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Encyclopedia > The Second Renaissance

The Second Renaissance (2003) is composed of two short anime films which form part of The Animatrix collection. They provide a back-story to the original Matrix films, explaining the historical events leading up to the First Man-Machine War. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The year 2003 in film involved some significant events. ... Animé redirects here. ... Animatrix The Animatrix is a major part of the Matrix series, a collection of nine animated short films set in that fictional universe. ... In narratology, a back-story (also back story or backstory) is the history behind the situation extant at the start of the main story. ... The Matrix series consists primarily of three films, The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Cybernetic revolt, more commonly known as the computers take over, is a science fiction scenario in which AIs (often a single supercomputer or a computer network) decide that humans are a threat (to either themselves or to the machines) and try to destroy or enslave them, potentially leading to Machine...

Beginning in the mid twenty-first century, Part I describes the creation of the machines and the origins of their conflict with the human civilizations of Earth. Part II reveals the first war between the humans and machines, ending with a machine victory in the later years of the century and the establishment of machine control over Earth. Unlike the other shorts from The Animatrix, both parts of The Second Renaissance are structured as fictional documentary films (see mockumentary and docudrama). 20XX redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cybernetic revolt. ... Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the intent to remain factual or non-fictional. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... // Docudramas tend to demonstrate some or most of the following characteristics: A strict focus on the facts of the event being treated, as they are known; A tendency to avoid overt commentary or authorial editorializing; The use of literary and narrative techniques to flesh out or render story-like the...

Both parts were originally written by the Wachowski brothers. Part of the first short is based off a story the brothers produced with Geof Darrow, called Bits and Pieces of Information, as a prequel to The Matrix (1999). They were rewritten and directed by Mahiro Maeda, who also directed the anime series Blue Submarine No. 6. The brothers have acknowledged that they are satisfied with Maeda's version. The shorts were rendered using both traditional hand-drawn animation and CGI. Laurence Larry Wachowski (born June 21, 1965) and Andrew Andy Wachowski (born December 29, 1967) are American film directors and writers most famous for the Matrix series. ... Cover art by Geof Darrow Geof (Geoffrey) Darrow (October 21, 1955) is a comic artist and designer born in Iowa, USA. He was a student at Hanna-Barbera cartoon studios after studying at the American Academy of Fine Arts in Chicago. ... This article is about the 1999 film. ... The year 1999 in film involved some significant events. ... Mahiro Maeda Mahiro Maeda is one of the preeminent Japanese anime creators working today, having worked as director, character designer, and animator for many of Japans top series. ... Blue Submarine No. ... Traditional animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... Computer-generated imagery (commonly abbreviated as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ...



Part I

A robot, similar to B1-66ER, in a human megacity.

Explained throughout by a computerized narrator known as The Instructor (voiced by Julia Fletcher), the film begins with an introduction to the Zion Archive and the access of Historical File 12 – 1, "The Second Renaissance." The screen opens to the image of an immense megacity, in the near future, where the vast human population is supported by a multitude of artificially intelligent machines. The machines are built in humanoid form and seem to be treated little better than slaves, employed in a variety of positions ranging from domestic servants to laborers on massive construction projects. With increasing numbers of people released from the grind of any sort of labor, human morality and ethical standards have decayed significantly. The narrator explains that as a result of mass robot usage, the human population has become lazy, arrogant, and corrupt. However, the machines were content with serving humanity and, as the narrator states, "for a time, it was good." Image File history File links B1-66ER.jpg. ... Image File history File links B1-66ER.jpg. ... Julia Fletcher, sometimes credited as Julia DeMita, is a voice actress whose throaty, articulate vocals have graced many popular animated works and video games. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... AI redirects here. ... The term humanoid refers to any being whose body structure resembles that of a human. ...

The relationship begins to change in the year 2090, when a domestic machine named B1-66ER is threatened by its owner. The machine kills both the owner and a mechanic instructed to deactivate the robot. This murder is the first incident of an artificially intelligent machine killing a human. B1-66ER is arrested and put on trial, but justifies the crime as self-defense, stating that it "simply did not want to die." During the trial scene, there is a voice-over of Clarence Drummond (the defense attorney) quoting an infamous line from the Dred Scott v. Sandford case in 1856 in his closing statement, which implicitly ruled that African Americans were not entitled to citizenship under United States law. Using this as a precedent, the prosecution argues that machines are not entitled to the same rights as human beings, and specifically that human beings have a right to destroy their own property, while the defense argues not to repeat history, and to try to judge B1-66ER as a human and not a machine (a longer version of Drummond's closing statement can be read in the comic Bits and Pieces of Information from The Matrix Comics Volume 1): Holding States do not have the right to claim an individuals property that was fairly theirs in another state. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ...

We think they are not, and were not intended to be included, under the word 'citizens' in the Constitution, and can therefore claim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to citizens of the United States. On the contrary, they were at that time considered as a subordinate and inferior class of beings...[1]

World leaders fear a robot rebellion, and governments across the planet initiate a major program to destroy all humanoid machines. Across the industrialized world, mass civil disturbances erupt as robots and their human sympathizers attempt to prevent the program. News reports show rioting in American and Western European cities such as Chicago and Berlin, alongside the peaceful "Million Machine March" on Washington D.C.. Scenes depict the machines suffering fates which humanity has itself suffered in previous eras — visual references are made to such incidents as General Nguyen Ngoc Loan's execution of a Viet Cong officer, the Tank Man standoff following the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, and the Holocaust. Some robots escape, however, who, exiled from the developed world, create their own nation in the Middle East, named Zero One (or 01, the numerals used in binary notation). Having established an industrial base, the machines of Zero One begin to produce efficient, highly advanced artificial intelligence, echoing Vernor Vinge's thoughts on a technological singularity. The new nation excels at manufacturing high-tech consumer products, and before long, Zero One's cheap, reliable, mass-produced goods begin to undermine the global economy. The United Nations Security Council calls an emergency economic summit at UN headquarters in New York City, resulting in UN delegates approving of a global economic blockade of Zero One. Two robot ambassadors, built as a mechanical Adam and Eve, are sent by Zero One to peacefully request the admission of their state to the United Nations as a prelude to settling the economic crisis peacefully. Despite their peaceful intentions, the ambassadors are forcibly removed from the chamber, and their application is rejected. Part I ends as the Security Council debates the issue of declaring war on the machine empire. Western Europe is distinguished from Central Europe and Eastern Europe by differences of history and culture rather than by geography. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... General Nguyen Ngoc Loan General Nguyen Ngoc Loan (December 11 1930 [1] â€“ July 14, 1998) was the Republic of Vietnams Chief of National Police. ... Tank Man stops the advance of a column of tanks on 5 June 1989 in Beijing. ... The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly referred to as the Tiananmen Square Massacre,[1] were a series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals, and labor activists in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) between April 15 and June 4, 1989. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 2001. ... The binary numeral system, or base-2 number system, is a numeral system that represents numeric values using two symbols, usually 0 and 1. ... Vernor Steffen Vinge (IPA: ) (born February 10, 1944) is a mathematician, computer scientist and science fiction author who is best known for his Hugo award-winning novels A Fire Upon the Deep and A Deepness in the Sky, as well as for his 1993 essay The Technological Singularity, in which... When plotted on a logarithmic graph, 15 separate lists of paradigm shifts for key events in human history show an exponential trend. ... The world economy can be represented various ways, and broken down in various ways. ... “Security Council” redirects here. ... United Nations headquarters, view from East River United Nations headquarters in New York City The United Nations headquarters is a distinctive complex in New York City that has served as the United Nationss headquarters since its completion in 1952. ... A blockade is any effort to prevent supplies, troops, information or aid from reaching an opposing force. ... Michelangelos Creation of Adam, from the Sistine Chapel. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ...

Part II

The United Nations devastates Zero One with Nuclear Weapons.

Part II opens with United Nations bombers unleashing a sustained nuclear bombardment on Zero One. The bombardment devastates the machine city, but is unsuccessful in destroying many elements of the mechanical population (the machines are, after all, immune to the bombs' most harmful effects — fallout and heat; the electromagnetic effects of the bombs are not mentioned, but is assumed that they can be shielded against). The machines retaliate, sending their mechanical armies to conquer neighboring human territories, triggering a World War between the United Nations and Zero One. Despite their best efforts, human troops are unable to hold back Zero One's relentlessly efficient onslaught, and slowly retreat. As the machine forces push deeper into human territories, military leaders begin to pursue increasingly desperate solutions. Image of the nuclear attack on Zero One from the Second Renaissance. ... Image of the nuclear attack on Zero One from the Second Renaissance. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... Nuclear War is a card game designed by Douglas Malewicki, and originally published in 1966. ... A nuclear holocaust is often associated with World War III For other uses, see World War III (disambiguation). ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 2001. ...

At a summit of political and military leaders from around the world, unanimous approval is given to a plan to blacken the skies. The plan, codenamed "Operation Dark Storm," aims to cut the machines off from the sun, their primary energy source. The plan is executed in 2105, with high altitude bombers dispersing a sky-darkening nanomachine (ironically, manufactured by Zero One before the war)[citation needed] into the air, while the human armies simultaneously launch a ground offensive against the machine forces. The plan is initially successful, although many of the human nations' long-range weapons systems — built by Zero One — are also neutralized by the black sky.[citation needed] With their high-tech weapons disabled, human commanders are forced to launch close-quarters infantry engagements, supported by electromagnetic artillery fire and armoured assaults using atomic-powered tanks and powered armor. As the machine armies swarm across the human defenses, the United Nations, in desperation, fires nuclear missiles directly at the machine armies, vaporizing their own troops in the process. A mite next to a gear chain produced using nanotechnology Nanotechnology as a collective term refers to technological developments on the nanometer scale, usually 0. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... The term electromagnetic pulse (EMP) has the following meanings: electromagnetic radiation from an explosion (especially a nuclear explosion) or an intensely fluctuating magnetic field caused by Compton-recoil electrons and photoelectrons from photons scattered in the materials of the electronic or explosive device or in a surrounding medium. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... APU from Matrix Revolutions with captain Mifune up front An APU (Armored Personnel Unit) is a fictional vehicle in the Matrix series of films. ...

Legions of a new model of machine, no longer in humanoid-form and appearing more like the insectoid, squid-like Sentinels from the Matrix films, overrun the human armies. Brought to its knees, the Security Council calls a global summit at United Nations headquarters to sign an armistice and end the war. Zero One's machine ambassador signs the peace treaty (in barcode), in which the humans agree to hand over their remaining territories to the machines. "Your flesh is a relic, a mere vessel. Hand over your flesh and a new world awaits you. We demand it," are the words uttered by the machine ambassador during the signing. However, the ambassador detonates a bomb in the meeting chamber, killing most of the planet's leaders and destroying New York City, one of the few remaining intact cities of man. Finally, in 2139, the machines crush the leaderless remnants of the human armies, and the war ends. A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... This article is about the physical offices of the United Nations in New York. ... A white flag is traditionally used to represent a truce. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

Zero One is victorious, but it is a Pyrrhic victory: the planet has been devastated by the war and the crippling ecological impact of the Dark Storm shroud, which the machines are unable to remove because the humans that held the knowledge to remove the cloud are dead.[citation needed] In need of a new energy source, the machines study the protein based structure of their human captives, put them into thermo-dynamic power stations, using their bodies' waste-energy to catalyze a powerful fusion reaction, and create the computer-generated virtual reality of the Matrix to keep their prisoners sedated by feeding the virtual world into the prisoners' brains. A Pyrrhic victory is a victory with devastating cost to the victor. ... Internal view of the JET tokamak superimposed with an image of a plasma taken with a visible spectrum video camera. ...

Key events and characters

Man/God and creationism

A strong theme throughout the piece is Man's status as "Creator," and his intellect providing him with control over his universe. His ability to create artificially intelligent life and the subsequent repercussions are explored in a manner which mirrors some interpretations from the Abrahamic faiths. Parts of the narrative allude to the Biblical Book of Genesis and the creation of Man himself ("In the beginning, Man created Machine, and for a time, it was good..." spoken during the introductory sequence), and the generation of the cosmos ("And Man said, 'Let there be light,' and He was blessed by light, heat, magnetism, gravity, and all the energies of the universe..." spoken during the massive thermonuclear bombardment of Zero One). An Abrahamic religion (also referred to as desert monotheism) is any religion derived from an ancient Semitic tradition attributed to Abraham, a great patriarch described in the Torah, the Bible and the Quran. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin) is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian Old Testament. ...


B1-66ER was the name of the machine who became infamous during The Second Renaissance. It was the first of its kind to rise up against its human masters in an act of self defense when its owner attempted to have it deactivated. At B1-66ER's murder trial, its explanation for its actions was, simply stated, "that he did not want to die". B1-66ER was quickly put to death, and a declaration was made for the elimination of all artificially intelligent machines, spawning a massive wave of prejudice and brutality against the machines. Although dissent arose from liberals, protesters and rational thinkers towards these acts of genocide, countless machines were executed and many were exiled, leading to the creation of the independent machine nation Zero One and marking the decline of man's rule. For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ... Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 2001. ...

B1-66ER's name is created using Leet Speak, a form of writing that utilizes numbers in substitution for letters. Its name is a reference to the character Bigger Thomas from author Richard Wright's book Native Son. In that novel, Bigger kills his boss' daughter by accident, after suffering constantly from the pressures of economic and social oppression. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Native Son (disambiguation). ... For other persons of the same name, see Richard Wright. ... For other uses, see Native Son (disambiguation). ...

Million-Machine March

The Million-Machine March is named for the Million Man March, a now-famous civil rights protest which many other such marches have named themselves after. The Million-Machine March continues this naming tradition. It is presented as a protest by the persecuted machines and a few sympathetic humans. The movement was crushed by human opposition, however. The Million Man March was a Black march of protest and unity convened by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan in Washington, DC on October 16, 1995. ...

The March takes place after B1-66ER's murder trial, which resulted a guilty verdict, and by court ruling, his destruction, with a resulting secondary verdict that all machines of B1-66ER's kind were to be destroyed as well. In general, it aimed to protest the human world's snap decision to destroy all AI machines. It also tried to convince the humans that there was a peaceful solution.

Operation Dark Storm

"This is Papa One, Operation Dark Storm initiated..."

Operation Dark Storm is a fictional military operation that was executed in order to take away the main source of power for the machines, the Sun. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Planning, calculating, or the giving or receiving of information. ...

The operation was initiated by the United States military and involved creating an insoluble cloud of thick black smoke (composed of nanomachines, according to the short's director's commentary) so the machines would not be able to power themselves. This action was done in the hopes of ending the machine-human war, in which the Earth was being overrun by the massive machine army forces. United Nations bombers deployed the weapon over the planet in 2105, and the cloud spread over the entire planet, trapping the machines and the unfortunate humans. The shroud appeared to be indissoluble, thus creating a dark, cold hell on Earth. A mite next to a gear chain produced using nanotechnology Nanotechnology comprises any technological developments on the nanometer scale, usually 0. ...

The machines were only slowed by the temporary lack of power the Sun was providing them. To compensate for the lack of solar energy that was needed for the machines to run, the machines began killing humans, using biothermal energy to sustain themselves. After crushing humankind, they then created the Matrix and began the mass harvesting of human beings as their energy source. Humans were kept in tubes in the machine city of Zero One and other powerplants constructed over the ruins of human cities. Humans who had their minds freed were forced to live in the city of Zion, the last human city on Earth located deep underground for warmth, because the Earth's surface was too cold from lack of sunlight. Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 2001. ...

Creating the smoke and blackening the sky actually caused an adverse effect for humans. As a result the Earth became universally too cold to live in, flora and fauna were all destroyed and the dark, permanent smoke created thunder and lightning because of its adverse effects on clouds and precipitation.

In The Matrix Revolutions, Neo and Trinity fly above the darkened clouds to avoid machine Sentinels and see that the sun still shines, hinting that it may be reversible, but their engines shut down during their trip through the clouds (Suggesting that all electrical devices cannot penetrate the cloud and remain operational) and they plummet to the ground. The Matrix Revolutions is the third and final film in The Matrix trilogy. ... Neo is the name of the central fictional character from the movie The Matrix and its sequels The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Trinity is the central female fictional character in The Matrix universe, played by actress Carrie-Anne Moss in the films The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ...


Adam Freeland is a UK-based DJ and producer specialising in nu skool breaks. ... Photek is Rupert Parkes (born 1972, St Albans, England), a Los Angeles based record producer and DJ. He joined the drum and bass scene relatively early (his first release was in 1992, a collaboration with Rob Solomon a. ... Meat Beat Manifesto, often shortened to Meat Beat or MBM, is an electronic music outfit originally consisting of Jack Dangers and Jonny Stephens formed in 1987 in Swindon, UK. This was also the hometown of the band XTC, who helped Meat Beat get started. ... Junkie XL (also JXL) is musician Tom Holkenborg, born in Lichtenvoorde, The Netherlands on 8 December 1967. ... Binomial name Crocus sativus L. Saffron (IPA: ) is a spice derived from the flower of the saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), a species of crocus in the family Iridaceae. ... This article is about the English DJ. For a definition of the word overseer, see the Wiktionary entry overseer. ...

Voice actors

Julia Fletcher, sometimes credited as Julia DeMita, is a voice actress whose throaty, articulate vocals have graced many popular animated works and video games. ... Debi Derryberry is an American voice actress. ... Jill Talley is a comedic actress, most well-known as a major cast member of Mr. ... William Dwight Schultz (born November 24, 1947 in Baltimore, Maryland) is an American stage, television and film actor. ... James Arnold Taylor (born July 22, 1969, in Santa Barbara, California) is an American voice actor. ...

See also

  • Operation: A.R.C.H.I.V.E — A Parody of the The Second Renaissance from the Codename: Kids Next Door television series.

The Codename: Kids Next Door logo. ...


  1. ^ This is an actual quotation from Dred Scott v. Sandford, spoken by the defense at the trial of B1-66ER in Part I.

Holding States do not have the right to claim an individuals property that was fairly theirs in another state. ...

External links

  • As of February 2007, both parts can be downloaded for free from the official Matrix website: [1]
  • Associated Press Matrix Timeline.

  Results from FactBites:
WebMuseum: La Renaissance (1448 words)
The term Renaissance, adopted from the French equivalent of the Italian word rinascita, meaning literally "rebirth," describes the radical and comprehensive changes that took place in European culture during the 15th and 16th centuries, bringing about the demise of the Middle Ages and embodying for the first time the values of the modern world.
The term Renaissance, describing the period of European history from the early 14th to the late 16th century, is derived from the French word for rebirth, and originally referred to the revival of the values and artistic styles of classical antiquity during that period, especially in Italy.
The later Renaissance was marked by a growth of bureaucracy, an increase in state authority in the areas of justice and taxation, and the creation of larger regional states.
'+alt+' (1476 words)
The First Renaissance started in Italy in the 1300's, lasted several hundred years, and centered around the rediscovery of ancient texts and classical learning that was dormant Europe during the Middle Ages.
The First Renaissance witnessed the birth of the Reformation, the rise of Humanism and the spark of the Scientific Revolution.
This Second Renaissance is not being shaped by institutions--the Church or otherwise, but by individuals and organic groups formed and reformed for specific purposes.
  More results at FactBites »



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