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Encyclopedia > The Specials
This article is about the English ska band. See Specials (disambiguation) for other uses of the name.

Background information
Origin Flag of England Coventry, England
Genre(s) 2 tone, Ska, New Wave
Years active 19771981
19941999
Label(s) 2 Tone, Chrysalis
Members
Jerry Dammers
Terry Hall
Neville Staples
Sir Horace Gentleman
Roddy Radiation
Lynval Golding
John Bradbury

The Specials were an English 2 Tone band formed in 1977 in Coventry. The terms Specials or The Specials could refer to: The Specials, an English ska music band. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 190 × 55 pixelsFull resolution (190 × 55 pixel, file size: 4 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Image File history File links Thespecials. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Ska is a Jamaica-originated music genre that combines elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues. ... New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in Western popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s inspired by the punk rock movement. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... Chrysalis logo (1987-2005) Chrysalis Records is a record label that was created in 1969. ... Jerry Dammers (born Jeremy Dammers on 22 May 1955, in Ootacamund, India) was the founder and keyboard player of the Coventry-based ska band, The Specials (later changed to The Special A.K.A.). He also contributed in founding the 2 Tone record label, which helped to popularize the new... Terry Hall (born March 19, 1959, in Coventry, England) was the lead singer of The Specials, the Fun Boy Three, The Colourfield, Terry, Blair and Anouchka and Vegas. ... Neville Staple (born 11 April 1956, in Christiana, Jamaica) was a roadie-turned-singer for the legendary second-wave ska band The Specials. ... Horace Panter, also known as Sir Horace the Gentleman Panter, was the bassist for the early Coventry Ska band the Specials. ... Roddy Radiation Byers (born Roderick James Byers, 5 May 1955, in Keresley Village) played lead guitar for The Specials, as well as many rockabilly bands such as the Bonediggers and the Tearjerkers. ... Lynval Golding (born 24 July 1951, in St. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... In music, a band is a group of musicians, or musical ensemble, usually popular or folk, playing parts of a musical arrangement. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ...

Contents

History

Shortly after being formed by Dammers, Golding, and Panter, the band performed minor gigs under the name "The Coventry Automatics". Terry Hall and Roddy Radiation joined the band the following year, and the band changed its name to The Coventry Specials, and then to The Special AKA.


Joe Strummer of The Clash had attended one of their gigs, and invited The Special AKA to open for his band in their On Parole UK Tour. This performance gave The Special AKA a new level of national exposure, and they briefly shared the Clash's management. In 1979, Dammers decided to form his own record label, and 2 Tone Records was born. On this label, the band released "Gangsters," which became a Top Ten hit in 1979. John Graham Mellor (August 21, 1952 – December 22, 2002) better known as Joe Strummer, was the co-founder, lyricist, rhythm guitarist and lead singer of the English punk rock band The Clash, and later The Mescaleros. ... The Clash were an English punk rock band who were active from 1976 to 1986. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... A record chart, also known as a music chart, is a method of ranking music according to popularity during a given period of time. ... In popular music, a chart-topper is an extremely popular recording, identified by its inclusion in a ranked list—a chart—of top selling or otherwise judged most popular releases. ...


The band had begun wearing two-tone mod/rude boy/skinhead-style tonic suits, along with other elements of late 1960s teen fashions. Their debut LP was Specials, produced by Elvis Costello. "Too Much Too Young" was a number one hit in the UK singles chart, despite controversy due to the song's lyrics, which promote contraception. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about a Jamaican subculture. ... Skinheads, named after their cropped or shaven heads, are members of a working class subculture that originated in Britain in the 1960s, where they were heavily influenced by the rude boys of the West Indies and the mods of the UK. In subsequent decades, the skinhead subculture spread to other... An album (from Latin albus white, blank, relating to a blank book in which something can be inserted) is a packaged collection of related things. ... Specials is the debut album by British second wave ska band, The Specials. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Declan Patrick MacManus (born August 25, 1954, in London), better known by his stage name, Elvis Costello, is an English musician, singer, and songwriter of Irish ancestry. ... This is a list of the number one singles on the UK Singles Chart, during the 1980s. ... The UK Singles Chart is currently compiled by The Official UK Charts Company (OCC) on behalf of the British record industry. ...


Their second album, More Specials was not as commercially successful as previous recordings. The band had seemingly abandoned the ska genre, despite having been largely responsible for its revival in the United Kingdom. The album included a more experimental approach to music, including influences from pop, new wave, and even muzak. The band also experimented with what could be described as a dark, almost psychedelic reggae. More Specials is a September 1980 (see 1980 in music) album from the ska punk band The Specials. ... Ska is a Jamaica-originated music genre that combines elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues. ... For popular music (music produced commercially rather than art or folk music), see Popular music. ... New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in Western popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s inspired by the punk rock movement. ... Muzak Holdings LLC is a company, founded in 1934, that is best known for distribution of music to retail stores and other companies. ... Psychedelia in music (or also psychedelic music, less formally) is a term that refers to a broad set of popular music styles, genres and scenes, that may include psychedelic rock, psychedelic folk, psychedelic pop, psychedelic soul, psychedelic ambient, psychedelic trance, psychedelic techno, and others. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


"Ghost Town" hit number one in 1981, but 2 Tone was in trouble. Staples, Golding and Hall left the band, and Dammers added Stan Campbell, to begin working again under the group's previous name Special A.K.A.. The resulting album, In the Studio, was not very successful, although the songs "Racist Friend" and "Nelson Mandela" were hits. The latter contributed to making Mandela a cause célèbre in Britain, and became popular with anti-apartheid activists in South Africa. Dammers then dissolved the band and pursued activism. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the Studio is the third album from the ska band The Specials. ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (IPA )) (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ...


Later developments

Over the years various members of the band have reformed several times to tour and record in Specials and non-Specials related projects. But until present there has never been a complete reunion of the original lineup.


Terry Hall continued in the music industry with his 1980s pop band Fun Boy Three, with fellow ex-Specials Neville Staples and Lynval Golding. They enjoyed commercial success with a small collection of hits, including "Tunnel of Love", "Our Lips Are Sealed" and "The Lunatics (Have Taken Over the Asylum)". From 1984 until 1987, Hall fronted The Colourfield, with some commercial success. After they disbanded, Hall went on to pursue a solo career working mostly in the New Wave genre). He also did some vocal work on a Dub Pistols' album. Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ... Fun Boy Three The Fun Boy Three were a short-lived but successful multi-racial English band which ran from 1981 to 1983 and was headed by singer Terry Hall after he left The Specials. ... // The Colourfield is a British band that was formed in 1984 in Manchester (see 1984 in music) when former The Specials and Fun Boy Three front man Terry Hall joined up with ex-Swinging Cats members Toby Lyons and Karl Shale. ... New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in Western popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s inspired by the punk rock movement. ...


In the early 1990s members of The Beat, from nearby Birmingham, who had collaborated with The Specials on tracks such as Nelson Mandela, teamed up with members of The Specials to form the band Special Beat. The band performed a live set that was a mixture of The Specials and The Beat songs. They released a few concert albums. The Beat, known in the United States as The English Beat, was an essential Two Tone ska and pop music group. ... Birmingham (pron. ... Special Beat is a 2 Tone band formed from members of The Specials and The Beat. ...


In 1998, at the height of ska's mainstream popularity on American radio and MTV, most members of The Specials reunited to record the new studio album, Guilty 'Til Proved Innocent. Notably absent from the record were Terry Hall and Jerry Dammers. The record also featured guest vocals by Tim Armstrong and Lars Frederiksen of Rancid. Rancid is a punk band formed in 1991 in Berkeley, California, by Matt Freeman and Tim Armstrong. ...


The song "Little Bitch" appeared in John Hughes' popular movie Sixteen Candles, starring Molly Ringwald. Songs by The Specials and Special A.K.A. have appeared in the Dance Dance Revolution video game, the TV series Father Ted, and in the soundtracks for the movies SLC Punk, Snatch, Shaun of the Dead, Grosse Pointe Blank and 'An Extremely Goofy Movie.. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Sixteen Candles is a popular 1984 coming-of-age film starring Molly Ringwald, Michael Schoeffling and Anthony Michael Hall. ... Molly K. Ringwald (born February 18, 1968) is an American actress, singer, and dancer. ... It has been suggested that Dance Dance Revolution (1stMIX), Dance Dance Revolution 2ndMIX, Dance Dance Revolution 3rdMIX, Dance Dance Revolution 4thMIX, Dance Dance Revolution 5thMIX, DDRMAX: Dance Dance Revolution 6thMIX, DDRMAX2: Dance Dance Revolution 7thMIX, Dance Dance Revolution EXTREME, Dance Dance Revolution BEST HITS, Dance Dance Revolution EXTRA MIX, Dance... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Father Ted was a popular 1990s television situation comedy set around the lives of three priests on the fictional extremely remote Craggy Island off the west coast of Ireland. ... // In film formats, the sound track is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... SLC Punk! (1999) is a movie directed by James Merendino. ... Snatch (2000) is a film by British director Guy Ritchie. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Grosse Pointe Blank is an 1997 American comedy movie, directed by George Armitage, and starring John Cusack and Minnie Driver. ... An Extremely Goofy Movie is a 2000 direct-to-video animated film made by The Walt Disney Company; it is the sequel to 1995s A Goofy Movie, and again features the characters from the television series Goof Troop. ...


In 2001 Pork Pie Records released Spare Shells: A Tribute to the Specials. The record featured recent ska bands performing versions of songs written or popularized by The Specials. Bands such as The Busters, The Porkers, Citizen Fish, Rude Bones and Voodoo Glow Skulls were featured.


In 2007, The Specials' music will be featured in a film adaptation of Irvine Welsh's book Ecstasy: Three Tales of Chemical Romance[citation needed]. Directed by Rob Heydon Based on the story The Undefeated from Ecstasy: Three Tales of Chemical Romance by Irvine Welsh, a sly, subtle romance between a young woman dissatisfied with the confines of her suburban life and an aging clubgoer. ... Irvine Welsh (born Leith, Edinburgh, September 27, 1958) is an acclaimed contemporary Scottish novelist, most famous for his novel Trainspotting. ...


around 2000ish roddy radiation formed a skabilly band, a cross between physcobilly and ska, called roddy radiation and the skabilly rebels


Lineup

Terry Hall (born March 19, 1959, in Coventry, England) was the lead singer of The Specials, the Fun Boy Three, The Colourfield, Terry, Blair and Anouchka and Vegas. ... Lynval Golding (born 24 July 1951, in St. ... Neville Staple (born 11 April 1956, in Christiana, Jamaica) was a roadie-turned-singer for the legendary second-wave ska band The Specials. ... Jerry Dammers (born Jeremy Dammers on 22 May 1955, in Ootacamund, India) was the founder and keyboard player of the Coventry-based ska band, The Specials (later changed to The Special A.K.A.). He also contributed in founding the 2 Tone record label, which helped to popularize the new... Roddy Radiation Byers (born Roderick James Byers, 5 May 1955, in Keresley Village) played lead guitar for The Specials, as well as many rockabilly bands such as the Bonediggers and the Tearjerkers. ... Horace Panter, also known as Sir Horace the Gentleman Panter, was the bassist for the early Coventry Ska band the Specials. ... Rico in 2002 Emmanuel Rodriguez (Rico, Reco, El Reco) (born October 17, 1934 in Kingston, Jamaica) was the (nearly) undisputed best trombonist of early Jamaican music. ... Dick Cuthell is a British musician. ...

Trivia

The Ted Leo and the Pharmacists song "Where Have All the Rude Boys Gone?" is a tribute to The Specials. Ted Leo references some of the members' names in the song's chorus. Ted Leo and the Pharmacists is a punk-influenced indie rock band with roots in traditional rock. ... Where Have All the Rude Boys Gone? is a song by Ted Leo & the Pharmacists from their 2003 release Hearts Of Oak. ... A refrain (from the Old French refraindre to repeat, likely from Vulgar Latin refringere) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the chorus of a song. ...


Third wave ska band, Big D and the Kids Table recorded a cover of "Little Bitch" on their LP, How It Goes. Big D and the Kids Table is a third wave ska band formed in October 1995 in Allston, Massachusetts on the Springman Records label. ... In popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition (performance or recording) of a previously recorded song. ... It has been suggested that Childrens gramophone records be merged into this article or section. ...


Notable female backing singers on the Specials first two studio albums include: Chrissie Hynde, Rhoda Dakar (Then of The Bodysnatchers, later The Special AKA), Belinda Carlisle, Jane Wiedlin and Charlotte Caffey (then together as The Go-Gos). Rock legend Chrissie Hynde. ... The Bodysnatchers The Bodysnatchers were a seven-piece all-girl band involved in the British ska revival of the early 1980s. ... Belinda Carlisle, born Belinda Jo Carlisle (also known as Belinda Kurczeski); on August 17, 1958 in Hollywood, California, is the lead vocalist and a founding member of the all-female rock & roll band The Go-Gos and also a successful solo artist. ... Jane Wiedlin Jane Wiedlin (born Jane Marie Genevieve Wiedlin, May 20, 1958 in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin, U.S.) is the rhythm guitarist of the all-female multi-platinum rock band, The Go-Gos. ... Charlotte Caffey (born October 21, 1953) is a rock and roll guitarist and songwriter best known for her work in The Go-Gos in the 1980s, including writing We Got the Beat. She remained friends with Belinda Carlisle, encourging her to quit drugs following Caffeys rehab, co-writing, touring... The Go-Gos are an all-women band. ...


The Specials are the backing band in English jazz and soul singer and songwriter Amy Winehouse's sophomore album Back to Black which was released on Island/Universal. The soul, acording to many religious and philosophical traditions, is a self-aware ethereal substance particular to a unique living being. ... Amy Jade Winehouse (born 14 September 1983) is an English jazz and soul singer and songwriter from Enfield, North London. ... This article is about the album. ...


Discography

Albums

  • Specials (1979)
  • More Specials (1980)
  • In the Studio (as Special A.K.A.) (1984)
  • Today's Specials (1996)
  • Guilty 'Til Proved Innocent! (1998)
  • Skinhead Girl (2000)
  • Conquering Ruler (2001)

Specials is the debut album by British second wave ska band, The Specials. ... More Specials is a September 1980 (see 1980 in music) album from the ska punk band The Specials. ... In the Studio is the third album from the ska band The Specials. ...

Live albums

  • Live at The Moonlight Club (1997)
  • Peel Sessions (1987)
  • Blue Plate Specials (1999)
  • Ghost Town: Live at Montreaux Jazz Festival 1995 (1999)

Compilations

  • The Singles Collection (1991)
  • Coventry Automatics Aka the Specials: Dawning of a New Era (1994)
  • Too Much Too Young: The Gold Collection (1996)
  • Concrete Jungle (1998)
  • Best of The Specials (1999)
  • Very Best of the Specials and Fun Boy Three (2000)
  • Ghost Town (2004)
  • Stereo-Typical: A's, B's and Rarities (2005)
  • Greatest Hits (2006)

The Singles Collection is a compilation album by the The Specials. ...

Singles

  • "Gangsters" (1979) UK #6 - billed as The Special A.K.A. - other side by The Selecter
  • "A Message To You Rudy"/"Nite Klub" (1979) UK #10
  • "The Special A.K.A. Live!" - ("Too Much Too Young"/"Guns Of Navarone"/"Long Shot Kick De Bucket"/"Liquidator"/"Skinhead Moonstomp") (1980) UK #1 - EP
  • "Rat Race"/"Rude Boys Outa Jail" (1980) UK #5
  • "Stereotype"/"International Jet Set" (1980) UK #6
  • "Do Nothing"/"Maggie's Farm" (1980) UK #4
  • "Ghost Town" (1981) UK #1
  • "The Boiler" (1982) UK #35 - Rhoda & The Special A.K.A.
  • "Jungle Music" (1982) - Rico & The Special A.K.A.
  • "War Crimes" (1982) UK #84 - The Special A.K.A.
  • "Bright Lights"/"Racist Friend" (1983) UK #60 - The Special A.K.A.
  • "Nelson Mandela" (1984) UK #9 - The Special A.K.A.
  • "What I Like Most About You Is Your Girlfriend" (1984) UK #51 - The Special A.K.A.

The Selecter were a British ska revival band from Coventry, England, formed in the late 1970s and who became one of the essential bands of the British ska movement. ... Maggies Farm is a song by Bob Dylan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

References

  • Guinness Book of British Hit Singles - 16th Edition - ISBN 0-85112-190-X
  • Guinness Book of British Hit Albums - 7th Edition - ISBN 0-85112-619-7
  • Guinness Rockopedia - ISBN 0-85112-072-5
  • The Great Rock Discography - 5th Edition - ISBN 1-84195-017-3
  • The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits - ISBN 0-85112-250-7

The cover of the 1989 7th edition of the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles Guinness World Records - British Hit Singles & Albums is a music reference book, published in the United Kingdom, by Hit Entertainment, the company that owns such childrens entertainment brands as Bob the Builder and Thomas...

External links


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