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Encyclopedia > The Patriot

The Patriot is the name of several movies, released in 1916, 1917, 1928, 1996, 1998 and 2000. 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

Contents


1916 film

1917 film

1928 film

The 1928 film was written by Julian Johnson and Hanns Kräly. The film was an adaptation of several different plays: Paul I by Dmitri Merezhkovsky; Der Patriot by Alfred Neumann; and The Patriot by Ashley Dukes. The film was directed by Ernst Lubitsch. Dmitry Merezhkovsky Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky (August 14, 1865, St Petersburg - December 9, 1941, Paris) was one of the earliest and most eminent ideologues of Russian Symbolism. ... Ernst Lubitsch, the King of Comedy Ernst Lubitsch ( Berlin, January 28, 1892 – November 30, 1947 in Hollywood), was a German-born film director. ...


The movie is a biographical story of Tsar Paul I of Russia, starring Emil Jannings, Florence Vidor and Lewis Stone. It won the Academy Award for Best Writing Achievement and was nominated for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Lewis Stone), Best Art Direction, Best Director and Best Picture. Paul I of Russia by Vladimir Borovikovsky Paul I of Russia (Russian: Pavel Petrovich, Павел I Петрович) (October 1, 1754 - March 23, 1801) was an Emperor (Tsar) of Russia (1796 - 1801). ... Emil Jannings (July 23, 1884 - January 3, 1950) was the first winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor. ... Lewis Shepard Stone (November 15, 1879 - September 12, 1953) was an American actor. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... The Academy Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ...


Only pieces of this film are left; there is no complete copy.


1996

1998 film

In the 1998 action film a Canadian patriot has to foil a militia's plot to release a deadly virus. 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Action movies usually involve a fairly straightforward story of good guys versus bad guys, where most disputes are resolved by using physical force. ...


Rated R by the MPAA The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is a non-profit trade association formed to advance the interests of movie studios. ...


Stars: Steven Seagal, Gallard Sartain, L.Q. Jones, Whitney Yellow Robe Steven Seagal (born April 10, 1951) is an action movie actor and a 7th dan black belt in Aikido. ... L.Q. Jones (born August 19, 1927 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American character actor and film director, best-known for his work in the films of Sam Peckinpah. ...


Director: Dean Semler


Produced by Patrick Choi, Nile Niami, Howard L. Baldwin, Steven Seagal, Julius R. Nasso Steven Seagal (born April 10, 1951) is an action movie actor and a 7th dan black belt in Aikido. ...


Written by M. Sussman

Steven Seagal again plays one of his signature multiroles, here combining expertise as a highly trained medical doctor, research phytochemist, government agent, martial arts master, and ethnographer. He is in a race against time to produce a quick homeopathic cure with native flowers, and deliver this airborne potpourri before the villain's plans can be realized.


Seagal chose Whitney Yellow Robe for the Seagalian role of indigenous love interest/collaborator.


2000 film

The 2000 film was written by Robert Rodat and directed by Roland Emmerich Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a film producer, director and author. ...

The Patriot
The Patriot
The Patriot
Directed by Roland Emmerich
Written by Robert Rodat
Starring Mel Gibson
Heath Ledger
Joely Richardson
Jason Isaacs
Chris Cooper
Produced by {{{producer}}}
Distributed by Columbia
Tristar Studios
Release date June 28, 2000
Runtime 158 min .
Language English
Budget $110,000,000 (estimated)
[[imdbtitle:{{{imdb_id}}}|IMDb page]]

Image File history File links Patriot_dvd_cover. ... Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a film producer, director and author. ... Mel Gibson. ... Heath Ledger Heath Andrew Ledger, born April 4, 1979, is an Australian actor. ... Joely Richardson (born January 9, 1965 in the U.K.) is a British actress, who was born into a theatrical family. ... Jason Isaacs as Lucius Malfoy in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Jason Isaacs (born June 6, 1963 in Liverpool, Merseyside, England) is an English actor. ... There are at least two people called Chris Cooper Chris Cooper (actor) - American actor Chris Cooper (radio) - Sports presenter on talkSPORT ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

Cast

Mel Gibson .... Benjamin Martin Mel Gibson. ...


Heath Ledger .... Gabriel Martin Heath Ledger Heath Andrew Ledger, born April 4, 1979, is an Australian actor. ...


Joely Richardson .... Charlotte Selton Joely Richardson (born January 9, 1965 in the U.K.) is a British actress, who was born into a theatrical family. ...


Jason Isaacs .... Col. William Tavington Jason Isaacs as Lucius Malfoy in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Jason Isaacs (born June 6, 1963 in Liverpool, Merseyside, England) is an English actor. ...


Chris Cooper .... Col. Harry Burwell There are at least two people called Chris Cooper Chris Cooper (actor) - American actor Chris Cooper (radio) - Sports presenter on talkSPORT ...


Rene Auberjonois .... Reverend Oliver René Murat Auberjonois (born June 1, 1940 in New York, New York) is an American actor best known for his early 1980s role as Clayton Endicott III on the television show Benson and his role as Odo on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. ...


Lisa Brenner .... Anne Howard


Tom Wilkinson .... Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis Tom Wilkinson Tom Wilkinson, OBE, born December 12, 1948, is an English actor. ...


Leon Rippy .... John Billings


Adam Baldwin .... Capt. Wilkins Adam Baldwin as Jayne Cobb in Firefly Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American actor best known for his role as Animal Mother in Stanley Kubricks Full Metal Jacket. ...


Joey D. Vieira .... Peter Howard


Gregory Smith .... Thomas Martin Gregory Smith This article is about the actor. ...


Setting

This film takes place in South Carolina in 1776 during the Revolutionary War.


Plot Summary

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.


The main character in this film, Benjamin Martin, who is played by Mel Gibson, is a widower and a father of seven. He once fought in the French and Indian War, and became notorious amongst his countrymen for his savagry and brutality towards the French troops at Fort Wilderness. When South Carolina decides to join the other colonies and go to war against England, Martin refuses to support it. He wants to raise his family in peace on the farm that he has worked hard to establish. However, his two eldest sons, Gabriel and Thomas, have other agendas. Gabriel inlists in the Continental Army without his father's permission. One night as the family sits down to dinner, Gabriel shows up at the door, wounded and carrying rebel dispatches. Along with Gabriel, the colonial and British troops show up on Benjamin's doorstep. The next morning, the sadistic Colonel Tavington orders that Benjamin's home be burned, the wounded rebel soldiers shot, and Gabriel hung as a spy. As the Redcoats are tying Gabriel up, Thomas runs to his rescue, but is shot and killed by Tavington in front of Benjamin and the other children. In retalliation for his son's murder, Benjamin and two of his other sons attack the group of soldiers who are carrying Gabriel. He kills all of them, and becomes known as "the ghost" for his exceptional guerrila fighting tactics.


Benjamin Martin bids his children farewell and inlists in the Continental Army. He is put in charge of the militia, which turns out to be an odd-ball assortment of characters from all over South Carolina. He and a Frenchman train them in guerrila warfare, and they become a consistent pain in the side of British general Cornwallis. Cornwallis blames this "ghost"on Tavington and his brutality towards the colonists. These militiamen suffer many personal afflictions due to the inhumanity of Tavington, and all of them lose someone they love because of their involvement in the militia, but their mourning makes them fight harder.


Unexpected romances bud through the conflict, and Gabriel ends up marrying childhood friend Anne Howard. Immediately after their marrige, the viewers suspicions are finally validated when Benjamin and Charlotte, his dead wife's sister, kiss on the beach. Unfortuately, one of these romances cannot last. Just as Anne and her family are arriving back in their home town after the wedding, Tavington's men enter the town and murder all of the inhabitants by locking them in a burning church.


When Gabriel and Benjamin arrive at the town with the rest of the militia, it is too late. Benjamin finds Anne's necklace among the charred remains of the church, and Gabriel immediately mounts his horse to give justice to Colonel Tavington for his wife's death. Gabriel attacks Tavington and his men and the viewers are led to believe that Tavington is dead. Gabriel leans over to stab him in retalliation for the loss of his brother and wife, but just then Tavington rolls over and stabbs Gabriel, killing him. Benjamin arrives on the scene just after Tavington has ridden away, and he discovers his eldest son taking his last breaths. When Gabriel dies, Benjamin breaks down. He begins to question the validity of getting justice for death. His fellow militiamen convince Benjamin to fight one last time in order to kill the man who murdered two of his sons and his daughter-in-law.


The last battle commences with the militia in the center. Tavington sees this and realizes it is his chance to kill the "ghost" who had plagued him for so long. Without being given orders, Tavington races his cavalry devision into the ranks of the Continental Army. Benjamin and Tavington find each other on the battle field and engage in hand-to-hand combat. Just when the viewer thinks that Tavington has beaten Benjamin, Tavington says "It appears that you are not the better man," Benjamin stabs him in the stomach and states "You're right, my sons were better men," then stabs him in the throat, finally killing the monster who ruined his family.


Themes

  • Freedom:

In the patriot, both sides in the revolutionary war offered freedom to slaves who would fight. One of the interesting sides to the revolution was that it was a struggle for liberty by those who owned slave.

  • Also there was the theme of family love and responsibility. Love for family is the key to Mel Gibson's chracter at every moment in the film.

Character Analysis

  • Benjamin Martin

Benjamin Martin plays a centralized character in the movie. The film main focus is on the Martin family. Benjamin is unwarly, and is opposed to going into war. Benjamin thinks the best way is to make peace not war. Benjamin took part of the French and India War and has no desire to partake on the war because he has a large family to care for since his wife died. In the end, Benjamin join the fight so that he can keep his family together.

  • Gabriel Martin

Gabriel Martin is considered "The Patriot." He is very patriotic about his country and freedom. By April 1776, he is eighteen and has impatiently waited for his father's consent to join the fighting. He shows defiance to his father by enlisting against his father's wishes.


Gabriel spends some time fighting in the North. He goes home as the fighting has moved to the South. He returns to his home as the fighting has come to the South. As an officer under Col. Burwel,he gets wounded near home and gets arrested by Colonel Tavington for spying because he bears dispatches.

  • Charlotte Selton

Charlotte Selton is an independent urban women who supports the Patriots through various home-based efforts.although Charlotte is the the aunt of Benjamin's children. Charlotte acts as a surrogate parent to her nieces and nephews in Benjamin's absence. There is an attraction between Benjamin and Charlotte, but it is restrained

  • Colonel William Tavington

Col. Tavington has a need for the approval of Genral Cornwallis in his actions. Tavington stives to gain Cornwallis approval. He known for using brutal tactics in war. Tavington is the chief nemesis of the Martin family sinces he kills most of Benjamn's family.

  • Colonel Harry Burwell

Burwell served alongside with Benjamin Martin and John Billings in the French and Indian War. He is the leader of the continental congress and the continental army. He is friends with Martin and has a lot of respects for him, he also defends him even when he opposes him in dabate over Burwells plea for support for the South Carolina Assembly.

  • Anne Howard

Anne is Gabriel Martin's love interest. Her family helps viewers see the perspectives of the people who remained at their homes and businesses. Anne's presence helps keep hope alive for a relatively happy ending for the Martin family. That is, until she is killed when the entire population of Pembroke is locked in the church, which is then ordered burned by Colonel William Tavington. In an earlier version of the script, she was with child, which would have heightened the emotion for Gabriel even more in his quest for revenge.

  • General Charles Cornwallis

Cornwallis was born into new British nobility and spent all his younger years in noble circles. He purchased a commission in the British Army and then actually studied for it. He proved to be a successful and competent officer.

  • John Billings

John Billings is an Indian fighter who fought fought along side Benjamin Martin in the French and Indian War. John Billings is rought and uncivilized and he personifies a savage brand of fighting.John Billings lost his wife and son by one of Col. Tavington's patrols and so him and Benjamin faces similiar circumstances. Billings has lost everything and eventually gives up by taking his own life.

  • Thomas Martin

Thomas Martin is Benjamin Martin's second oldest son. He is a few years younger than his brother Gabriel and is unable to join his older brother in enlisting to fight because he is underage. He hates the face that he has to remain on the farm and not figh tin the war. He is like his brother Gabriel in the sense that he wants to fight in the war.


Public Reception

The public reception towards the film The Patriot is divided into three categories. The first is for those who thoroughly enjoy every aspect of the film from a movie goer’s point of view—merely for its entertainment values. These viewers appreciate the talented and charming cast, the well-written storyline, and the amazing choreography of the battle scenes. They are completely involved in the storyline, sitting on the edge of their seat, rooting for the Americans to defeat the pompous English army.


The second category is for the viewers who appreciate the aesthetic and entertainment values the movie bring forth, but not as wholeheartedly as the viewers in the first category, for these viewers care more about the historical background and accuracies involved in the movie. They like the movie, but because of some incorrect historical facts, they do not like the movie completely. Another factor that leads these viewers to partially criticize the film is its predictability. The predictable plot and characters takes away the interest and excitement, making the movie not as entertaining as it should be.


The third category is for viewers who are more historically oriented than for the sole purpose of entertainment values. These viewers analyze the many historical inaccuracies in the movies. They all say that the inaccurate facts embedded within the film prevent them from enjoying the movie. They view the movie as an ultimate bashing of the English during the American Revolution, and criticize the director and writer for ignoring the wrongdoings of the Americans. In addition to historical inaccuracies present throughout the film, the easily predictable events and characters further takes away from the remaining excitement, making the film dull to an insufferable point. The numerical rating based on public reception from imdb.com is 6.8 out of 10 based on 32,896 votes; 6.9 out of 10 based on 17 votes from metacritic.com. According to a poll of 43 votes on Barnesandnoble.com, the average rating for the film is 4.5 out of 5 stars.


The critics’ reviews and ratings are as polarized as the public reception towards the film. Some critics praise the film while others heavily criticize the film instead, based on the same reasons as the public reviewers. However, overall, the film received favorable reviews and ratings from many critics. On Metacritic.com, the reviewers include many websites, magazines, and newspapers, like Rolling Stone, Time Magazine, Dallas Observer, and Baltimore Sun, just to name a few. The ratings range from the lowest of 38 points (Baltimore Sun) to 90 points (Salon.com) on a 100 point scale.


Controversies

The film has been heavily criticized for its historical inaccuracies, including the exageration of British atrocities and the inclusion of British Gen. Cornwallis at the final battle, which is based on the Battle of Cowpens. Col. Benjamin Martin is likely a combination of Brig. Gen. Francis "Swamp Fox" Marion and Col. Daniel Morgan, whose strategy for the Battle of Cowpens Emmerich imitates in the climax. Col. William Tavington is based on Gen. Sir Banastre "Bloody Banny" Tarleton, who is infamous for his legion's cruel treatment of surrendering Americans at Waxhaws, and Patrick Ferguson, who was killed at the Battle of Kings Mountain. Originally the protagonist of the film is intended to mirror the life of General Francis “Swamp Fox” Marion, but the controversial issues related to Gen. Marion shy the producers and directors from using him as the main character in the script. Instead, to make the movie more dramatic and to portray the main character (Benjamin Martin) as a heroic and righteous man, they incorporate real historical figures at the time and create the fictional character—Benjamin Martin. Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738-October 5, 1805) was a British general and colonial governor. ... The Battle of Cowpens (1781) was an overwhelming victory by American revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan. ... Francis Marion (the Swamp Fox) Francis Marion (circa 1732 - February 26 or February 27, 1795) was an American Brigadier General in the American Revolutionary War. ... Daniel Morgan (1736-1802) was an American pioneer, soldier, and Congressman from Virginia. ... Lieutenant-Colonel Banastre Tarleton by Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Banastre Tarleton, Bt (August 21, 1754–January 25, 1833) was a British soldier and politician. ... The Waxhaws is the name of both an extinct American Indian tribe and of a geographical area bordering North and South Carolina to the Southeast of the city of Charlotte, N.C. Waxhaws: the American Indian tribe The tribe became extinct due to a smallpox epidemic in the early 1700s... Patrick Ferguson (1744–1780), British Army officer. ... {{Battlebox|campaign=American Revolutionary War: Southern |image= | The Battle of Kings Mountain was a fight in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War, fought on October 7, 1780. ...


Quotes

  • Benjamin Martin: Aim small, miss small.
  • Charlotte: You have done nothing to be ashamed of.

Benjamin Martin: I have done nothing. And for that I am ashamed.

  • Benjamin Martin: Why should I agree to swap one tyrant three thousand miles away for three thousand tyrants one mile away?

Trivia

  • Originally, Benjamin Martin has 6 children, but in the movie Martin has 7 children, based on the number of children Mel Gibson has.
  • It was a challenge for the director and camera men to capture the natural backlight and incorporate it well into the movie. Sometimes when the camera men wants to have a shot within a 15 to 20 minutes frame, the actors have to push themselve to produce quality work in the given time slot to capture the natural light.
  • The producers and director chosed Heath Ledger to play the role of Gabriel Martin, because in their opinion, Ledger was a man yet still “exuberate youth.” For that reason and along with his amazing acting skill landed him the role of Gabriel Martin, beating many contenders including Ryan Phillipe.
  • The director also added that, The Patriot is the only movie to use technology to cut down production cost, instead of raising cost.

Awards

  • The Patriot was an Oscar nominee in 2001 for the following cateogory: Best Cinematography (Caleb Deschanel), Best Music, Original Score (John Williams,and Best Sound ( Kevin O'Connell, Greg Russel, and Lee Orloff)
  • Nominated for the Saturn Award for Best Action/ Adventure/Thriller Film in 2001
  • Won the ASC Award for Outstanding Achievement in cinematography in Theatrical Releases (Caleb Deschanel)
  • Nominated for the Excellence in Production Design Award for the following category: Feature Film- Period of Fantasy Films
  • Won the BMI Film Music Award (John Williams)
  • Won the Blockbuster Entertainment Award for the following catogory: Favorite Actor- Drama (Mel Gibson),and Favorite Male Newcomer (Heath Ledger)
  • Nominated for Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Villain by Internet voting (Jason Isaacs)
  • Won the Bogey Award in Germany
  • For the complete list of Awards refer to imdb: Awards

Movie Bloopers

  • In one scene where Benjamin rides up on the horse with the flag in the hand the flag changes. One shot it is old, the next is new. The white goes from dirty and then to clean.
  • In the final fight scene between Benjamin and Tavington, when Tavington flies off his horse and lands on the ground, his pants are visibly untucked from his boots. A few seconds later, when he stands up, his pants are tucked back into his boots.
  • When Benjamin rides over the hill holding the fluttering flag, the flag is in his left hand. In the next shot, the flag is in his right hand, and the flagpole base is in a scabbard attached to the saddle.
  • Gabriel is noticeably breathing when he is supposed to be dead.
  • When Benjamin and Harry are talking on the steps of the legislature of Charlestown after deciding to go on war with the British, you can see a man behind them with something in his ear, a hearing aid or earpiece.

Track listing

Composed by John Williams and conducted by John Williams There have been a number of noteworthy men named John Williams: John Williams (actor) (1903-1983), actor John Williams (archer) American archer and Olympic gold medallist John Williams (author) (1922-), wrote historical novel Augustus John Williams (accordionist), Chicago-born accordion player John Williams (archbishop) (1582-1650), archbishop John Williams (composer... There have been a number of noteworthy men named John Williams: John Williams (actor) (1903-1983), actor John Williams (archer) American archer and Olympic gold medallist John Williams (author) (1922-), wrote historical novel Augustus John Williams (accordionist), Chicago-born accordion player John Williams (archbishop) (1582-1650), archbishop John Williams (composer...

  1. "The Patriot"
  2. "The Family Farm"
  3. "To Charleston"
  4. "The Colonial House"
  5. "Redcoats At the Farm and the Death of Thomas"
  6. "Ann Recruits the Parishoners"
  7. "Preparing for Battle"
  8. "Ann and Gabriel"
  9. "The First Ambush and Remembering the Wilderness"
  10. "Tavington's Trap"
  11. "The Burning Of The Plantation "
  12. "Facing The British Lines "
  13. "The Parish Church Aflame "
  14. "Susan Speaks "
  15. "Martin Vs. Tavington "
  16. "Yorktown And The Return Home"
  17. "The Patriot (Reprise)"

Resources

  1. "The Patriot: The Official Companion" by Suzanne Fritz and Rachel Aberly
  2. "The Patriot: A Novel" by Stephen Molstad

External links

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb), owned by Amazon. ...

Sites to Historical Figures

Actors' Site

  • Mel Gibson: Mel Gibson
  • Heath Ledger: Heath Ledger
  • Joely Richardson: Joely Richardson
  • Jason Isaacs: [Col. William Tavington http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005042/ Jason Isaacs]
  • Rene Auberjonois: Rene Auberjonois
  • Lisa Brenner: Lisa Brenner
  • Tom Wilkinson: Tom Wilkinson
  • Leon Rippy: Leon Rippy
  • Adam Baldwin: Baldwin
  • Joey D. Vieira: Joey D. Vieira
  • Gregory Smith: Gregory Smith

  Results from FactBites:
 
Patriotism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3899 words)
Defense of the homeland is a commonplace of military patriotism: The statue in the courtyard of École polytechnique, Paris, commemorating the students' involvement in defending France against the 1814 invasion of the Coalition.
In this context patriotism is seen as an explanation for the apparent suspension of the instinct for self-preservation, which implies that all humans would avoid a battlefield.
It is often noted that extreme varieties of patriotism (usually described as chauvinist or jingoist) rob one of the intellectual faculties necessary to judge the morality of policies related to his or her various loyalties.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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