, as his behavior and work ethic were deemed unprofessional.[14] His replacement was Washington, D.C. native Glenn Leonard, formerly of the Unifics.[15] See also: 1970s in music. ... A Song For You is a 1975 album by the Motown singing group The Temptations, considered one of their best overall efforts. ... Leon Russell (born Claude Russell Bridges on April 2, 1942 in Lawton, Oklahoma) is a singer, songwriter, pianist, and guitarist. ... Donny Hathaway (October 1, 1945 – January 13, 1979) was an American soul musician. ... The Commodores was a highly successful soul/funk band in the 1970s. ... Eddie Hazel (April 10, 1950 – December 23, 1992) was a pioneering guitarist in early funk music in the United States. ... William Billy Bass Nelson (born 1951) is a U.S. musician, who was the original bassist for the P Funk band. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Glenn Carl Leonard (born June 11, 1947 in Washington, D.C.) is an American R&B and soul singer best remembered for serving as the first tenor/secondary lead singer of the legendary Motown quintet The Temptations from 1975 to 1983. ...


A number of producers, including Bowen, Brian Holland, James Carmichael, and even the Temptations themselves tried producing hits for the next three LPs, House Party (November 1975), Wings of Love (March 1976), and The Temptations Do the Temptations (August 1976). None of these recordings were as commercially successful as A Song for You, and none of their singles entered the Billboard Hot 100 Top 40.[16] As time progressed, Bowen pushed Dennis Edwards further to the front. This was evident in on Wings of Love, which features Edwards' voice more prominently than the other Temptations' backing vocals.[17] Otis Williams felt that this was hurting the group, and after The Temptations Do the Temptations was recorded in 1976, Edwards was fired from the group.[18] His replacement was Louis Price. Brian Holland, his brother Edward Holland, Jr. ... House Party is a 1975 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... Wings of Love is a 1976 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... The Temptations Do the Temptations is a 1976 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... Louis Bernhardt Price (born on March 29, 1953 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American R&B and soul singer, notable for being the lead singer of the first post-Dennis Edwards led version of The Temptations from 1977 to 1980. ...


The Temptations left Motown for Atlantic Records, citing Motown's inattention as the reason for their declining sales and popularity.[19] However, the group's releases on Atlantic -- Hear to Tempt You (1977), Bare Back (1978), and their associated singles -- failed to perform better than their last handful of Motown singles, and in 1979 Atlantic released the group from its contract.[17] Shortly afterwards, the Temptations met with Smokey Robinson and Berry Gordy, and the group re-signed with Motown in 1980.[20] Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: Musical groups established in 1979 Record labels established in 1979 1979 in music (UK) 1970s in music // Stevie Wonder uses digital audio recording technology in recording his album Journey through the Secret Life of Plants. ... See also: Musical groups established in 1980 Record labels established in 1980 list of years in music // January 1 - The year starts off with a strong disco backlash, which causes the majority of musicians to abandon the use of real instruments in an attempt to distant themselves from anything associated...


Return to Motown and Reunion

Upon the return to Motown, Louis Price departed from the group and joined the Drifters. Dennis Edwards, who had been inactive for the previous three years despite remaining with Motown as a solo act, returned to the lineup. Berry Gordy co-wrote and produced the Temptations' first single under the new contract, "Power", from the album of the same name. "Power" missed the Billboard Hot 100 Top 40, but hit number 11 on the R&B charts. Two years of underperforming singles and albums followed, including an eponymous album with Philadelphia-based producer Thom Bell, until Motown began planning a Temptations reunion tour in 1982. For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... For other people with similar names, see Tom Bell and Thomas Bell. ...


Eddie Kendricks and David Ruffin agreed to rejoin the group for the Reunion album and tour. Melvin Franklin's nephew, Motown funk star Rick James (who had previously used the Temptations as backup vocalists on his 1981 hit "Super Freak"), wrote, produced, and guested on the Reunion album's lead single, "Standing on the Top", which featured Ruffin, Kendricks, and Edwards on lead. The single went to number-six on the R&B charts. While the ensuing Reunion tour with all seven Temptations (Ruffin, Kendricks, Otis Williams, Franklin, Edwards, Richard Street, and Glenn Leonard) was financially successful, it ended up being a stressful venture: Kendricks' voice had weakened after decades of chain smoking, and Ruffin, still addicted to drugs, missed a number of the performances. At the conclusion of the Reunion tour, Ruffin and Kendricks were fired, and they began touring and performing together as a duo. Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Super Freak is a 1981 hit single, produced and performed by Rick James for the Motown label. ... Chain smoking is the practice of lighting a new cigarette for personal consumption immediately after one that is finished, sometimes using the finished cigarette to light the next one. ...


One more album, Surface Thrills, was released in 1983. It featured a sharp departure in the group's sound by incorporating elements of then-current rock. Following its release, Glenn Leonard left and was replaced by Ron Tyson. Tyson had been a songwriter at Atlantic during the Temptations' time there, and co-wrote several songs on the album Hear To Tempt You. The Temptations, early 1983. ... Ron Tyson (bottom right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ...


From the 1980s to the 1990s

By this time, the Temptations' releases were no longer performing well on the pop charts, though they sometimes made the R&B Top 20. "Love on My Mind Tonight", a single from Surface Thrills, made it to number 17. "Sail Away", produced by a returning Norman Whitfield and featuring Ron Tyson's first lead vocal, peaked at number 13.


Dennis Edwards was again fired in 1984, this time for missing rehearsals, or showing up hungover. He attempted a second solo career, and his place was taken by Ali-Ollie Woodson, who had been a potential candidate to replace Edwards back in 1977. The album Back to Basics was released; it was the first album featuring Ron Tyson, and featured one track with Woodson, "Stop the World Right Here (I Wanna Get Off)". Woodson's first lead on a single was 1984's "Treat Her Like a Lady", co-written by himself and Otis Williams, and co-produced by Al McKay and Ralph Johnson, formerly of Earth, Wind and Fire. The single became their biggest success on R&B radio in some time, reaching number-two on the R&B charts, and just missing the Pop Top 40. The group experienced similar success the following year with the single "Lady Soul", another Top 5 R&B smash. See also: // January 21 - Relax by Frankie Goes to Hollywood reaches number one in the UK singles chart: it spends a total of forty-two weeks in the Top 40. ... A hangover (veisalgia) describes the sum of unpleasant physiological effects following heavy consumption of drugs and liquor, particularly alcoholic beverages. ... Ali=Ollie Woodson (far right in middle row, in red shirt) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Earth, Wind & Fire was a legendary American funk band, formed in Chicago in 1969. ...


On July 13th 1985, Eddie Kendricks and David Ruffin would achieve "World comeback" recognition for their performances with Pop/Rock superstars Daryl Hall and John Oates(Hall and Oates) in a performance given at the "Live Aid" concert in Philadelphia televised world wide. The segment with Kendricks and Ruffin included a Medley of "Get ready/The way you do the things you do/My Girl. The combination of Hall, Oates, Ruffin and Kendricks went on to perform the resurrected Hall and Oates hit (made popular by the English artist Paul Young), "Every time you go away". This was the exact performance the singing quartet had just recorded live in a sold out performance for the "reopening" of the historic Apollo Theater. The medley recorded on "Live at the Apollo" for RCA, became a top 20 hit on the pop charts. Daryl Hall (born Daryl Franklin Hohl on October 11, 1946, Pottstown, Pennsylvania) is an American singer and songwriter best known as half of the music duo Hall & Oates (with music partner John Oates). ... -1... Daryl Hall and John Oates. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... Apollo Theater marquee, c. ...


Ollie Woodson remained with the Temptations until 1987, when he was fired and replaced by an again-returning Dennis Edwards. The group recorded one album during Edwards' third tenure, Together Again, released in late 1987. The following year, Otis Williams published his autobiography, Temptations, co-written with Patricia Romanowski, chronicling the careers of the group from the Primes/Distants days to the present, and focusing on the lives of Williams and Melvin Franklin. An updated version of the book was published in 2002. See also: Musical groups established in 1987 Record labels established in 1987 // January 3 - Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... Together Again is an album by The Temptations, released on Motown Records in the fall of 1987 (see 1987 in music). ...


Edwards was fired for the third and final time in late 1989, with Woodson re-joining the lineup. Also that year, the Temptations were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, honoring Edwards, Franklin, Otis Williams, David Ruffin, Eddie Kendricks (now performing as "Eddie Kendrick"), and, posthumously, Paul Williams. Most of the Temptations, present and former, showed no ill feelings towards each other, although Otis Williams reported that Kendricks would not speak to him during the ceremony. [21] The Temptations ended their induction with Paul Willaims' signature song, "Don't Look Back", dedicated to his memory. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ...


After reuniting at the induction ceremony, Edwards, Ruffin, and Kendrick made plans to tour and record as "Ruffin/Kendrick/Edwards, Former Leads of The Temptations". The tour was carried out, much to the chagrin of Otis Williams and Motown, but production on an album was terminated when Ruffin, age 50, died on June 1, 1991 in Philadelphia after a drug overdose. Kendrick was diagnosed with lung cancer but continued to perform; he died on October 5, 1992 at the age of 52, in his native Birmingham. is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for 1. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Temptations in the 1990s

From the 1990s on, the Temptations' lineup began to change more frequently than before. Richard Street missed a performance in 1992 after undergoing emergency surgery to remove kidney stones. Otis Williams was not aware of Street's surgery, and called him, angry about Street's absence. Street felt Williams was unsympathetic, and as a result, he left the group in 1993 after twenty-two years. His replacement was St. Louis native Theo Peoples. Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Theo Peoples is an African-American R&B/soul singer. ...


Two years later, Melvin Franklin was forced stop performing because of failing health. He died on February 23, 1995 at the age of 52, after suffering a brain seizure. Ray Davis from Parliament/Funkadelic came on as new bass, and the group recorded the pop standards album For Lovers Only, which contained two tracks led by Melvin Franklin. Davis left shortly after completing the album, due to a throat cancer diagnosis. The group continued as a quartet for a short time, before recruiting bass Harry McGilberry, a former member of The Futures. For Lovers Only would also be the last for lead Ali-Ollie Woodson; he was released from the group in 1996 due to health problems, having suffered two battles with throat cancer. He was replaced by his fill-in from his first health concern, new member Terry Weeks. is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Seizures (or convulsions) are temporary alterations in brain function expressing themselves into a changed mental state, tonic or clonic movements and various other symptoms. ... Raymond Ray Davis (born March 29, 1940 in Sumter, South Carolina - died July 5, 2005 New Brunswick, New Jersey) was the original bass singer and one of the founding members of The Parliaments, Parliament and Funkadelic. ... Parliament was originally The Parliaments, a doo-wop group based out of George Clintons Plainfield, New Jersey barber shop. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Parliament-Funkadelic. ... For Lovers Only is a 1995 covers/pop standards album by The Temptations for the Motown label, something of a sequel to their 1967 album The Temptations in a Mellow Mood. ... Esophageal cancer is malignancy of the esophagus. ... Harry McGilberry (born Harry McGilberry, Jr. ... See also: 1996 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1996 Record labels established in 1996 // January 8 - Madonnas stalker, Robert Hoskins is found guilty and convicted on five charges of assault, stalking, and threatening to kill the singer. ... Terry Wayne Weeks (born December 23, 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American R&B and soul singer who is currently a member and secondary lead singer of the legendary Motown quintet The Temptations. ...


The new Temptations lineup, consisting of Otis Williams, Ron Tyson, Theo Peoples, and newcomers Harry McGilberry and Terry Weeks, debuted at the halftime show of Super Bowl XXXII, which celebrated the 40th anniversary of Motown. In 1998, The Temptations released Phoenix Rising, their first million-selling album in over twenty years. The album was anchored by the Theo Peoples-led single "Stay", a number-one hit on the adult contemporary charts that featured a sample from The Temptations' "My Girl". During the recording of Phoenix Rising, however, Theo Peoples departed, and was replaced by Barrington "Bo" Henderson. The completed album features both Henderson and Peoples (who later joined the Four Tops) on different tracks. Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... See also: 1998 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1998 Record labels established in 1998 // 1998 - The single Iris by the Goo Goo Dolls sets a new hot 100 airplay record, 18 weeks at number one. ... Phoenix Rising is a 1998 album by The Temptations for the Motown label, featuring the debut of new Temptations Barrington Bo Henderson, Terry Weeks, and Harry McGillberry. ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... Barrington Bo Henderson (second from left) with The Temptations in 1998, on the cover of the Phoenix Rising album. ... The Four Tops are an American musical group, who helped define the Motown sound of the 1960s. ...

A scene from the 1998 Temptations NBC miniseries.

A screenshot from The Temptations (miniseries) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... A screenshot from The Temptations (miniseries) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... The Temptations was a four-hour television miniseries broadcast in two-hour halves on NBC, based upon the history of one of Motown’s longest-lived acts, The Temptations. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... A miniseries (sometimes mini-series), in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ...

The Temptations mini-series

Main entry: The Temptations (miniseries). The Temptations was a four-hour television miniseries broadcast in two-hour halves on NBC, based upon the history of one of Motown’s longest-lived acts, The Temptations. ...


Nineteen ninety-eight also saw the debut of The Temptations, a four-hour television miniseries based on Otis Williams' Temptations autobiography. It was broadcast in two parts on NBC on November 1 and November 2, 1998. The miniseries was a ratings success and won an Emmy award for Best Direction; it was subsequently rerun on the VH-1 cable television network and released to VHS and DVD. The Temptations was a four-hour television miniseries broadcast in two-hour halves on NBC, based upon the history of one of Motown’s longest-lived acts, The Temptations. ... A miniseries (sometimes mini-series), in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... An Emmy Award. ... VH1 (which stands for Video Hits 1) is an American cable television channel that was created in 1985. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ...


Otis Williams' former wife Josephine, Melvin Franklin's mother Rose Franklin, and David Ruffin's family, jointly filed a lawsuit against Williams, Motown, de Passe Entertainment, Hallmark Entertainment, and NBC for a number of charges, including defamations of character. The judges ruled in favor of the defendants, and the ruling was upheld when the plaintiffs appealed in 2001. Williams later claimed that, although his book was used as the source material for the film, he did not have a great deal of control over how the material was presented. Suzanne de Passe (born in 1948 in New York City, New York) is an African-American entertainment executive; the CEO of television production company de Passe Entertainment. ... Hallmark Cards, a privately owned company based in Kansas City, Missouri, is the largest manufacturer of greeting cards in the United States. ...


From 2000 to the present day

The Temptations were inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999. In 2001, their 2000 album Ear-Resistible won the group its third Grammy, this one for Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance. Three classic Temptations songs, "My Girl", "Ain't Too Proud to Beg", and "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone", are among The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll. The Vocal Group Hall of Fame was organized to honor what they term the Greatest Vocal Groups in the World. The Hall of Fame is headquartered in Sharon, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Ear-Resistable is a 2000 album by The Temptations for the Motown label. ... The Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1999. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fames 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll is based on the permanent exhibit of the same name. ...


Bo Henderson was fired from the group in 2003, prompting a wrongful termination lawsuit [22]. His replacement was former Spinners lead G.C. Cameron. The lineup of Cameron, Otis Williams, Ron Tyson, Harry McGilberry, and Terry Weeks recorded for a short time before Harry McGilberry was dismissed;[23] his replacement was former Spaniels bass Joe Herndon. McGilberry died on April 3, 2006, at age 56. The Spinners are a Detroit, Michigan -based soul band popular in the 1960s and 1970s. ... George Curtis G.C. Cameron (born in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... The Spaniels were an American R&B doo-wop group, best known for the hit Goodnight, Sweetheart, Goodnight. They have been called the first successful Midwestern R&B group[1]. Some historians of vocal groups consider Pookie Hudson to be the first true leader of a vocal group, because the... Joe Herndon with The Temptations, 2004. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The group's final Motown album, Legacy, was released in 2004. Later that year, The Temptations asked to be released from their Motown contract, and moved to another Universal Motown Records Group label, New Door Records. Their latest album, Reflections, was released on January 31, 2006, and contains covers of several popular Motown songs, including Diana Ross & the Supremes' "Reflections", the Miracles' "Ooo Baby Baby", Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell's "Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing", and the Jackson 5's "I'll Be There".[24] The Temptations were nominated for the 2007 Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance, for their version of Gaye's "How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved by You)" from Reflections. Legacy is a 2004 album by The Temptations for the Motown label, introducing new Temptations G.C. Cameron and Joe Herndon. ... The Universal Motown Records Group is a division of the Universal Music Group, a collection of several record labels: Universal Records Universal South Records Blackground Records Motown Records Republic Records Cash Money Records Casablanca Records Uptown Records Next Plateau Records Rowdy Records Street Records Corporation The Inc. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Reflections is a 1967 hit song recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label. ... Ooo Baby Baby is a 1965 hit single by The Miracles for the Tamla (Motown) label, today considered the groups signature song. ... Aint Nothing Like the Real Thing was a 1968 hit for soul music legends Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell. ... The cover to the Jackson 5s first LP, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, released on Motown Records in 1969. ... Ill Be There is a soul song written by Berry Gordy, Jr. ... The Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1999. ... How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You) is a 1964 hit single, written and produced by the Motown songwriting team ofHolland-Dozier-Holland and was originally recorded by American soul singer Marvin Gaye. ...


G.C. Cameron left the group in June of 2007 to focus on his solo career.[25]. The current lineup is Otis Williams, Ron Tyson, Terry Weeks, Joe Herndon, and new member Bruce Williamson.


Splinter groups

Several former Temptations continue to perform outside of the group in spin-off or offshoot acts.


The most well known splinter was "Ruffin/Kendrick/Edwards: Former Leads of the Temptations", which featured the three former Temptations and three other members (David Sea, who'd been a consideration to replace Edwards in 1984, Nate Evans, a former member of The Impressions, and a female vocalist). Following David Ruffin's death, Dennis Edwards and Eddie Kendrick began touring as "The Temptations", still with David Sea and Nate Evans, and bringing in another former Temptation, Damon Harris. The group had different sixth vocalists at different times, including Charles Blackmon and Curtis Taylor.[26] This prompted a legal battle with Otis Williams. Following Kendrick's death, the group splintered: Dennis formed "Dennis Edwards and the Temptations Review," Damon formed "Damon Harris and the Temptations Review" (featuring future Temptation Joe Herndon), David Sea went on to a solo career[27], and Evans and Taylor formed a Temptations tribute band[28]. Impressions might refer to: The Impressions (American band), a 1960s/1970s American soul musical act from Chicago, Illinois led by Curtis Mayfield and Jerry Butler. ...


Dennis Edwards' group tours to this day. The group has appeared on several PBS music specials. The lineup is Edwards, David Sea (baritone, returning in 1999), Mike Patillo (bass since 1993), Chris Arnold (first tenor/falsetto, joined post-2000)[29], and another former Temptation, Ali-Ollie Woodson. Woodson previously fronted an act called Ali-Ollie Woodson & the Emperors of Soul--Emperors of Soul being the name of the 1994 Temptations boxed set. He replaced Bernard Gibson[30][31] in 2007; Gibson was an original 1993 addition, and was in the group for all of their PBS performances. Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Ali=Ollie Woodson (far right in middle row, in red shirt) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Emperors of Soul is a 1994 box set compilation for The Temptations, released by Motown Records. ... A boxed set (often erroneously referred to as a box set) is one or more musical recordings, films, or television programs that are contained in a box. ...


Damon Harris split from his group in the late 1990s; the other four members then joined with another former Temptation, Glenn Leonard, to become "Glenn Leonard and the Temptations Experience." Joe Herndon left this group to join the Temptations[32] His spot was filled by former Temptations bass Ray Davis, and, following Davis' death on July 5, 2005, Harry McGilberry, another former Temptations bass (McGilberry died on April 3, 2006). Damon Harris would form a new group later, billed as "Damon Harris and the Temptations Tribute." is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Richard Street also leads a group, billed as "Richard Street" or "Richard Street's Temptations"[33]. Street is in the process of writing a book regarding his time with The Temptations entitled Ball of Confusion. If it is published, it will be the second autobiography regarding the group.


Musical style

The Temptations' songs depended upon the individual members' interaction as a group; unlike many other R&B groups, each member of the Temptations was a lead singer of some capacity. Although the group always had an appointed main lead singer who dominated most the lead vocals (from Paul Williams to David Ruffin, Dennis Edwards, and later singers such as Louis Price, Ali-Ollie Woodson, and Terry Weeks), that singer was never given more of a promotional push than the other members. Co-lead songs, with two or more of the singers sharing the lead vocals, are common in the Temptations catalog, particularly among the psychedelic-era recordings of the late 1960s/early 1970s.


The "Motown Sound"

The group would alter their style several times over the years following their first Motown hit, adapting to the popular styles of the day while retaining their signature visual and vocal styles. The earliest Temptations recordings reflect the influence of producers Berry Gordy and Smokey Robinson, featuring a blend of black rhythm and blues and white pop music that came to be later identified as the "Motown Sound". Backed by Motown's stalwart studio band, the Funk Brothers, pre-1966 Temptations recordings were built around songs (usually ballads like "My Girl") with simple, direct lyrics supported by an R&B rhythm section with orchestral strings and horns added for pop appeal. During this period, each recording usually featured only one lead singer, usually David Ruffin or Eddie Kendricks, although Paul Williams, Melvin Franklin, and Otis Williams each had solo numbers of their own at various times. The Motown Sound is a style of soul music with distinctive characteristics, including the use of tambourine along with drums, bass instrumentation, a distinctive melodic and chord structure, and a call and response singing style originating in gospel music. ... The Funk Brothers were the house band at Detroits Motown Records from 1959 to 1972, when the company moved to Los Angeles. ...


Like most Motown groups, melisma and other complicated vocalization techniques were eschewed by the Temptations for a more direct, yet obviously gospel-rooted vocal approach, to make the songs more palpable for white audiences. Creative control remained primarily in Smokey Robinson's hands, although the Temptations, most frequently Eddie Kendricks, periodically co-wrote some of their material. Kendricks also handled the vocal arrangements for all of the Temptations' material. In music, melisma (commonly known as vocal runs or simply runs) is the technique of changing the note (pitch) of a syllable of text while it is being sung. ... Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian. ...


In 1966, Norman Whitfield changed the group's dynamic, moving them away from the previous one lead singer model and adding elements derived from the rougher soul of artists like James Brown, Wilson Pickett, and the performers at Stax Records. Whitfield and his lyricists crafted Temptations songs with shifts of dynamics, syncopated horn stabs, and more intricate harmony arrangements which spotlighted each singer's unique vocal range. Onstage, this change was reflected in the group's use of a custom-made four-headed microphone, which allowed each member freedom to perform without having to all crowd around one or two microphones. Under Whitfield's control, the Temptations retained their white pop appeal, but also gained popularity amongst black audiences as well. Wilson Pickett (March 18, 1941 – January 19, 2006) was an American R&B/Rock and Roll and soul singer. ... Stax Records is an American record label, originally based out of Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Psychedelic and cinematic soul

When David Ruffin was replaced by Dennis Edwards, and Sly and the Family Stone became popular, Whitfield again restructured the Temptations' sound, this time driving the group almost completely into a "psychedelic soul" sound. Recordings from this period (such as "Cloud Nine" and "Psychedelic Shack") featured echoed vocal tracks, distorted guitar lines with prominent use of the wah-wah pedal, hard-hitting drums, and various stereo effects and sound effects. The majority of these songs feature at least two lead singers; often, all five Temptations sang lead, trading bars a la the Family Stone. Dennis Edwards, whose vocal style had a rougher, more Southern-soul based sound than David Ruffin's, was featured prominently on most of these recordings. For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Label for 2. ...


The lyrics for these songs, inspired heavily by Sly Stone's concurrent works, centered primarily around social issues such as integration, the Vietnam War, and self-consciousness. Ballads in the group's traditional style were still being recorded as b-sides and album fillers (the exception being "Just My Imagination"). Many of the psychedelic soul recordings were presented in extended-length mixes longer than the typical three-minute Motown song. Tracks such as the album version of "Run Away Child, Running Wild" from Cloud Nine, "Take a Stroll Thru Your Mind" from Psychedelic Shack, and "Smiling Faces Sometimes" from Sky's the Limit, all run at least eight minutes in length. Much of the running time for each song consists of instrumental passages without vocals, at Whitfield's insistence. The hit version of their smash 1972 single "Papa Was a Rolling Stone" was nearly seven minutes long, with an instrumental intro that was almost two minutes long -- a rarity for songs of that era. Sly Stone (born Sylvester Stewart, 15 March 1943, in Denton, Texas) is an American musician, songwriter, and record producer, most famous for his role as frontman for Sly & the Family Stone, a band which played a critical role in the development of soul, funk and psychedelia in the 1960s and... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Smiling Faces Sometimes is a soul song written by Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong for the Motown label. ...


"Psychedelic soul" soon gave way to "cinematic soul": Long recordings with detailed orchestration and extended instrumental introductions and bridging passages, oten focusing on lyrics about the ghettos and inner cities of black America. These songs were heavily influenced by the work of singer/songwriters Isaac Hayes and Curtis Mayfield. Unlike Hayes and Mayfield, the Temptations had no creative control over their recordings, and were not fond of the twelve and thirteen-minute long songs that Norman Whitfield was now producing for them. Whitfield's contributions were the focal point of Temptations albums such as Solid Rock, All Directions, and particularly Masterpiece. The name ghetto refers to an area where people from a given ethnic background or united in a given culture or religion live as a group, voluntarily or involuntarily, in milder or stricter seclusion. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor best known as the voice of Chef on the Emmy-winning animated sitcom South Park. ... Curtis Mayfield (June 3, 1942 – December 26, 1999) was an American soul, funk and R&B singer, songwriter and guitarist best known for his anthemic music with The Impressions and composing the soundtrack to the blaxploitation film Superfly. ... Solid Rock is a 1972 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, produced by Norman Whitfield. ... All Directions is a 1972 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, produced by Norman Whitfield. ... Masterpiece is a 1973 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, entirely written and produced by Norman Whitfield. ...


From funk to disco to adult contemporary

After Whitfield was dismissed as the Temptations' producer in 1974, the group altered its sound to accommodate a balance of both up-tempo dance material and ballads. The vocal arrangements began to again focus primarily on one lead singer per track, although leads were still being periodically shared. In addition, the Temptations themselves, after fighting Motown and Berry Gordy for creative control, began to write and produce some of their material. From this point on, the Temptations focused almost exclusively on songs about romance; songs about social issues similar to the Whitfield-era recordings were periodically recorded as well.


Mid-1970s Temptations recordings focused significantly on funk music influences from artists such as Parliament Funkadelic and Sly and the Family Stone; members of both acts contributed to Temptations material during this period. The group's ballads, reduced to filler material during much of the Whifield period, were restored to the lush sound of the earlier Smokey Robinson-produced hits. After a brief diversion into disco in the late-1970s, the Temptations settled into an adult contemporary-rooted form of R&B, a style in which they continue to record. As the ages of its members increased, the Temptations' live shows have focused on less intricate choreography, although dancing remains an important aspect of the group's act. Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... It has been suggested that Parliament (band) and Funkadelic be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the music genre. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreviated AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream contemporary pop music, excluding hip hop, hard rock, and some teen pop music, which is intended for an adult audience. ...


Legacy and influence

The Temptations, with their tailored suits and detailed choreography, set the bar for male soul and R&B groups. Before the Temptations became popular, most black vocal groups were rough, high-energy acts with rawer vocals and more improvisational dance movements. Only a few performers, including contemporaries Marvin Gaye, Sam Cooke, and the Four Tops, showed the refined style that would be popularized by the Temptations. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Berry Gordy insisted his acts be equally appealing to white and black audiences, and employed a creative team to help tailor Motown talent for crossover success. Paul Williams and Motown choreographer Cholly Atkins created the Temptation's trademark precise and energetic, yet refined, dance steps. The most famous of these, the "Temptation Walk", or "Temptation Strut", was adapted from similar moves by the Flamingoes and the Vibrations. From those two sources, Paul Williams crafted the group's signature dance routine. Choreography (also known as dance composition) is the art of making structures in which movement occurs, the term composition may also refer to the navigation or connection of these movement structures. ... Charles Cholly Atkins (September 13, 1913 - April 19, 2003) was an African American dancer and vaudeville performer, who later became noted as the house choreographer for the various artists on the Motown label. ... The Flamingos were a doo wop group, popular in the mid to late 1950s. ...


During the 1960s and 1970s, a number of soul groups showed significant influence from the Temptations, among them the Delfonics, the Stylistics, George Clinton's original Parliaments, the Dramatics, and Motown labelmates the Jackson Five. These acts, and others, showed the influence of the Temptations in both their vocal performances and their onstage choreography. Several more recent soul and R&B vocal groups, including the Johnny Gill-led version of New Edition, Jodeci, BLACKstreet, Dru Hill, and, most notably, 1990s Motown act Boyz II Men, also showed significant influence from the Temptations. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Stylistics was one of the best-known Philadelphia soul groups of the 1970s. ... George Clinton (born July 22, 1940) is an American musician and the principal architect of P-Funk. ... The Parliaments were an early doo-wop singing group from Plainfield, New Jersey. ... The Dramatics was a soul music vocal group, formed in the late 1960s. ... The cover to the Jackson 5s first LP, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, released on Motown Records in 1969. ... Johnny Gill (born May 22, 1966 in Washington, D.C.) is an R&B singer best known for his romantic ballads and as a member of New Edition. ... New Edition is an American R&B/Pop group formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1980, that was most popular during the 1980s. ... Jodeci is an American musical group, whose repertoire included R&B, soul music, and new jack swing. ... BLACKstreet are an American R&B group founded in 1992 by Teddy Riley, a New Jack Swing pioneer known for his work as a member of Guy. ... Dru Hill is an American singing group, most popular during the late 1990s, whose repertoire included R&B, soul, and gospel music. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


Temptations songs have been covered by scores of musicians, from R&B singers such as Luther Vandross ("Since I Lost My Baby"), to pop vocalists such as Bette Midler ("Just My Imagination"), to rock bands such as Rare Earth ("Get Ready"), Duran Duran ("Ball of Confusion (That's What the World Is Today)") and the Rolling Stones ("Ain't Too Proud to Beg"). In 1991, British singer Rod Stewart collaborated with the Temptations on the single "The Motown Song". Luther Ronzoni Vandross, Jr. ... Bette Midler (born December 1, 1945) is an American singer, actress and comedienne, also known to her fans as The Divine Miss M. She is named after the actress Bette Davis although Davis pronounced her first name in two syllables, and Midler uses one. ... Rare Earth. ... Duran Duran are an English pop group notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Roderick David Stewart, CBE (born January 10, 1945), is a British singer and songwriter born and raised in London. ...


The lives and careers of The Temptations were one of several inspirations for Robert Townsend's 1991 film about a 1960s Motown-esque male group, The Five Heartbeats. Robert Townsend (born February 6, 1957 in Chicago, Illinois) is an African American film director, writer, and actor. ... The Five Heartbeats is a 1991 feature film directed by Robert Townsend, who also stars in the film with Michael Wright, Leon Robinson, Harry J. Lennix, Tico Wells, Harold Nicholas of the Nicholas Brothers, and Diahann Carroll. ...


In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked The Temptations #67 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[34] This article is about the music magazine. ...


Personnel

For a detailed listing of the various versions of The Temptations (and a timeline), see: Temptations chronology. The cover to The Temptations 1971 LP, Skys the Limit, which was the last to feature founding members Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams. ...


The Primes

aka The Cavaliers

Paul Williams (July 2, 1939 – August 17, 1973) was an American second tenor/baritone singer. ... Eddie Kendricks (born Edward James Kendrick, December 17, 1939 – October 5, 1992) was an American singer and songwriter. ...

The Distants

aka Otis Williams & the Distants, Otis Williams & the Siberians and The El Domingoes

Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ... Elbridge Al Bryant (September 28, 1939 - October 26, 1975) was an African American tenor singer, one of the founding members of Motown singing group The Temptations. ... Melvin Franklin (David Melvin English) (October 12, 1942 – February 23, 1995) was an American bass singer, best known for his role as a member of Motown singing group The Temptations from 1961 to 1994. ... Richard Street (top right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ...

The Temptations

aka The Elgins

David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ... Dennis Edwards (born February 3, 1943 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American soul and R&B singer, most noted for being one of Motown act The Temptations lead singers. ... Ricky Owens (born Richard Edgar Owens in St. ... Richard Street (top right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Damon Harris (born Otis Robert Harris, Jr. ... Glenn Carl Leonard (born June 11, 1947 in Washington, D.C.) is an American R&B and soul singer best remembered for serving as the first tenor/secondary lead singer of the legendary Motown quintet The Temptations from 1975 to 1983. ... Louis Bernhardt Price (born on March 29, 1953 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American R&B and soul singer, notable for being the lead singer of the first post-Dennis Edwards led version of The Temptations from 1977 to 1980. ... Ron Tyson (bottom right corner) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Ali=Ollie Woodson (far right in middle row, in red shirt) on the cover of the 1984 Temptations LP Truly for You. ... Theo Peoples is an African-American R&B/soul singer. ... Raymond Ray Davis (born March 29, 1940 in Sumter, South Carolina - died July 5, 2005 New Brunswick, New Jersey) was the original bass singer and one of the founding members of The Parliaments, Parliament and Funkadelic. ... Harry McGilberry (born Harry McGilberry, Jr. ... Barrington Bo Henderson (second from left) with The Temptations in 1998, on the cover of the Phoenix Rising album. ... Terry Wayne Weeks (born December 23, 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American R&B and soul singer who is currently a member and secondary lead singer of the legendary Motown quintet The Temptations. ... George Curtis G.C. Cameron (born in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... Joe Herndon with The Temptations, 2004. ...

Discography

For a detailed listing of albums and singles, see: Temptations discography. The cover for the landmark 1969 Temptations LP Cloud Nine. ...


US and UK Top Ten singles

The following singles reached the Top Ten of either the United States pop singles chart or the United Kingdom pop singles chart. Also included are the singles that hit #1 on the US R&B charts.

Year Song title US Top 10 UK Top 10 R&B No. 1
1965: "My Girl" 1 - 1
1966: "Get Ready" - 10 1
1966: "Ain't Too Proud to Beg" - - 1
1966: "Beauty Is Only Skin Deep" 3 - 1
1967: "(I Know) I'm Losing You" 8 - 1
1967: "All I Need" 8 - -
1967: "You're My Everything" 6 - -
1968: "I Wish It Would Rain" 4 - 1
1968: "I Could Never Love Another (After Loving You)" - - 1
1968 "Cloud Nine" 6 - -
1968: "I'm Gonna Make You Love Me"
(Diana Ross & the Supremes and the Temptations)
2 2 -
1969: "Run Away Child, Running Wild" 6 - 1
1969: "I Can't Get Next to You" 1 - 1
1970: "Psychedelic Shack" 7 - -
1970: "Ball of Confusion (That's What the World Is Today)" 3 7 -
1971: "Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)" 1 8 1
1972: "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" 1 - -
1973: "Masterpiece" 7 - 1
1973: "Let Your Hair Down" - - 1
1974: "Happy People" - - 1
1975: "Shakey Ground" - - 1
1991: "The Motown Song"
(Rod Stewart featuring The Temptations)
10 - -
1992: "My Girl" (reissue) - 2 -

See also: 1964 in music, other events of 1965, 1966 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Fender Guitars is sold to CBS for $13 million. ... This article is about the 1964 Temptations song. ... // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... This article is about the 1966 Temptations song. ... // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... Aint 2 Proud 2 Beg is also the name of a 1991 TLC single. ... // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... Beauty Is Only Skin Deep was a big hit for The Temptations, wrote by Norman Whitfield and Eddie Holland. ... The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... (I Know) Im Losing You is a 1966 hit single recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... I Wish It Would Rain, released December 21, 1967, is a 1968 hit single recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... I Could Never Love Another (After Loving You) is a single recorded by The Temptations and released on Motown Records Gordy label during the spring of 1968 (see 1968 in music). ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... Cloud Nine is a 1968 hit song recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... Im Gonna Make You Love Me is a soul song, written in 1967 by Kenneth Gamble, Leon Huff, and Jerry Ross. ... For other uses, see Supremes (disambiguation). ... // Perhaps the most famous musical events of 1969 are two legendary concerts. ... Runaway Child, Running Wild (the original single labels the song as Run Away Child, Running Wild) is a 1969 hit single for the Motown label, performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... // Perhaps the most famous musical events of 1969 are two legendary concerts. ... I Cant Get Next to You is a 1969 number-one single recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... // Charles Wuorinen, aged 32, becomes the youngest composer ever to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music. ... Psychedelic Shack, released December 28, 1969, is the name of a 1970 hit single for the Motown label performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... // Charles Wuorinen, aged 32, becomes the youngest composer ever to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music. ... Ball of Confusion (Thats What the World is Today) is the name of a 1970 hit single for the Motown label performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me) is a 1971 number-one hit single released on the Gordy (Motown) label, recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... See also: other events of 1972 list of years in music 1970s in music // January 17 - Highway 51 South in Memphis, Tennessee is renamed Elvis Presley Blvd January 20 - Pink Floyd debuts Dark Side of the Moon during a performance at The Dome, in Brighton, but due to technical difficulties... Papa Was a Rollin Stone is a soul song, written by Motown songwriters Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong as a single for Motown act The Undisputed Truth in 1971. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: 1991 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1991 Record labels established in 1991 // 1991 was the year that grunge music made its popular breakthrough. ... Roderick David Stewart, CBE (born January 10, 1945), is a British singer and songwriter born and raised in London. ... See also: 1992 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1992 Record labels established in 1992 // 1992 was a pivotal year in the development of music. ... This article is about the 1964 Temptations song. ...

Top Ten albums

The following albums reached the Top Ten on either the United States pop albums chart or the United Kingdom pop albums chart.

Greatest Hits is a 1966 greatest hits album for The Temptations, released by the Gordy (Motown) label. ... Temptations Live! was the first live album to be released by The Temptations. ... The Temptations with a Lot o Soul is a 1967 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, widely considered the best of the albums from their classic 5 era, during which David Ruffin, Eddie Kendricks, Paul Williams, Melvin Franklin, and Otis Williams constituted the Temptations lineup. ... Diana Ross & the Supremes Join the Temptations is, as the title implies, a collaborative album combining Motowns two best selling groups, Diana Ross & the Supremes and The Temptations. ... Reissue album cover showing The Supremes in 1966. ... TCB was a 1968 live television special produced by Motown Productions and George Schlatter-Ed Friendly Productions. ... Reissue album cover showing The Supremes in 1966. ... Cloud Nine is a 1969 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... Puzzle People is a 1969 album recorded by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... All Directions is a 1972 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, produced by Norman Whitfield. ... Masterpiece is a 1973 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, entirely written and produced by Norman Whitfield. ...

Filmography

Save the Children Logo Save the Children is an international non-profit organization dedicated to working for children. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Television work

The Fall Guy was an American television series produced for ABC. It ran from 1981 to 1986 and starred Lee Majors, Heather Thomas and Douglas Barr. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Love Boat was an American television series set on a cruise ship, which aired on the ABC Television Network from 1977 until 1986. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... This article is about the year. ... Moonlighting is a television series that first aired on ABC in the United States from 1985 to 1989 with a total of 66 episodes. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... 227 is an African American sitcom that was broadcast on the NBC network from September 14, 1985 to July 28, 1990, for five seasons, and ranked onto the Nielsen Ratings for three seasons (1985 - 1986, 1986 - 1987, 1987 - 1988). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Murphy Brown was an Emmy Award-winning American situation comedy which aired on CBS from November 14, 1988 to May 18, 1998, for a total of 247 episodes. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Getting By was a short-lived American sitcom about two single mothers, one white and one black, who inadvertedly are sold the same house and decide to live there with both of their families. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... New York Undercover was a one-hour urban police drama, which ran on the Fox Broadcasting Company network from 1994 to 1998. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

Video and DVD releases

  • 1991: The Temptations - Live in Concert
  • 2004: 20th Century Masters - The Best of the Temptations
  • 2006: Get Ready: Definitive Performances - 1965-1972

See also

The worlds best-selling music artists cannot be listed officially, as there is no organization that has recorded global music sales in the manner that the RIAA does in the United States. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Graff, Gary (1988-08-29). The Temptations: Otis tells the group's tale. Detroit Free Press. Online version available from Internet Archive at [1]
  2. ^ (2005). "The Temptations". Memorabletv.com. Retrieved on 2005-11-05.
  3. ^ (2003). "The Temptations". ClassicMotown.com. Retrieved on 2005-11-05.
  4. ^ (2005) Ankeny, Jason. "The Temptations". Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2005-11-05.
  5. ^ a b c Hardin, Ritchie (July 17, 2004). The Tangled History of The Temptations. The Ritchie Hardin Network. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  6. ^ Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 30-31.
  7. ^ Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 18-19.
  8. ^ a b Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 26-30.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 32-38.
  10. ^ Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 40.
  11. ^ Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 30, 40-41.
  12. ^ Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 9, 32.
  13. ^ Williams and Romanowski (1988), pp. 68-70.
  14. ^ Williams and Romanowski, (2002) pp. 170-171
  15. ^ Williams and Romanowski, (2002), p. 172
  16. ^ Williams and Romanowski, (2002), pp. 249, 259
  17. ^ a b Williams and Romanowski, (2002), p. 177
  18. ^ Williams and Romanowski, (2002), p. 183
  19. ^ Williams and Romanowski, (2002), pp. 178-182
  20. ^ Williams and Romanowski, (2002), pp. 193-197
  21. ^ Williams and Romanowski, (2002), pp. 193-197
  22. ^ [http://www.glickerlaw.com/media_details.asp?media_id=4
  23. ^ Various Photos. The Temptations Photo Gallery. Retrieved on 2007-02-06.
  24. ^ 2005-11-28. "Temptations Record 15 Classics for Reflections". Universal Records press release, Retrieved on 2005-12-03.
  25. ^ http://www.mauricewatts.com/interviews/gcinterview3.html
  26. ^ http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00006AFRC
  27. ^ http://profile.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=user.viewprofile&friendid=162002887
  28. ^ http://legendsinconcertsc.com/legendsweb_017.htm
  29. ^ http://temptsreview.proboards4.com/index.cgi?action=display&board=pictures&thread=1029723991
  30. ^ http://www.keyofgee.com/bernard_gibson
  31. ^ http://www.gigmasters.com/Singer/BernardGibson/
  32. ^ (2004). Glenn Leonard bio. Voice Booking Agency. Retrieved on 2006-11-18. Notice Joe Herndon, top right.
  33. ^ http://www.rummage.com.au/AAPView.aspx?id=59502
  34. ^ The Immortals: The First Fifty. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-02-05.

Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The logo of Internet Archive The Internet Archive (IA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to maintaining an on-line library and archive of Web and multimedia resources. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • George, Nelson. "Cool as They Wanna Be". The Temptations: Emperors of Soul [CD Box Set]. New York: Motown Record Co., L.P.
  • Graff, Gary (August 28, 1988). The Temptations: Otis tells the group's tale. Detroit Free Press.
  • Hardin, Ritchie (July 17, 2004). The Tangled History of The Temptations. The Ritchie Hardin Network. Retrieved on February 9, 2005 from http://www.ritchie-hardin.com/soul/temps0.html.
  • Posner, Gerald (2002). Motown : Music, Money, Sex, and Power. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-375-50062-6.
  • Teegardin, Carol (April 6, 1986). Eddie Kendrick: once again, he's doing fine on cloud nine. Detroit Free Press.
  • Weinger, Harry (1994). "Sunshine on a Cloudy Day". The Temptations: Emperors of Soul [CD Box Set]. New York: Motown Record Co., L.P.
  • Williams, Otis and Romanowski, Patricia (1988, updated 2002). Temptations. Lanham, MD: Cooper Square. ISBN 0-8154-1218-5.

is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ...

Further reading

  • George, Nelson (1985, rev. 2003). Where Did Our Love Go: The Rise and Fall of the Motown. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9511-7.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Image:The Temptations Bern 2000.jpeg

  Results from FactBites:
 
Temptations - Classic Motown (889 words)
Initially known as the Elgins, the quintet were renamed the Temptations by Berry Gordy when he signed them to Motown in 1961.
Norman Whitfield succeeded Robinson as the Temptations' producer in 1966 - a role he continued to occupy for almost a decade.
The Temptations were greeted as representatives of the counter-culture, a trend that climaxed when they recorded Whitfield's outspoken protest against the Vietnam War, 'Stop The War Now'.
.. THE TEMPTATIONS .. (0 words)
The Temptations that made For Lovers Only in 1995 were far from the group that stormed the charts in the '60s and '70s--only baritone Otis Williams remained from the original lineup (he gets all of one lead vocal here), and they were still shaken by the recent death of founding bass man Melvin Franklin.
So they went back to first principles--the radiant close harmonies, each voice leaning on the others, that have been their secret weapon from the beginning--and beyond, to pop standards of the 1930s, '40s, and '50s.
The timeless, original Temptations are the hardest working group in show business, touring 350 days a year.
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