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Encyclopedia > The Pentagon
The Pentagon
Arlington, Virginia

Southwest view of the Pentagon with the Potomac River and Washington Monument in background
Type Headquarters building
Built 1943
In use 1943 – present
Garrison Joint Chiefs of Staff
Department of Defense
Battles/wars September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks
This article is about the United States military building. For the shape, see Pentagon.

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington, Virginia. As a symbol of the U.S. military, "the Pentagon" is often used metonymically to refer to the Department of Defense rather than the building itself. Arlington County is an urban county of about 203,000 residents in the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the U.S., directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. [1] Originally part of the District of Columbia, the land now comprising the county was retroceded to Virginia in a July... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2734x1726, 963 KB) The Pentagon, headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense, looking northeast with the Potomac River and Washington Monument in the distance. ... Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a grouping comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Look up pentagon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Military of the United States, also known as the United States Armed Forces, is structured into five branches consisting of the: United States Army United States Marine Corps United States Navy United States Air Force United States Coast Guard Reserves United States National Guard United States Army Reserve United... In rhetoric, metonymy is the substitution of one word for another word with which it is associated. ...


Designed by architect George Bergstrom (1876 - 1955) and built by Philadelphia, Pennsylvania general contractor John McShain, the building was dedicated on January 15, 1943 after ground was broken for construction on September 11, 1941. It is the highest-capacity office building in the world and the third largest building in the world by floor area. It houses approximately 23,000 military and civilian employees and about 3,000 non-defense support personnel. It has five sides, five floors above ground (plus two basement levels), and five ring corridors per floor with a total of 17.5 miles (28.2 kilometers) of corridors. For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... George Edwin Bergstrom (1876 - 1955) was an American architect who designed the Pentagon. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... A general contractor is an organization or individual that contracts with another organization or individual (the owner) for the construction of a building, road or other facility. ... John McShain (December 21, 1898 - September 9, 1989) was a highy successful United States building contractor known as The Man Who Built Washington. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article is about the largest buildings in the world. ...


The Pentagon Force Protection Agency is a United States Government agency comprised of both sworn Federal Police Officers United States Pentagon Police and civilian CBRN technicians, as well as non-sworn civilian anti-terrorism investigative and physical security personnel, and is responsible for the protection of The Pentagon, headquarters of the United States Department of Defense (DoD). In response to the terrorist attack against the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, the DoD established the new agency, which absorbed the Defense Protective Service (DPS), and assumed its role of providing basic law enforcement and security for The Pentagon and DoD interests in the National Capitol Region (NCR). The Pentagon Force Protection Agency is a government agency comprised of both sworn police officers (PPD) and civilian CBRN technicians, as well as non-sworn civilian anti-terrorism investigative and physical security personnel, and is responsible for the protection of The Pentagon, headquarters of the United States Department of Defense... United States Pentagon Police The U.S. Pentagon Police is the federal police force of the Secretary of Defense. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


PFPA expanded that mission to provide force protection against the full spectrum of potential threats through robust prevention, preparedness, detection, and response measures. The agency provides those services to the 280 acre (1.1 km²) "Pentagon Reservation" as well as numerous other Department of Defense activities and facilities within the NCR. The United States Pentagon Police is the primary federal law enforcement arm of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency. United States Pentagon Police The U.S. Pentagon Police is the federal police force of the Secretary of Defense. ... The Pentagon Force Protection Agency is a government agency comprised of both sworn police officers (PPD) and civilian CBRN technicians, as well as non-sworn civilian anti-terrorism investigative and physical security personnel, and is responsible for the protection of The Pentagon, headquarters of the United States Department of Defense...


At five acres (20,000 m²), the central plaza in the Pentagon is the world's largest "no-salute, no-cover" area[1] (an area exempt from the normal rule that, when out of doors, U.S. military personnel must wear hats and salute superior officers). The open space in the center is informally known as "ground zero," a nickname originating during the Cold War and based on the presumption that the Soviet Union would target one or more nuclear missiles at this central location. At the center of this plaza is the "Ground Zero Cafe," a snack bar.[2] At one point, a target was painted on the ground as a bit of gallows humor, but after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, it was painted over.[citation needed] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ground zero is the exact location on the ground where any explosion occurs. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Gallows humor is humor that makes light of death or other serious matters. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


Just south of the Pentagon are Pentagon City and Crystal City, extensive shopping and high-density residential districts in Arlington. Arlington National Cemetery is to the north. The Washington Metro Pentagon station is also located at the Pentagon, on the Blue and Yellow Lines. The Pentagon is surrounded by the complex Pentagon road network.[3] The Pentagon has between 700 and 800 bases around the world, in 63 countries.[4] Washington Tower, a signature building of the Pentagon City neighborhood. ... Satellite image of the interlocking highrises of Crystal City. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... Exterior view of the Pentagon metro station. ... The Blue Line of the Washington Metro consists of 27 subway stations from Franconia_Springfield to Largo Town Center. ... The Yellow Line of the Washington Metro consists of twelve subway stations from Huntington to Mt Vernon Sq/7th St-Convention Center. ... 1945 map of the Pentagon road network The Pentagon road network is a system of highways, mostly freeways, built by the U.S. Federal Government in the early 1940s to serve the Pentagon in northern Virginia. ...

1945 map of the Pentagon road network, including present-day State Route 27 and part of the Shirley Highway
1945 map of the Pentagon road network, including present-day State Route 27 and part of the Shirley Highway

Contents

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1020x1300, 535 KB) USGS topos covering the area around the Pentagon in Virginia, soon after the road network was built. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1020x1300, 535 KB) USGS topos covering the area around the Pentagon in Virginia, soon after the road network was built. ... 1945 map of the Pentagon road network The Pentagon road network is a system of highways, mostly freeways, built by the U.S. Federal Government in the early 1940s to serve the Pentagon in northern Virginia. ... 1945 map of the Pentagon road network, including what is now Route 27 State Route 27 is a freeway in Arlington County, Virginia, United States, and is the portion of Washington Boulevard east and south of U.S. Route 50. ... 1945 map of the Pentagon road network, including part of the Shirley Highway The Henry G. Shirley Memorial Highway was Virginias first limited access freeway. ...

Construction

Northwest exposure of the Pentagon's construction underway, July 1, 1942.
Northwest exposure of the Pentagon's construction underway, July 1, 1942.
"Temporary" buildings in 1943; they were not torn down until 1970
"Temporary" buildings in 1943; they were not torn down until 1970

Prior to the construction of the Pentagon, the War Department was housed in a series of "temporary" buildings erected during World War I which nearly covered the National Mall. Ground was broken for the Pentagon on September 11, 1941, with construction completed in approximately sixteen months at a cost of $83 million. A minimal amount of steel was used in construction, which was in short supply during World War II. 680,000 tons of sand, dredged from the Potomac River, were used in the reinforced concrete structure.[5] Image File history File links Pentagon_construction. ... Image File history File links Pentagon_construction. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Line drawing of the Department of Wars seal. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Facing east across the Mall with ones back towards the Lincoln Memorial. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... This article is about the construction material. ...


Its unusual shape results from the fact that its originally intended site, Arlington Farms, fronted on Arlington Ridge Road and the Arlington Memorial Bridge approach, which intersected at an angle of approximately 108 degrees (the angle of a regular pentagon).[6] President Franklin D. Roosevelt had it constructed at its current location because he didn't want the new building to obstruct the view of Washington, D.C. from Arlington Cemetery,[7] but the building retained its pentagonal shape because a major redesign at that stage would have been costly and because Roosevelt liked the design. Freed of the constraints of the asymmetric Arlington Farms site, however, it was modified into a regular pentagon.[8] Arlington Memorial Bridge connects Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia, with the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. across the Potomac River. ... In geometry, a pentagon is any five-sided polygon. ... FDR redirects here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Arlington Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia, is an American military cemetery established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Robert E. Lees home. ...


History

Peace protests

Military police keep back Vietnam War protesters during their sit-in on October 21, 1967, at the mall entrance to the Pentagon.
Military police keep back Vietnam War protesters during their sit-in on October 21, 1967, at the mall entrance to the Pentagon.

During the late 1960s the Pentagon became a focus for peace protests against the Vietnam War. In one of the better known incidents, on October 21, 1967, some 35,000 anti-war protesters organized by the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, gathered for a demonstration at the Defense Department (the "March on the Pentagon"), where they were confronted by some 2,500 armed soldiers. Abbie Hoffman satirically declared the group's intention of levitating the Pentagon 300 feet (90 m) by means of meditation, wobbling it once in mid-air in order to exorcise evil spirits. Several protesters allegedly maintain to this day that they were briefly successful in this endeavor.[citation needed] Image File history File links Pentagon_vietnam_protests. ... Image File history File links Pentagon_vietnam_protests. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam was a relatively short-lived coalition of antiwar activists formed in 1967 to organize large demonstrations in opposition to the Vietnam war. ... Abbott Howard Abbie Hoffman (November 30, 1936 – April 12, 1989) was a self-identified communo-anarchist,[1] social and political activist in the United States, co-founder of the Youth International Party (Yippies), and later, a fugitive from the law, who lived under an alias following a conviction for dealing... 2003 GMO USDA protest Protest expresses relatively overt reaction to events or situations: sometimes in favour, more often opposed. ...


On May 19, 1972, the American radicals known as the Weather Underground Organization successfully planted and exploded a bomb in a Pentagon restroom in retaliation for the Nixon administration's bombing attacks on Hanoi during the final stages of the Vietnam War. is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Weatherman, also known as the Weather Underground Organization, was a US-based, self-described revolutionary organization of communist men and women formed by members of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), splintering that organization in the process. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


On March 17, 2007, an estimated at 10,000 to 15,000 protested the Iraq War.[9] The protesters marched from the Lincoln Memorial, down Route 27 to the Pentagon North Parking Lot. is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... The monument, which is on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., is a United States Presidential Memorial built to honor 16th President Abraham Lincoln. ... 1945 map of the Pentagon road network, including what is now Route 27 State Route 27 is a freeway in Arlington County, Virginia, United States, and is the portion of Washington Boulevard east and south of U.S. Route 50. ...


Renovation

As originally built, most Pentagon office space consisted of open bays which spanned an entire ring. These offices used cross-ventilation from operable windows instead of air conditioning for cooling. Gradually, bays were subdivided into private offices with many using window air conditioning units. A composite aerial view showing ongoing renovations to The Pentagon. ... Return inlet (left)Supply outlet (right). ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ...


Since 1998, the Pentagon has been undergoing a major renovation, known as the Pentagon Renovation Program. This program, scheduled to be completed in 2010, involves the complete gutting and reconstruction of the entire building in phases to bring the building up to modern standards, removing asbestos, improving security and providing greater efficiency for Pentagon tenants. Recently, the process of sealing all of the building's windows began. A composite aerial view showing ongoing renovations to The Pentagon. ...


The new space will include a return to open office bays, with a new Universal Space Plan of standardized office furniture and partitions developed by Studios Architecture.[10] There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


In the center courtyard a refreshment stand called the "Ground Zero Cafe", is being replaced with a more modern restaurant.


September 11, 2001

Security camera image of the moment that American Airlines Flight 77 hit the Pentagon.
Security camera image of the moment that American Airlines Flight 77 hit the Pentagon.[11]
Picture of the Pentagon before part of the outer wall collapsed on 9/11.
The damaged section of the Pentagon in October 2001.
The damaged section of the Pentagon in October 2001.
Pentagon lit up for 9/11 anniversary
Pentagon lit up for 9/11 anniversary

Sixty years to the day after groundbreaking on the Pentagon, the September 11, 2001 attacks occurred. American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the west side of the Pentagon after being hijacked, killing all aboard as well as over a hundred people within the Pentagon. The flight penetrated three of the five rings of the Pentagon. Because the affected area was under renovation at the time, several offices were unoccupied, sparing many lives. The aircraft struck on the edge between two sections—one of which had just finished being upgraded. Security camera image showing American Airlines Flight 77 (highlighted) just before and after impact. ... Image File history File links Pentagon_video_security4. ... Image File history File links Pentagon_video_security4. ... Image File history File links Pentagon_precollapse. ... Image File history File links Pentagon_precollapse. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2499x1638, 514 KB) Description Damaged section of The Pentagon being reconstructed following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2499x1638, 514 KB) Description Damaged section of The Pentagon being reconstructed following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3224 × 2149 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3224 × 2149 pixel, file size: 1. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Security camera image showing American Airlines Flight 77 (highlighted) just before and after impact. ...


Contractors involved in the Pentagon Renovation Program were also charged with the task of rebuilding the damaged section of the Pentagon following the attacks. This additional project was named the "Phoenix Project", with the goal of having the outermost offices in the damaged section occupied again by September 11, 2002. Part of the pre-attack renovation had involved adding improved security features, including walls and windows with greater blast resistance. An initial analysis suggested that the section's improvements had saved lives, enabling more people to evacuate. Repairs included demolition of the damaged areas, complete rebuilding of the area that had previously been renovated, and reconstruction of the shell of the unrenovated section. The first Pentagon tenants whose offices were damaged in the attack began moving back in on August 15, 2002, nearly a month ahead of schedule.[12][13] A general contractor is an organization or individual that contracts with another organization or individual (the owner) for the construction of a building, road or other facility. ... The Phoenix Program, known as Kế Hoạch Phụng Hoàng (a word related to fenghuang, the Chinese phoenix) in Vietnamese, was a covert intelligence operation undertaken by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in close collaboration with South Vietnamese intelligence during the Vietnam War. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... “Explode” redirects here. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Before the September 11, 2001 attacks, an escalator ran from the Metro station to the Pentagon lobby. After the attack this escalator was blocked off and later removed as part of the Pentagon Renovation Program. The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... Escalators at Canary Wharf, London. ... A composite aerial view showing ongoing renovations to The Pentagon. ...


Pentagon Memorial

Main article: Pentagon Memorial

A memorial is being constructed at The Pentagon in memory of those who died at The Pentagon and on American Airlines Flight 77.[14][15] Construction of the memorial is scheduled for completion by September 2008.[16] Rendering of Pentagon Memorial. ... Security camera image showing American Airlines Flight 77 (highlighted) just before and after impact. ...


For the 5th anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks, a memorial of 184 beams of light shone up from the center courtyard of the Pentagon, one light for every victim of the attack. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


Food Services

The Pentagon has many of its own fast food operations, including a Subway, McDonald's, and Taco Bell restaurants, operated by the Navy Exchange. SUBWAY® is the name of a franchise that mainly sells sandwiches and salads. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... Taco Bell Corp. ... Base exchange (BX), known by the Army as a Post exchange (PX), refers to a large department store-like shop that is set up on United States military installations. ...


Navigating the building

There is a concourse on the southeast side of the second floor of the building. It contains a mini-shopping mall. Located near the Metro bus and rail stations, this is the main entrance for visitors.


Floors in The Pentagon are lettered "B" for Basement and "M" for Mezzanine, both of which are below ground level. The concourse is located on the second floor at the metro entrance. Above ground floors are numbered 1 to 5. Mezzanine may refer to: Mezzanine (architecture), an intermediate floor between main floors of a building In technology, a mezzanine can refer to a thin sheet of plastic insulating different parts of circuitry from each other in cramped environments, such as laptop interiors. ...


The concentric rings are designated from the center out as "A" through "E" (with addition "F" and "G" in the basement). "E" Ring offices are the only ones with outside views and are generally occupied by senior officials.


Office numbers go clockwise around each of the rings, and have two parts: a nearest-corridor number (1 to 10) followed by a bay number (00 to 99), so office numbers range from 100 to 1099. These corridors radiate out from the central courtyard, with corridor 1 beginning with the Concourse's south end. Each numbered radial corridor intersects with the corresponding numbered group of offices (for example, corridor 5 divides the 500 series office block).


Room numbers are given as the floor, concentric ring, and office number (which is in turn the nearest corridor number followed by the bay number). Thus, office 2B315 is on the second floor, B ring, and nearest to corridor 3 (between corridors 2 and 3). One way to get to this office would be to go to the second floor, get to the A (innermost) ring, go to and take corridor 3, and then turn left on ring B to get to bay 15. [17]


Tours

There are a number of historical displays in the building, particularly in the "A" and "E" rings. In 1976, the Pentagon began offering guided tours to the general public, as part of the American Bicentennial.[18] Tours for the general public were suspended after the September 11, 2001 attacks, and are now only available on a pre-arranged basis to veterans and other groups. Tour may mean: Concert tour, series of performances in different markets Tourism, travel for pleasure James Tour, nanoscientist Le Tour de France, the worlds biggest bicycle race This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The United States Bicentennial was celebrated on July 4, 1976, the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Former crewmembers of the battleship Missouri pose for photos shortly after the Anniversary of the End of World War II ceremony, held aboard the famous ship. ...


Pentagon in popular culture

Abbie Hoffman's comment about levitating the building during the October 21, 1967 demonstration became the basis for the plot element in the metafictional novel Illuminatus! by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson that the soldiers prevented the levitation because it also would have exorcised the Lovecraftian Outer God Yog-Sothoth, deliberately entrapped within the Pentagon by the Illuminati.[1] Metafiction is a kind of fiction which self-consciously addresses the devices of fiction. ... 23 The Illuminatus! Trilogy is a series of three novels written by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson. ... Robert Joseph Shea (1933 - March 10, 1994) was the co-author (with Robert Anton Wilson) of The Illuminatus! Trilogy. ... Robert Anton Wilson Robert Anton Wilson or RAW (January 18, 1932 – January 11, 2007) was a prolific American novelist, essayist, philosopher, psychologist, futurologist, anarchist, and conspiracy theory researcher. ... Saint Francis exorcised demons in Arezzo, fresco of Giotto Exorcism (from Late Latin exorcismus, from Greek exorkizein - to adjure, correctly pronounced exercism) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place which they are believed to have possessed (taken control of). ... H. P. Lovecraft Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890–March 15, 1937) was an American author of fantasy and horror fiction, noted for giving horror stories a science fiction framework. ... An Outer God is a fictional deity in the Cthulhu Mythos of H.P. Lovecraft. ... Yog-Sothoth (The Lurker at the Threshold, The Key and the Gate, The Beyond One, Opener of the Way The All-in-One and the One-in-All) is a fictional character in the Cthulhu Mythos. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Facts and figures

Click image for list of items included
  • Construction began September 11, 1941.
  • Construction was completed on January 15, 1943.
  • Total cost of project (including outside facilities) was $83,000,000 (over $940 million in 2005 dollars).

Image File history File links Building_and_ship_comparison2. ... Image File history File links Building_and_ship_comparison2. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... United States one-dollar bill Canadian one-dollar coin (Loonie) One New Taiwan dollar Australian one-dollar coin 500 old Zimbabwean dollars The dollar (often represented by the dollar sign: $) is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies and other regions. ...

Land

  • Total land area: 583 acres (2.4 km²)
  • Location: 38.87099°N, 77.05596°W
  • Cost: $2,245,000
  • Area covered by Pentagon bldg: 29 acres (117,000 m²)
  • Area of center court: 5 acres (20,000 m²)
  • Access highways built: 30 miles (48 km)
  • Overpasses and bridges built: 21

Parking

  • Parking space: 67 acres (270,000 m²)
  • Capacity (vehicles): 8,770

Main building

  • Cost of building: $49,600,000
  • Gross floor area: 6,636,360 ft² (620,000 m²)
  • Cubic contents: 77,015,000 ft³ (2,000,000 m³)
  • Length of each outer wall: 921 ft (280 m)
  • Height of building: 77 ft 3.5 in (24 m)
  • Number of floors, plus mezzanine and basement: seven, five above ground, two below
  • Total length of corridors: 17.5 miles (28 km)
  • Protected by the Pentagon Force Protection Agency- United States Pentagon Police

The Pentagon Force Protection Agency is a government agency comprised of both sworn police officers (PPD) and civilian CBRN technicians, as well as non-sworn civilian anti-terrorism investigative and physical security personnel, and is responsible for the protection of The Pentagon, headquarters of the United States Department of Defense... United States Pentagon Police The U.S. Pentagon Police is the federal police force of the Secretary of Defense. ...

Numbers

  • Stairways: 131
  • Escalators: 19 - many more than that now that renovation is ongoing
  • Elevators: 13
  • Windows: 7,754
  • Rest rooms: 284 ("It was constructed with twice the number of bathrooms needed for the number of employees — segregated Virginia required separate facilities for "white" and "colored" persons.")[19]
  • Fixtures: 4,900
  • Drinking fountains: 691 (See "Rest rooms" above)
  • Clocks installed: 4,200
  • Light fixtures: 16,250
  • Daily lamp replacements: 250
  • Total glass area: 7.1 acres (309,276 square ft)
  • Telephone cable: 100,000 miles (160,000 km)
  • Telephone calls made daily: 200,000
  • Pieces of mail handled monthly by the Defense Post Office: 1,200,000

Segregation means separation. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Zip Codes

The Pentagon, south parking lot side
The Pentagon, south parking lot side

USPS and Usps redirect here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Mr. ... The United States Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) is the head of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and military matters. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a grouping comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... USN redirects here. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... The Pentagon, headquarters of the Department of Defense. ... The Pentagon, headquarters of the Department of Defense. ...

References

  1. ^ Dodona Manor - Docent's Corner (PDF) p. 4. The George C. Marshall International Center (September 2006). Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
  2. ^ Hoffman, Lisa. "The 'Ground Zero Cafe' bites the dust", Capitol Hill Blue, 29 September 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-14. 
  3. ^ Mixing Bowl Interchange Complex. roadstothefuture.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-22.
  4. ^ http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=viewArticle&code=DUF20070504&articleId=5564
  5. ^ McGrath, Amanda. "How The Pentagon Got Its Shape (Gallery)", The Washington Post, May 26, 2007. 
  6. ^ Bureau of Public Roads memorandum, October 25, 1960.
  7. ^ General Information. Retrieved on December 4, 2005.
  8. ^ Vogel, Steve. "How the Pentagon Got Its Shape", Washington Post, May 27, 2007, pp. W16. Retrieved on 2007-05-26. 
  9. ^ "4 Years After Start of War, Anger Reigns", Washington Post, 2007-03-17 page A1
  10. ^ Renovation of the Pentagon. Retrieved Oct. 7, 2006.
  11. ^ Flight 77, Video 2. Judicial Watch.
  12. ^ Pentagon Renovation Program. Retrieved on December 4, 2005.
  13. ^ Americas: Pentagon staff reclaim destroyed offices. BBC News. Retrieved on December 4, 2005.
  14. ^ Pentagon Memorial Web Site.
  15. ^ Official Press release at the United States Department of Defense.
  16. ^ Dwyer, Timothy. "For Pentagon Memorial, the Power of Touch", The Washington Post, February 1, 2007. 
  17. ^ How to Find a Room in the Pentagon. Headquarters, Dept. of the Army. Retrieved on September 13, 2007.
  18. ^ Stewart, Stephen. "Penetrating the Pentagon", The New York Times, 1982 April 18, pp. Section 10, page 39. 
  19. ^ Virginia places.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
The Pentagon Memorial - Remembering the Victims of September 11 (327 words)
During the tragic events of September 11, 2001, 184 lives were lost in an instant at the Pentagon.
The design for a memorial park, dedicated to the victims of the attack, was selected in 2003 from over 1000 entries.
A Section of the Pentagon in Ruins September 12, 2001
"Pentagon missile" hoax distracts and discredits the 9/11 skeptics (3293 words)
Suspicions about sand and gravel poured on the Pentagon lawn after the crash are easily explained by the fact a road was hastily built to access the damaged area in preparation for clean-up and reconstruction (heavy trucks needed a roadbed to avoid sinking into the lawn).
The one piece of physical evidence that is unchallenged by anyone is the Pentagon was hit in the nearly empty, recently reconstructed and strengthened sector, which suggests that some sort of remote control / computerized piloting was used to steer the plane.
That side of the Pentagon was virtually empty and had been for some time because the building had been under reconstruction quite visibly on that side for 5-6 years and part of that was to reinforce the building from external attack.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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