The Byrds were an American rock music group founded in Los Angeles, California in 1964 by singers and guitarists Jim McGuinn (he later changed his name to Roger McGuinn), Gene Clark, and David Crosby.
Always the leader of the group, McGuinn came out of a folk music background, but, inspired by the Beatles, recast the Byrds as a pop-music group, one that is regarded as among the most accomplished, and experimental, of the era.
Their 1968 The NotoriousByrdBrothers, which featured compositions by the group as well as by Goffin and King, is today regarded as their masterpiece.
Though The Byrds were not the first to fuse country and rock, they quickly became one of the most popular acts of the time to do so.
In early 1968, after the release of The NotoriousByrdBrothers and the departures of both David Crosby and Michael Clarke, the remaining two members, Roger McGuinn and Chris Hillman decided to push forward.
In July 1968, the Byrds were set to tour South Africa when Parsons announced he would not be going along in protest at the country's policies of apartheid (a policy that did not cease until 1994).
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