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Encyclopedia > The Secret Garden (musical)
The Secret Garden
Original Cast Recording
Music Lucy Simon
Lyrics Marsha Norman
Book Marsha Norman
Based upon Frances Hodgson Burnett's children's novel
The Secret Garden
Productions 1991 Broadway
1995 Australia
2001 West End
Awards Tony Award for Best Book

The Secret Garden is a musical based on the 1909 novel of the same name by Frances Hodgson Burnett. The musical's book and lyrics are by Marsha Norman, with music by Lucy Simon. It premiered on Broadway at the St. James Theatre on 25 April 1991 and closed on 3 January 1993 after 709 performances. Image File history File links Secretgardenbroadwayalbumcover. ... Lucy Simon (b. ... Marsha Norman was awarded the 1983 Pulitzer Prize, Susan Smith Blackburn Prize, Hull-Warriner, and Drama Desk Awards for Night, Mother, which received its world premiere at the A.R.T. in 1982. ... Marsha Norman was awarded the 1983 Pulitzer Prize, Susan Smith Blackburn Prize, Hull-Warriner, and Drama Desk Awards for Night, Mother, which received its world premiere at the A.R.T. in 1982. ... Frances Hodgson Burnett Frances Burnetts blue plaque in central London Frances Hodgson Burnett, (November 24, 1849 - October 29, 1924) was an English–American playwright and author. ... For other uses, see Secret Garden (disambiguation). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is the Tony awarded to the librettist(s) of the musical. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... For other uses, see Secret Garden (disambiguation). ... Frances Hodgson Burnett Frances Burnetts blue plaque in central London Frances Hodgson Burnett, (November 24, 1849 - October 29, 1924) was an English–American playwright and author. ... Marsha Norman was awarded the 1983 Pulitzer Prize, Susan Smith Blackburn Prize, Hull-Warriner, and Drama Desk Awards for Night, Mother, which received its world premiere at the A.R.T. in 1982. ... Lucy Simon (b. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... The St. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


The musical, set in 1906, tells of a young English girl, Mary, who is forced to move to England from colonial India when her parents die in a cholera outbreak. There she lives with her emotionally stunted Uncle Archibald and her invalid cousin. Discovering a hidden and neglected garden, and bravely overcoming dark forces, she and a young gardener bring it back to life at the same time as she brings new life to her cousin and uncle. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Cholera (or Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera) is an extreme diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ...


The Secret Garden garnered the 1991 Tony Awards for Best Book of a Musical, Best Featured Actress in a Musical (Daisy Eagan), and Best Scenic Design (Heidi Landesman). The set resembled an enormous Victorian toy theatre with pop-out figures, large paper dolls, and Joseph Cornell-like collage elements. What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Daisy Eagan (born November 4, 1979) is an American actress. ... Toy theatre was popular in Victorian era England. ... A photograph of Joseph Cornell Joseph Cornell Untitled (Dieppe) c. ...

Contents

Productions

The Secret Garden premiered on Broadway at the St. James Theatre on 25 April 1991 and closed on 3 January 1993 after 709 performances. For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... The St. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Royal Shakespeare Company production ran at Stratford from November 13, 2000 until January 27, 2001, with Philip Quast and Meredith Braun. [1] The RSC production transferred to the West End Aldwych Theatre, running from February 2001 until June 2001. Royal Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) is a British theatre company. ... Stratford originally meant ford in a Roman street and is the name of several places. ... Philip Quast is an Australian actor perhaps best known for his role as Inspector Javert in the 10th Anniversary production of Les Misérables at the Royal Albert Hall, London. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre...


Synopsis

Act I

1911, India. Mary Lennox, a 10-year-old English girl who has been raised in India, dreams of nursery rhymes and Indian chants ("Opening"), and awakes to find her parents have died of cholera. She is found by survivors and sent to live with her uncle, whom she's never met ("There's a Girl"). Mary is met in Yorkshire by Mrs. Medlock, housekeeper to her Uncle Archibald, a hunchback who has been inconsolable since his wife Lily's death ("The House Upon the Hill"). Cholera (or Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera) is an extreme diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


(Note: Throughout the show, these and other songs are sung by a chorus of ghosts, referred to in the libretto as "dreamers," who serve as narrators and Greek chorus for the action.) This article is about the paranormal. ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... The Greek chorus (choros) is believed to have grown out of the Greek dithyrambs and tragikon drama in tragic plays of the ancient Greek theatre. ...


Mary has difficulty sleeping her first night there ("I Heard Someone Crying") as she and Archibald both mourn their losses. Next morning, Mary meets Martha the chambermaid who entices Mary outside with tales of the gardens ("If I Had a Fine White Horse"), in particular, a secret hidden garden. Meanwhile, Archibald continues to wallow in his memories of Lily ("A Girl In the Valley").


Mary discovers the garden, laid out in Victorian style as a topiary maze, as do gardener Ben and Martha's brother Dickon, each with his own agenda ("It's a Maze"); however it has been locked since Lily's death because it reminds Archibald of her. Dickon, we learn, is something of a druid who comes to invoke the spring ("Winter's On the Wing"). He claims to converse with animals, and teaches Mary to speak the Yorkshire dialect to a robin ("Show Me the Key"). The bird with Dickon's help does lead Mary to the key to the garden; but where's the door? Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... A topiary dinosaur at Epcot Topiary is the art of creating sculptures in the medium of shrubbery, after the Latin word for an ornamental landscape gardener, toparius. ... For other uses, see Maze (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Druid (disambiguation). ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Archibald has a formal meeting with his niece, who asks him for "A Bit of Earth" to plant a garden of her own; he is startled and compares her to Lily. As the Yorkshire gloom turns to rain ("Storm I"), we meet Archibald's younger brother and physician Neville. He and Archibald both notice that Mary resembles her aunt ("Lily's Eyes") and we learn that Neville had an unrequited love for Lily as well. For other uses, see Doctor. ...


As the rain continues, Mary again hears someone crying ("Storm II"), but this time she finds him: her cousin Colin, confined to bed since birth, during which his mother Lily died. He has been in in bed his entire life because Archibald feared that Colin would inherit his hunch back. Colin's spine is perfectly fine but his father is conviced that he has passed on his curse. Colin confides in his cousin his dreams of "A Round-Shouldered Man" who comes to him at night and reads to him from his book "of all that's good and true." However, just as it seems they have become friends, Neville and Mrs. Medlock burst in, intending to give Colin his nightly shot, and dismiss her angrily, telling her she is never to see Colin again. As the storm reaches its peak Mary runs outside and finds the garden ("Final Storm").

Act II

The act begins with Mary dreaming of a birthday party being thrown in her honor with all the living and dead together at last. She has a reverie about "The Girl I Mean to Be," with "a place I can go when I am lost." But can the garden be that place? In reality, the garden is like her uncle and Mary herself, neglected and overgrown; it seems dead. Archibald relates his dream to Neville, a dream with Lily and Mary together in the garden. But Neville's dreams are darker; recalling Lily spurning him, Neville looks to the day when Archibald leaves for good and the house becomes Neville's ("Quartet").


At Neville's urging, Archibald agrees to send Mary to a boarding school and then leaves for the Continent, pausing only to read his son a fairy tale as he sleeps, having never woken Colin ever before when he does so ("Race You To the Top of the Morning"). Mary asks Dickon for help with the garden; Dickon explains that it is probably just dormant and that "somewhere there's a single streak of green inside it" ("Wick"). They even bring Colin in his wheelchair to the garden, as the ghost of his mother sings to him and with him ("Come to My Garden/Lift Me Up"). In the garden, the exercise and fresh air begin to make Colin well ("Come Spirit, Come Charm"). The dreamers sing the praises of the renewed garden ("A Bit of Earth (Reprise)"). Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and peninsulae. ... Towering over the city of Naples, Vesuvius is dormant but certainly not extinct .A dormant volcano is one which is not currently erupting, but is believed to still be capable of erupting. ...


Back in the house, Mary faces down Neville as he tells her of her uncle's plans to send her away to school. Martha tells Mary she must "Hold On"--"when you see a man who's ragin'/And he's jealous and he fears/That you'll walk through walls he's hid behind for years..." Mary writes a letter to Archibald ("Letter Song") urging him to come home. At first he feels defeated and frustrated ("Where In the World"), but Lily's ghost convinces him to return ("How Could I Ever Know").


Entering the garden, he finds Colin completely healthy; in fact, he is beating Mary in a footrace as Archibald walks through the door. Archibald, a changed man, accepts Mary as his own, and the dreamers invite all to "stay here in the garden" ("Finale").


Songs

Act I
  • Opening - Lily, Company
  • There's a Girl - Company
  • The House Upon the Hill - Company
  • I Heard Someone Crying - Lily, Mary. Archibald
  • A Fine White Horse - Martha, Mary
  • A Girl in the Valley - Archibald, Lily
  • It's a Maze - Mary, Ben, Dickon
  • Winter's on the Wing - Dickon
  • Show Me the Key - Mary, Dickon
  • A Bit of Earth - Archibald, Mary
  • Storm I - Company
  • Lily's Eyes - Archibald, Neville
  • Storm II - Mary, Company
  • Round-Shouldered Man - Colin
  • Final Storm - Mary, Company
Act II
  • The Girl I Mean to Be - Mary
  • Quartet - Archibald, Lily, Neville, Rose
  • Race You to the Top of the Morning - Archibald
  • Wick - Mary, Dickon
  • Come to My Garden - Lily
  • Lift Me Up - Colin
  • Come Spirit, Come Charm - Mary, Dickon, Martha, Lily, Company
  • A Bit of Earth (Reprise) - Lily, Company
  • Disappear - Neville
  • Hold On - Martha
  • Letter Song - Archibald, Mary, Martha
  • Where in the World - Archibald
  • How Could I Ever Know - Archibald, Lily
  • Finale - Company

Original Broadway Cast

  • Mary Lennox -

Australian Cast

  • Mary Lennox - Samantha Fiddes, Sarah Ogden
  • Archibald Craven - Anthony Warlow
  • Lily - Marina Prior
  • Neville Craven - Philip Quast
  • Dickon - Tom Blair
  • Martha - Susan-Ann Walker
  • Colin Craven - Bart Ritchie, Ross Hannaford
  • Ben - Raymond Duprac
  • Mrs. Medlock - June Salter

John Farnham, Olivia Newton-John and Anthony Warlow during their concert tour The Main Event (CD) Anthony Warlow (born November 18, 1961) in Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia, is an Australian star of opera and musical theatre. ... EssGee poster for The Merry Widow Marina Prior (born in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea) is a famous Australian opera singer. ... Philip Quast is an Australian actor perhaps best known for his role as Inspector Javert in the 10th Anniversary production of Les Misérables at the Royal Albert Hall, London. ... June Salter (born 22 June 1932-died 15 September 2001) is an Australian actress. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.rsc.org.uk/press/421_501.asp?pagename=information/press/ypbskmvmgq/ Royal Shakespeare Company press release
  • Variety review, London, March 5, 2001

External links

Awards
Preceded by
City of Angels
by Larry Gelbart
Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical
1991
by Marsha Norman
Succeeded by
Falsettos
by William Finn and James Lapine

  Results from FactBites:
 
Secret Garden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (149 words)
The Secret Garden, a novel by Frances Hodgson Burnett, and several film and TV adaptations of the same story.
The Secret Garden (1993 film), a movie distributed by Warner Brothers based on the Burnett book.
Secret Garden Festival, a music festival in Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom
The Secret Garden (musical) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1052 words)
The Secret Garden is a musical based on the Frances Hodgson Burnett book of the same name.
It is set in colonial India and in England in 1906 and tells of a young English girl, Mary, who lives in India but is forced to move to England and live with her Uncle Archibald when her parents die in a cholera outbreak.
Mary returns to the garden, laid out in Victorian style as a topiary maze, as do gardener Ben and neighbor boy Dickon, each with his own agenda (It's a Maze); Mary discovers that there really is a secret garden, hidden since Lily's death because it reminds Archibald of her.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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