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Encyclopedia > The National
The National

The 2006 opening of CBC News: The National
Genre News
Running time 60 mins.
Starring Peter Mansbridge
Country of origin Canada
Language(s) English
Original channel CBC
Original run 1954–present
No. of episodes

N/A Image File history File links Cbc_national_2006. ... Image File history File links Cbc_national_2006. ... A newscast typically consists of the coverage of various news events and other information, either produced locally by a radio or television station, or by a broadcast network. ... Peter Mansbridge Peter Mansbridge (born July 6, 1948) is a Canadian journalist and anchor of The National, CBC Televisions flagship nightly newscast. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Official website

The National, now officially known as CBC News: The National, is the CBC's flagship national television newscast. It reports on major Canadian and international news stories, airing on CBC Television weekday nights at 10:00 p.m. local time (10:30 p.m. NT). The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the countrys national radio and television broadcaster. ... A newscast typically consists of the coverage of various news events and other information, either produced locally by a radio or television station, or by a broadcast network. ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... NST is UTC-3:30 The Newfoundland Standard Time Zone (NST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting 3½ hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-3:30. ...


The program generally follows a format of news headlines for the first 20 minutes followed by a magazine segment that may include documentaries, feature reports and/or panel discussions. The first commercial interruption usually comes about 40 minutes into the program. In exceptional news circumstances, the regular format may be waived. From the earliest days of the medium, television has been used as a vehicle for advertising in some countries. ...


CBC owned and operated stations then repeat the news headline portion of The National at 11:00 p.m.; this practice ended in October 2006, when repeats of CBC News: The Hour began airing in that timeslot. Private affiliates of the CBC do not broadcast this airing. Additional airings, on CBC Newsworld, are at 9:00 p.m. (the initial version that airs live to Atlantic Canada on the main network), 12:00 midnight, and 5:00 a.m., all times ET. CBC News: The Hour is the title of a newsmagazine series in Canada, which started airing weekday evenings on CBC Newsworld, on January 17, 2005. ... CBC Newsworld is a Canadian 24-hour cable news television channel operated by the CBC. It broadcasts into over 10 million homes nation-wide, as well as into some northern states in the U.S. It is the worlds third-oldest television service of this nature, after CNN in... The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... EDT (shown in yellow) is UTC-4 The Eastern Time Zone of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ...


The National and other CBC newscasts (including its "supper hour" national and local newscast) are streamed on the CBC website. [1]


In a controversial decision, the CBC announced in 2006 that for the summer months, The National would move up an hour to 11 p.m. on Tuesday nights in the Eastern Time Zone, in order to simulcast the American airing of The One: Making a Music Star over the summer. A Canadian version of the series may launch in the fall in another time slot, but a condition of the CBC's franchise deal for this production was to simulcast the ABC production. This also represented the first time in over a decade that the CBC scheduled an American-produced series in prime time. However, The One quickly flopped in two weeks and four episodes, recieving record-low ratings on both ABC and CBC due to audience indifference, and The National returned to airing at 10 p.m. five nights a week as of July 31. Time Zone is also a historical computer game. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Prime time is the block of programming on television during the middle of the evening. ...


On the affected nights, the newscast aired at both 9:00 and 10:00 ET on Newsworld. [2]

Contents

History

The National originated as The National News in 1954. Since 1952, there had been a five minute national news bulletin on the fledgling CBC Television service - each bulletin would be read by a succession of readers which, ultimately, CBC management realised resulted in a disjoined broadcast. Program director Mavor Moore decided to choose a single newsreader for the program in order to create continuity and hired veteran radio newsman Larry Henderson to anchor the broadcast which soon expanded to nightly thirteen minute program airing at 11pm. Henderson, who had hoped to become Canada's answer to Edward R. Murrow, had spent several years travelling the world with his Headliners radio broadcast. He proved a temperamental newsreader who would occasionally swear on the air, respond in anger to cues to speed up his reading, and once walked off the set when a filmed segment was not ready on cue.Biography 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Mavor Moore, C.C., B.A., D.Litt. ... Larry Henderson was host of the CBC Televisions The National News, later rebranded as The National, from 1956 to 1959. ... Edward R. Murrow, U.S. newscaster, pioneer in broadcast journalism Edward R. Ed Murrow (born Egbert Roscoe Murrow), (April 25, 1908 – April 27, 1965) was an American journalist. ...


Henderson left the broadcast in 1959 and was succeeded by Earl Cameron who had been presenter of the National News Bulletin on CBC's main radio service, the Trans-Canada Network, since 1944. Changes in the philosophy of CBC News led to Cameron, a professional announcer, being replaced by journalist Stanley Burke in 1966. 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Earl Cameron in 1966. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Stanley Burke was a Canadian television journalist. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


Though journalists were now reading the news, union regulations required a journalist acting as news anchor to leave the journalists' union and join the announcers' union and thus prohibited the anchor from doing anything other than reading a script written by others. Burke anchored the show from 1966 until 1969 when he resigned in order to launch a public campaign on the Biafran civil war. Burke was replaced by Warren Davis, at which point the show was rebranded The National and the program was broadcast in color. From 1970, the program was anchored by Lloyd Robertson until he was hired away by rival CTV in 1976, largely as a result of Robertson's frustration at not being able to participate in the writing of the newscast due to union rules. 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... National motto: Peace, Unity, Freedom Official language Igbo, English Capital Enugu Largest city Port Harcourt Head of State Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Chief of General Staff (VP) Philip Effiong Area ?- Total ?- % water Population;- Total 13,500,000 (1967) Currency Biafran pound (BIAP) Created May 30, 1967 Dissolved January 15, 1970 National... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight for political power or control of an area. ... Warren Davis was a Canadian television journalist. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Lloyd Robertson, O.C. (born January 19, 1934 in Stratford, Ontario) is the anchor of Canadas nightly CTV National News. ... CTV is a TLA that may stand for: CTV Television Network - a Canadian English language television network Channel Television - the main television broadcaster in the Channel Islands Chukyo TV. Broadcasting - a Japanese TV station in Nagoya This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


Peter Kent hosted the show for two years and, because he had worked as a senior correspondent with CBC Newsmagazine and The National, he was allowed to report and write and anchor The National and CBC News Specials before leaving to return to work as a foreign correspondent. In 1978, Knowlton Nash—who had been Kent's boss—became the newscast's new anchor. During Nash's tenure, the CBC was able to win "formal" concessions from its unions allowing working journalists to read the news, allowing Nash to assume the title of "Chief Correspondent" for CBC News. This allowed him to participate in the writing of the show's script as well as act as a news editor with influence over the stories selected for the newscast and other questions of editorial judgement. Nash stepped down as chief anchor in 1988 and was replaced by Peter Mansbridge. Peter Kent (born in Sussex, England ca. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Cyril Knowlton Nash, O.C., O.Ont. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Peter Mansbridge Peter Mansbridge (born July 6, 1948) is a Canadian journalist and anchor of The National, CBC Televisions flagship nightly newscast. ...


On January 11, 1982, The National was relaunched in the 10:00 PM timeslot with a modernized design and format. The Journal, a program that covered news stories in greater depth using interviews and documentaries, followed it at 10:22 PM. January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Journal was a popular current affairs newsmagazine on CBC Television from 1982 to 1992. ...


One of the hosts of The Journal from the beginning was Barbara Frum, who quickly became a symbol of CBC News as she was not afraid to tackle the toughest and most controversial of issues. Frum died suddenly in March 1992. Her final interview was with Canadian author Mordecai Richler, which took place just days before her death. Barbara Frum Barbara Frum, OC , BA , LL.D (September 8, 1937 – March 26, 1992) was one of Canadas most respected and influential journalists, a legendary news anchor for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Mordecai Richler Mordecai Richler, CC (January 27, 1931 - July 3, 2001) was a Canadian author, scriptwriter and essayist. ...


That same year, the CBC, which was undergoing major changes, replaced The National and The Journal with Prime Time News, an integrated package which aired at 9:00 p.m. with two hosts, Mansbridge and Pamela Wallin. However, the show fared poorly in the ratings, and returned to the 10 p.m. time slot in 1994. The National continued to air on CBC Newsworld, hosted by Alison Smith. Prime Time News was a Canadian nightly newscast which aired on CBC television from 1992 to 1995. ... Pamela Wallin, SOM (born 1953 in Wadena, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian television journalist and diplomat of Swedish descent. ... Alison Smith is a Canadian television journalist and anchor. ...


In 1995, the program reverted to the name The National, hosted by Peter Mansbridge, and was followed by The National Magazine, hosted by Hana Gartner. This later became simply The Magazine. When the program was revamped significantly in early 2001 this segment was again integrated into the main newscast and introduced by Mansbridge; for a time it was often titled Documentary. The program acquired a new look and format in the eventful fall of that year with the CBC's latest corporate redesign. Peter Mansbridge Peter Mansbridge (born July 6, 1948) is a Canadian journalist and anchor of The National, CBC Televisions flagship nightly newscast. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


On January 9, 2006, The National adopted a new look as part of a major rebranding for CBC News, stemming mainly from an extensive study by the CBC into how to make news programming more relevant, particularly in the face of stiff competition from CTV National News and Global National. The rebranding was originally scheduled for September 2005 but was postponed due to the lengthy lockout that had just concluded at that time. The primary colour of CBC News shifted from blue to red, not unlike BBC News. January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CTV National News is a newscast on CTV, which airs at 11pm local time on the main network across Canada. ... Global National is the national newscast of Global Television Network in Canada. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ...


Presentation

1970s–1982

The show opening during this period, known as "the Bloops", featured the title of the program in a "space-age" font in green on the bottom of the screen, superimposed over a wide shot of the set. Sometimes the program title appeared in the center of the screen, with a black background. Accompanied by synthesized beeps that resembled an old computer, different letters appeared from left to right until they spelled "The National". The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Image File history File links The_national_70s. ... A synthesizer (or synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument designed to produce electronically generated sound, using techniques such as additive, subtractive, FM, physical modelling synthesis, or phase distortion. ...


An announcer, usually Allan McFee, would intone "The National, with," followed by the name of the anchor, followed by a cut to a shot of the anchor beside a screen. The anchor of the program would then summarize the top stories as different slides appeared for each of them on the screen. Allan McFee (1913 - 2000) was the voice of the CBCs The National nightly newscast. ...


1982–1988

On January 11, 1982, the CBC relaunched The National with a radically different format and presentation style that looked very hi-tech for its time. The new logo used the typeface Stop. Image File history File links The_national_1982. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The opening animation, an electronic globe that features a map of the world mapped onto an array of cubes, used red 3D vector computer graphics with blue shading.


The synthesized opening music featured a fanfare played by The Canadian Brass. Canadian Brass is a brass quintet founded by Chuck Daellenbach, Stuart Laughton, and Gene Watts in 1970. ...


During the mid-1980s Quantel Paintbox was used to create many of the graphics for the stories. Quantel is a corporation based in the United Kingdom, and founded in 1973, that designs and manufactures digital production equipment for the broadcast television, video production, and motion picture industries. ...


1988–1992

In 1988 the CBC updated the presentation of The National with more modern computer graphics. The logo used all upper-case letters in the typeface Times New Roman. The Times New Roman typeface, on top at 88. ...


1992–1995

Between 1992 and 1995, the main network's newscast was called Prime Time News; the name The National was retained on CBC Newsworld. Prime Time News was a Canadian nightly newscast which aired on CBC television from 1992 to 1995. ... CBC Newsworld is a Canadian 24-hour cable news television channel operated by the CBC. It broadcasts into over 10 million homes nation-wide, as well as into some northern states in the U.S. It is the worlds third-oldest television service of this nature, after CNN in...


1995–1997

The logo used the font Palatino in upper-case for the words "The National", and Frutiger in upper-case for the words "CBC News" underneath. Palatino is a serif typeface created by Hermann Zapf in 1948. ... Frutiger, named after its Swiss designer Adrian Frutiger (born 1928), is a typeface, belonging to the sans-serif family. ...


1997–2001

A new opening and look for the show appeared that retained the style of the 1995 opening but used somewhat more sophisticated and modern computer animation. Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ...


2001

The logo used the typeface Microgramma, centred on two lines, with the CBC News logo underneath in Frutiger. It was short-lived, lasting only a few months. Image File history File links The_National_2001. ... Microgramma (similar to Eurostile, which includes lower case) is a sans serif font which was designed by Aldo Novarese and Alessandro Butti in 1952. ...

2001–2006

In the fall of 2001 the presentation of The National was updated along with the corporate redesign of the entire network to have one consistent branding. The New York design firm Razorfish designed the look of this and other network programs. The logo used the typeface Frutiger in upper case. Image File history File links Cbc_national_2005. ...


In late 2004 or early 2005, several graphics were modified, featuring more blue, less beige, and a slightly modified logo (with bolder type for "The National"). These changes were only implemented in selected sequences, sometimes leading to confusion - i.e. the older set of graphics was used at the start of the newscast's opening, and the new set was used at the end of the open.


2006

In early 2006, the entire news division - including The National and CBC Newsworld - received another update, including a new theme song and new title sequences, featuring the colours red, black and white. Image File history File links Cbc_national_2006. ... CBC Newsworld is a Canadian 24-hour cable news television channel operated by the CBC. It broadcasts into over 10 million homes nation-wide, as well as into some northern states in the U.S. It is the worlds third-oldest television service of this nature, after CNN in...


Anchors

Other personalities who have anchored The National as weekend or substitute anchors include Jan Tennant, George McLean, Sheldon Turcotte, Alison Smith, Wendy Mesley, Diana Swain, Carole MacNeil, Mark Kelley, Ben Chin, Brian Stewart and Ian Hanomansing. Larry Henderson was host of the CBC Televisions The National News, later rebranded as The National, from 1956 to 1959. ... Earl Cameron in 1966. ... Stanley Burke was a Canadian television journalist. ... Warren Davis was a Canadian television journalist. ... Lloyd Robertson, O.C. (born January 19, 1934 in Stratford, Ontario) is the anchor of Canadas nightly CTV National News. ... Peter Kent (born in Sussex, England ca. ... Cyril Knowlton Nash, O.C., O.Ont. ... Peter Mansbridge Peter Mansbridge (born July 6, 1948) is a Canadian journalist and anchor of The National, CBC Televisions flagship nightly newscast. ... Pamela Wallin, SOM (born 1953 in Wadena, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian television journalist and diplomat of Swedish descent. ... Jan Tennant is a Canadian television journalist. ... George Payne McLean (October 7, 1857 - June 6, 1932) was a United States Senator from Connecticut. ... Turcotte was a CBC reporter and contributor on The National. ... Alison Smith is a Canadian television journalist and anchor. ... Wendy Mesley (born 1957) is a host-reporter for CBC English Televisions consumer investigation show Marketplace. ... Diana Swain is a television journalist with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Carole MacNeil is a television journalist with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Mark Kelley is a Canadian television journalist. ... Ben Chin, or Byun Kyu Chin (born Geneva, Switzerland in 1964) is a Canadian politician, political aide and former television journalist. ... Brian Stewart, one of Canadas most experienced journalists, is host of the foreign affairs show CBC News: World View as well as senior correspondent of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporations flagship news hour The National. ... Ian Hanomansing is a television journalist with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). ...


Commentators

  • Keith Boag appears frequently as parliamentary bureau chief
  • Bob McDonald appears as the science correspondent.
  • Gwynne Dyer appears occasionally as a military affairs correspondent.
  • Rex Murphy frequently appears on The National with commentaries on a segment entitled "Point of View", before the end of the program.
  • Allan Gregg was until 2005 a frequent political commentator and member of the weekly political panel. He now appears regularly, if less frequently, on CTV, which now also employs his company, The Strategic Counsel, as its polling partner.

Keith Boag is a senior journalist with CBC Television. ... Bob McDonald is a science journalist. ... Gwynne Dyer, Ph. ... Rex Murphy (born March, 1947, Carbonear, Newfoundland) is a noted Canadian commentator. ... Allan Gregg (born 1952) is a Canadian pollster, political advisor, and pundit. ... CTV is a TLA that may stand for: CTV Television Network - a Canadian English language television network Channel Television - the main television broadcaster in the Channel Islands Chukyo TV. Broadcasting - a Japanese TV station in Nagoya This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... The Strategic Counsel is a Canadian company that provides several market research services, such as conducting opinion polls. ...

Sources

  • Nash, Knowlton. Prime Time At Ten (1987)

External links


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