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Encyclopedia > The Oak Ridge Boys
Press photo of The Oak Ridge Boys.
Press photo of The Oak Ridge Boys.

The Oak Ridge Boys is a country and gospel band in the United States. The group was founded in 1945 as the Oak Ridge Quartet. They became popular during the 1950s. Their name was changed to the "Oak Ridge Boys" in 1961, and they remained a gospel-oriented group until the late 1970s, when they changed their image and concentrated more on country and pop music. The band's most well known lineup consists of lead singer Duane Allen, tenor Joe Bonsall, baritone William Lee Golden, and bass singer Richard Sterban. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1909x1500, 514 KB) Summary Press photo of The Oak Ridge Boys. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1909x1500, 514 KB) Summary Press photo of The Oak Ridge Boys. ... country music, see Country music (disambiguation) Country music, the first half of Billboards country and western music category, is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States. ... Gospel music may refer to the religious music that first came out of African-American churches in the first quarter of the twentieth century or, more loosely, to both black gospel music and to the religious music composed and sung by predominately white Southern Gospel artists. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Joe Bonsall (born May 18, 1948 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a member of the Oak Ridge Boys, and in 2003 published GI Joe and Lillie, a book about his parents lives during and after World War II. Bonsall currently lives in Hendersonville, Tennessee with his wife Mary Ann. ...


History

The Oak Ridge Boys first recorded together in a group known as Wally Fowler and the Georgia Clodhoppers. When Wally Fowler decided to focus on creating gospel music, he formed The Oak Ridge Quartet with himself, Lon "Deacon" Freeman, Curly Kinsey, and Johnny New. Those three men split from Fowler to form a new group, Fowler hired an existing group, the Calvary Quartet to join the Oak Ridge Quartet. After touring for a few years, Fowler disbanded the Oak Ridge Quartet and sold the rights to that name to group member Smitty Gatlin in 1957 in forgiveness of a debt. After more personnel changes, they lost their tenor. They lowered their arrangements had Gatlin sing tenor and their pianist, Tommy Fairchild, sing lead. They recorded an album for Cadence. Soon, in 1958 they hired Willie Wynn to sing the tenor. At this point the group was Willie Wynn on tenor, Smitty Gatlin on lead, Ron Page on baritone and Herman Harper on Bass. They recorded an album on Checker, one on Starday, and three on Skylite. The Oak Ridge Boys are one of the best-known country and gospel bands in United States. ... The Oak Ridge Boys are one of the best-known country and gospel bands in United States. ... The Oak Ridge Boys are one of the best-known country and gospel bands in United States. ... Look up Cadence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Cadence has the following meanings. ... Metal die-cast model of a Checker taxicab Originally, a Checker Cab was a taxi produced by the Checker Cab Manufacturing Company (later known as Checker Motors Corporation) of Kalamazoo, Michigan, and operating under the name Checker Cabs in New York and other American cities. ... Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero   Planetfall Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In 1962, Ron Page quit, and the group hired Gary McSpadden (who had filled in for Jake Hess in the Statesmen quartet) for baritone. They recorded another album on Skylite, and then two ground breaking albums on Warner Brothers. The name of the group was changed to The Oak Ridge Boys because their producer, Bud Praeger thought Oak Ridge Quartet sounded too old fogyish for their new contemporary sound. After three albums with them, McSpadden (being hand picked by Jake Hess himself) quit to be an original member of the Imperials. Jim Hammill (later a mainstay in the Kingsmen) was chosen to be his replacement. They cut one album for Festival, one for Stateswood (Skylite's budget label), and two more for Skylite. The boys and Hammill did not get along, and fan of the group, Bill Golden thought that he was hurting the group as McSpadden (unlike Hammill) had been a good looking guy with tons of energy and charisma. He recommended himself as the baritone of the group. The group did not immediately act, but eventually did. Jake Hess was a Grammy Award-winning gospel singer in the southern United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Warner Bros. ... The Oak Ridge Boys are one of the best-known country and gospel bands in United States. ... Jake Hess was a Grammy Award-winning gospel singer in the southern United States. ... The Imperials are a fictional race that hail from the province of Cyrodiil in the video game series The Elder Scrolls. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Bill (William Lee) Golden joined the group in January 1965. They cut another album for Starday and another on Skylite. In 1966, Duane Allen joined the group to replace Gatlin who left the group to become a minister of music. They cut another on Skylite, one on United Artists, and from 1966-1973 they had 12 on Heart Warming (in addition they had several compilations there.) They also had an album on Vista (Heart Warming's budget label) that included unreleased songs from previous sessions. In 1970, the Oak Ridge Boys earned their first Grammy with "Talk About the Good Times". Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero   Planetfall Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The current United Artists logo (a variant was used during the 1980s). ... Heart Warming was a gospel label started by Bob Benson and his father, John T. Benson Jr. ... Look up vista in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Richard Sterban joined the group in 1972. Sterban had been a member of "J.D. Sumner and The Stamps Quartet". Most notably, that band backed Elvis Presley live in concert during Sterban's time as a member. Shortly after Presley's 4 June 1972 Madison Square Garden concerts, Sterban left the group (this has been reported as October of 1972.) Joe Bonsall (a member of the Keystones and on Oaks lead, Duane Allen's Superior label) joined in October of 1973. The group's lineup would remain consistent for the next 15 years. They moved to the Columbia label and cut three albums and some singles there. They went from being one of the top acts on Heart Warming to about the bottom on Columbia as far as priorities. They cut some great material there, but Columbia did not service the gospel radio stations like Heart Warming did, and many people thought the Oaks were leaving gospel music which also hurt the group. They cut a live album on their own label which was a mix of gospel and country. In 1977, The Oak Ridge Boys switched from gospel to country, with the release of their first ABC (later MCA album, Ya'll Come Back Saloon. They then cut Room Service, The Oak Ridge Boys Have Arrived, and Together. Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ... The Music Corporation of America was a United States based corporation in the music business. ...


The group's 1981 album, Fancy Free, contained the Dallas Frazier-penned song "Elvira". It remains the group's most widely known song. It would become a #1 country chart hit, as well as a #5 pop hit. Elvira was the title of a 1970 song performed by Kenny Rogers, written by Dallas Frazier. ...


Bobbie Sue, their seventh album (including a Greatest Hits album), was released on February 10, 1982. The title song was another crossover hit, reaching #1 on the country chart and #12 on the pop chart. They then did a Christmas album (simply called Christmas) and then their American Made album. February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 1983 single "American Made", which begins this way:

My baby is American made
Born and bred in the USA

...became the source of a TV ad for Miller Beer: Miller Brewing is a large American piss maker based in Milwaukee. ...

Miller's made the American way
Born and brewed in the USA

The song was recut, but the Oaks would not sing it and did not want it used, but had no say in the matter.


Then they cut "Deliver" and released Greatest Hits 2 which had two new cuts on it. Greatest Hits 2 is a compilation album of The Oak Ridge Boys hits from 1980 — 1984. ...


In 1985, Step On Out was released. In 1986 Seasons and Christmas Again were released and in 1987 Where The Fast Lane Ends was released. It was the group's last album before the 1987 departure of William Lee Golden. Golden's departure was preceded by discussion, both by the public and other members of the group, about his beard and "mountain man" lifestyle. Golden complained that he felt like the "odd man out". He was replaced by the band's guitarist, Steve Sanders, who remained with the group until the end of 1995.


They released "Heartbeat", "Monongahela", Greatest Hits 3 (which had a previously unreleased single they had cut for the Take Pride In America campaign)and "American Dreams." They switched labels to RCA and cut two albums there "Unstoppable" and "Long Haul" as well as "Best Of The Oak Ridge Boys" which included a single they had cut for the "My Heroes Have Always Been Cowboys" movie soundtrack. Their move to RCA had not worked out because the one who signed them moved to another label shortly after them moving there. They were stuck in limbo with his replacement wanting to promote Alabama and not so much the Oaks. They then switched again and signed with Liberty (which became Capitol.) They cut their third Christmas album, "Country Christmas Eve" there. RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... RCAs logo as seen today on many products. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... Liberty Records was a United States based record label. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at the...


Oaks baritone, Steve Sanders, had been dealing with many problems (including several with his ex-wife) and those problems were increasingly becoming problems for all of the Oaks. He gave notice in late 1995, but then walked out before fulfilling it and left the group hours away from a concert without a baritone. They called Duane Allen's son Dee, to fly there and fill in. He did so for the remainder of the year with help from his brother-in-law Paul Martin (former lead singer of Exile) when he could not do so. At midnight on New Year's Day 1996, in Indiana, Golden returned to the group. They cut a two disc gospel set, "Revival" (their first full gospel album since 1976) with Leon Russell producing. This was sold on TV and later by the Oaks in concert and through the mail. They then cut half of an album with Polka instrumentalist, Jimmy Sturr and then an album for Platinum ("Voices").


After dealing with labels that did not seem to want to promote them (as Columbia had been years before), studio breakdowns (while recording their gospel set), the label they were on going "belly up" (Platinum) etc. their fortunes changed when they signed with Spring Hill. After pairing up with Dove Award winning producer, Michael Sykes, they cut a full length gospel album ("From The Heart"), another Christmas album("Inconvenient Christmas"), a patriotic album("Colors"), a bluegrass album("The Journey") and then cut gospel songs to be added to a special edition version of "From The Heart" which was available only from Feed The Children. Later, to recoup some of the costs of the gospel songs, the label took those songs, two from "The Journey" and had them recut some of their previous gospel hits to make up their "Common Thread" album. They then cut another Christmas album ("Christmas Cookies"). The Boys were going to record "Fresh Cuts" albums which would have some new songs and some of their hits re-recorded. These plans were stalled by MCA releasing their country stuff on a new hits compilation. In 2006 they completed a new album, Front Row Seats, on Spring Hill Records. The album is a welcome return to mainstream country music with modern, fresh arrangements and song selection. The first single from the project, "Hard To Be Cool (In A Mini-Van) is fast approaching the Top 40, a place where the boys haven't been since 1992. Spring Hill is the name of several places in the United States of America: Spring Hill, Florida Spring Hill, Indiana Spring Hill, Iowa Spring Hill Township, Minnesota Spring Hill, Minnesota Spring Hill (Cambria County), Pennsylvania Spring Hill (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania Spring Hill, Kansas Spring Hill, Tennessee Theres also: Spring Hill...


Herman Harper died in December 1993. Steve Sanders (baritone from 1987-1995) died from a self inflicted gunshot wound on 10 June 1998. Noel Fox (bass singer 1969-1972) died at age 63 on 10 April 2003 in Nashville, Tennessee, after surgery following a series of strokes. 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Music City Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area    - City 526. ...


Discography

September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in leap years). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greatest Hits 2 is a compilation album of The Oak Ridge Boys hits from 1980 — 1984. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2001. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Oak Ridge Boys - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (609 words)
The Oak Ridge Boys is a country and gospel band in the United States.
The group was founded in 1945 as the Oak Ridge Quartet.
Oak Ridge Boys at the Country Music Television website.
The Oak Ridge Boys - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (609 words)
Their name was changed to the "Oak Ridge Boys" in 1961, and they remained a gospel-oriented group until the late 70s, when they changed their image and concentrated more on country and pop music.
The Oak Ridge Boys first recorded together in a group known as Wally Fowler and the Georgia Clodhoppers.
After touring for a few years, Fowler disbanded the Oak Ridge Quartet and sold the rights to that name to group member Smitty Gatlin in 1957.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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