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Encyclopedia > The Rockaways

The Rockaway Penninsula, also known as The Rockaways, is the name of a peninsula of Long Island, most of which is located within the borough of Queens in New York City; the peninsula's easternmost section forms the town of East Rockaway, in suburban Nassau County. Image of Long Island taken by NASA. Long Island, New York is an island off the North American coast, some 118 miles (190 km) long, and from 12 to 20 miles (32 km) wide, extending from New York Harbor into the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Queens is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in the United States, and the most ethnically diverse county in the U.S. It is coterminous with Queens County in the State of New York and is located on western Long Island. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1899 Seat Mineola Area  - Total  - Water 1,173 km² (453 mi²) 431 km² (166 mi²) 36. ...


A popular summer resort area since the 1830s, Rockaway — or, as it is informally known, "The Rockaways" — has become a mixture of lower, middle, and upper-class neighborhoods. Its remoteness from New York City proper have made it a popular retreat, but also have provided an out-of-the-way area to relocate communities destroyed by urban renewal. Events and Trends Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony Croquet invented in Ireland Railroad construction begins in earnest in the United States Egba refugees fleeing the Yoruba civil wars found the city of Abeokuta in south-west Nigeria...


Rockaway is part of New York's 9th Congressional District.

Contents


Early history

Initially settled by the Canarsie tribe, but sold to the Dutch by the Mohegan tribe along with most of Long Island in 1639, and to the British in 1685. Finally the land was sold to Richard Cornell, who settled there. Canarsie is a neighborhood in the eastern portion of the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City. ... The Mohegans were a functional confederation of several branches of Native Americans during the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ...


The village of Rockaway Park became incorporated into the City of Greater New York on January 1, 1898. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The playground of New York

Rockaway became a popular area for seaside hotels starting in the 1830s, and popularity grew with the coming of the Long Island Rail Road in the 1880s. The bungalow became the most popular type of housing during the summer months. Even today, some of these remain, converted to provide head and modern facilities, although the vast majority were razed in urban renewal during the 1960s. Events and Trends Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony Croquet invented in Ireland Railroad construction begins in earnest in the United States Egba refugees fleeing the Yoruba civil wars found the city of Abeokuta in south-west Nigeria... The Long Island Rail Road or LIRR is a railroad that serves the length of Long Island, New York. ... // Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... A bungalow is any single story house. ... The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ...


In 1893, Hog Island, a resort known for entertaining Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall sank into the sea. Located a few miles east of Breezy Point, and also known as Rockaway Island, the entire island disappeared during a storm. Plates, along with older artificts still wash up along the shore of Rockaway Beach. 1869 tobacco label featuring Boss Tweed William Marcy Tweed (April 3, 1823–April 12, 1878), known as Boss Tweed, was an American politician and political boss of Tammany Hall who became an icon of urban political machines. ... The Tammany Hall on 14th Street, New York City Tammany Hall was the name given to the Democratic Party political machine that dominated New York City politics from the mayoral victory of Fernando Wood in 1854 through the election of Fiorello LaGuardia in 1934. ...


Rockaways' Playland, a world renowned amusement park opened in 1901, and was a popular place for New York families until 1985 when insurance costs and competition from major regional parks made it impossible to continue operations. 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The completion of the Cross Bay Bridge in 1925 and the Marine Parkway Bridge in 1937 increased the accessibilty to Queens and Brooklyn, however, the development of Jones Beach by Robert Moses drew tourism away from both Coney Island and Rockaway Beach. The Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge (originally Cross Bay Bridge) wholly in New York City, is a toll bridge that crosses Beach Channel in Jamaica Bay to Rockaway Peninsula, and is located in Queens. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge in New York City (originally Marine Parkway Bridge) is a toll bridge that crosses Rockaway Inlet and connects Rockaway Peninsula, in Queens, with Brooklyn. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jones Beach may refer to: A barrier island off the coast of Long Island, New York: Jones Beach State Park in Nassau County, New York in the United States. ... Robert Moses. ... Image of Coney Island (middle left of picture) taken by NASA. The peninsula at right is Rockaway, Queens. ...


Today the area still draws crowds during the summer, with well-tended beaches. Jacob Riis Park and Fort Tilden can be found on the western end of the peninsula, part of the Gateway National Recreational Area one of the first urban national parks. A long boardwalk and long sandy beaches make this a popular summer day trip for New York City residents. Gateway National Recreation Area is a 26,607 acre (105 km²) recreation area owned by the United States government in the New York City metropolitan area. ...


Bedroom community

As inexpensive travel, air-conditioning and the creation of the highway system, Rockaway lost its luster as a recreation area, and development transformed much of it into residential communities.


The peninsula's main "town" is Far Rockaway, incorporated in 1888, situated near the stem of the peninsula, just inside the city limits. Other important neighborhoods on the peninsula include Arverne, Neponsit, Rockaway Beach, Rockaway Park, Belle Harbor, Breezy Point and Edgemere. Far Rockaway is one of the four neighborhoods on the Rockaway Peninsula in the New York City borough of Queens in the United States. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...


Broad Channel, located on its own island in Jamaica Bay between the peninsula and the mainland of Queens, is generally considered to be psychographically part of the Rockaways. The Rockaway area, including Broad Channel, is served by two New York City Subway lines, the A and the S, although both lines run completely above ground locally, using tracks purchased from the Long Island Railroad in the 1950s (until 1975, an additional fare was charged to passengers either boarding or departing the train at any of the Rockaway-area stations, including Broad Channel, if the trip originated or terminated outside the area). Broad Channel is a community / neighborhood in the borough of Queens in New York City. ... Jamaica Bay is a bay that lies in the shadow of New York Citys skyscrapers and is adjacent to one of the nations busiest airports. ... Queens Borough in New York City Queens, the most ethnically diverse county in the United States, is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City. ... The New York City Subway is a large rapid transit system in New York City, New York, United States. ... A-8 Avenue Express is one of the trains in the IND division of the New York Subway and the longest route. ... The S-Rockaway Park Shuttle is a shuttle train service in Queens, New York on the New York City Subway. ... // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the baby-boom from returning... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...


In the years immediately following World War II, several public housing projects were built in the region, and these eventually became hotbeds of crime and related social pathologies. This provoked a backlash from some of the peninsula's more established residents (many of whom are of Irish Catholic ethnicity). A strong Jewish community (many of whose members are Sephardic Jews) also exists in the area south of Far Rockaway. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... Public housing or social housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... Irish Catholics are persons of predominantly Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal: ספרד, Standard Hebrew Səfárad, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄áraḏ / Səp̄āraḏ), or whose ancestors were among the Jews expelled from...


Redevelopment of much of the old resort and bungalow area has still not begun. Plans and projects including casinos, sports arenas, middle income housing and various other real-estate proposals have met with resistance politically. In 2002 a revival in the area began as a residential development began construction in the Arverne neighborhood in the center of Far Rockaway. Many residents are complaining due to the overdevelopment in the Rockway Park and Rockaway Beach areas. This problem has to due with Rockaway's erratic zoning laws that have not been revamped. Many of the zones are still catered to large multiple dwellings because of the large hotels that had existed in the area. Also many residents feel that there is not enough public transportation and roadways to fit the needs of the rapidly growing population.


Art and culture

The Ramones song Rockaway Beach is probably the most common pop culture reference to this region, although Herman Melville refers to it in Moby-Dick. The Rockaway Art's Council provides a wide range of events throughout the year. Woody Allen's Radio Days was filmed in Rockaway Park, with period facades and cars turning back the clock during the shoot. Denis Leary's hit TV series Rescue Me has filmed in many locations on the Rockaway Peninsula. One of the most famous movie chase scenes- The French Connection-- was filmed in Rockaway, under the elevated A-train line. The Ramones (L-R, Johnny, Tommy, Joey, Dee Dee) on the cover of their debut self-titled album (1976), cementing their place at the dawn of the punk movement. ... Herman Melville Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, essayist, and poet. ... Moby-Dick book cover Moby-Dick - the official title of the first edition - is a novel by Herman Melville. ... Woody Allen. ... Denis Leary Denis Leary (born August 18, 1957 in Worcester, Massachusetts) is an actor/comedian/writer/director, whose father immigrated to Worcester from Ireland. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The French Connection is a 1971 Hollywood film directed by William Friedkin which tells the story of two New York City policemen who are trying to intercept a heroin shipment coming in from France, based on the actual, infamous French Connection trafficking scheme. ...


Historical events

On June 7, 1993, a ship called the "Golden Venture" beached on the shore of Fort Tilden, located on the western half of the Rockaway Peninsula. The ship contained 296 Chinese illegal aliens and 13 crew members. Ten people drowned trying to reach the peninsula's shoreline. June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


On November 12, 2001 American Airlines Flight 587 crashed in the Rockaway neighborhood of Belle Harbor killing 265 people. November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... American Airlines Flight 587 crashed into the Belle Harbor neighborhood of Queens, New York shortly after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport on November 12, 2001. ... Belle Harbor is a neighborhood in southern Queens (in New York City) located along Rockaway Beach. ...


Communities

Bayswater is a place in the City of Westminster, in London. ... Belle Harbor is a neighborhood in southern Queens (in New York City) located along Rockaway Beach. ... Breezy Point is a city located in Crow Wing County, Minnesota. ... Far Rockaway is one of the four neighborhoods on the Rockaway Peninsula in the New York City borough of Queens in the United States. ... Rockaway Beach may refer to: Rockaway Beach, Queens, New York Rockaway Beach, Oregon Rockaway Beach, Missouri Rockaway Beach, a song by the American punk rock group Ramones from their 1977 album Rocket to Russia. ... The Irish Riviera is the nickname for the neighborhood or Community of Rockaway Beach, New York. ...

High Schools

  • Far Rockaway High School
  • Beach Channel High School

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rockaway River in New Jersey (2689 words)
The Rockaway River, which winds through 40 miles of wooded valleys, residential properties, and scenes of industrial use and misuse, carries what we give it and deposits that load in the Passaic River in Montville Township, Morris County.
In its 40 miles, the Rockaway serves as a précis of the story of all American rivers and their relationship with people who live, work, play, travel, love, care for and ignore them.
After the Rockaway turns to the south, it tumbles through a series of small lakes and ponds, fed along the way by several brooks and creeks.
Rockaway, New York - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (920 words)
The Rockaway Peninsula, also known as The Rockaways, is the name of a peninsula of Long Island, most of which is located within the borough of Queens in New York City; the peninsula's easternmost section forms the town of East Rockaway, in suburban Nassau County.
Rockaway was initially settled by the Canarsie tribe, but sold to the Dutch by the Mohegan tribe along with most of Long Island in 1639, and to the British in 1685.
Rockaways' Playland, a world renowned amusement park opened in 1901, and was a popular place for New York families until 1985 when insurance costs and competition from major regional parks made it impossible to continue operations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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