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Encyclopedia > The Starry Night
Starry Night
Vincent van Gogh, 1889
Oil on canvas
73 × 92 cm, 28¾ × 36¼ in
Museum of Modern Art, New York City
Main article: Vincent van Gogh

The Starry Night is a painting by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh. Since 1941 it has been in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Widely hailed as his magnum opus[citation needed], the painting has been reproduced many times and is one of his most renowned paintings.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 751 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1879 × 1500 pixel, file size: 1. ... van Gogh redirects here. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Starry Night may refer to: The Starry Night, a painting by Vincent Van Gogh Starry Night over the Rhone, a painting by Vincent Van Gogh Starry Night, planetarium software developed by Imaginova Starry Night (film) a motion picture written and directed by Paul Davids The Starry Night was a nightclub... van Gogh redirects here. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ... van Gogh redirects here. ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Magnum opus (sometimes Opus magnum, plural magna opera), from the Latin meaning great work,[1] refers to the best, most popular, or most renowned achievement of an author, artist, or composer, and most commonly one who has contributed a very large amount of material. ...

Contents

Genesis

In autumn 1888, while van Gogh was staying in Arles, he executed a painting commonly known as Starry Night Over the Rhone.[1] Almost a year later, mid-June 1889, he announced "a new study of a starry sky,"[2] and later he incorporated a pen drawing in a set of a dozen based on recent paintings. Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (Subprefecture) Arrondissement Arles Canton Chief town of 2 cantons: Arles-Est and Arles-Ouest Intercommunality Agglomeration community of Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette Mayor Hervé Schiavetti (PS) (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 0 m–57 m (avg. ... Starry Night over the Rhone (1888) is one of Vincent van Goghs famous paintings of Arles at night. ...

Pen drawing by van Gogh, executed after the painting
Pen drawing by van Gogh, executed after the painting

In mid-September 1889, following a heavy crisis which lasted from mid-July to the last days of August, he thought to include this "Study of the Night"[3] in the next batch of works to be sent to his brother, Theo, in Paris. In order to reduce the shipping costs, he withheld three of the studies ("above-mentioned – Poppies – Night Effect – Moonrise"). These three went to Paris with the shipment to follow.[4] As Theo did not immediately report its arrival, Vincent inquired again,[5] and finally received Theo's commentary on his recent work.[6] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Theo van Gogh Theo van Gogh (May 1, 1857 - January 25, 1891) was the younger brother of the painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and a successful art dealer. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...

Subject matter

This is no photography of an actual site, but a free compilation of local topics to be seen in the neighbourhood of the asylum in Saint-Rémy and compiled by an artist who had studied the various elements of his composition in detail. The center part shows the village of Saint-Rémy, in a view from the asylum towards north. The Alpilles far to the right fit to this view, but there is little rapport of the actual scene with the intermediary hills which seem to be derived from a different part of the surroundings, south of the asylum. The top of a poplar tree was added into the composition. Of note, is the fact van Gogh had already, during his time in Arles, repositioned Ursa Major from the north to the south in his painting Starry Night Over the Rhone. Saint-Rémy-de-Provence is a commune of southern France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône département, in the former province of Provence. ... Alpilles landscape near Le Destet. ... This article is about the constellation. ... Starry Night over the Rhone (1888) is one of Vincent van Goghs famous paintings of Arles at night. ...


Recent commentaries

Sketch of the Whirlpool Galaxy by Lord Rosse in 1845, 44 years before van Gogh's painting
  • As pointed out by Simon Singh in his book Big Bang, The Starry Night has striking similarities to Whirlpool Galaxy, a sketch made 44 years before van Gogh's work.
  • The painting has been compared to an astronomical photograph of a star named V838 Monocerotis, taken by the Hubble in 2004. The clouds of gas surrounding the star resemble the swirling patterns van Gogh used in this painting. The image is rated number one on space.com's collection of astronomical images.[7]

Image File history File links M51Sketch. ... Image File history File links M51Sketch. ... The Whirlpool Galaxy (also known as Messier 51a, M51a, or NGC 5194) is an interacting[4] grand-design[5] spiral galaxy located at a distance of approximately 23 million light-years in the constellation Canes Venatici. ... Lord Rosse William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse KP (June 17, 1800 – October 31, 1867) was born in Monkstown, County Cork and was an Irish astronomer. ... Simon Singh Simon Lehna Singh (born 1964) is an Indian-British author of Punjabi background with a doctorate in physics from Emmanuel College, Cambridge, who has specialized in writing about mathematical and scientific topics in an accessible manner. ... Big Bang: The most important scientific discovery of all time and why you need to know about it is a book written by Simon Singh and published in 2004 by Fourth Estate. ... The Whirlpool Galaxy (also known as Messier 51a, M51a, or NGC 5194) is an interacting[4] grand-design[5] spiral galaxy located at a distance of approximately 23 million light-years in the constellation Canes Venatici. ... V838 Monocerotis (V838 Mon) is an enigmatic variable star in the constellation Monoceros about 20,000 light years (6 kpc)[1] from the Sun. ... The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a telescope in orbit around the Earth, named after astronomer Edwin Hubble. ...

Aims and ends

Van Gogh was perhaps not so happy with this painting. In a letter[3] to Theo from Saint-Rémy he wrote:

The first four canvases are studies without the effect of a whole that the others have . . . The olives with white clouds and background of mountains, also the moonrise and the night effect, these are exaggerations from the point of view of arrangement, their lines are warped as that of old wood.

Later in this letter, Vincent referred once more to the painting:

In all this batch I think nothing at all good save the field of wheat, the mountain, the orchard, the olives with the blue hills and the portrait and the entrance to the Quarry, and the rest says nothing to me, because it lacks individual intention and feeling in the lines. Where these lines are close and deliberate it begins to be a picture, even if it is exaggerated. That is a little what Bernard and Gauguin feel, they do not ask the correct shape of a tree at all, but they insist absolutely that one can say if the shape is round or square - and my word, they are right, exasperated as they are by certain people's photographic and empty perfection. Certainly they will not ask the correct tone of the mountains, but they will say: In the Name of God, the mountains were blue, were they? Then chuck on some blue and don't go telling me that it was a blue rather like this or that, it was blue, wasn't it? Good - make them blue and it's enough! Gauguin is sometimes like a genius when he explains this, but as for the genius Gauguin has, he is very timid about showing it, and it is touching the way he likes to say something really useful to the young. How strange he is all the same.

Émile Bernard (1868-April 16, 1941) was a French painter who worked with such artists as Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin and Paul Cézanne. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist painter. ...

Legacy

The painting was the inspiration for French composer Henri Dutilleux's orchestral work Timbres, Espace, Mouvement and for Don McLean's song "Vincent", which is also known by its opening words, "Starry, Starry Night." Henri Dutilleux (born January 22, 1916 in Angers, France) is one of the most important French composers of the second half of the 20th century, producing work in the tradition of Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, and Albert Roussel, but in a style distinctly his own. ... Timbres, espace, mouvement (Pitch, space, movement) is a work for orchestra composed by Henri Dutilleux in 1978. ... For other people with similar names see Don MacLean. ... Vincent is a song by Don McLean written as a tribute to Vincent Van Gogh. ...


Resources

Notes

  1. ^ Vincent van Gogh - Biography, Quotes & Paintings, retrieved June 14th 2007.
  2. ^ Letter 595
  3. ^ a b Letter 607
  4. ^ Letter 608
  5. ^ Letter 609
  6. ^ Letter T19
  7. ^ V838 Monocerotis Space.com's Most Amazing Galactic Images Ever

References

Boime, Albert: Vincent van Gogh: Starry Night. A history of matter, a matter of history (also available on CD-ROM: ISBN 3-634-23015-0 (German version))


External links

Vincent van Gogh
General: The Artist | Chronology | Medical condition | Posthumous fame | Post-Impressionism | Theo van Gogh | Paul Gachet | Paul Gauguin | Van Gogh Museum | Cultural depictions

Groups and series of works: The Décoration for the Yellow House | The Roulin Family | Display at Les XX, 1890 | Auvers size 30 canvases | Auvers Double-squares and Squares |Flowering Orchards
Paintings: List of works | Self-Portraits | Sunflowers | The Potato Eaters | Bedroom in Arles | The Red Vineyard | The Night Café | The Yellow House | The Starry Night | Irises | The Church at Auvers | Wheat Field with Crows | Cafe Terrace at Night | Portrait of Dr. Gachet | Thatched Cottages by a Hill
van Gogh redirects here. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1879x1500, 761 KB) Description: Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh painted 1889. ... van Gogh redirects here. ... Van Gogh: Self Portrait (1889) This is a chronology of the artist Vincent van Gogh. ... There is no consensus on the medical condition of Vincent van Gogh. ... The Painter of Sunflowers (Le Peintre de Tournesols): Portrait of Vincent van Gogh, by Paul Gauguin, painted in Arles, December 1888 Main article: Vincent van Gogh For a timeline, see Vincent van Gogh chronology The fame of Vincent van Gogh began to spread during the last years of his life... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ... Theo van Gogh Theo van Gogh (May 1, 1857 - January 25, 1891) was the younger brother of the painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) and a successful art dealer. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist painter. ... The Van Gogh Museum is a museum in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, featuring the works of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries. ... Vincent van Gogh has — through his work, his letters, and his life — inspired many other artists in various media. ... The Décoration for the Yellow House was the main project Vincent van Gogh focussed in Arles, from August 1888 till his breakdown the day before Christmas. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Roulin Family is group of portraits Vincent van Gogh executed in Arles in 1888 and 1889. ... Vincent van Goghs display at Les XX, 1890, in Brussels is an important testament to the recognition he received amongst avant-garde peers during his own lifetime. ... In May 1890, on his arrival in Auvers-sur-Oise, Vincent van Gogh continued his work by mainly conceiving size 30 paintings, in the end more than a dozen. ... Double-squares and Squares are terms which point to the uncommon sizes of canvas Vincent van Gogh used exclusively during the final weeks of his life in Auvers, in June and July 1890. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Flowering Orchards is a series of paintings executed by Vincent van Gogh in Arles, spring 1888. ... This is a list of some of the notable works of the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890). ... Self-Portraits by Vincent van Gogh belong, together with his Sunflowers, to his most admired paintings. ... Sunflowers or Vase with Twelve Sunflowers (August 1888) is one of two sunflower paintings with twelve sunflowers, the others having fifteen. ... The Potato Eaters (Aardappeleters in Dutch) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he painted in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. ... Bedroom in Arles (French: La Chambre à Arles; Dutch: Slaapkamer te Arles) is a painting by 19th-century Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh. ... The Red Vineyard was the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime. ... Main article: Vincent van Gogh The Night Café (original French title: Le Café de nuit) is an oil painting executed in Arles in September 1888, by Vincent van Gogh. ... The Yellow House at No. ... Irises is a painting by Vincent van Gogh. ... The Church at Auvers, was painted by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh in 1890. ... In 1890 Van Gogh wrote he had made three paintings in Auvers of large fields of wheat under troubled skies and Wheat Field with Crows, an oil on canvas, may have been one. ... Cafe Terrace at Night, also known as The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum, is a painting by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh which he rendered in Arles, France in September 1888. ... Portrait of Dr. Gachet is one of the most revered paintings by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh, since it fetched a record price in 1990. ... Thatched Cottages by a Hill is a painting by Vincent van Gogh Categories: ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh (929 words)
Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh has risen to the peak of artistic achievements.
Starry Night is one of the most well known images in modern culture as well as being one of the most replicated and sought after prints.
From Don McLean's song 'Starry, Starry Night' (Based on the Painting), to the endless number of merchandise products sporting this image, it is nearly impossible to shy away from this amazing painting.
The Starry Night - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (303 words)
The Starry Night is one of the best known paintings by Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh.
The painting was the inspiration for Don McLean's song, Vincent, which is also known by its opening words, Starry, Starry Night and for French composer Henri Dutilleux's orchestral work "Timbres, Espace, Mouvement".
V838 Monocerotis, nominated for the most mysterious star in the Milky Way, is said by Hubble Space Telescope astronomers to bear similarities to The Starry Night.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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