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Encyclopedia > The Patriot (2000 film)
The Patriot

A promotional film poster for The Patriot.
Directed by Roland Emmerich
Written by Robert Rodat
Starring Mel Gibson
Heath Ledger
Joely Richardson
Jason Isaacs
Chris Cooper
Tom Wilkinson
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Caleb Deschanel
Editing by David Brenner
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) June 28, 2000
Running time 158 min .
Country Flag of the United States United States
Flag of Germany Germany[1]
Language English
Budget $110,000,000 USD (estimated)

The Patriot is a 2000 film starring Mel Gibson and directed by Roland Emmerich. Produced by the Mutual Film Company and Centropolis Entertainment, it was written by Robert Rodat and distributed by Columbia Pictures. The film mainly takes place in South Carolina and depicts the fictional account of a war hero swept into the American Revolutionary War when his family is threatened. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (508x755, 69 KB) Summary The Patriot Promotional Poster Licensing This image is of a movie poster or title card, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the movie or the studio which produced the... Roland Emmerich on the set of Independence Day Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, writer, and producer. ... Robert Rodat (born New Hampshire, 1953) is an American screenwriter. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, Academy Award winning director and producer. ... Heath Andrew Ledger (born April 4, 1979) is an Academy Award-nominated Australian actor. ... Joely Kim Richardson (born 9 January 1965) is an English actress. ... Jason Isaacs (born 6 June 1963) is a British actor. ... Christopher W. Cooper (born July 9, 1951) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Tom Wilkinson, OBE (born February 5th, 1948) is an Academy Award-nominated English actor. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Caleb Deschanel (born September 21, 1944) is an American cinematographer. ... David Brenner (editor) is an American film editor most well known (along with fellow film editors Joe Hutshing, Pietro Scalia and Julie Monroe) for having been one of director Oliver Stones hot shot group of up-and-coming film editors. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, Academy Award winning director and producer. ... Roland Emmerich on the set of Independence Day Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, writer, and producer. ... Mutual Film Corporation was an early American motion picture conglomerate best remembered today as the producers of some of Charlie Chaplins greatest comedies. ... Robert Rodat (born New Hampshire, 1953) is an American screenwriter. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... FicTioNaL is a Gaming Legend. ... This article is about military actions only. ...

Contents

Plot summary

It is the late 18th century, in South Carolina. Benjamin Martin (Mel Gibson) is a veteran of the French and Indian War and a widower raising seven of his children on his farm. Gabriel, the eldest, played by Heath Ledger, is anxious to join the American forces fighting the British in the Revolutionary War, without his father's permission. Martin, who knows from first-hand experience the horrifying carnage that war presents, is anxious to discourage his son from participating. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, Academy Award winning director and producer. ... Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and... Heath Andrew Ledger (born April 4, 1979) is an Academy Award-nominated Australian actor. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...


Against his father's wishes, Gabriel does join up. He returns home after two years, stumbling wounded into the family home, carrying dispatches between commanders. That night, a skirmish between the British and the patriots wakes the Martins and they give care to the wounded of both sides the next morning. British soldiers approach the house, proceed to kill the Colonial wounded, burn down the house and take Gabriel into custody as a spy, intending to hang him. Martin's 15-year-old (and second) son Thomas (Gregory Smith) is killed trying to free Gabriel as he is taken prisoner, shot by the cold-hearted leader of the Green Dragoons, Col. William Tavington (Jason Isaacs) even though the boy poses no real threat. (The Dragoons are a small, elite force of British soldiers.) Gregory Edward Smith (born July 6, 1983) is a Canadian/American actor. ... A light dragoon from the American Revolution A dragoon is a soldier trained to fight on foot, but transport himself on horseback. ... Jason Isaacs (born 6 June 1963) is a British actor. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


An enraged Martin sets about to free his son Gabriel, with the help of his two younger sons Nathan and Samuel (played by Trevor Morgan and Bryan Chafin). The three of them slaughter, in brutal fashion, the British troops holding Gabriel. While their brother is freed, the boys are all horrified -- particularly Samuel -- at their first glimpse of their kindly father ripping men to shreds with his axe. Gabriel re-joins the cause against his father's will again stating it is his duty as a soldier. Martin decides to join the fight later when he catches up with his son and they report together, leaving the rest of the children in the care of their aunt Charlotte (Joely Richardson), the sister of Martin's deceased wife. Trevor John Morgan (born November 26, 1986) is an American actor. ... Joely Kim Richardson (born 9 January 1965) is an English actress. ...


Father and son come to the conclusion that the Colonials cannot hope to beat the British in set piece battles; the British are too numerous and well armed. Instead, they rally a militia, including French Officer Jean Villeneuve (Tchéky Karyo), from among the men of South Carolina and proceed to harry the British supply lines (including the capture of Lord Cornwallis' personal effects and prize hounds and the destruction of a supply ship in front of a ball at Middleton Place for the British officers). To combat the militia, Cornwallis authorizes Tavington to pursue more brutal tactics to draw Martin out. Tavington tracks Martin's family to their refuge with Charlotte and burns down her plantation. However, the family escapes, and are led to a safe haven by Gabriel and Martin. During this time, Gabriel then marries Anne Howard (Lisa Brenner), a wartime marriage during a furlough. Soon after the marriage, returning home, Anne and her family, along with all the townspeople, are burned alive whilst locked in the church. The orders for this horrific act come from Tavington. Tchéky Karyo as Dmitri Mishkin in the James Bond film Goldeneye. ... Lisa Brenner (born February 12, 1974 on Long Island, New York) is an American actress, best known for playing Anne Howard, the wife of Heath Ledgers character in The Patriot. ...


After a furious Gabriel discovers what has happened, he and a small group of men ride to engage the Dragoons. During the fight, many men on both sides are killed, leaving Gabriel and the Reverend to face off against Tavington. A few others escape with major wounds. The Reverend is shot, but throws his loaded musket to Gabriel, who shoots Tavington, who promtply falls to the ground. However, as Gabriel approaches Tavington's body, he quickly turns around and stabs him with his sword. As Tavington escapes, Benjamin approaches the scene in time to find Gabriel dying on the ground. A light dragoon from the American Revolution A dragoon is a soldier trained to fight on foot, but transport himself on horseback. ...


In the final battle, Col. Harry Burwell (Chris Cooper) and Villeneuve help Benjamin defeat the British, by using the militia (who are held in low regard by the British officers) as a feint. Christopher W. Cooper (born July 9, 1951) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ...


Soon Martin and Tavington are able to face off, one on one. As Tavington gains the upper hand in their vicious fight, and Benjamin is staring into the distance, Tavington mutters, "Kill me before the war is over, will you? It appears, you are not the better man." As he swings his sword ready to kill Benjamin, Martin picks up a detached bayonet and replies, "You're right... my sons were better men." Martin impales Tavington in the throat, killing him.


Meanwhile, a disappointed General Cornwallis (Tom Wilkinson) sounds the retreat as the rebels celebrate. As Martin narrates, we are told that the British were defeated when the French finally arrived to block the British off. The final scene features Martin and his family arriving at a site where the foundations of homes lie. Occam tells Martin, "Gabriel said that if we won the war, we could build a whole new world. Just figured we'd get started right here, with your home." Benjamin smiles as he replies, "Sounds good", before shaking hands with Occam and walking into the forwards with his family towards their new, free future. “Cornwallis” redirects here. ... Tom Wilkinson, OBE (born February 5th, 1948) is an Academy Award-nominated English actor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Controversy

The Patriot generated an unusual amount of public controversy, being widely attacked by critics, historians, and politicians for its brutal depiction of events in the Revolutionary War. Because of the level of violence in the film, including a much-discussed scene showing two children killing a soldier, in the U.S. the film was classified 'R' for strong war violence.[2] Aversion to the violent content apparently contributed to its being beaten at the box office on its opening holiday weekend by The Perfect Storm.[3] This article is about military actions only. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Child (disambiguation). ... This article is about a military rank. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Motion Picture Association of Americas film rating system is used in the United States and its territories to rate a films suitability for certain audiences. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... The Perfect Storm is a 2000 film adapted from the book of the same title by Sebastian Junger. ...


Challenging the film's historicity, the Guardian condemned the main inspiration behind Mel Gibson's character, Francis Marion, as ‘a serial rapist who hunted Red Indians for fun’, and quoted historian Christopher Hibbert as saying: ‘The truth is that people like Marion committed atrocities as bad, if not worse, than those perpetrated by the British.’[4] The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, Academy Award winning director and producer. ... Francis Marion (February 26, 1732–February 27, 1795) was a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army and later Brigadier General in the South Carolina Militia during the American Revolutionary War. ... It has been suggested that Rapists be merged into this article or section. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... Christopher Hibbert, MC, (born 1924) is an English writer and popular historian and biographer. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Ben Fenton, commenting in the Telegraph on the sadistic character of Colonel William Tavington, purportedly based on Colonel Banastre Tarleton, wrote: ‘there is no evidence that Tarleton, called "Bloody Ban" or "The Butcher" in rebel pamphlets, ever broke the rules of war and certainly not that he ever shot a child in cold blood.’[5] Liverpool City Council, led by Mayor Edwin Clein, called for a public apology for what they viewed as the film’s ‘character assassination’ of Tarleton, a former local MP.[6] The electronic telegraph (the initial lowercase was a marketing device) was Europes first daily web-based newspaper. ... Lieutenant-Colonel Banastre Tarleton by Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Banastre Tarleton, 1st Baronet (August 21, 1754–January 25, 1833) was a British soldier and politician. ... Patriots (also known as Americans, Whigs, Congress-Men or Rebels) were colonists of the British Thirteen Colonies who rebelled against the British control during the American Revolution and declared themselves an independent nation, the United States of America in July 1776. ... Polish soldiers reading a German leaflet during the Warsaw Uprising A pamphlet is an unbound booklet (that is, without a hard cover or binding). ... The two parts of the laws of war (or Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC)): Law concerning acceptable practices while engaged in war, like the Geneva Conventions, is called jus in bello; while law concerning allowable justifications for armed force is called jus ad bellum. ... See City of Liverpool for other meanings Liverpool City Council is the governing body for the city of Liverpool in Merseyside, England. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Character assassination is the process of harming a persons reputation enough to cause rejection of that person from their community. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ...


Of greatest concern was the film’s anachronistic transposing of Waffen SS atrocities into the Revolutionary War, including the heavy emphasis on the killing of prisoners, wounded and children, culminating in a group of townsfolk being burnt alive in a church, in a scene that closely resembles the massacre of Oradour in German-occupied France in 1944. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Superficial bullet wounds In medicine, a wound is a type of physical trauma wherein the skin is torn, cut or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound). ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... Oradour-sur-Glane was a village in the Limousin région of France that was destroyed on 10 June 1944, when 642 of its inhabitants — including men, women and children — were murdered by a German Waffen-SS company. ... Location of Vichy France (green). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In a review article in Salon.com, Jonathan Foreman, film critic for the New York Post, wrote: ‘The most disturbing thing about The Patriot is not just that German director Roland Emmerich (director of the jingoistic Independence Day) and his screenwriter Robert Rodat (who was criticized for excluding British and other Allied soldiers from his script for Saving Private Ryan) depict British troops as committing savage atrocities, but that those atrocities bear such a close resemblance to war crimes carried out by German troops - particularly the SS in World War II. It's hard not to wonder if the filmmakers have some kind of subconscious agenda ... They have made a film that will have the effect of inoculating audiences against the unique historical horror of Oradour - and implicitly rehabilitating the Nazis while making the British seem as evil as history's worst monsters ... So it's no wonder that the British press sees this film as a kind of blood libel against the British people.’[7] Salon. ... The New York Post is the 13th-oldest newspaper published in the United States and the oldest to have been published continually as a daily. ... Roland Emmerich on the set of Independence Day Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, writer, and producer. ... Independence Day (also known as its promotional abbreviation ID4) is an Academy Award winning science fiction film directed by Roland Emmerich. ... Robert Rodat (born New Hampshire, 1953) is an American screenwriter. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 Academy-Award-winning film set in World War II, directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... // Traditionally newspapers could be split into quality, serious-minded newspapers (usually referred to as broadsheets due to their large size) and tabloid, less serious newspapers. ... Blood libels are unfounded allegations that a particular group eats people as a form of human sacrifice, often accompanied by the claim of using the blood of their victims in various rituals. ...


In a letter to the editor of the Hollywood Reporter the prominent U.S. director Spike Lee also accused the film’s portrayal of slavery as being ‘a complete whitewashing of history.’[8] The Hollywood Reporter is one of two major trade papers of the film industry in the United States, the other being Variety. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ... Slave redirects here. ...


Gibson responded to the charges of historical inaccuracy by saying The Patriot was 'a film with a bias - told from a point of view'.[9]


Soundtrack

Albumcover The Patriot is the soundtrack, on the Hollywood Records label, of the 2000 Academy Award-nominated film The Patriot starring Mel Gibson, Heath Ledger, Joely Richardson, Jason Isaacs and Chris Cooper. ...

Trivia

  • When originally written, Benjamin Martin had 6 children, but in the movie Martin has 7 children. This was changed based on the number of children Mel Gibson has.
  • The producers and director chose Heath Ledger to play the role of Gabriel Martin because, in their opinion, Ledger was a man who possessed "exuberant youth."
  • When teaching Mel Gibson and Heath Ledger how to shoot a muzzle-loading rifle, technical advisor Mark Baker gave them the advice to "aim small, miss small", meaning that if you aim at a man and miss, you miss the man, while if you aim at a button (for instance) and miss, you still hit the man. Gibson liked this bit of advice so much he incorporated it into the movie, just prior to the ambush scene.
  • One of the "redcoats" that is floating face down in the river after the trap is a dummy of John Travolta.
  • Harrison Ford declined the lead role, feeling the script had boiled the Revolutionary War down to a "one-man's-revenge" melodrama.
  • Heath Ledger performed his own stunts.
  • Screenwriter Robert Rodat wrote 17 drafts of the script before there was an acceptable one.
  • In an earlier version of the script, Anne is pregnant with Gabriel's child when she dies in the burning church.
  • Benjamin Martin is loosely based on Francis Marion, who was known as the "Swamp Fox." He lead a miltia of seventy men and harassed the British trade routes in South Carolina.
  • Laurence Olivier Theatre Award winning British actor Ben Daniels received a role alongside Mel Gibson in this film, but refused the offer, citing that the "money was good, but it wasn’t for me."[10]
  • Col. William Tavington was based on Col. Banastre Tarleton, who was a cavalry commander under general Cornwallis. Unlike Tavington, he survived the war.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... A US soldier drops a shell into the muzzle of an M224 60-mm mortar. ... An expert or knowledgeable advisor to a movie or television production, whose job is to see that their field of expertise is portrayed accurately in the production. ... Mark Baker can refer several people including: Mark Baker (Religious Prophet) Mark Baker (animator) Mark Baker (author) Mark Baker (basketball) - Dayton Jets head basketball coach and former Ohio State University player Mark M. Baker (attorney) Category: ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... Robert Rodat (born New Hampshire, 1953) is an American screenwriter. ... Francis Marion (February 26, 1732–February 27, 1795) was a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army and later Brigadier General in the South Carolina Militia during the American Revolutionary War. ... The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... Ben Daniels (born June 10, 1964) is a Laurence Olivier Theatre Award winning British actor. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, Academy Award winning director and producer. ... Lieutenant-Colonel Banastre Tarleton by Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Banastre Tarleton, 1st Baronet (August 21, 1754–January 25, 1833) was a British soldier and politician. ...

References

  1. ^ The Patriot (2000), Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  2. ^ ‘Gibson blockbuster baits the censors’, Guardian Unlimited, 13 April 2000. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  3. ^ Rick Lyman, "'Storm' Outflanks 'Patriot' At Box Office", New York Times, 3 July 2000. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  4. ^ ‘Mel Gibson's latest hero: a rapist who hunted Indians for fun’, Guardian Unlimited, 15 June 2000. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  5. ^ Ben Fenton, ‘Truth is first casualty in Hollywood's war’, The Telegraph, 19 June 2000. Retrieved, 31 October 2007.
  6. ^ ‘Patriotic Liverpool up in arms over Gibson's blockbuster’, Guardian Unlimited, 30 June 2000. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  7. ^ Jonathan Foreman, ‘The Nazis, er, the Redcoats are coming!’, Salon.com, 3 July 2000. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  8. ^ ‘Spike Lee slams Patriot’, Guardian Unlimited, 6 July 2000. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  9. ^ ‘Spike Lee slams Patriot’, Guardian Unlimited, 6 July 2000. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  10. ^ Ben Daniels. RainbowNetwork.com

is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

Resources

  1. "The Patriot: The Official Companion" by Suzanne Fritz Rachel Aberly
  2. "The Patriot: A Novel" by Stephen Molstad

External links


 
 

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