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Encyclopedia > The Mission (film)
The Mission

Original movie poster
Directed by Roland Joffé
Produced by Fernando Ghia
David Puttnam
Written by Robert Bolt
Starring Robert De Niro
Jeremy Irons
Ray McAnally
Aidan Quinn
Cherie Lunghi
Liam Neeson
Music by Ennio Morricone
Distributed by Warner Brothers
Release date(s) Flag of Spain 29 September 1986
Flag of the United States 31 October 1986
Running time 126 min.
Country Flag of the United Kingdom
Language English
Budget $17,218,000
IMDb profile

The Mission is a 1986 British film about the experiences of a Jesuit missionary in eighteenth century South America. The film was written by Robert Bolt and directed by Roland Joffé. It stars Robert De Niro, Jeremy Irons, Ray McAnally, Aidan Quinn, Cherie Lunghi and Liam Neeson. It won the Palme d'Or in Cannes 1986, and an Oscar for Best Cinematography. In March 2007 it was Number 1 in the Church Times Top 50 Religious Films.[1] Image File history File links The_Mission. ... Roland Joffé in a TV interview Roland Joffé (born November 17, 1945 in London) is an Anglo-French film director who started out directing television. ... David Puttnam receiving his BAFTA Fellowship, 19 February 2006 David Terence Puttnam, Baron Puttnam of Queensgate, CBE is a film producer and politician. ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... Robert De Niro in 1988 Robert De Niro (born August 17, 1943) is a two-time Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American film actor, director, and producer. ... Jeremy John Irons (born September 19, 1948) is an Academy Award, Tony Award, Screen Actors Guild, two-time Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award-winning English film, television and stage actor. ... Ray McAnally (March 30, 1926 – June 15, 1989) was an Irish actor famous for his performances in films such as The Mission, My Left Foot, and A Very British Coup. ... Aidan Quinn (born March 8, 1959 Rockford, Illinois, USA) is an Irish-American actor. ... Cherie Lunghi (born April 4, 1952 in London) is an actress. ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Northern Irish actor. ... Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928; sometimes also credited as Dan Savio or Leo Nichols) is an Italian composer especially noted for his film scores. ... Warner Bros. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... // April 12 - Actor Morgan Mason marries The Go-Gos Belinda Carlisle Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger marries television journalist Maria Shriver. ... The United Kingdom has been influential in the technological, commercial and artistic development of cinema. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... Roland Joffé in a TV interview Roland Joffé (born November 17, 1945 in London) is an Anglo-French film director who started out directing television. ... Robert De Niro in 1988 Robert De Niro (born August 17, 1943) is a two-time Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American film actor, director, and producer. ... Jeremy John Irons (born September 19, 1948) is an Academy Award, Tony Award, Screen Actors Guild, two-time Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award-winning English film, television and stage actor. ... Ray McAnally (March 30, 1926 – June 15, 1989) was an Irish actor famous for his performances in films such as The Mission, My Left Foot, and A Very British Coup. ... Aidan Quinn (born March 8, 1959 Rockford, Illinois, USA) is an Irish-American actor. ... Cherie Lunghi (born April 4, 1952 in London) is an actress. ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Northern Irish actor. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Church Times is the worlds leading Anglican weekly newspaper. ...


The music was scored by Italian composer Ennio Morricone, and is listed at #23 on AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores. The Mission is the soundtrack from the film of the same name (directed by Roland Joffé), by Ennio Morricone. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928; sometimes also credited as Dan Savio or Leo Nichols) is an Italian composer especially noted for his film scores. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of the AFI 100 Years. ...

Contents

Synopsis

The film is set during the Jesuit Reductions, a programme by which Jesuit missionaries set up missions independent of the Spanish state to teach Christianity to the natives. It tells the story of a Spanish Jesuit priest, Father Gabriel (Jeremy Irons), who enters the South American jungle to build a mission and convert a community of Guaraní Indians to Christianity. The Jesuit Reductions were a particular version of the general Spanish colonial strategy of building reducciones de indios in order to civilise and catechise the native populations of South America. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... American indigenous peoples in South America include: Indigenous peoples in Brazil Indigenous peoples in Colombia Categories: | ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Box Log Falls, Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia Jungle usually refers to a dense forest in a hot climate, such as a tropical rainforest. ... Religious conversion is the adoption of new religious beliefs that differ from the converts previous beliefs; in some cultures (e. ... For other uses, see Guaraní (disambiguation). ...


He is later joined by a reformed Portuguese mercenary, Rodrigo Mendoza (Robert De Niro), who sees the Jesuit mission as a sanctuary and a place of forgiveness for the murder of his brother.


Mendoza and Gabriel try to defend the community against the cruelty of Portuguese colonials (who are trying to enslave the Guaraní under the new powers granted by the Treaty of Madrid), Gabriel by nonviolent means and Mendoza by means of his military training. The mission, which was once under Spanish protection, has been handed over to the Portuguese while the Vatican (represented by Papal emissary Altamirano) has ordered the Jesuits to withdraw from the territory above the falls. In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ... The Treaty of Madrid was a document signed by Spain and Portugal concerning their empires and status of their slave plantations in what is now Brazil. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence), whether held as a moral philosophy or only employed as an action strategy, rejects the use of physical violence in efforts to attain social, economic or political change. ...


Eventually, a combined Spanish and Portuguese force attacks the mission and, failing to see the simple life of the Guarani as anything but threatening (contrary to Father Gabriel and Mendoza), kill many of them as well as all the priests. Father Gabriel is conducting a Christian ceremony with the Guaraní women and children when he and several of the Guaranís are shot down, while Father Fielding (Liam Neeson), who helps lead an attack on the enemy's boats, is shot dead. Mendoza dies after abandoning an opportunity to spring a trap on the attackers to save Guaraní children on a bridge. This presumably provides the redemption he had been searching for. William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Northern Irish actor. ...


Cabeza and Hontar, the Spanish and Portuguese authorities behind the attack, try to convince the Cardinal that the massacre was justified; the Cardinal feels otherwise. After cutting to a scene of surviving Guariní children salvaging supplies from the burned mission and sailing away on a canoe, the film ends with the Cardinal simply staring determinedly at the camera, as if to ask the audience to themselves ponder over the justness of the decisions that were made by both Church and State through the course of the story.

Actor Jeremy Irons, playing a Spanish Jesuit priest, scales Iguazu Falls during his missionary journey to the Guarani Indians.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (851x362, 63 KB) Summary Movie still from The Mission Licensing This image is a screenshot from a copyrighted film, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the studio which produced the film, and possibly also by any actors... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (851x362, 63 KB) Summary Movie still from The Mission Licensing This image is a screenshot from a copyrighted film, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the studio which produced the film, and possibly also by any actors... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Devils throat from the Brazilian side. ... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Historical basis

"The Mission" is based on events surrounding the Treaty of Madrid in 1750, in which Spain ceded part of Jesuit Paraguay to Portugal. The movie's narrator, "Altamirano", speaking in hindsight in 1758, corresponds to the actual Andalusian Jesuit Father Luis Altamirano, who had been sent to Paraguay in 1752 to transfer territory from Spain to Portugal. He oversaw the transfer of seven missions south and east of the Río Uruguay, that had been settled by Guaranis and Jesuits in the 1600s. As "compensation", Spain had promised each mission 4,000 pesos, or fewer than 1 peso for each of the circa 30,000 Guaranis of the seven missions, while the cultivated lands, livestock, and buildings were estimated to be worth 7-16 million pesos. The movie's climax is the Guarani War of 1754-1756, during which historical Guaranis defended their homes against Spanish-Portuguese forces implementing the Treaty of Madrid. For the movie, a re-creation was made of one of the seven missions, São Miguel das Missões.[1] The Treaty of Madrid was a document signed by Spain and Portugal concerning their empires and status of their slave plantations in what is now Brazil. ... The Jesuit Reductions were a particular version of the general Spanish colonial strategy of building reducciones de indios in order to civilise and catechise the native populations of South America. ... For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... Map of the Uruguays course The Moconá Falls, where the river passes between Argentina and Brazil, are up to 3 km wide The Uruguay River (in Spanish, Río Uruguay, pronounced , in Portuguese, Rio Uruguai, pronounced ) is a river in South America. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Guarani War (Spanish: ) of 1756, also called the War of the Seven Reductions, was between the Guarani tribes of seven Jesuit Reductions and joint Spanish-Portuguese forces. ... Façade of São Miguel das Missões Interior view of the ruins of São Miguel das Missões Movie still from The Mission - the set recreates what São Miguel das Missões may have looked like in the 18th century São Miguel das Missões...


The waterfall setting of the movie suggests the combination of these events with the story of older missions, founded between 1610-1630 on the Río Paranapanemá above the Guairá Falls, from which Paulista slave raids forced Guaranis and Jesuits to flee in 1631. The battle at the end of the movie evokes the 8-day battle of Mboboré in 1641, a battle fought on land as well in boats on rivers, in which the Jesuit-organized, firearm-equipped Guarani forces stopped the Paulista raiders.[2] Paranapanema River is a river in Brazil that runs through the States of São Paulo and Paraná. It runs for 930 km and is claimed to be the largest non-polluted river in Brazil. ... This article is about the city. ...


Awards

It won the Palme d'Or in Cannes 1986. Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ...


Golden Globes 1986

won:

nominated for: For the main article see Golden Globe Awards. ...

  • Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Drama

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Drama has been awarded annually since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. ...

Academy Awards 1986

won:

nominated for: Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ...

// The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to directors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ...

Notes

  1. ^ James Schofield Saeger (1995) "The Mission and Historical Missions: Film and the Writing of History." The Americas, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 393-415.
  2. ^ Saeger, ibid.

See also

Façade of São Miguel das Missões Interior view of the ruins of São Miguel das Missões Movie still from The Mission - the set recreates what São Miguel das Missões may have looked like in the 18th century São Miguel das Missões... For other uses, see Guaraní (disambiguation). ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Devils throat from the Brazilian side. ...

External links

Preceded by
When Father Was Away on Business
Palme d'Or
1986
Succeeded by
Under the Sun of Satan

  Results from FactBites:
 
Baptista Film Mission - Collection 225 (3128 words)
Almost all of the material in the collection was produced by the Baptista Film Mission and either document the history of the mission or the broader theme of the use of films and filmstrips for evangelism and Christian education.
Several of the scripts for films and film strips are in folders 1-8 through 1-43, with additions or changes penciled in the margins.
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