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Encyclopedia > The Rite of Spring

The Rites of Spring, commonly referred to by its original French title, Le Sacre du printemps (Russian: Весна священная, Vesna svjaščennaja) is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky, which was first performed in 1913. While the Russian title literally means "Sacred Spring", the English title is based on the French title under which the work was premiered, although sacre is more precisely translated as "consecration". It has the subtitle "Pictures from Pagan Russia" (French: Tableaux de la Russie païenne). Igor Stravinsky. ... Rites of Spring was an punk band from Washington, D.C. in the mid-1980s known for their energetic, cathartic live performances. ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Igor Stravinsky. ...

Contents

Composition and critical reception

After coming up with the idea of the piece in 1910 from a fantasy vision of pagan ritual (his fleeting vision of a young girl dancing herself to death) while composing The Firebird,[1] Stravinsky began forming sketches and ideas for the piece, enlisting the help of archaeologist and folklorist Nikolai Roerich. Though he was sidetracked for a year while he worked on Petrushka (which he intended to be a light burlesque as a relief from the orchestrally-intense work already in progress), The Rite of Spring was composed between 1912 and 1913 for Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Roerich was an integral part of the creation of the work, drawing from scenes of historical rites for inspiration; Stravinsky referred to the work-in-progress as "our child". After going through revisions almost up until the very day of its first performance, it was premiered on May 29, 1913 at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris and was conducted by Pierre Monteux. Stravinsky would later write that a better translation to English would have been "The Coronation of Spring." Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism Bagan, a city in Myanmar also known as Pagan Pagan (album), the 6th album by Celtic metal band Cruachan Pagan Island, of the Northern Mariana Islands Pagan Lorn, a metal band from Luxembourg, Europe (1994-1998) Pagans Mind, is... The Firebird (French: LOiseau de feu; Russian: Жар-птица, Žar-ptica) is a 1910 ballet by Igor Stravinsky. ... Guests from Overseas, 1899 (Varangians in Russia) Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 - December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Николай Константинович Рерих), was a Russian painter and spiritual teacher. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Burlesque (disambiguation). ... Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Сергей Павлович Дягилев) (March 19, 1872 – August 19, 1929), often known as Serge, was a Russian ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... Léon Bakst: Firebird, Ballerina, 1910 There was also the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo from 1932 to 1963 The Ballets Russes was a ballet company established in 1909 by the Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev and resident first in the Théâtre Mogador and Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Théâtre des Champs-Elysées is a Parisian theater, famous for being the place of the scandal related to the first performance of Igor Stravinskys Rite of Spring in 1913. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Pierre Monteux (April 4, 1875 – July 1, 1964) was an orchestra conductor. ...


The Ballets Russes staged the first performance. The intensely rhythmic score and primitive scenario—a setting of scenes from pagan Russia—shocked audiences more accustomed to the demure conventions of classical ballet. Vaslav Nijinsky's choreography was a radical departure from classical ballet. Different from the long and graceful lines of traditional ballet, arms and legs were sharply bent. The dancers danced more from their pelvis than their feet, a style that later influenced Martha Graham. Stravinsky would later write in his autobiography of the process of working with Nijinsky on the choreography, writing: "the poor boy knew nothing of music" and that Nijinsky "had been saddled with a task beyond his capacity."[1] While Stravinsky praised Nijinsky's amazing dance talent, he was frustrated working with him on choreography. Vaslav Nijinsky as Vayou in Nikolai Legats revival of Marius Petipas The Talisman, St. ... Look up Choreography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the supercentenarian, see Martha Graham (supercentenarian). ...


The complex music and violent dance steps depicting fertility rites first drew catcalls and whistles from the crowd. At the start with the opening bassoon solo, the audience began to boo loudly due to the slight discord in the background notes behind the bassoon's opening melody. There were loud arguments in the audience between supporters and opponents of the work. These were soon followed by shouts and fistfights in the aisles. The unrest in the audience eventually degenerated into a riot. The Paris police arrived by intermission, but they restored only limited order. Chaos reigned for the remainder of the performance, and Stravinsky himself was so upset on account of its reception that he fled the theater in mid-scene, reportedly crying.[2] Fellow composer Camille Saint-Saëns famously stormed out of the première, (though Stravinsky later said "I do not know who invented the story that he was present at, but soon walked out of, the premiere.")[3] allegedly infuriated over the misuse of the bassoon in the ballet's opening bars. A classical music riot is a riot that occurs upon (usually) the premiere of a controversial piece of classical music. ... Charles Camille Saint-Saëns () (9 October 1835 – 16 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor, and pianist, known especially for his large-scale orchestral works The Carnival of the Animals, Danse Macabre, Samson et Dalila, and Symphony No. ...


Stravinsky ran backstage, where Diaghilev was turning the lights on and off in an attempt to try to calm the audience. Nijinsky stood on a chair, leaned out (far enough that Stravinsky had to grab his coat-tail), and shouted counts to the dancers, who were unable to hear the orchestra (this was challenging because Russian numbers are polysyllabic above ten, such as eighteen: vosemnadsat).[4]


Although Nijinsky and Stravinsky were despondent, Diaghilev (a Russian art critic as well as the ballet's impresario) commented that the scandal was "just what I wanted". The music and choreography were considered barbaric and sexual and are also often noted as being the primary factors for the cause of the riot, but many political and social tensions surrounding the premiere contributed to the backlash as well[citation needed]. Even though Nijinsky's original choreography was lost, the work is now a standard of dance troupes around the world and has been choreographed by Pina Bausch and Sir Kenneth MacMillan. Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Сергей Павлович Дягилев) (March 19, 1872 – August 19, 1929), often known as Serge, was a Russian ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... Philippine Pina Bausch (born July 27, 1940 in Solingen, Germany) is a modern dance choreographer and a leading influence in the development of the Tanztheater style of dance. ... Sir Kenneth MacMillan (1929 - 1992) was a noted British ballet dancer and choreographer. ...


The ballet completed its run of seven performances[disputed] amid controversy, but experienced no further disruption. The same performers gave a production of the work in London later the same year. Both Stravinsky and Nijinsky continued to work, but neither created pieces in this percussive and intense style again. The United States premiere was in 1924 in a concert (that is, non-staged) version. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Stravinsky composed a piano four-hands version before finishing the orchestral score. The composer was continually revising the work for both musical and practical reasons, even after the premiere and well into ensuing years. The transcription for piano four-hands was performed with Debussy; since Stravinsky composed the Rite, as with his other works, at the piano, it is natural that he worked on the piano version of the work concurrently with the full orchestral score. It was in this form that the piece was first published (in 1913, the full score not being published until 1921 by Editions Russe de Musique). Owing to the disruption caused by World War I, there were few performances of the work in the years following its composition, which made this arrangement the main way in which people got to know the piece. This version is still performed quite frequently, as it does not require the massive forces of the full orchestral version. Sheet music is written representation of music. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... In music, an arrangement refers either to a rewriting of a piece of existing music with additional new material or to a fleshing-out of a compositional sketch, such as a lead sheet. ...


Stravinsky also made two arrangements of the Rite for player piano. In late 1915, the Aeolian Company in London asked for permission to issue both the Rite and Petrushka on piano roll, and by early 1918 the composer had made several sketches to be used in the more complex passages. Again owing to the War, the work of transcribing the rolls dragged on, and only the Rite was ever issued by Aeolian on standard Pianola rolls, and this not until late 1921, by which time Stravinsky had completed a far more comprehensive re-composition of the work for the Pleyela, the brand of player piano manufactured by Pleyel in Paris.


The Pleyela/Pianola master rolls were not recorded using a "recording piano" played by a performer in real time, but were instead true "pianola" rolls, cut mechanically/graphically, free from any constraints imposed by the ability of the player. As musicologist William Malloch has noted, on these rolls the final section is at a considerably faster tempo, relative to the rest of the composition, than in the generally-used orchestral score. Malloch further opines, based upon this evidence, the composer's revisions of the orchestral score, and a limited number of very early phonographic recordings of performances, that Stravinsky originally intended the faster tempo, but found that significant numbers of orchestral players at the time were simply unable to manage the rhythmic complexity of the section at that tempo, and accordingly revised the tempo markings downward in later revisions. The Zander recording includes both the pianola version, and the orchestral Rite with the faster tempo restored to the final section.


In 1994-95, The Rite of Spring was transcribed for large symphonic wind ensemble by Merlin Patterson. This transcription was premiered in April 1995 by The University of Houston Wind Ensemble conducted by Eddie Green in the Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center in Dallas, Texas. Patterson's transcription has subsequently been performed by major university and professional wind bands including the Dallas Wind Symphony, Jerry Junkin, conductor. Meyerson Symphony Center Exterior Meyerson Symphony Center Exterior The Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center is a concert hall in the Arts District of Downtown Dallas, Texas designed by Chinese-American architect I.M. Pei and opened in September of 1989. ... The Dallas Wind Symphony [1] (DWS) is a professional concert band based in Dallas, Texas. ...


Themes

The Rite of Spring is a series of episodes depicting a wild pagan spring ritual: "... the wise elders are seated in a circle and are observing the dance before death of the girl whom they are offering as a sacrifice to the god of Spring in order to gain his benevolence," said Stravinsky, of the imagery that prompted the genesis of the work. Though the music is capable of standing alone, and was a great success in the concert hall, in conception it is inextricably tied to the action on stage. The Rite is divided into two parts with the following scenes (there are many different English translations of the original titles; the ones given are Stravinsky's preferred wording[citation needed] followed by the original French in parenthesis):

Nicholas Roerich's 1913 set design for Part I: Adoration of the Earth.
Nicholas Roerich's 1913 set design for Part I: Adoration of the Earth.

Part I: Adoration of the Earth Image File history File linksMetadata Riteset. ... Guests from Overseas, 1899 (Varangians in Russia) Longships Are Built in the Land of the Slavs (1903) Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 - December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Николай Константинович Рёрих), was a Russian painter and spiritual teacher. ...

  • Introduction [5]
  • The Augurs of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls) (Les augures printaniers, Danses des adolescentes) [6]
  • Ritual of Abduction (Jeu du rapt) [7]
  • Spring Rounds (Round Dance) (Rondes printanières) [8]
  • Ritual of the Rival Tribes (Jeu des cités rivales) [9]
  • Procession of the Sage (Cortège du sage) [10]
  • The Sage (Adoration of the Earth) (Le sage) [11]
  • Dance of the Earth (Danse de la terre) [12]

Part II: The Sacrifice

  • Introduction [13]
  • Mystic Circles of the Young Girls (Cercles mystérieux des adolescentes) [14]
  • The Glorification of the Chosen One (Glorification de l'Élue) [15]
  • Evocation of the Ancestors (Évocation des ancêtres) [16]
  • Ritual Action of the Ancestors (Action rituelle des ancêtres) [17]
  • Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One) (Danse sacrale (l'Élue)) [18]

Though the melodies draw upon folklike themes designed to evoke the feeling of songs passed down from ancient time, the only tune Stravinsky acknowledged to be directly drawn from previously-existing folk melody is the opening, first heard played by the solo bassoon. Several other themes, however, have been shown to have a striking similarity to folk tunes appearing in the Juskiewicz anthology of Lithuanian folk songs. The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... Folklore band performing dainas and dancing Daina is a traditional name of vocal of folk music in the Baltic languages, preserved in Lithuania and Latvia. ...


Musical characteristics

Stravinsky's music is harmonically adventurous, with an emphasis on dissonance for the purposes of colour and musical energy. Rhythmically, it is similarly harsh, with a number of sections having constantly changing time signatures and unpredictable off-beat accents. Stravinsky revitalizes rhythm in The Rite of Spring by using asymmetrical rhythm, percussive use of dissonance, polyrhythms, polytonality, layering of ostinati (repeated ideas) and melodic fragments to create complex webs of interactive lines, and is influenced by primitivism (specifically, West African tribal art). An example of primitivism can be seen below (from the opening of the final section, the "Sacrificial Dance"): This article is about musical harmony. ... Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds over time. ... For the popular Tamil film, see Rhythm (film). ... Additive rhythms are larger periods of time constructed from sequences of smaller rhythmic units added to the end of the previous unit. ... Dissonance has several meanings, all related to conflict or incongruity. ... Polyrhythm is the simultaneous sounding of two or more independent rhythms. ... The musical use of more than one key simultaneously is polytonality. ... Primitivism is an artistic movement which originated as a reaction to the Enlightenment. ...

According to George Perle (1977 quoted in 1990) the "intersecting of inherently non-symmetrical diatonic elements with inherently non-diatonic symmetrical elements seems...the defining principle of the musical language of Le Sacre and the source of the unparalleled tension and conflicted energy of the work". This idea is elaborated more fully by Van Den Toorn, who gives a detailed analysis of the pitch structure of the piece in terms of diatonically-derived tetrachords intersecting with symmetrical 'partitions' of the octatonic scale.[19] Download high resolution version (884x220, 13 KB)Igor Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring, Sacrificial Dance. Created by Hyacinth using Sibelius and Paint. ... George Perle (born May 6, 1915 in Bayonne, New Jersey) is a composer and musicologist who has studied with Ernst Krenek. ... ...


Further, "the diatonicism of Le Sacre du printemps should not be understood in the restrictive sense of the major/minor system, but in terms of something more basic. Like the symmetrical partitionings of the twelve-tone scale in Le Sacre, its diatonicism may also be explained in terms of interval cycles--more simply and coherently, in fact, than in terms of the traditional modes and scales. With the single exception of interval[-class] 5, every interval[-class] from 1 through 6 will partition the space of an octave into equal segments. A seven-note segment of the interval-5 cycle [C5], telescoped into the compass of an octave, divides the octave into unequal intervals--'whole-steps' and 'half-steps'". In music, interval cycles, unfold a single recurrent interval in a series that closes with a return to the initial pitch class, and are notated by George Perle using the letter C, for cycle, with an interval class integer to distinguish the interval. ...

Example: The last few bassoon solo measures from the main theme from the Introduction, preceded by the head motif, transcribed to treble clef.
Example: The last few bassoon solo measures from the main theme from the Introduction, preceded by the head motif, transcribed to treble clef.

The boundary of what Perle considers the principal theme from the Introduction, following the solo bassoon head motif in measures 1-3, is a symmetrical tritone divided by minor thirds, making an interval-3 cycle (C 3) (p. 19). Like Varese's Density 21.5, "it partitioned the interval of a tritone into two minor thirds and differentiated these by twice filling in the span of the upper third--first chromatically and then with a single passing note--and leaving the lower third open". The theme repeats "truncated" in 7-9, the head motif only in 13, and then fully, transposed down a half step, fifty three measures later, 66, at the end of the movement with "cb-bb-ab instead of the head motif's c-b-a" (p. 81-82). Download high resolution version (911x155, 6 KB)The Rite of Spring main theme. ... Download high resolution version (911x155, 6 KB)The Rite of Spring main theme. ... Density 21. ...


Like Density 21.5, it "implies the complete representation of each partition of the C3 interval cycle." C30 begins in the head motif's c-b-a and is completed by the main theme which immediately follows (see example above). However, "the otherwise atonal C 3 cycle is initiated by a minor third that is plainly diatonic and tonal" (p. 83). Thus The Rite of Spring has something in common with No. 33 of Bartok's 44 Violin Duets, "Song of the Harvest", which, "juxtaposes tonal and atonal interpretations of the same perfect-4th tetrachord" (p. 86). The tetrachord is a concept of music theory borrowed from ancient Greece. ...


One of the reasons for the enduring celebrity of The Rite of Spring is because the work has been the constant subject of discussion and analysis by musicologists and music theorists. Allen Forte[20], Pierre Boulez[21] and Van Den Toorn have given analyses of the works structure in terms of abstract relations of rhythm and pitch, arguing for a modernist understanding of its musical language. On the other hand, Richard Taruskin's monumental study of Stravinsky's early music gives an explanation of the musical characteristics as fundamentally and directly derived from Russian folk music[22] Allen Forte (born December 23, 1926) is a music theorist and musicologist. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlɛz/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ... This article focuses on the cultural movement labeled modernism or the modern movement. See also: Modernism (Roman Catholicism) or Modernist Christianity; Modernismo for specific art movement(s) in Spain and Catalonia. ... Richard Taruskin is an American musicologist and music historian specializing in theory of performance, Russian music, fifteenth-century music, twentieth-century music, nationalism, theory of modernism, and analysis. ... Russia is a large and extremely culturally diverse country, with dozens of ethnic groups, each with their own forms of folk music. ...


Instrumentation

The Rite of Spring is scored for an unusually large orchestra. It calls for woodwinds in fives, specifically, piccolo, 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo 2), alto flute, 4 oboes (4th doubling English horn 2), English horn, clarinet in D or E♭, 3 clarinets in A or B♭ (3rd doubling bass clarinet 2), bass clarinet in B♭, 4 bassoons (4th doubling contrabassoon 2), and Contrabassoon. Also included are 8 French horns in F (7th and 8th doubling tenor Wagner tubas in B♭), piccolo trumpet in D, 4 trumpets in C (4th doubling bass trumpet in E♭), 3 trombones, 2 bass tubas, 9 timpani (3 players on 3 drums each, but usually transcribed for two players, one on 5 and the other on 4), bass drum, triangle, tambourine, tam-tam, güiro, crotales (antique cymbals) in A flat and B♭, cymbals and strings. This article is about the instrument in the flute family. ... â™  This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... The cor anglais, or English horn, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... The cor anglais, or English horn, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... The soprano clarinets are a sub-family of the clarinet family. ... The soprano clarinets are a sub-family of the clarinet family. ... The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. ... The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. ... The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... The contrabassoon, also contrafagotto or double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower. ... The contrabassoon, also contrafagotto or double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower. ... For other uses, see Horn. ... The Wagner tuba is a comparatively rare brass instrument that combines elements of both the horn and the tuba. ... Piccolo trumpet in B-flat, with swappable leadpipes to tune the instrument to B-flat (shorter) or A (longer) The smallest of the trumpet family is the piccolo trumpet (picc or pixie in trumpeter slang). ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... Bass trumpet in C with rotary valves The bass trumpet is a type of low trumpet which was first developed during the 1820s in Germany. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... For other uses, see Tuba (disambiguation). ... A timpanist in the United States Air Forces in Europe Band. ... A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. ... An old-fashioned triangle, with wand (beater) Angelika Kauffmann: LAllegra, 1779 The triangle is an idiophone type of musical instrument in the percussion family. ... “Buben” redirects here. ... A gong is one of a wide variety of metal percussion instruments. ... The güiro is a percussion instrument consisting of an open-ended, hollow gourd with parallel notches cut in one side. ... Crotales (upper right) are often used with other mallet percussion Crotales, sometimes called antique cymbals, are percussion instruments consisting of small, tuned bronze or brass disks. ... For the Japanese rock band, see Cymbals (band). ... It is also possible that you want to know about the Cymbalum instrument. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ...


Stravinsky scored the instruments of the orchestra in unusual and uncomfortable sounding registers (ranges) in the Rite of Spring, often as an attempt to emulate the strained sounds of untrained village voices.[23] The most notable instance of this is heard in the opening bassoon solo which reaches to the highest notes of the instrument's range. The composer also called for instruments that, prior to the Rite of Spring, had rarely been scored for in orchestral music, including the alto flute, E-flat clarinet, bass clarinet, piccolo trumpet, bass trumpet, Wagner tuba, and güiro. The use of these instruments, combined with the aforementioned manipulation of instrumental ranges, gave the piece a distinctive sound. In music, a register is the relative height or range of a note, set of pitches or pitch classes, melody, part, instrument or group of instruments. ... The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... Eâ™­ clarinet with Oehler system keywork. ... The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. ... Piccolo trumpet in B-flat, with swappable leadpipes to tune the instrument to B-flat (shorter) or A (longer) The smallest of the trumpet family is the piccolo trumpet (picc or pixie in trumpeter slang). ... Bass trumpet in C with rotary valves The bass trumpet is a type of low trumpet which was first developed during the 1820s in Germany. ... The Wagner tuba is a comparatively rare brass instrument that combines elements of both the horn and the tuba. ... The güiro is a percussion instrument consisting of an open-ended, hollow gourd with parallel notches cut in one side. ...


Aaron Copland, in his 1951 Charles Eliot Norton lectures, characterized the Rite of Spring as the foremost orchestral achievement of the 20th century.[24] Aaron Copland Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900 – December 2, 1990) was an American composer of concert and film music, as well as an accomplished pianist. ... The brothers Charles Benjamin Norton, Frank Henry Norton, and Charles Eliot Norton, between 1853-1855. ...


Disney's Fantasia

The Rite of Spring was further popularized through Walt Disney's Fantasia (1940), an animated feature film in which imaginative visual images and stories are added to classical music. Stravinsky's own 1961 recording of the work for Columbia Records included liner notes by him, transcribed from an interview for which the audio still exists. Therein, he stated that he received $1,200 (his share of a total $5,000) for the use of his music in the film, explaining that since his music was not copyrighted for use in the USA it could be used regardless of whether he granted permission or not, but that Disney wished to show the film in other countries. In order for the music to follow the animated story concerned, much of Part I either was omitted entirely or was moved to, or repeated at, the end. Stravinsky described the performance as "execrable" and thought the segment as a whole "involved a dangerous misunderstanding". Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, produced by Walt Disney and first released on November 13, 1940 in the United States. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, the third in the Disney animated features canon, which was a Walt Disney experiment in animation and music. ... The year 1940 in film involved some significant events. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... Liner notes are the booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or any sound recording container. ... For other uses, see Interview (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ...


The Walt Disney studios countered his assertions with detailed reports and photographs of Stravinsky's visit to the studio in which he was shown an early version of the sequence. "Ah, yes! That is just what I meant, I suppose!" he chuckled. He is seen in various photographs smiling and holding animation reference maquettes, and after seeing the piece, he gave Disney rights to film The Firebird in any subsequent version of Fantasia.


The Disney studios maintain they were completely surprised by his turn of opinion in later years. In the most bizarre iteration of Stravinsky's story regarding his trip to the studio, he claimed he signed over the rights for The Firebird to the Disney studios only after Walt Disney personally threatened him and told him he was going to film The Firebird whether he liked it or not, so he might as well sign over the rights and be paid for it. The Disney family maintains that Stravinsky was being disingenuous, for whatever personal reason. Walt's nephew Roy E. Disney later used The Firebird in his production of Fantasia 2000. (The Firebird was also used in the pastiche of Fantasia, Allegro non troppo.) Roy Edward Disney, KCSG, (born January 10, 1930) was a longtime senior executive for The Walt Disney Company, which his father Roy Oliver Disney and his uncle Walt founded. ... Fantasia 2000 is an animated feature produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. ... The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... Allegro non troppo is a Bruno Bozzetto animated film released in 1977. ...


The Rite of Spring is the fourth piece to be played in the film, illustrated by "a pageant, as the story of the growth of life on Earth" according to the narration (read by Deems Taylor). The sequence shows the beginning of simple life forms, evolution up to the dinosaurs, and their eventual destruction. The movie was not considered successful at the time, but has since been hailed as an ambitious and talented use of animation for 'serious' art. Deems Taylor (born Joseph Taylor) (1885 - 1966) was a U.S. composer and music critic. ...


As a film score

Many subsequent film composers have been influenced by The Rite of Spring and sometimes make indirect or direct references to the work. For example, for the original Star Wars, John Williams wrote a cue for a scene in the Dune Sea of Tatooine that begins with a permutation of the introduction to Part II of the Rite of Spring. Jerry Goldsmith's score for Peter Hyams' science-fiction classic Outland can be heard to draw on Stravinsky's score at several points. The specific motivation for such reference/homage/borrowing is not always apparent, but in the sleeve notes of the special edition of the soundtrack of Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, John Williams is quoted as saying that he broke one of his own cardinal rules, in that he listened to Lucas' temp track. The similarity between this Star Wars passage and the Introduction of Part II of Stravinsky's work suggest that George Lucas had used this very piece as music for that scene. This work also echoes in the theme to Steven Spielberg's 2005 adaptation of "War of the Worlds." [25] The opening bars of the piece form a theme used in the animated TV series The Animals Of Farthing Wood. This article is about the series. ... Williams conducting the London Symphony Orchestra during the recording of the score for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... In George Lucass Star Wars saga, Tatooine is the home planet of the Skywalker family and Ben Kenobi, the setting for much of the action in the sagas films (as well as several of the novels and other pieces of written fiction) and one of the most iconic... Jerrald King Jerry Goldsmith (February 10, 1929 – July 21, 2004) was an American film score composer from Los Angeles, California. ... Peter Hyams (born July 26, 1943) is an American screenwriter, director and cinematographer. ... For the song from The Rocky Horror Show, see Science Fiction/Double Feature. ... Outland has several meanings: Outland (comic) Outland (movie) Outland (shop) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... War of the Worlds is a 2005 science fiction disaster film based on H. G. Wells original novel starring Tom Cruise. ... This article is about the Animals of Farthing Wood television series. ...


Notable recordings

Stravinsky reportedly greeted Leonard Bernstein's 1958 recording with the one-word reaction, "Wow!" [26] In a detailed review of Herbert von Karajan's first 1964 account he derided it as "too polished", "a pet savage rather than a real one", and described Action rituelle des ancêtres as "tempo di hoochie-coochie" and "duller than Disney's dying dinosaurs". He concluded: "I doubt whether The Rite can be satisfactorily performed in terms of Herr von Karajan's traditions".[27] Pierre Monteux (April 4, 1875 – July 1, 1964) was an orchestra conductor. ... Leopold Stokowski (born Antoni StanisÅ‚aw BolesÅ‚awowicz April 18, 1882 in London, England, died September 13, 1977 in Nether Wallop, England) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, Hollywood Bowl Orchestra and the Symphony of the Air. ... The Philadelphia Orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is one of the United States major orchestras and one of the finest in the world. ... Look up Fantasia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Fantasia may refer to one of several things. ... Pierre Monteux (April 4, 1875 – July 1, 1964) was an orchestra conductor. ... The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds premiere orchestras. ... RCA, formerly an acronym for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark owned by Thomson SA through RCA Trademark Management S.A., a company owned by Thomson. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... The New York Philharmonic is the oldest active symphony orchestra in the United States, organized during 1842. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Fredric R. Mann Auditorum (he:Hichal Hatarbot), home of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra The Leonard Bernstein Plaza in front of the Mann Auditorum The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra (abbreviation IPO; Hebrew: התזמורת הפילהרמונית הישראלית, ha-Tizmoret ha-Filharmonit ha-Yisreelit) is the leading symphony orchestra in Israel, and one of the top orchestras... Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical record label. ... Igor Markevitch (August 9, 1912 - March 7, 1983) was a Ukrainian composer and conductor. ... The Philharmonia is an orchestra based in London. ... Igor Stravinsky. ... The Columbia Symphony Orchestra is, (or was) an orchestra formed by the recording company Columbia, and provided a vehicle for some of their better known recording artists, with perhaps the most important contributions made by the conductor Bruno Walter, who made recordings of Beethoven and Mozart symphonies, amongst others, with... Photograph of Karel Ančerl. ... Czech Philharmonic Orchestra at Rudolfinum Hall in Prague The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra (ÄŒeská filharmonie in Czech language) is based in Prague and is probably the most famous and most internationally respected Czech orchestra. ... Supraphon Music Publishing is the most significant Czech record label, and has a distinguished history. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... The Berlin Philharmonic rehearsing in the Berliner Philharmonie. ... Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical record label. ... Seiji Ozawa , born September 1, 1935) is a Japanese conductor. ... The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlÉ›z/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ... The Cleveland Orchestra is one of the major symphony orchestras in the United States. ... Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical record label. ... Sir Colin Rex Davis (born September 25, 1927) is a noted British conductor. ... The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest in Dutch) is the best known and most respected orchestra in the Netherlands, and is generally considered to be among the worlds finest. ... Philips Classics Records was started in the eighties as the new classics label for Philips Records. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... The Berlin Philharmonic rehearsing in the Berliner Philharmonie. ... Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical record label. ... Lorin Varencove Maazel (born March 6, 1930) is a conductor, violinist and composer. ... The Cleveland Orchestra is one of the major symphony orchestras in the United States. ... Benjamin Zander (born March 9, 1939, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, England) is an English-American conductor. ... IMP or imp may mean: Imp, a fantasy creature. ... Alexander (Ali) Rahbari Official Web Site (Persian: علی رهبری) is a Persian (Iranian) composer and conductor born in 1948. ... -1... Charles Édouard Dutoit (born October 7, 1936) is a Swiss conductor. ... The Montreal Symphony Orchestra (MSO) (in French: Orchestre symphonique de Montréal (OSM)) is a major orchestra based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, with its home venue at Montreals Place des Arts. ... London Records is a record label headquartered in the United Kingdom, originally marketing records in the United States, Canada and Latin America from 1947 through the 1980s. ... Pierre Boulez Pierre Boulez (IPA: /pjɛʁ.buˈlÉ›z/) (born March 26, 1925) is a conductor and composer of classical music. ... The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... Michael Tilson Thomas (born December 21, 1944), nicknamed MTT, is an American conductor, pianist and composer. ... The San Francisco Symphony (SFS) is a leading orchestra based in San Francisco, California. ... Valery Gergiev Valery Abisalovich Gergiev, Russian: Вале́рий Абиса́лович Ге́ргиев (born 1953) is a Russian conductor and opera company director. ... The Mariinsky Theatre, known as the Kirov Opera and Ballet Theatre in 1934-92, is a historic theatre of opera and ballet in St Petersburg. ... Esa-Pekka Salonen ( ) (born June 30, 1958 in Helsinki) is a prominent Finnish orchestral conductor and composer. ... The Los Angeles Philharmonic (LAP) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical record label. ... Super Audio CD (SACD) is a new audio recording format aimed at providing higher fidelity audio reproduction than the compact disc. ...


See also

This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Slavic mythology and Slavic religion evolved over more than 3,000 years. ... Concert etiquette refers to standards of behavior at concerts such as opera or ballet. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Stravinsky, Igor (Simon and Schuster 1956, Norton reissue 1998). Igor Stravinsky - An Autobiography, Reissue edition, W. W. Norton & Company, pp. 31, 40-41. ISBN 978-0393318562. 
  2. ^ Radio Lab, Show 202: Musical Language, Host/Producer Jad Abumrad, Co-Host Robert Krulwich, Producer Ellen Horne, Production Executives: Dean Capello and Mikel Ellcessor
  3. ^ Stravinsky, Igor; Robert Craft (1959). Expositions and Developments. University of California Press, p144. 
  4. ^ Modris Eksteins challenges this interpretation, claiming that this was because of the difficult choreography and the unconventional rhythm of the music, adding that he was simply continuing what he had always done in practice. Eksteins adds that the story was later embellished by Stravinsky himself and Jean Cocteau to enhance the mystique of this legendary performance. See Eksteins, Modris, Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Modern Era. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1989, p. 12, ISBN 0395937582.
  5. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-1.mp3
  6. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-2.mp3
  7. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-3.mp3
  8. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-4.mp3
  9. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-5.mp3
  10. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-6.mp3
  11. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-7.mp3
  12. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-8.mp3
  13. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-9.mp3
  14. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-10.mp3
  15. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-11.mp3
  16. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-12.mp3
  17. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-13.mp3
  18. ^ http://qcpages.qc.cuny.edu/~howe/music784/Stravinsky%20Sacre-14.mp3
  19. ^ Van Den Toorn, Pieter (1987). Stravinsky and the Rite of Spring. Oxford University Press. 
  20. ^ Forte, Allen (1978). The Harmonic Organisation of the Rite of Spring. Yale University Press. 
  21. ^ Boulez, Pierre (1966). Notes of an Apprenticeship. Knopf. 
  22. ^ Taruskin, Richard (1996). Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works through Mavra. Oxford University Press. 
  23. ^ Michael Tilson Thomas. (9). Keeping Score [Documentary]. San Fransico, California: KQED.
  24. ^ Aaron Copland. Music and Imagination. Harvard University Press, page 37. 
  25. ^ Scheurer, Timothy E. (Spring 1997), "John Williams and film music since 1971 - composer", Popular Music and Society, <http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2822/is_n1_v21/ai_20633217>
  26. ^ Phiharmonic: Incarnations of Spring, New York Times, Donal Henahan, March 23, 1984
  27. ^ From the history of the Mariinsky Theatre: Stravinsky: A review of recent recordings of Le sacre du printemps, 1964.. Mariinsky Theatre. Retrieved on 2006-11-22. The original review appeared in Hi Fi-Stereo Magazine, New York, 1964.

This article is about the year 9. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

  • Hill, Peter. 2000. Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-62221-2.
  • Perle, George. 1977. "Berg's Master Array of Interval Cycles". Musical Quarterly 63:1–30. Reprinted in Perle, The Right Notes: Twenty-Three Selected Essays by George Perle on Twentieth-Century Music, 207–35. Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, 1995.
  • Perle, George. 1990. The Listening Composer. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-06991-9.
  • Taruskin, Richard. 1996. Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions. 2 vols. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-07099-2.
  • van den Toorn, Pieter C. 1987. Stravinsky and The Rite of Spring. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. full text
  • Yarustovsky, Boris Mikhailovich. 1965. Foreword to an edition of the orchestral score. Moscow: Izd. "Muzyka". English translation, New York: Dover Publications, 1989; ISBN 0-486-25857-2.

George Perle (born May 6, 1915 in Bayonne, New Jersey) is a composer and musicologist who has studied with Ernst Krenek. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
The Rite of Spring
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) is a project for the creation of a virtual library of public domain music scores, based on the wiki principle. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Rite of Spring - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1599 words)
The complex music and violent dance steps depicting fertility rites first drew catcalls and whistles from the crowd, and there were loud arguments in the audience between supporters and opponents of the work, and were soon followed by shouts and fistfights in the aisles.
The Rite of Spring is the fourth piece to be played in the film, illustrated by "a pageant, as the story of the growth of life on Earth" according to the narrator.
Many subsequent film composers have been influenced by The Rite of Spring and sometimes make indirect references to it; for example, John Williams's theme for the Dune Sea of Tatooine in the original Star Wars soundtrack begins with a permutation of the introduction to Part II of the Rite of Spring.
Rite - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (230 words)
A rite is an established, ceremonious, usually religious act.
rites of passage, generally changing an individual's social status, such as marriage, Christian baptism, or graduation.
Freemasonry in North America is divided into the Scottish Rite and the York Rite.
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