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Encyclopedia > The Ohio State University

This article is about Ohio State; there is also an Ohio University.


The Ohio State University (legal name), also known as Ohio State or OSU, is currently the largest state University in the United States by population (with 50,995 students), consisting of the main campus in Columbus, Ohio, and branch campuses located in Lima, Mansfield, Marion, Gibraltar Island (http://www.sg.ohio-state.edu/SLAB) (Stone Lab), Newark, and Wooster. The university was founded in 1870 as a land-grant university.

The Ohio State University

Seal of OSU located near the Oval
© OSU

Motto: Disciplina in civitatem
Rector/President Karen A. Holbrook
School type Public (state university)
Religious affiliation Not applicable
Founded 1870
Location Columbus, OH
Enrollment 58,254 (total)
Regular faculty 2,973
Endowment 1.5 billion USD
Campus surroundings Urban
Campus size 15,246 acres (62 km≤) total
Mascot "Brutus" the Buckeye
Contents

Campus

The Columbus campus is currently the largest single campus in the USA, there are 58,254 students enrolled. The university is noted especially for its linguistics department and colleges of business, education, and engineering. The medical school is home to the James Cancer Hospital, a leading cancer research institute. The university also holds the honor of being the best public university in the state of Ohio as compiled by the U.S. News and World Report magazine in their annual college rankings special issue. The Columbus campus is also home to the renowned Wexner Center for the Arts. The current president is Karen A. Holbrook, and Barbara R. Snyder is the Provost.


History

The Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, built in 1870 in accordance with Lincoln's 1862 Land-Grant Act, first opened its doors for students during the September of 1873. The school was initially situated within a farming community located just on the outlying borders of Columbus, and was intended to matriculate students of various agricultural and mechanical disciplines (as the name suggests). After a vote passed in favor of instating a broader spectrum of educational offerings, the college subsequently changed its name in 1878 to the now-familiar "The Ohio State University".


Ohio State operated the largest and longest running radio telescope SETI project (known as The Big Ear) in the world until 1998.


Organization

The Ohio State University is comprised of the following colleges:

  • School of Allied Medical Professions
  • Austin E. Knowlton School of Architecture
  • College of Arts
  • College of Biological Sciences
  • Fisher College of Business
  • College of Dentistry
  • College of Education
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences
  • Graduate School
  • College of Human Ecology
  • College of Humanities
  • School of Journalism and Communication
  • Moritz College of Law
  • College of Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • College of Medicine and Public Health
  • School of Music
  • School of Natural Resources
  • College of Nursing
  • College of Optometry
  • College of Pharmacy
  • College of Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • College of Social Work
  • University College
  • College of Veterinary Medicine

Sports, clubs, and traditions

Ohio State's intercollegiate sports teams are called the "Buckeyes" (after the state tree, the Buckeye), and participate in the NCAA's Division I-A in all sports and the Big Ten Conference in most sports. (The men's hockey program competes in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association, and its women's hockey program competes in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association.) The school colors are Scarlet and Grey.


The Buckeye football team, which plays at Ohio Stadium (a.k.a. the Horseshoe), won the 2002 college football national championship at the 2003 Fiesta Bowl. It was the fifth national championship for the football team, which also topped the nation in 1942, 1954, 1957, and 1968.


The Buckeye football team also boasts 5 Heisman trophy winners including the only two time winner: Les Horvath (1944), Vic Janowicz (1950), Howard Cassady (1955), Archie Griffin (1974 & 1975), and Eddie George (1995).


Ohio State is known for its intense athletic rivalry (particularly in football) with the University of Michigan.


One particular Buckeye fan, Orlas King, became well known among Ohio State football fans. Affectionately called "Neutron Man" and known as an unofficial Buckeye mascot, Orlas King dressed in team colors and danced wildly in the stands to the song "Neutron Dance" by the Pointer Sisters at home games since the mid-1970s. The Buckeyes created a special scoreboard graphic for Neutron Man, and even invited him to dance on the field with the OSU marching band. King passed away in October, 2004 at the age of 62. He had a history of heart problems and had recently lost weight as a result of gastric bypass surgery.


The Makio is Ohio State's annual/yearbook. The Makio ran into financial problems during the early 1970s, and the organization went bankrupt and stopped publication during the late 1970s. The book was revived from 1985 to 1994, and has been revived again since 2000.


OSU's "Buckeye Bullet" electric car broke the world record for the fastest speed by an electric vehicle on August 18, 2003 with a speed of 257 mph (413.6 km/h) at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. The former US record was 251.3 mph (404.4 km/h). The vehicle was designed, built and managed by a team of engineering students at the university's "Center for Automotive Research-Intelligent Transportation" (CAR-IT).


OSU operates a public television station, WOSU 34. Two public radio stations, WOSU-AM (NPR) and WOSU-FM in Columbus, both with the call letters WOSU. In 2003, the television station began broadcasting in HDTV format. There is also a shorter range, student-run radio station. The school newspaper is called The Lantern.


In 1926, the student body overwhelmingly elected Maudine Ormsby Homecoming Queen. That Maudine Ormsby was not a student at the Ohio State University was a bigger problem then the fact she was a cow, literally, a dairy cow. Still, she took her throne at the homecoming football game that year, however she passed on the homecoming dance.


The school is often referred to as Ohio State University. The proper name, when used as a noun, is The Ohio State University.


Famous Ohio State University Alumni

External links



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