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Encyclopedia > The Supreme Chamber of Control of Poland

This article is part of the series
Politics of Poland
Constitution
President
Sejm
Senate
Prime minister
Council of Ministers
Law
Supreme Court
Constitutional Tribunal
State Tribunal
Supreme Chamber of Control
Supreme Public Prosecutor
Ombudsman
Political Parties:
LPR PC PD PiS PO PSL SDPL SLD SRP UP
Elections (after 1989)
Presidential:
1990 1995 2000 2005
Parliamentary:
1989 1991 1993 1997 2001 2005
European Parliament:
2004
Polish referenda
See also
Economy
Foreign relations

The Supreme Chamber of Control (Polish: Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, short: NIK) is one of the oldest state institutions in Poland, created under the Second Republic on February 7, 1919, barely 3 months after the restoration of Poland's independence. It was created on the initiative of the Head of State, Józef Piłsudski. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The current government structure consists of a council of ministers led by a Prime Minister, typically chosen from a majority coalition in the bicameral legislatures lower house. ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Poland. ... The Council of Ministers (cabinet), or Polish government, consists of ministers, heads of departments of ministerial rank, and heads of central institutions. ... The Supreme Court of Poland supervises the adjudication in: General courts - these are district, voivodeship, and appeal courts. ... The Constitutional Tribunal of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. ... The State Tribunal of Poland is the judicial body, which rules on the constitutional liability of people holding the highest offices of state. ... Political parties in Poland lists political parties in Poland. ... League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) is a right-wing and populist opposition party in the Polish Parliament. ... Partia Centrum (Centre Party) is a centrist, moderately conservative political party in Poland. ... The Democratic Party () is a liberal party in Poland, founded in May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia Wolności). ... Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) (PiS) is a Polish central-right political party, established in 2001, by the Kaczyński brothers: Lech, the former justice minister and the current mayor of the capital, Warsaw, and Jarosław, who is the President of the party. ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) is a Polish conservative-liberal political party, modelled after the two main American parties. ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Socialdemocracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... Alliance of the Democratic Left (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... Self-Defense of the Polish Republic (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitiej Polskiej, SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Labor Union (Unia Pracy) is a Polish political party. ... Politics of Poland Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Poland ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (1st round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... Presidential elections will be held in Poland during 2005, probably in September or October. ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1997 elections | Elections in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 2001 elections | Elections in Poland ... A general election to the Sejm is not scheduled yet, but there are two options: in spring, probably June 19, 2005 (or other Sunday in June) as it was promised in electoral campaign by winning party SLD, now as the support for ruling party goes down they opt for the... Elections to the European Parliament were held in Poland on June 13, 2004. ... Poland became a full member of NATO in March 1999, and of the European Union in May 2004. ... World War I After World War I and the collapse of the Russian, German and Austro-Hungarian Empires, Poland became an independent republic. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Term of Office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Statesman and military commander Political Party none, see Sanacja for details First Lady Maria Piłsudska Date of Birth December 5, 1867 Place of Birth Zułów, in todays Lithuania Date of Death May 12, 1935 Place of Death...


From its very first day, NIK has been the country's supreme supervisory body, empowered to exercise wide-ranging control of the revenue and expenditure of the state and all institutions and corporations that make use of public funds. NIK is entitled to audit all state institutions, government and local government administrative units, together with those corporate bodies and non-governmental organisations which perform public contracts or receive government grants and guarantees.


Under the current regulations, NIK is answerable to Sejm, which appoints its chairperson for a 6-year term, with the approval of the Senate. Terms of office of the NIK chairman do not necessarily coincide with those of the Parliament, which in practice prevents this office from being dependent on any one political party. Like members of Sejm, the chairman of NIK also enjoys immunity: he cannot be arrested or indicted without the consent of Sejm. Currently, the post of NIK Chairman is held by Mirosław Sekuła, appointed to this office by Sejm during its previous term. The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ...


The Supreme Chamber of Control operates through its departments and delegates' offices. The division into departments reflects the scope of the matters it controls, and thus NIK includes the following departments:

  • Public Administration
  • Budget and Finance
  • Economy, Treasury and Privatisation
  • Communication and Transport Systems
  • Science, Education and National Heritage
  • National Defence and Internal Security
  • Labour, Social Affairs, and Health
  • Environment, Agriculture, and Spatial Development
  • The division into delegates' offices is connected with the territorial division of Poland
  • The number of NIK delegates' offices, 16, equals that of the voivodeships

NIK institutes control proceedings on its own initiative, at the request of Sejm or its bodies or representatives (e.g. the Speaker of Sejm), the President of the Republic, or the Prime Minister. Special types of NIK activities include audits of the state budget and of the principles of financial policy, as well as the NIK opinion in votes of confidence for the Council of Ministers. Marszałek sejmu (Sejm Marshal, Marshal of the Sejm) is the title of the Speaker (chair) of Sejm the lower house of Polish parliament since the 15th century. ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Poland. ... The Council of Ministers (cabinet), or Polish government, consists of ministers, heads of departments of ministerial rank, and heads of central institutions. ...


The Supreme Chamber of Control cooperates with similar bodies in the European Union countries, with the European Court of Auditors, International Board of Auditors for NATO, as well as the auditing authorities in other countries of Central and Eastern Europe such as the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Russia, and Hungary. The flag of NATO NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on April 4, 1949. ...


The Supreme Chamber of Control also cooperates with its European partners within the framework of EUROSAI - the European Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions, which is one of eight regional groups of INTOSAI - the International Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions.


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Supreme Chamber of Control of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (479 words)
The Supreme Chamber of Control (Polish: Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, short: NIK) is one of the oldest state institutions in Poland, created under the Second Republic on February 7, 1919, barely 3 months after the restoration of Poland's independence.
The Supreme Chamber of Control cooperates with similar bodies in the European Union countries, with the European Court of Auditors, International Board of Auditors for NATO, as well as the auditing authorities in other countries of Central and Eastern Europe such as the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Russia, and Hungary.
The Supreme Chamber of Control also cooperates with its European partners within the framework of EUROSAI - the European Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions, which is one of eight regional groups of INTOSAI - the International Organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions.
Poland - ECONOMY (17834 words)
Poland also has significant quantities of lignite in the district of Zielona Góra in the west and in two districts located in the central part of the country between the Vistula and the Oder rivers.
Of Poland's 18,727,000 hectares of agricultural land (about 60 percent of the country's total area), 14,413,000 hectares were used for crop cultivation, 265,000 for orchards, and about 4,048,500 for meadows and pastures in 1989.
In 1990 Poland exported 26 percent of the bacon it produced, as well as 63 percent of the ham, 16 percent of the tinned meat, 10 percent of the poultry, 17 percent of the sugar, and 67 percent of the frozen fruits and vegetables.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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