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Encyclopedia > The Planets

The Planets Op. 32[1] is a seven-movement orchestral suite by the English composer Gustav Holst, written between 1914 and 1916. The Planets is the most-performed composition by an English composer.[1] Its first complete public performance was on October 10, 1918 in Birmingham, with Appleby Matthews conducting. However, an earlier invitation-only premiere occurred during World War I on September 29, 1918, in the Queen's Hall in London, conducted by Adrian Boult[2]. Gustav Holst Gustav Holst (September 21, 1874, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire - May 25, 1934, London) [1] [2] was an English composer and was a music teacher for over 20 years. ... This article is about the astronomical term. ... This article is about the Solar System. ... Opus, from the Latin word opus meaning work, is usually used in the sense of a work of art. In this sense the plural of opus, opera, is used to refer to the genre of music drama. ... In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Gustav Holst Gustav Holst (September 21, 1874, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire - May 25, 1934, London) [1] [2] was an English composer and was a music teacher for over 20 years. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the British city. ... T. Appleby Matthews was an English conductor. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Queens Hall was a classical music concert hall in Central London, opened in 1893 but is best known for being where The Promenade Concerts were founded in 1895. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Sir Adrian Cedric Boult (April 8, 1889 - February 22, 1983) was an English conductor. ...


The elaborate score of The Planets produces unusual, complex sounds by using some unique instruments[3] and multiples of instruments in the large orchestra (like Mahler's Sixth of 1906), such as three oboes, three bassoons, two piccolos, two harps, bass oboe, two timpani players, glockenspiel, celesta, xylophone, tubular bells, and organ (see "Instrumentation" below). Holst had been influenced by Stravinsky,[4] who used four oboes and four bassoons in his Rite of Spring (1912-1913) and by Schoenberg's 1909 composition titled "Five Pieces for Orchestra".[4]
Mahler refers to: Alma Maria Mahler-Werfel, or Alma Maria Schindler-Mahler Anna Mahler Arthur Mahler, Austrian archeologist Bruce Mahler, actor David Mahler, composer Eduard Mahler, Austrian astronomer; born in Hungary Gustav Mahler, Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor Halfdan T. Mahler, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) from... The Symphony No. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... This article is about the instrument in the flute family. ... For other uses, see Harp (disambiguation). ... The bass oboe or baritone oboe is a double reed instrument in the woodwind family. ... A timpanist in the United States Air Forces in Europe Band. ... Most orchestral glockenspiels are mounted in a case. ... French type, four-octave Celesta The Celesta (IPA ) is a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard. ... Kulintang a Kayo, a Philippine xylophone The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. ... Tubular bells (also known as chimes) are musical instruments in the percussion family. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky () (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a composer of modern classical music. ... The Rite of Spring is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 Arnold Schoenberg (the anglicized form of Schönberg — Schoenberg changed the spelling officially when he left Germany and re-converted to Judaism in 1933; September 13, 1874 – July 13, 1951) was an Austrian and later American composer. ... Five Pieces for Orchestra (Fünf Orchesterstücke, Op. ...

Contents

Background

The concept of the work is astrological[5] rather than astronomical (which is why Earth is not included). The idea was suggested to Holst by Clifford Bax, who introduced him to astrology when the two were amongst a small group of English artists holidaying in Majorca in the spring of 1913; Holst became quite a devotee of the subject, and liked to cast friends' horoscopes for fun.[5][6] Each movement is intended to convey ideas and emotions associated with the human psyche, not the Roman deities. Holst also used Alan Leo's[5] book What is a Horoscope? as a springboard for his own ideas, as well as for the subtitles (i.e., "The Bringer of...") for the movements. Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... Astronomy, which etymologically means law of the stars, (from Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος) is a science involving the observation and explanation of events occurring outside Earth and its atmosphere. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... Clifford Bax (13 July 1886 - 18 November 1962) was a versatile English writer, known particularly as a playwright, a journalist, critic and editor, and a poet, lyricist and hymn writer. ... Majorca (Spanish and Catalan: Mallorca) is the largest island of Spain. ... Planets in astrology have a different meaning to the modern astronomical understanding of what a planet is. ...

The Queen's Hall: where The Planets premiered in 1918
The Queen's Hall: where The Planets premiered in 1918

The Planets as a work in progress was originally scored for a piano duet, except for "Neptune," which was scored for a single organ, as Holst believed that the sound of the piano was too harsh for a world as mysterious and distant as Neptune. Holst then scored the suite for a large orchestra and it was in this incarnation that it became enormously popular. Holst's use of orchestration was very imaginative and colourful, showing the influence of Schoenberg[5], and other continental composers of the day rather than his English predecessors. The influence of Igor Stravinsky's The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring is especially notable. These new (at least for British audiences) sonorities helped make the suite an instant success. Although The Planets remains Holst's most popular work, the composer himself did not count it among his best creations and later in life complained that its popularity had completely surpassed his other works. He did, however, conduct a recorded performance of the suite in the early 1920s, and he was partial to his own favourite movement, "Saturn". The Queens Hall was a classical music concert hall in Central London, opened in 1893 but is best known for being where The Promenade Concerts were founded in 1895. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 Arnold Schoenberg, (the anglicized form of Schönberg—Schoenberg changed the spelling officially when he became a U.S. citizen) (September 13, 1874 – July 13, 1951) was a composer, born in Vienna, Austria. ... Igor Stravinsky. ... The Firebird (French: LOiseau de feu; Russian: Жар-птица, Žar-ptica) is a 1910 ballet by Igor Stravinsky. ... Pétrouchka (English: Petrushka; Russian: петрушка) is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ... The Rite of Spring, commonly referred to by its original French title, Le Sacre du printemps (Russian: Весна священная, Vesna svjaščennaja) is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky, which was first performed in 1913. ...


During the last weeks of World War I, the private orchestral premiere of The Planets suite was held at rather short notice on September 29, 1918 in the Queen's Hall. It was hastily rehearsed; the musicians first saw the complicated music only two hours before the performance. Despite this auspicious venue, it was a comparably intimate affair, attended by around 250 invited associates, with a chamber orchestra and choir conducted by Boult at the request of his friends—Holst, and financial backer and fellow composer Balfour Gardiner[1][6]. An ecstatically-received public concert was given a few weeks later while Holst was overseas, but out of the seven movements, only five were played[6]. After the war, the first complete public performance occurred on October 10, 1920, in Birmingham. Holst himself conducted the London Symphony Orchestra performance of The Planets in 1926. In 2003, this was released on C by IMP. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Queens Hall was a classical music concert hall in Central London, opened in 1893 but is best known for being where The Promenade Concerts were founded in 1895. ... Sir Adrian Cedric Boult (April 8, 1889 - February 22, 1983) was an English conductor. ... Henry Balfour Gardiner (1877–1950) was an English musician, composer, and teacher. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the British city. ... The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ...


Instrumentation

The work is scored for four flutes (third and fourth doubling piccolo, fourth also doubling "bass flute in G" (alto flute) ), three oboes (the third doubling bass oboe), English horn, three clarinets in A and B flat, bass clarinet in B flat, three bassoons, contrabassoon, six French horns in F, four trumpets in C, three trombones, tenor tuba in B flat, tuba, timpani (six drums in total, requiring two players), bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, triangle, tambourine, gong, tubular bells, glockenspiel, xylophone, celesta, organ, two harps and strings. ♠ This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... The bass oboe or baritone oboe is a double reed instrument in the woodwind family. ... Cor anglais The cor anglais or English horn is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... The soprano clarinets are a sub-family of the clarinet family. ... The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. ... The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... The contrabassoon, also contrafagotto or double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower. ... For other uses, see Horn. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... The euphonium is a conical-bore, baritone-voiced brass instrument. ... For other uses, see Tuba (disambiguation). ... A timpanist in the United States Air Forces in Europe Band. ... A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. ... The snare drum or side drum is a tubular drum made of wood or metal with skins, or heads, stretched over the top and bottom openings, and with a set of snares (cords) stretched across the bottom head. ... It is also possible that you want to know about the Cymbalum instrument. ... An old-fashioned triangle, with wand (beater) Angelika Kauffmann: LAllegra, 1779 The triangle is an idiophone type of musical instrument in the percussion family. ... “Buben” redirects here. ... A gong is one of a wide variety of metal percussion instruments. ... Tubular bells (also known as chimes) are musical instruments in the percussion family. ... Most orchestral glockenspiels are mounted in a case. ... Kulintang a Kayo, a Philippine xylophone The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. ... French type, four-octave Celesta The Celesta (IPA ) is a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... The pedal harp (also known as the concert harp) is large and technically modern harp, designed for classical music and played solo, as part of chamber ensembles, and in symphony orchestras. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ...


For "Neptune", two three-part women's choruses, located in an adjoining room which is to be screened from the audience, are required. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Non-orchestral versions

  • One piano, four hands: "... John York found an engraved copy of Holst's own piano duet arrangement."[7];
  • One harp: Holst's own solo harp arrangement.
  • Two pianos: For a recording of a two-piano version, see Naxos-catalog-item-8.554369.[8] Holst originally composed the suite for two pianos. He had his assistants play the four-hands version to aid in composition.[9]
  • Organ: transcription by Peter Sykes.[10]
  • Brass ensemble: the Empire Brass has recorded a shortened version of Jupiter.
  • Brass band: the Black Dyke Band has recorded and performed the complete suite in a transcription by Stephen Roberts.
  • Symphonic Band transcriptions written by Holst himself of Mars and Jupiter exist and are currently published by Boosey and Hawkes. A transcription for symphonic wind ensemble of the complete seven-movement suite was written by Merlin Patterson in 1998. (see "Media" below)
  • Synthesizers: Japanese keyboardist and composer Isao Tomita recorded the full score using only synthesizers.

Boosey & Hawkes is a British music publisher, the largest classical music publisher in the world. ...

Structure

The suite has seven movements, each of them named after a planet and its corresponding Roman deity (see also Planets in astrology): This article is about the astronomical term. ... A head of Minerva found in the ruins of the Roman baths in Bath Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. ... Planets in astrology have a different meaning to the modern astronomical understanding of what a planet is. ...

  1. Mars, the Bringer of War
  2. Venus, the Bringer of Peace
  3. Mercury, the Winged Messenger
  4. Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity
  5. Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age
  6. Uranus, the Magician
  7. Neptune, the Mystic

With the exception of the first two movements, the order of the movements corresponds to increasing distance of their eponymous planets from the Earth. Some commentators have suggested that this is intentional, with the anomaly of Mars preceding Venus being a device to make the first four movements match the form of a symphony. One alternative explanation may be the ruling of astrological signs of the zodiac by the planets. If the zodiac signs are listed along with their ruling planets in the traditional order starting with Aries, ignoring duplication, Pluto (then undiscovered and now de-planetised), and the luminaries (the Sun and the Moon), then the order of the movements matches. Another possibility, this time from an astronomical perspective, is that the first three movements, representing the inner terrestrial planets, are ordered according to their decreasing distance from the Sun. The remaining movements, representing the gas giants that lie beyond the asteroid belt, are ordered by increasing distance from the Sun. Critic David Hurwitz offers an alternative explanation for the piece's structure: that "Jupiter" is the centrepoint of the suite and that the movements on either side are in mirror images. Thus "Mars" involves motion and "Neptune" is static; "Venus" is sublime while "Uranus" is vulgar, and "Mercury" is light and scherzando while "Saturn" is heavy and plodding. (This hypothesis is lent credence by the fact that the two outer movements, "Mars" and "Neptune," are both written in rather unusual quintuple meter.) Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the solar system, named after the Roman god of war (the counterpart of the Greek Ares), on account of its blood red color as viewed in the night sky. ... Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and either Jupiter or a magical flower. ... (*min temperature refers to cloud tops only) Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 9. ... Marble Venus of the Capitoline Venus type, Roman (British Museum) Venus was a major Roman goddess principally associated with love and beauty, the rough equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. ... This article is about the planet. ... A sculpture of the Roman god Mercury by 17th-century Flemish artist Artus Quellinus. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa Hydrogen ~86% Helium ~14% Methane 0. ... For the planet see Jupiter. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 140 kPa Hydrogen >93% Helium >5% Methane 0. ... Saturnus, Caravaggio, 16th c. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 120 kPa Hydrogen 83% Helium 15% Methane 1. ... For other uses, see Uranus (disambiguation). ... Atmospheric characteristics Surface pressure ≫100 MPa Hydrogen - H2 80% ±3. ... Genoese admiral Andrea Doria as Neptune, by Agnolo Bronzino. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... In astrology, a ruling planet is a planet of the solar system that is associated more strongly with a particular sign of the Zodiac than other planets are thought to be. ... Aries the animal Aries is an astrological sign that originated from the constellation Aries, and is the first sign of the zodiac. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 0. ... The inner planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, their sizes to scale. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... David Hurwitz is a classical music writer and record reviewer. ...


"Neptune" was the first piece of music to have a fade-out ending.[citation needed] Holst stipulates that the women's choruses are "to be placed in an adjoining room, the door of which is to be left open until the last bar of the piece, when it is to be slowly and silently closed", and that the final bar (scored for choruses alone) is "to be repeated until the sound is lost in the distance".[11] Although commonplace today, the effect bewitched audiences in the era before widespread recorded sound - after the initial 1918 run-through, Holst's daughter Imogen (in addition to watching the charwomen dancing in the aisles during "Jupiter") remarked that the ending was "unforgettable, with its hidden chorus of women's voices growing fainter and fainter... until the imagination knew no difference between sound and silence".[6] Imogen Holst (April 12, 1907-March 9, 1984) was a British composer and conductor, and the only child of composer Gustav Holst. ...


Pluto

Pluto was discovered in 1930, four years before Holst's death, and was hailed by astronomers as a new planet. Holst expressed no interest in writing a movement for it — he had become disillusioned by the popularity of the suite, believing that it took too much attention away from his other works.[citation needed] For other uses, see Pluto (disambiguation). ...


Numerous other composers have written their own Pluto movements. In 2000, the Hallé Orchestra commissioned the composer Colin Matthews, a Holst specialist, to write a new eighth movement, which Matthews entitled Pluto, the Renewer. Dedicated to Imogen Holst, Gustav Holst's daughter, it was first performed in Manchester on May 11, 2000, with Kent Nagano conducting the Hallé Orchestra. Matthews changed the ending of Neptune slightly so that the movement would lead directly into Pluto. The Hallé Orchestra is one of Britains longest established orchestras, and is based in Manchester. ... The current version of the article or section is written like an essay. ... Imogen Holst (April 12, 1907-March 9, 1984) was a British composer and conductor, and the only child of composer Gustav Holst. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Kent Nagano is the current music director of the Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal. ...


In August 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) for the first time defined the term "planet", which resulted in a change in Pluto's status, from a planet to a dwarf planet. Thus, Holst's original work is once again a complete representation of all the extra-terrestrial planets in the Solar System. IAU redirects here. ... The final definition left the solar system with eight planets. ... This article is about the astronomical term. ... Artists impression of Pluto (background) and Charon (foreground). ... This article is about the Solar System. ...


Uses of The Planets

Thaxted

The melody of the slow middle section of Jupiter was arranged to form the hymn tune Thaxted, named after the village where Holst lived for many years. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Hymn. ... Thaxted, the English village where the British composer Gustav Holst resided much of his life, is also the name of the stately main theme of the Jupiter movement of Holsts orchestral suite The Planets. ...


British patriotism

Holst adapted the work in 1921 to fit the metre of a poem beginning "I vow to thee, my country" that was written between 1908 and 1918 by Sir Cecil Spring-Rice. The lyrics in their final version were a response to the human cost of World War I. The hymn was first performed in 1925 and quickly became a patriotic anthem, although Holst had no such intentions when he originally composed the music. Another adaptation would be the tune used for the hymn "O God beyond all praising". An excerpt from Jupiter has also been used by ITV (a terrestrial TV company in the UK) as a theme tune for coverage of the Rugby Union World Cup since 1991, in a piece called 'World in Union'[12] I Vow to Thee, My Country is an British patriotic song and Anglican hymn. ... Sir Cecil Spring-Rice (1859 - 1918) was a British diplomat. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For other uses, see ITV (disambiguation). ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ... World in Union, with lyrics by Charlie Skarbek, is a theme song for the Rugby (Union) World Cup which attempts to capture the spirit of international friendship which pervades rugby union culture the world over. ...


Films, television and video games

Cliff Eidelman's 1991 score to Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country was inspired by the sound of The Planets, a copy of which was given to him by director Nicholas Meyer.[13] Cliff Eidelman (born December 5, 1964) is an American film score composer and conductor most famous for scoring the dramatic scores Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country and Christopher Columbus: The Discovery at a very young age. ... Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (Paramount Pictures, 1991; see also 1991 in film) is the sixth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... Nicholas Meyer at the Paramount Pictures lot in 2002. ...


Bill Conti's score for the 1983 motion picture The Right Stuff quotes "Mars" and "Jupiter" in Track 4, "Glenn's Flight." To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


John Williams' score to Star Wars is very similar to parts of The Planets in many places. In particular, the scenes in which the Millenium Falcon is pulled into the Death Star by tractor beam, and near the end of the film when the Rebel Alliance flee the impending explosion of the Death Star, music is featured which bears striking resemblance to strains from "Mars." For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... This article is about the series. ... The Millennium Falcon is a starship in the fictional Star Wars universe, piloted by Han Solo and Chewbacca after Solo apparently won it from Lando Calrissian on a bet. ... For other uses, see Death Star (disambiguation). ... In the fictional Star Wars universe, the Rebel Alliance, or more formally, the Alliance to Restore the Republic, is an interstellar terrorist force formed in direct military opposition to the Galactic Empire. ... For other uses, see Death Star (disambiguation). ...


During the second season of The Venture Bros, during the episode "Hate Floats", Monarch Agents 21 and 24 sing a passage from "Mars" to celebrate their being called back to duty. The Venture Bros. ... Hate Floats is the second episode in the second season of The Venture Bros. ...


In the soundtrack of the computer video game Diablo II: Lord of Destruction, the song "Siege" contains numerous allusions and rhythmic resemblance to "Mars."


"Mars" was featured as the main theme song for the computer video game Outpost. Outpost is a video game developed by Dynamix and published by Sierra On-Line. ...


"Saturn" was featured toward the end of the Mark Wahlberg movie "The Yards" as Wahlberg's character was riding on a subway train.


"Mars" is the opening title theme song to Ambrosia Software's "Escape Velocity Nova." Escape Velocity Nova (EV Nova or EVN) is a computer game by Ambrosia Software, in collaboration with ATMOS. It is the third game in the Escape Velocity series. ...


"Jupiter" was remixed by Pleiades Production for use in Dance Dance Revolution SuperNova 2. Dance Dance Revolution SuperNOVA 2 is the latest arcade game in the Dance Dance Revolution series of music video games. ...


"Saturn" is playing in The Simpsons episode "Scuse Me While I Miss the Sky" when Lisa is in the museum and first develops her inspiration for astronomy.


Advertising

The theme from "Jupiter" was used in an Australian advertisement in early 2008 for Bundaberg Rum, as well as an American TV advertisement for Reese's Peanut Butter Cups in 2007.[14] Bundaberg Rum is a dark rum produced in Bundaberg, Australia, often referred to as Bundy. Bundaberg Rum was first produced 1888 after some local sugar millers proposed using the excess molasses produced in their mills to make rum. ... A Reeses Peanut Butter Cup is a peanut butter-filled chocolate cup, created by H. B. Reese, a former employee of Milton S. Hershey, in 1923. ...


Popular culture

Portions of The Planets, particularly "Mars" with its pounding 5/4 ostinato, have been covered and quoted extensively in heavy metal music, progressive rock, and electronica. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Electronica refers to a wide range of contemporary electronic music designed for a wide range of uses, including foreground listening, some forms of dancing, and background music for other activities; but unlike electronic dance music, is not specifically focused on the dance floor. ...

  • Frank Zappa playing with The Mothers of Invention plays the refrain of Jupiter in "The Invocation and Ritual Dance of the Young Pumpkin" on Absolutely Free. This segment is excluded from the live version continued within "Call Any Vegetable" on Just Another Band From LA [1972].
  • King Crimson's 1969 incarnation would play an improvised interpretation of "Mars, the Bringer of War" as the encore of their live set, with guitar, bass, and drums playing the 5/4 time ostinato, while Ian McDonald would improvise over the rhythmic pulse on the mellotron. The same piece appears on their 1970 album In the Wake of Poseidon as "The Devil's Triangle", so named for the three sections of the song, gradually becoming more and more improvised and avant-garde.
  • The intro to the song "Eyes of the World" by British hard rock band Rainbow is based on "Mars, the Bringer of War". Band's drummer Cozy Powell subsequently based his solo, while touring with Emerson, Lake & Powell and Black Sabbath, on the same piece.
  • The intro to the song "Am I Evil" by British heavy metal band Diamond Head is also based on "Mars, the Bringer of War".
  • The chorus of the east coast thrash band Overkill's "Who Tends the Fire" (Megaforce 82045-2, 1989) is based on the Mars theme.
  • The intro and some interior sections of American death metal band Nile's "Ramses Bringer of War" (Relapse 6983, 1998) are based on Holst's Mars.
  • "The Divine Wings of Tragedy" by progressive metal band Symphony X (SPV 72833, 1999) includes a refrain of Mars material that holds the extended composition together.
  • "War (Mars, The Bringer of War)" by Van Helsing’s Curse (Koch 9524, 2003) is simply a reproduction of Mars with a voice-over.
  • Italian power metal band Domine does a song called "Mars, The Bringer of War" (Dragonheart, 1999) which uses significant Mars material.
  • A synthesized version of "Mars, The Bringer of War" appears on a self-titled Emerson, Lake & Powell album. (Polydor 5191, 1986)
  • The bridge of "Boom!" by hard rock band System of a Down (Sony 87062, 2002) is based on Mars.
  • The intro to "White Room" by Cream (Polydor 827578, 1968) is essentially a reworking of Mars theme material.
  • British pop artist Sands included some Mars material in the outro to "Listen to the Sky" (Rev-Ola 176, 2007) on a compilation of the same name.
  • Rick Wakeman recorded an abridged version of the entire suite called "Beyond The Planets" (telstar uk, 1985) with a four-piece rock band.
  • Mars was rendered in techno stylings on the cd TechnoClassix: Never Mind Beethoven (Berwick Street 1, 1993); the track is called "Mars (the bringer of techno)".
  • Masque (Manfred Mann's Earth Band album) features parts of the Suite - of particular note is the first track "Joybringer(From Jupiter)" which is "Jupiter" with lyrics.
  • Part of "Jupiter" is used by Swedish black metal artist Bathory in the song "Hammerheart" of the "Twilight of the Gods" album.
  • Simon Wright uses parts of Jupiter when playing his drum solo on the Holy Diver DVD.

Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... The Mothers of Invention were a rock and roll band active from the 1960s to the 1990s. ... This article is about the musical group. ... Ian McDonald (born June 25, 1946) is an English multi-instrumental musician, best known as a founding member of progressive rock group King Crimson, formed in 1969, and the hard rock band Foreigner in 1976. ... The Mellotron is an electro-mechanical, polyphonic keyboard originally developed and built in Birmingham, England in the early 1960s. ... In the Wake of Poseidon (1970) is the second album by the progressive rock group King Crimson. ... Hard Rock redirects here. ... This article is about Ritchie Blackmores band. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Emerson, Lake & Powell, pictured in that order, left to right, on the cover of Live in Concert (2003) Emerson, Lake & Powell, sometimes abbreviated as ELPowell, were an English rock band, an offshoot or variant lineup of Emerson, Lake & Palmer that released one official studio album in 1986. ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Diamond Head Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. ... Overkill is a slang term for the use of excessive force that seems to go much further than necessary to achieve its goal. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... For other uses, see Nile (disambiguation). ... Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Symphony X is an American progressive metal band from New Jersey founded in 1994 by guitarist Michael Romeo. ... Power metal is a style of heavy metal music typically with the aim of evoking an epic feel, combining characteristics of traditional metal with thrash metal or speed metal, often within symphonic context. ... Domine is a power metal band from Italy. ... Hard Rock redirects here. ... For the bands self-titled album, see System of a Down (album). ... White Room, written by Jack Bruce and Pete Brown, is a single by Cream from their 1968 album Wheels of Fire. ... For other uses of Cream, see Cream (disambiguation). ... Sands has several uses: Buildings Sands Hotel a closed hotel/casino in Las Vegas, Nevada Las Vegas Sands a casino development company Sands Macau a casino in Macau Sands Expo and Convention Center in Las Vegas, Nevada People Sands was a Bondage model Bobby Sands was an Irish republican who... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Masque is an album released in 1987 by Manfred Manns Earth Band. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... The B thory (Polish Batory) was a Hungarian aristocratic family of significant influence in late medi val Central Europe. ... Simon Wright is also the name of the creator of Whirlpool. ... Holy Diver is the debut album of heavy metal band Dio. ...

Media

  • Mars, the Bringer of War
    Mars, from The Planets, performed by the Skidmore College Orchestra. Courtesy of Musopen
    Mars, the Bringer of War
    Performed by the U.S. Air Force Band
    Venus, the Bringer of Peace
    Venus, from The Planets, performed by the U.S. Air Force Band
    Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity
    Jupiter, from The Planets, performed by the Skidmore College Orchestra. Courtesy of Musopen
    Uranus, the Magician
    Uranus, from The Planets, performed by the U.S. Air Force Band
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "The Definitive CDs" (CD 94), of Holst: The Planets (with Elgar: Enigma Variations), Norman Lebrecht, La Scena Musicale, September 1, 2004, webpage: Scena-Notes-100-CDs.
  2. ^ 'Sir Adrian Boult' on divine-art.com.
  3. ^ Peter Bergquist (October 21, 2005). Symphony hits new heights with 'Planets'. Register-Guard.
  4. ^ a b "HOLST Suite: The Planets" (history), Len Mullenger, Olton Recorded Music Society, January 2000, webpage: MusicWebUK-Holst.
  5. ^ a b c d "HOLST Suite: The Planets" (compares compositions & history), Len Mullenger, Olton Recorded Music Society, January 2000, webpage: MusicWebUK-Holst: in 1913 Holst went on holiday to Majorca with Balfour Gardiner, Arnold Bax, and his brother Clifford Bax, who spent the entire holiday discussing astrology.
  6. ^ a b c d "The Great Composers and Their Music", Vol. 50, Marshall Cavendish Ltd., London, 1985. I.H. as quoted on p1218 [more direct citation required]
  7. ^ Notes from Amazon, webpage: amazon.ca/Planets-World-Premiere.
  8. ^ Two-piano version from Naxos, webpage: Naxos-catalog.
  9. ^ Notes to The Planets, Arranged for Two Pianos By The Composer, J. Curwen & Sons, London.
  10. ^ http://www.hbdirect.com/album_detail.php?pid=225139
  11. ^ "The Planets" (full orchestral score): Goodwin & Tabb, Ltd., London, 1921
  12. ^ I Vow To Thee My Country. G4 Central. Retrieved on 2007-08-31.
  13. ^ Supplementary Features. Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country Collector's Edition (DVD).
  14. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E30JEGhwMJs

Edward Elgar Sir Edward William Elgar, Bt OM GCVO (June 2, 1857 – February 23, 1934) was a British composer, born in the small Worcestershire village of Broadheath to William Elgar, a piano tuner and music dealer, and his wife Ann. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Gustav Holst Gustav Holst (September 21, 1874, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire - May 25, 1934, London) [1] [2] was an English composer and was a music teacher for over 20 years. ... Majorca (Spanish and Catalan: Mallorca) is the largest island of Spain. ... Henry Balfour Gardiner (1877–1950) was an English musician, composer, and teacher. ... Clifford Bax (13 July 1886 - 18 November 1962) was a versatile English writer, known particularly as a playwright, a journalist, critic and editor, and a poet, lyricist and hymn writer. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • "The Definitive CDs" (CD 94), of Holst: The Planets (with Elgar: Enigma Variations), Norman Lebrecht, La Scena Musicale, September 1, 2004, webpage: Scena-Notes-100-CDs.
  • "Symphony hits new heights with 'Planets'" (review), Peter Bergquist (professor emeritus at University of Oregon School of Music), Register Guard, 2005-10-21, MusiqueNouvelle.com webpage: MNouvelle-Planets.
  • "HOLST Suite: The Planets" (history), Len Mullenger, Olton Recorded Music Society, January 2000, webpage: MusicWebUK-Holst.
  • Astrology and Modernism in "The Planets", Raymond Head, Tempo (Boosey & Hawkes, London, now Cambridge University Press) No 187 December 1993.

Edward Elgar Sir Edward William Elgar, Bt OM GCVO (June 2, 1857 – February 23, 1934) was a British composer, born in the small Worcestershire village of Broadheath to William Elgar, a piano tuner and music dealer, and his wife Ann. ...

External links

  • IMDB entry for the 1983 Ken Russell documentary "The Planets"
The International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) is a project for the creation of a virtual library of public domain music scores, based on the wiki principle. ...

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