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Encyclopedia > The Mummy (1999 film)
The Mummy

Promotional poster
Directed by Stephen Sommers
Produced by Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Written by Screenplay:
Stephen Sommers
Story:
Kevin Jarre
Lloyd Fonvielle
Stephen Sommers
Starring Brendan Fraser
Rachel Weisz
John Hannah
Arnold Vosloo
Music by Jerry Goldsmith
Cinematography Adrian Biddle
Editing by Bob Ducsay
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) May 7, 1999
Running time 124 min.
Country United States
Language English
Budget $80,000,000 (est.)
Gross revenue $415,885,488 (worldwide)
Followed by The Mummy Returns
Official website
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

The Mummy is a 1999 American adventure film/horror film written and directed by Stephen Sommers, starring Brendan Fraser and Rachel Weisz, with Arnold Vosloo in the title role as the reanimated mummy. The movie features substantial dialogue in ancient Egyptian language, spoken with the assistance of a professional Egyptologist. It is a loose remake of the 1932 film of the same name which starred Boris Karloff in the title role. Originally intended to be part of a low-budget horror franchise, the movie was eventually turned into a blockbuster adventure film. Image File history File links The_mummy. ... Stephen Sommers on the Prague set of Van Helsing Stephen Sommers (born March 20, 1962) is an American movie director/writer best known for the 1999 blockbuster The Mummy, its sequel The Mummy Returns, and the action/horror film Van Helsing. ... Sean Daniel is a film producer born on the 15 August 1951. ... James Jacks is a film producer who has in recent years produced several high-budget films. ... Kevin Jarre is a Hollywood screenwriter, son of the French composer Maurice Jarre, and half-brother to Jean-Michel Jarre. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Rachel Weisz (born March 7, 1971) is an Academy Award-winning English film and television actress. ... John David Hannah (born April 23, 1962) is a Scottish film and television actor. ... Arnold Vosloo (born 16 June 1962) is a South African/American actor, known for playing the title role in the 1999 film The Mummy and its sequel, The Mummy Returns. ... Jerrald King Jerry Goldsmith (February 10, 1929 – July 21, 2004) was an American film score composer from Los Angeles, California. ... Adrian Biddle, (July 20, 1952 – December 7, 2005), was an English cinematographer. ... Bob Ducsay is a film editor who has worked on over 20 films and television productions. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The year 1999 in film involved some significant events. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... USD redirects here. ... USD redirects here. ... The Mummy Returns is a 2001 American movie starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, and Arnold Vosloo, and is directed by Stephen Sommers. ... The year 1999 in film involved some significant events. ... The quintessential adventure film. ... “Horror Movie” redirects here. ... Stephen Sommers on the Prague set of Van Helsing Stephen Sommers (born March 20, 1962) is an American movie director/writer best known for the 1999 blockbuster The Mummy, its sequel The Mummy Returns, and the action/horror film Van Helsing. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Rachel Weisz (born March 7, 1971) is an Academy Award-winning English film and television actress. ... Arnold Vosloo (born 16 June 1962) is a South African/American actor, known for playing the title role in the 1999 film The Mummy and its sequel, The Mummy Returns. ... For other uses, see Mummy (disambiguation). ... Spoken in: Ancient Egypt Language extinction: evolved into Demotic by 600 BC, into Coptic by AD 200, and was extinct (not spoken as a day-to-day language) by the 17th century. ... An Egyptologist is any archaeologist, historian, linguist, or art historian who specializes in Egyptology, the scientific study of Ancient Egypt and its antiquities. ... Boris Karloff as Ardath Bey AKA Prince Imhotep in The Mummy. ... Boris Karloff (born William Henry Pratt) (November 23, 1887 – February 2, 1969) was an English actor who emigrated to Canada in the 1910s. ... Blockbuster, as applied to film or theater, denotes a very popular and/or successful production. ...


Filming began in Marrakech, Morocco on May 4, 1998 and lasted seventeen weeks; the crew had to endure dehydration, sandstorms, and snakes while filming in the Sahara desert. The visual effects were provided by Industrial Light & Magic, who blended film and computer-generated imagery to create the titular Mummy. Jerry Goldsmith provided the orchestral score. For the record label, see Marrakesh Records. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ... Jerrald King Jerry Goldsmith (February 10, 1929 – July 21, 2004) was an American film score composer from Los Angeles, California. ...


The Mummy opened on May 7, 1999 and grossed $43 million in 3,210 theaters; the movie went on to gross $415 million worldwide. Reception to the film was mixed, with reviewers alternatively praising or complaining about the special effects, the slapstick nature of the story and characters, and the stereotyped villains. The box-office success led to a 2001 sequel, The Mummy Returns, as well as The Mummy: The Animated Series, and the spin-off film The Scorpion King. Another sequel, The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor, will open on August 1, 2008. Universal Studios also opened a roller coaster, Revenge of the Mummy, in 2004. The movie and its sequel's novelizations were written by Max Allan Collins. is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The Mummy Returns is a 2001 American movie starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, and Arnold Vosloo, and is directed by Stephen Sommers. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... The Scorpion King is a 2002 film starring Dwayne The Rock Johnson, Michael Clarke Duncan, Kelly Hu, Steven Brand, Ralf Moeller, and Grant Heslov, and is directed by Chuck Russell. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... A typical roller coaster The roller coaster is a popular amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A novelization (or novelisation in British English) is a work of fiction that is written based on some other media story form rather than as an original work. ... Max Allan Collins in 1982, posing with a drawing of Dick Tracy. ...

Contents

Plot

The movie begins in Egypt, circa 1290 BC. High priest Imhotep is having an affair with Anck-su-namun, the mistress of Pharaoh Seti I. When the Pharaoh discovers this, Imhotep and Anck-su-namun murder the monarch. Anck-su-namun then kills herself, intending for Imhotep to resurrect her. After Anck-su-namun's burial, Imhotep breaks into her crypt and steals her corpse. He and his priests flee across the desert to Hamunaptra, the city of the dead, where they begin the resurrection ceremony. However, they are caught by Seti's guards before the ritual can be completed, and Anck-su-namun's soul is sent back to the Underworld. This article is about the ancient Egyptian official. ... Ankhesenamun, also known as Ankhesepaaten, was the third of six known daughters of the Pharaoh Akhenaten by his wife Nefertiti. ... For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ... Menmaatre Eternal is the Strength of Re[1] Nomen Seti Merenptah He of the god Seth, beloved of Ptah[2] Horus name Kanakht Khaemwaset-Seankhtawy Nebty name Wehemmesut Sekhemkhepesh Derpedjetpesdjet Golden Horus Wehemkhau Weserpedjutemtawnebu[3] Consort(s) Queen Tuya Issue Tia, Amennefernebes, Ramesses II, Henutmire (?) Father Ramesses I Mother Sitre... Crypt is also a commonly used name of water trumpets, aquatic plants. ... Hamunaptra (City of the Dead) is a fictional Egyptian city in the horror/action movie The Mummy starring Brendan Fraser and Rachel Weisz. ... For other uses, see Underworld (disambiguation). ...


As punishment for their sacrilege, Imhotep's priests are mummified alive, and Imhotep himself is forced to endure the curse of Hom Dai: his tongue is cut out, and he is buried alive, wrapped like a mummy, along with a swarm of flesh-eating scarabs. The horror of the ritual is that it grants eternal life, forcing him to endure the agony of his wounds for all time. He is buried under high security, sealed away in a sarcophagus below a statue of the Egyptian god Anubis, and kept under strict surveillance by the Medjai, descendants of Seti's palace guards—if Imhotep were ever to be released, the powers that made him immortal would allow him to unleash a wave of destruction and death upon the Earth. For other uses, see Mummy (disambiguation). ... Dung beetles (also known as tumble bugs) are beetles which feed partly or exclusively on feces. ... The Etruscan Sarcophagus of the Spouses, at the National Etruscan Museum. ... --68. ... For other uses, see Anubis (disambiguation). ... The Medjai were an ancient people of Nubia. ...


Three thousand years later, in 1923, an American, Rick O'Connell, is serving as a captain in a unit of the French Foreign Legion, which travels to Hamunaptra in search of the treasure rumored to be there. When they reach the fabled city, a group of Arabs attack. Left in charge when the unit's commanding officer deserts during the battle, Rick retreats into the city when the Arabs overrun his unit. Surrounded by his attackers, O'Connell thinks he will be killed, but suddenly the attackers flee. A confused Rick suddenly hears a disembodied voice and appears to be attacked by the sand, which forms into a face as he flees. He is left to wander out of the desert; unknown to him, the battle was witnessed by a group of the Medjai. Legionnaire redirects here. ...


Three years later, Cairo librarian and aspiring Egyptologist, Evelyn "Evie" Carnahan is presented with an intricate box and map by her bumbling brother Jonathan, who says he found in Thebes. After observing the map leads to Hamunaptra, Jonathan reveals he actually stole it from Rick, who is currently in prison. After they contact him, Rick makes a deal with Evelyn to reveal the location of Hamunaptra, in exchange for Evelyn striking a deal with the warden to keep Rick from being hanged. Rick upholds his bargain and leads an expedition to Hamunaptra, where Rick's group encounters a band of treasure hunters led by the famed Egyptologist Dr. Allen Chamberlain and guided by Beni Gabor, a cowardly former Legion soldier who served with Rick and also knows the location of the lost city, who which Rick absolutely harbor intense hatred for leaving him to die during the fight earlier in the film. For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... The Great Sphinx of Giza against Khafres Pyramid at the Giza pyramid complex. ...


Shortly after reaching Hamunaptra, both groups are attacked by the Medjai, led by Ardeth Bey, who warns them of the evil buried in the city. Rather than heed Bey's warning, the two expeditions continue to excavate in separate portions of the city. Evelyn is looking for the Book of Amon-Ra, a golden book capable of taking life away, but unexpectedly comes across the remains of Imhotep instead; much to her shock, Imhotep's corpse is actually a still-decomposing skeleton instead of a preserved mummy. The team of Americans, meanwhile, discover a box containing the Book of the Dead, accompanied by canopic jars carrying Anck-su-namun's preserved organs; each of the Americans takes a jar as loot. For other uses, see Book of the Dead (disambiguation). ... 19th Dynasty canopic jars of alabaster (Berlin) Among the ancient Egyptians, canopic jars were covered funerary vases, intended to keep the viscera of mummified corpses. ...


At night, Evelyn takes the Book of the Dead from the Americans' tent and reads a page aloud, accidentally awakening Imhotep. Although both groups return to Cairo, the mummy hunts down the Americans who opened the box, slowly regenerating with each person he kills. Beni survives a meeting with Imhotep by pledging allegiance to him and helps him track down the Americans and the canopic jars in Cairo. Evelyn realizes that if the Book of the Dead brought Imhotep back to life, the Book of Amon-Ra can kill the high priest once again; soon after this, Evelyn is captured by Imhotep, who intends to sacrifice her to resurrect Anck-su-namun, and so they return to Hamunaptra. Rick and Jonathan rescue Evelyn after an intense battle with Imhotep's mummies. Evelyn reads from the Book of Amon-Ra, which takes away Imhotep's immortality, and Rick mortally wounds him. Quickly decaying, Imhotep leaves the world of the living.


As they are leaving, Beni accidentally sets off an ancient booby trap and is trapped by a swarm of flesh-eating scarabs as Hamunaptra collapses. They surround him and kill him as his torch flame goes out.(Beni's fate is very ironic as he died in the treasure room, where money is what he gluttoned for the entire film.) The heroes escape and ride off into the sunset on a pair of camels, unaware that their saddlebags are packed with the treasures that Beni looted earlier.


Cast

See also: Characters related to The Mummy (1999 film)
Rick O'Connell (Brendan Fraser) and siblings Evelyn (Rachel Weisz) and Jonathan Carnahan (John Hannah) react to voices while exploring Hamunaptra.
Rick O'Connell (Brendan Fraser) and siblings Evelyn (Rachel Weisz) and Jonathan Carnahan (John Hannah) react to voices while exploring Hamunaptra.
  • Brendan Fraser as Richard "Rick" O'Connell: An adventurer who served in the French Foreign Legion. Producer James Jacks offered the role of Rick O'Connell to Tom Cruise, Brad Pitt, Matt Damon and Ben Affleck but the actors were not interested or could not fit the role into their respective schedules.[1] Jacks and Director Stephen Sommers were impressed with the money that George of the Jungle was the Errol Flynn swashbuckling character he had envisioned perfectly.[2] The actor understood that his character "doesn't take himself too seriously, otherwise the audience can't go on that journey with him".[3]
  • Rachel Weisz as Evelyn Carnahan: A clumsy yet intelligent Egyptologist. Evelyn undertakes the expedition to Hamunaptra to discover an ancient book, proving herself to her peers. Rachel Weisz was not a big fan of horror films but did not see this film as such. As she said in an interview, "It's hokum, a comic book world."[4]
  • John Hannah as Jonathan Carnahan: Evelyn's bumbling older brother, whose primary goal is riches; he signs on for the trip to Hamunaptra after learning that the book Evelyn is looking for is fabled to be made of gold. Jonathan is also a thief; he steals the key needed to open the Book of Amun-Ra from Rick in prison.
  • Arnold Vosloo as High Priest Imhotep: One of Pharoah Seti I's most trusted advisers, Imhotep betrays his sovereign out of love for Anck-su-namun. He is cursed and slowly killed for his treachery, but is resurrected 3,000 years later to continue his plans. South African stage actor Vosloo understood the approach that Sommers was going for in his screenplay, but only agreed to take on the role of Imhotep "if I could do it absolutely straight. From Imhotep's point of view, this is a skewed version of 'Romeo and Juliet'."[1]
  • Kevin J. O'Connor as Beni Gabor: A former soldier in the Foreign Legion, like Rick. Beni is obsessed with wealth, but also extremely cowardly; he betrays his employers when faced with Imhotep's wrath.
  • Oded Fehr as Ardeth Bey: A member of the Medjai, an ancient order dedicated to protecting the resting place of Imhotep. When the mummy is awakened, he and his warriors pledge to destroy the creature.
  • Jonathan Hyde as Dr. Allen Chamberlain: An Egyptologist who leads a rival expedition to Hamunaptra, led by Beni. While Chamberlain tries to open the Book of the Dead, he knows not to read from it, and turns to the Medjai when Imhotep is brought to life. Since he opened the box that contained the Book of the Dead, he is cursed and eventually killed.
  • Erick Avari as Dr. Terrence Bay: Evelyn's superior who works at a museum in Cairo. Bay deliberately tries to stop Evelyn and her brother from learning the location of Hamunaptra, knowing what evil lurks beneath the desert.
  • Stephen Dunham, Corey Johnson, Tuc Watkins as Henderson, Daniels, and Burns: Americans who travel to Hamunaptra in a treasure-hunting expedition. Opening a cursed box, they steal priceless canopic jars. They are all eventually killed by Imhotep, who fully regenerates by sucking the life out of each of them.
  • Patricia Velásquez as Anck-Su-Namun: The mistress of Seti I; no other man is allowed to touch her. When Pharaoh learns of her affair with Imhotep, Anck-Su-Namun commits suicide rather than be caught for Seti's murder.

// Rick helps Evelyn to kill Imhotep after being saved by her from being hanged. ... Image File history File links Mummymovie1. ... Image File history File links Mummymovie1. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Rachel Weisz (born March 7, 1971) is an Academy Award-winning English film and television actress. ... John David Hannah (born April 23, 1962) is a Scottish film and television actor. ... Hamunaptra (City of the Dead) is a fictional Egyptian city in the horror/action movie The Mummy starring Brendan Fraser and Rachel Weisz. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Richard Rick OConnell is a fictional character and primary protaganist from the 1999 film The Mummy. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an Academy award-nominated American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... Matthew Paige Matt Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American screenwriter and actor. ... For the American cement businessman, see B. F. Affleck. ... George of the Jungle is a live-action film based on the original cartoon of the same name. ... Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (June 20, 1909 – October 14, 1959) was an Australian film actor, most famous for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films and his flamboyant lifestyle. ... Rachel Weisz (born March 7, 1971) is an Academy Award-winning English film and television actress. ... Evelyn Evy Carnahan-OConnell is a fictional character from the 1999 film The Mummy. ... John David Hannah (born April 23, 1962) is a Scottish film and television actor. ... Arnold Vosloo (born 16 June 1962) is a South African/American actor, known for playing the title role in the 1999 film The Mummy and its sequel, The Mummy Returns. ... For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ... Oded Fehr (Hebrew: עודד פר; born 23 November 1970) is an Israeli film and television actor. ... Jonathan Hyde (born May 21, 1947) is an Australian-born English stage actor. ... Erick Avari (Hindi: , Urdu: ; born April 13, 1952) is a British-Indian screen and television actor. ... This page has few or no links to other articles. ... |220px]] Born August 19, 1987 Rochester, New York Corey Johnson (born John Johnson on May 17, 1961) is an American actor largely active in the United Kingdom. ... Tuc Watkins, in a still from the opening sequence of One Life to Live. ... Patricia Carola Velásquez Semprún (born January 31, 1971) is a Venezuelan actress and fashion model. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...

Production

Origins

In 1992, producer James Jacks decided to update the original Mummy film for the 1990s.[5] Universal Studios gave him the go-ahead, but only if he kept the budget around $10 million.[1] The producer remembers that the studio "essentially wanted a low-budget horror franchise";[1] in response, Jacks recruited horror filmmaker/writer Clive Barker on-board to direct. Barker’s vision for the film was violent, with the story revolving around the head of a contemporary art museum who turns out to be a cultist trying to reanimate mummies.[6][5] Jacks recalls that Barker's take was "dark, sexual and filled with mysticism",[1] and that, "it would have been a great low-budget movie".[6] After several meetings, Barker and Universal lost interest and parted company. Filmmaker George A. Romero was brought in with a vision of a zombie-style horror movie similar to Night of the Living Dead, but this was considered too scary by Jacks and the studio, who wanted a more accessible picture.[1] This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... For the South African football (soccer) coach, see Clive Barker (soccer). ... George Andrew Romero (born February 4, 1940) is an American director, writer, editor and actor. ... This article is about the 1968 film directed by George A. Romero. ...


Joe Dante was the next choice, increasing the budget for his idea of Daniel Day-Lewis as a brooding Mummy.[1] This version (co-written by John Sayles) was set in contemporary times and focused on reincarnation with elements of a love story.[6] It came close to being made with some elements, like the flesh-eating scarabs, making it to the final product.[5] However, at that point, the studio wanted a film with a budget of $15 million and rejected Dante’s version. Soon after, Mick Garris was attached to direct but eventually left the project,[7] and Wes Craven was offered the film but turned it down.[6] Then, Stephen Sommers called Jacks in 1997 with his vision of The Mummy "as a kind of Indiana Jones or Jason and the Argonauts with the mummy as the creature giving the hero a hard time".[1] Sommers had seen the original film when he was eight, and wanted to recreate the things he liked about it on a bigger scale.[8] He had wanted to make a Mummy film since 1993, but other writers or directors were always attached. Finally, Sommers received his window of opportunity and pitched his idea to Universal with an 18-page treatment.[5] At the time, Universal's management had changed in response to the box office failure of Babe: Pig in the City, and the loss led the studio to want to revisit its successful franchises from the 1930s.[9] Universal liked this idea so much that they approved the concept and increased the budget from $15 million to $80 million.[10] Joe Dante (born November 28, 1946 in Morristown, New Jersey) is an American film director and producer of films generally with humorous and scifi content. ... Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is an Academy-Award winning and Golden Globe-award nominated actor. ... Photo of John Sayles by Robert Birnbaum John Thomas Sayles (born September 28, 1950) is an independent American film director and writer who frequently takes a small part in his own and other indie films. ... Mick Garris (December 4, 1951 -) is an American filmmaker and screenwriter born in Santa Monica, California. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Jason and the Argonauts (1963) is a fictional fantasy adventure movie based upon the characters Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, regarded by many critics as one of the best fantasy films ever made. ... Babe: Pig in the City is the second on the Babe series. ...


Principal photography

Filming began in Marrakech, Morocco on May 4, 1998 and lasted 17 weeks. Photography then moved to the Sahara desert outside the small town of Erfoud, and then to the United Kingdom before completion of shooting on August 29, 1998.[11] The crew could not shoot in Egypt because of the unstable political conditions.[12] To avoid dehydration in the scorching heat of the Sahara, the production's medical team created a drink that the cast and crew had to consume every two hours.[3] Sandstorms were daily inconveniences. Snakes, spiders and scorpions were a major problem, with many crew members having to be airlifted out after being bitten.[12] Brendan Fraser nearly died during a scene where his character is hanged. Weisz remembered, "He [Fraser] stopped breathing and had to be resuscitated."[4] The production had the official support of the Moroccan army, and the cast members had kidnapping insurance taken out on them,[6] a fact Sommers disclosed to the cast only after shooting had finished.[2] Marrakech (مراكش marrākish), known as the Pearl of the South, is a city in southwestern Morocco in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Production Designer Allan Cameron found a dormant volcano near Erfoud where the entire set for Hamunaptra could be constructed. Sommers liked the location because, "A city hidden in the crater of an extinct volcano made perfect sense. Out in the middle of the desert you would never see it. You would never think of entering the crater unless you knew what was inside that volcano."[11] A survey of the volcano was conducted so that an accurate model and scale models of the columns and statues could be replicated back at Shepperton Studios, where all of the scenes involving the underground passageways of the City of the Dead were shot. These sets took 16 weeks to build, and included fiberglass columns rigged with special effects for the movie's final scenes.[11] Another large set was constructed in the United Kingdom on the dockyard at Chatham which doubled for the Giza Port on the River Nile. This set was 600 feet (183 m) in length and featured "a steam train, an Ajax traction engine, three cranes, an open two-horse carriage, four horse-drawn carts, five dressing horses and grooms, nine pack donkeys and mules, as well as market stalls, Arab-clad vendors and room for 300 costumed extras".[11] Shepperton Studios, located in Shepperton, Middlesex, England is a film studio with a long history of film making. ... Chatham Dockyard, located on the River Medway in Kent, England, came into existence at the time when, following the Reformation, relations with the Catholic countries of Europe had worsened, and thus requiring added defences. ... Gizeh is also a popular brand in Germany of cigarette rolling papers; see Mascotte (rolling papers). ... For alternative meanings of Nile, see Nile (disambiguation) The Nile in Egypt Length 6 695 km Elevation of the source 1 134 m Average discharge 2 830 m³/s Area watershed 3 400 000 km² Origin Africa Mouth the Mediterranean Basin countries Uganda - Sudan - Egypt The Nile (Arabic: النيل an...


Special effects

The filmmakers reportedly spent $15 million of the $80 million budget on special effects, provided by Industrial Light & Magic;[13][14] the producers wanted a new look for the Mummy so that they would avoid comparisons to past movies.[13] John Andrew Berton, Jr., Industrial Light & Magic's Visual Effects Supervisor on The Mummy, started developing the look three months before filming started. He said that he wanted the Mummy "to be mean, tough, nasty, something that had never been seen by audiences before". Berton used motion capture in order to achieve "a menacing and very realistic Mummy".[11] Specific photography was conducted on actor Arnold Vosloo so that the special effects crew could see exactly how he moved and replicate it.[13] Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ... Motion capture, or mocap, is a technique of digitally recording the movements of real things — usually humans — it originally developed as an analysis tool in biomechanics research, but has grown increasingly important as a source of motion data for computer animation. ...


To create the Mummy, Berton used a combination of live action and computer graphics. Then, he matched the digital prosthetic make-up pieces on Vosloo's face during filming. Berton said, "When you see his film image, that’s him. When he turns his head and half of his face is missing and you can see right through on to his teeth, that’s really his face. And that’s why it was so hard to do."[11] Vosloo described the filming as a "whole new thing" for him; "They had to put these little red tracking lights all over my face so they could map in the special effects. A lot of the time I was walking around the set looking like a Christmas tree."[2] Make-Up Effects Supervisor Nick Dudman produced the physical creature effects in the film, including three-dimensional make-up and prosthetics. He also designed all of the animatronic effects. While the film made extensive use of computer generated imagery, many scenes, including ones where Rachel Weisz's character is covered with rats and locusts, were real, using live animals.[12]


Soundtrack

The music for The Mummy was composed by Jerry Goldsmith, with additional orchestrations provided by Alexander Courage.[15] The soundtrack was released by Decca Records on May 4, 1999. Like many Goldsmith scores, the main theme uses extensive brass and percussion elements;[16] Goldsmith also used sparing amounts of vocals, highly unusual for most of his work.[16] Jerrald King Jerry Goldsmith (February 10, 1929 – July 21, 2004) was an American film score composer from Los Angeles, California. ... Alexander Courage (born December 10, 1919) is a 20th century American composer of music, primarily for television and motion pictures. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


Overall, Goldsmith's score was well-received. All Music Guide described it as a "grand, melodramatic score" which delivered the expected highlights.[15] Other reviews positively noted the dark, percussive sound meshed well with the plot, as well as the raw power of the music. The limited but masterful use of the chorus was also lauded, and most critics found the final track on the CD to be the best overall.[17][16] On the other hand, some critics found the score lacked cohesion,[18] and that the constant heavy action lent itself to annoying repetition.[16] Roderick Scott off CineMusic.net summed up the score as "representative of both Goldsmith’s absolute best and his most mediocre. Thankfully [...] his favourable work on this release wins out."[17] The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ...


Reception

The Mummy opened on May 7, 1999 and grossed USD $43 million in 3,210 theaters. The film went on to gross $415 million worldwide (Domestic: $155 million; Foreign: $260 million).[19] is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Although its commercial success and popularity with audiences was positive, critical reception was mixed. The Mummy holds a 53 percent "rotten" rating at Rotten Tomatoes[20] and a 48 Metascore at Metacritic.[21] Roger Ebert, a film critic of the Chicago Sun-Times, wrote, "There is hardly a thing I can say in its favor, except that I was cheered by nearly every minute of it. I cannot argue for the script, the direction, the acting or even the mummy, but I can say that I was not bored and sometimes I was unreasonably pleased."[22] Likewise, Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a "B-" rating and said, "The Mummy would like to make you shudder, but it tries to do so without ever letting go of its jocular inconsequentiality."[23] Bob Graham of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film high marks for the acting as well as the special effects.[24] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... Owen Gleiberman (born 24 February 1959) is a film critic for Entertainment Weekly, a position he has held since the magazines launch in 1990. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ...


Stephen Holden from The New York Times wrote, "This version of The Mummy has no pretenses to be anything other than a gaudy comic video game splashed onto the screen. Think Raiders of the Lost Ark with cartoon characters, no coherent story line and lavish but cheesy special effects. Think Night of the Living Dead stripped of genuine horror and restaged as an Egyptian-theme Halloween pageant. Think Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy grafted onto a Bing Crosby-Bob Hope road picture (The Road to Hamunaptra?) and pumped up into an epic-size genre spoof."[25] Publications like The Austin Chronicle and Dallas Observer came to the conclusion that despite good acting and special effects, the movie lacked cohesion;[26][27] talking about the special effects, the Observer lamented "If only generating a soul for the film itself were so easy."[26] Other publications such as Jump Cut felt that Industrial Light and Magic's lock on special effects proved detrimental to The Mummy; "The mummy", Ernest Larson wrote for the Jump Cut, "is standard-issue I.L.&M.".[28] Kim Newman of the British Film Institute judged the picture inferior to the original, as all the time was spent on special effects, instead of creating the atmosphere which made the original film such a classic.[29] USA Today gave the film two out of four stars and felt that it was "not free of stereotypes",[30] a sentiment with which the BFI concurred.[29] "If someone complains of a foul odor, you can be sure an Arab stooge is about to enter a scene. Fraser, equally quick with weapon, fist or quip, may save the day, but even he can't save the picture", USA Today wrote.[30] Stephen Holden is an American writer, music critic, and film critic. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Harry Lillis “Bing” Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... The Austin Chronicle is an alternative weekly newspaper published every Thursday in Austin, Texas, United States. ... The Dallas Observer is a free weekly newspaper distributed around the Dallas, Texas area. ... Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media is a refereed journal devoted to the analysis of film, television, video and related media. ... The British Film Institute (BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter to encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film, television and... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... The British Film Institute (BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter to encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film, television and...


The Mummy was nominated for Best Sound at the Academy Awards and Best Visual Effects at the BAFTAs, losing both to The Matrix.[31] Jerry Goldsmith won a BMI Film Award for the soundtrack,[32] and the film won Best Make-Up at Saturn Awards, out of nine nominations including Best Fantasy Film.[33] Other nominations included Best Sound Editing at the Motion Picture Sound Editors' Golden Reel Awards, Best Visual Effects at the Golden Satellites[34] and Best Action Sequence on the MTV Movie Awards.[35] Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... This article is about the 1999 film. ... Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI) is a collecting society that protects composers intellectual property in the communications business, especially radio. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... Founded in 1953, Motion Picture Sound Editors (M.P.S.E.) is an honorary society of motion picture sound editors. ... The Satellite Awards are an annual award given by the International Press Academy. ... The MTV Movie Awards is a film awards show presented annually on MTV (Music Television). ...


Adaptations

The entrance to Revenge of the Mummy at Universal Studios Hollywood

The Mummy's box office performance led to numerous sequels and spinoffs. In 2001, the sequel The Mummy Returns was released; the film features most of the surviving principal characters, as a married Rick and Evelyn confront Imhotep and the Scorpion King.[36] The film also introduced the heroes' son, Alex.[36] The two films inspired both an animated series called The Mummy: The Animated Series and lasted two seasons, and a spin-off prequel, The Scorpion King (2002), telling the story of the Akkadian warrior as he was crowned king. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 818 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Revenge of the Mummy ride at Universal Studios Hollywood I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 818 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Revenge of the Mummy ride at Universal Studios Hollywood I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Revenge of the Mummy is an indoor steel/dark ride roller coaster featured at the Universal Studios Hollywood theme park. ... The Mummy Returns is a 2001 American movie starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, and Arnold Vosloo, and is directed by Stephen Sommers. ... The following is a selected list of characters whove appeared throughout the Mummy series, (The Mummy, The Mummy Returns, The Mummy 3: Curse of the Dragon,) and the spin-off The Scorpion King, either as main characters, or others. ... An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... The Scorpion King is a 2002 film starring Dwayne The Rock Johnson, Michael Clarke Duncan, Kelly Hu, Steven Brand, Ralf Moeller, and Grant Heslov, and is directed by Chuck Russell. ...


A second sequel, The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor, is set to be released in 2008, with the story taking place in China, and Rachel Weisz being replaced with Maria Bello.[37][38] A prequel to The Scorpion King, The Scorpion King: Rise of the Akkadian, is also in production. Maria Elaine Bello (born April 18, 1967) is an American actress. ...


Two video game adaptations of The Mummy were published by Konami and Universal Interactive in 2000: a beat 'em up for the PlayStation and PC developed by Rebellion Developments,[39] as well as a Game Boy Color puzzle game developed by Konami Nagoya.[40] The film also inspired a roller coaster, Revenge of the Mummy in two Universal Studios Theme Parks, Hollywood and Orlando. Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... Vivendi Games (formerly known as Vivendi Universal Games) is a global developer, publisher and distributor of interactive entertainment. ... Beat Em Up is the Iggy Pop album on which the band were first labeled as The Trolls: Iggy Pop, Whitey Kirst, Pete Marshall, Alex Kirst, Lloyd Mooseman Roberts. ... For other uses, see PlayStation (disambiguation). ... For information on interactive gaming in general, see video game. ... Rebellion Developments is a British computer games company, based in Oxford, who are most famous for the first Aliens versus Predator game. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... A puzzle is a problem or enigma presented as entertainment; that is written down, acted out, etc. ... A typical roller coaster The roller coaster is a popular amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. ... The current official logo for Universal Studios Theme Parks Universal Studios, the film division of NBC Universal, operates a number of theme parks based around the movies it has produced. ... Revenge of the Mummy is an indoor steel/dark ride roller coaster featured at the Universal Studios Hollywood theme park. ... Revenge of the Mummy is an indoor steel roller coaster featured at both the Universal Orlando Resort and the Universal Studios Hollywood theme parks. ...


Historical Inaccuracies

During one scene within the tomb, a glass mirror is used to illuminate a vast room filled with treasure. This film is concerned with the reign of Seti I of the Middle Kingdom, but glass technology did not exist in Egypt until the reign of Tuthmosis III in the New Kingdom.[41] This article is about the material. ... Menmaatre Eternal is the Strength of Re[1] Nomen Seti Merenptah He of the god Seth, beloved of Ptah[2] Horus name Kanakht Khaemwaset-Seankhtawy Nebty name Wehemmesut Sekhemkhepesh Derpedjetpesdjet Golden Horus Wehemkhau Weserpedjutemtawnebu[3] Consort(s) Queen Tuya Issue Tia, Amennefernebes, Ramesses II, Henutmire (?) Father Ramesses I Mother Sitre... The Middle Kingdom is the period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Fourteenth Dynasty, roughly between 2030 BC and 1640 BC. The period comprises two phases, the 11th Dynasty, which ruled from Thebes and the 12th Dynasty... Thutmose III (also written as Tuthmosis III; called Manahpi(r)ya in the Amarna letters) (? - 1426 BC), was Pharaoh of Egypt in the Eighteenth Dynasty. ... The maximum territorial extent of Egypt (XVth century BC) The New Kingdom, sometimes referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ...


Imhotep is said to be a priest during the Middle Kingdom under Seti I, however, the real Imhotep lived during the Third Dynasty in the Old Kingdom and was a vizier and magician. [42] The Middle Kingdom is: a old name for China a period in the History of Ancient Egypt, the Middle Kingdom of Egypt This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Menmaatre Eternal is the Strength of Re[1] Nomen Seti Merenptah He of the god Seth, beloved of Ptah[2] Horus name Kanakht Khaemwaset-Seankhtawy Nebty name Wehemmesut Sekhemkhepesh Derpedjetpesdjet Golden Horus Wehemkhau Weserpedjutemtawnebu[3] Consort(s) Queen Tuya Issue Tia, Amennefernebes, Ramesses II, Henutmire (?) Father Ramesses I Mother Sitre... This article is about the ancient Egyptian official. ... History of Egypt Third Dynasty While Manetho names one Necherophes, and the Turin King List names Nebka, as the first pharaoh of the Third dynasty of Egypt, some contemporary Egyptologists believe Djoser was the first king of this dynasty, pointing out that the order in which some predecessors of Khufu... The Old Kingdom is the name commonly given to that period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization in complexity and achievement – this was the first of three so-called Kingdom periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the lower Nile... ik ben jaaapie A Vizier (Persian,وزير - wazīr) (sometimes also spelled Vazir, Vizir, Vasir, Wazir, Vesir, or Vezir - grammatical vowel changes are common in many oriental languages), literally burden-bearer or helper, is a term, originally Persian, for a high-ranking political (and sometimes religious) advisor or minister, often to... Look up magician in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


When hearing Hebrew being spoken at one point in the film Imhotep comments that it is “the language of the slaves.” This does not fit with the Middle Kingdom period of the film, it is most likely that the Hebrews were not under the rule of the Egyptians until the New Kingdom during the reign of Rameses II. [43] The Middle Kingdom is: a old name for China a period in the History of Ancient Egypt, the Middle Kingdom of Egypt This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the Hebrew people. ... The maximum territorial extent of Egypt (XVth century BC) The New Kingdom, sometimes referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ... Ramesses II, Abu Simbel Ramesses II (also known as Ramesses the Great and alternatively transcribed as Ramses and Rameses) was an Egyptian pharaoh. ...


In the film The Book of the Dead is seen as something secret and hidden. In truth, scenes from the Book of the Dead were written on many tomb walls during the New Kingdom. The Book of the Dead was a tool to get into the afterlife, not to resurrect individuals like the film suggests. [44] The Necronomicon is a fictional book invented by H.P. Lovecraft and is often featured in stories based on the Cthulhu mythos inspired by his works. ... The maximum territorial extent of Egypt (XVth century BC) The New Kingdom, sometimes referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ...


Egyptians had only four canopic jars, but in the ressurection scene, there are five.


References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Hobson, Louis B. "Universal rolls out new, improved Mummy", Calgary Sun, May 1, 1999. 
  2. ^ a b c Staff (1999-05-14). Show Me The Mummy (page 2). Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2008-04-01.
  3. ^ a b Braund, Simon. "Equally Cursed and Blessed", Empire, July 1999. 
  4. ^ a b Jones, Alison. "Great Excavations", The Birmingham Post, June 26, 1999. 
  5. ^ a b c d "The Mummy That Wasn't", Cinescape, May 3, 1999. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Slotek, Jim. "Unwrapping The Mummy", Toronto Sun, May 2, 1999. 
  7. ^ Chase, Donald. "What Have They Unearthed?", Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1999. 
  8. ^ Snead, Elizabeth. "Updating A Well-Preserved Villain", USA Today, May 7, 1999. 
  9. ^ Bonin, Liane (1999-05-07). That's a Wrap. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2008-04-01.
  10. ^ Argent, Daniel. "Unwrapping The Mummy: An Interview with Stephen Sommers", Creative Screenwriting, 1999. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f Behind the Scenes. The Mummy Official Site. Universal Studios (1999). Retrieved on 2007-05-24.
  12. ^ a b c Portman, Jamie. "Mummy Unearths Horror, Humour", Ottawa Citizen, May 5, 1999. 
  13. ^ a b c Shay, Estelle (April 1999). "Thoroughly modern Mummy". Cinefex (77): 71–76. “On the special effects used in the film, and on the company who made them, Industrial Light & Magic.” 
  14. ^ Slotek, Jim. "Mummy Unwraps a New Fraser "Cartoon" Character", Toronto Sun, 1999-05-09. 
  15. ^ a b Allmusic: The Mummy (1999 Original Score). All Music Guide. Retrieved on 2008-02-12.
  16. ^ a b c d The Mummy (Jerry Goldsmith) Soundtrack Review. ScoreReviews.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-01.
  17. ^ a b Coleman, Christopher (2000). The Mummy by Jerry Goldsmith. TrackSounds.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-21.
  18. ^ The Mummy: Editorial Review. FilmTracks.net. Retrieved on 2008-02-21.
  19. ^ The Mummy. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2006-11-28.
  20. ^ The Mummy. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  21. ^ The Mummy: Reviews. Metacritic. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  22. ^ Ebert, Roger. "The Mummy", Chicago Sun-Times, 1999-05-07. Retrieved on 2006-11-29. 
  23. ^ Gleiberman, Owen. "The Mummy", Entertainment Weekly, May 7, 1999. Retrieved on 2006-12-19. 
  24. ^ Graham, Bob. "'Mummy' -- It's Alive", San Francisco Chronicle, 1999-05-07. Retrieved on 2008-02-03. 
  25. ^ Holden, Stephen. "Sarcophagus, Be Gone: Night of the Living Undead", The New York Times, May 7, 1999. Retrieved on 2006-11-29. 
  26. ^ a b Hinson, Hal. "Mummy dearest", Dallas Observer, 1999-05-07. Retrieved on 2008-03-20. 
  27. ^ Savlov, Mark. "The Mummy", The Austin Chronicle, 1999-05-07. Retrieved on 2008-03-12. 
  28. ^ Larsen, Ernest (July 2000). "The Mummy: traffic in mummies". Jump Cut (43): 12–15, 128. Retrieved on 2008-04-09. 
  29. ^ a b Newman, Kim (1999-06-01). Sight and Sound: The Mummy. British Film Institute. Retrieved on 2008-04-04.
  30. ^ a b Wloszczyna, Susan. "Effects New Curse of The Mummy", USA Today, May 7, 1999. 
  31. ^ Film Nominations 1999. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved on 2008-04-01.
  32. ^ Staff (2000-05-15). BMI Honors Top Film and TV Composers. BMI. Retrieved on 2008-01-04.
  33. ^ Past Saturn Awards. Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Retrieved on 2008-01-04.
  34. ^ 2000 4th Annual Satellite™ Awards. International Press Academy. Retrieved on 2008-01-04.
  35. ^ 2000 MTV Movie Awards. MTV. Retrieved on 2008-01-04.
  36. ^ a b Travers, Peter (2001-05-09). The Mummy Returns. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-04-01.
  37. ^ Garrett, Diane; Fleming, Michael. "Fraser returns for 'Mummy 3'", Variety, 2007-04-11. Retrieved on 2007-04-12. 
  38. ^ Fleming, Michael. "Bello replaces Weisz in 'Mummy'", Variety, 2007-05-13. Retrieved on 2007-05-13. 
  39. ^ The Mummy (PSX). IGN. Retrieved on 2008-02-21.
  40. ^ The Mummy (GBC). GameSpot. Retrieved on 2008-02-21.
  41. ^ Shortland, Andrew. "Depictions of Glass Vessels in Two Theban Tombs and Their Role in the Dating of Early Glass" - The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 86, (2000), pp. 159-161", Egypt Exploration Society, 2000. 
  42. ^ Turnure, James H.. "A Statuette of Imhotep " - Record of the Art Museum, Princeton University, Vol. 11, No. 2, (1952), pp. 25-28", Princeton University Art Museum, 1952. 
  43. ^ Kent, Charles Foster.. "The History of Israel to the Founding of the Kingdom " - The Biblical World, Vol. 28, No. 6, (Dec., 1906), pp. 374-387", The University of Chicago Press, 1906. 
  44. ^ Silverman, David.. "Ancient Egypt " - Oxford University Press: New York, 2003", Oxford University Press, 2003. 

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BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI) is a collecting society that protects composers intellectual property in the communications business, especially radio. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Press Academy is the largest entertainment press organization on Earth. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... GameSpot is a video gaming website that provides news, reviews, previews, downloads, and other information. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Egypt Exploration Society (abbreviated EES) is the foremost learned society in the United Kingdom promoting the field of Egyptology. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Princeton University Art Museum The Princeton University Art Museum is the Princeton Universitys gallery on art located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Chicago Press is the largest university press in the U.S. It is operated by the University of Chicago and publishes a wide variety of academic titles, including The Chicago Manual of Style, dozens of academic journals including Critical Inquiry, and a wide array of texts covering... Year 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ... Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... Boris Karloff as Ardath Bey AKA Prince Imhotep in The Mummy. ... The Mummys Hand (1940) is a Universal Pictures horror film released in 1940. ... The Mummys Tomb is the 1942 sequel to The Mummys Hand (1940). ... The Mummys Ghost is the 1944 Universal Pictures horror film sequel to The Mummys Tomb. ... The Mummys Curse is the 1944 horror film follow-up to The Mummys Ghost which was also released in 1944. ... The Mummy Returns is a 2001 American movie starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, and Arnold Vosloo, and is directed by Stephen Sommers. ... The Scorpion King is a 2002 film starring Dwayne The Rock Johnson, Michael Clarke Duncan, Kelly Hu, Steven Brand, Ralf Moeller, and Grant Heslov, and is directed by Chuck Russell. ... Ardeth Bay is the name of the fictional Medjai chieftain and warrior who appears in the first two installments of Universal Pictures’ The Mummy remake trilogy, The Mummy and The Mummy Returns. ... Mathayus is the name of the fictional warrior commonly known as the ‘Scorpion King’ in the fictional world of Universal Pictures’ The Mummy remake trilogy. ... Evelyn Evy Carnahan-OConnell is a fictional character from the 1999 film The Mummy. ... Richard Rick OConnell is a fictional character and primary protaganist from the 1999 film The Mummy. ... The following is a selected list of characters whove appeared throughout the Mummy series, (The Mummy, The Mummy Returns, The Mummy 3: Curse of the Dragon,) and the spin-off The Scorpion King, either as main characters, or others. ... Revenge of the Mummy is an indoor steel roller coaster featured at both the Universal Orlando Resort and the Universal Studios Hollywood theme parks. ... Revenge of the Mummy is an indoor steel/dark ride roller coaster featured at the Universal Studios Hollywood theme park. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Mummy (1999 film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1461 words)
The Mummy is a film written and directed in 1999 by Stephen Sommers and starring Brendan Fraser and Rachel Weisz, with Arnold Vosloo as the reanimated mummy of the title.
It is a loose remake of The Mummy (1932), which starred Boris Karloff as the mummy.
In the original release of The Mummy in England, around 5-10 seconds of footage was cut during the hanging scene in the Egyptian prison, including a single line from the Prison Warden.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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