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Encyclopedia > The Matrix
The Matrix
Directed by The Wachowski Brothers
Produced by Joel Silver
Written by The Wachowski Brothers
Starring Keanu Reeves
Laurence Fishburne
Carrie-Anne Moss
Hugo Weaving
Joe Pantoliano
Gloria Foster
Music by Don Davis
Cinematography Bill Pope
Editing by Zach Staenberg
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date(s) March 31, 1999
11 June 1999
9 April 1999
Running time 136 min.
Country Flag of the United States United States
Flag of Australia Australia
Language English
Budget $63,000,000
Gross revenue $460,379,930
Followed by The Matrix Reloaded
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Joe Pantoliano, and Hugo Weaving. It was first released in the USA on March 31, 1999, and is the first entry in The Matrix series of films, comics, video games and animation. The Matrix series is a media franchise consisting primarily of three films: The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Look up matrix in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (500x692, 279 KB) Summary poster from Warner Bros. ... Laurence Larry Wachowski (born June 21, 1965) and Andrew Andy Wachowski (born December 29, 1967) are American film directors and writers most famous for creating The Matrix series. ... Joel Silver (born July 14, 1952) is a successful Hollywood film producer. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is an actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Laurence John Fishburne III[1] (born July 30, 1961) is an American Academy Award-nominated, Emmy- and Tony Award-winning actor of screen and stage, as well as playwright, director, and producer. ... Carrie-Anne Moss (born August 21, 1967) is a Canadian actress best known for her role as Trinity in The Matrix trilogy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Joseph Peter Joe Pantoliano (born September 12, 1951) is an American actor. ... Gloria Foster (November 15, 1933 - September 29, 2001) was an American actress born in Chicago, Illinois. ... Donald Romain Davis (born February 4, 1957) is an American film score composer, conductor, and orchestrator. ... Bill Pope(born June 19, 1952) is an award winning American cinematographer, best known for his work on the Matrix trilogy and Spider Man movies. ... Zach Staenberg is an Academy Award winning film editor best known for the Matrix Trilogy. ... “WB” redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Matrix Reloaded is the second installment of The Matrix series, written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers. ... This article is about the year. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... Laurence Larry Wachowski (born June 21, 1965) and Andrew Andy Wachowski (born December 29, 1967) are American film directors and writers most famous for creating The Matrix series. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is an actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Laurence John Fishburne III[1] (born July 30, 1961) is an American Academy Award-nominated, Emmy- and Tony Award-winning actor of screen and stage, as well as playwright, director, and producer. ... Carrie-Anne Moss (born August 21, 1967) is a Canadian actress best known for her role as Trinity in The Matrix trilogy. ... Joseph Peter Joe Pantoliano (born September 12, 1951) is an American actor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Matrix series is a media franchise consisting primarily of three films: The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Comics (or, less commonly, sequential art) is a form of visual art consisting of images which are commonly combined with text, often in the form of speech balloons or image captions. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ...


The film describes a future in which the world we know is actually the Matrix, a simulated reality created by sentient machines in order to pacify and subdue the human population while their bodies' heat and electrical activity are used as an energy source. Upon learning this, computer programmer "Neo" is drawn into a rebellion against the machines. The film contains numerous references to the cyberpunk and hacker subcultures; philosophical and religious ideas; and homages to Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Hong Kong action movies, Spaghetti Westerns and Japanese animation. The Matrix is the virtual reality simulation that is the main setting of The Matrix series of science fiction films, comic books and video games. ... Simulated reality is the idea that reality could be simulated — often computer-simulated — to a degree indistinguishable from true reality. ... AI redirects here. ... This article is about modern humans. ... Thomas A. Anderson (alias Neo) is a fictional character in the Matrix trilogy: The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded, and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Berlins Sony Center reflects the global reach of a Japanese corporation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... For a description of the medieval homage ceremony see commendation ceremony Homage is generally used in modern English to mean any public show of respect to someone to whom you feel indebted. ... “Alice in Wonderland” redirects here. ... The Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong honours many leading figures of Hong Kong action cinema. ... Clint Eastwood as the Man with No Name in A Fistful of Dollars Once Upon a Time in the West, in true Sergio Leone style, ends with an extended shootout scene between Harmonica (Charles Bronson) and Frank (Henry Fonda). ... “Animé” redirects here. ...

Contents

Plot

Computer programmer Thomas A. Anderson leads a secret life as a hacker under the alias "Neo". He wishes to learn the answer to the question: "What is the Matrix?" Cryptic messages appearing on his computer monitor and an encounter with several sinister agents lead him to a group led by the mysterious Morpheus, a man who offers him the chance to learn the truth about the Matrix. Thomas A. Anderson (alias Neo) is a fictional character in the Matrix trilogy: The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded, and The Matrix Revolutions. ... For other uses, see Black hat (disambiguation). ... For pseudonyms used for film appearances, see stage name For pseudonyms used for internet communications and BBSs, see screenname The Screen Name service (also ScreenName) is a common password system that is required to use any services or programs from AOL, AIM, Compuserve, or Netscape This is a disambiguation page... Morpheus in The Matrix Revolutions Morpheus as he styled himself in The Matrix Reloaded Morpheus is the name of a fictional character (played by Laurence Fishburne) in the science fiction films, The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded, and The Matrix Revolutions. ...


Neo accepts. Swallowing a red pill, he abruptly wakes up naked in a liquid-filled chamber, his body connected by wires to a vast mechanical tower covered with identical pods. The connections are severed and he is rescued by Morpheus and taken aboard his hovercraft, the Nebuchadnezzar. Neo's neglected physical body is restored, and Morpheus explains the situation. This article is about the hovercraft ships shown in the fictional universe of the Matrix series. ...


The year is estimated to be around 2199, and humanity is fighting a war against intelligent machines created in the early 21st century. The sky is covered in thick black clouds created by the humans in an attempt to cut off the machines' supply of solar power. The machines responded by using human beings as their energy source, growing countless people in pods and harvesting their bioelectrical energy and body heat. The world which Neo has inhabited since birth is the Matrix, an illusory simulated reality construct of the world of 1999, developed by the machines to keep the human population docile. Morpheus and his crew are a group of free humans who "unplug" others from the Matrix and recruit them to their resistance against the machines. Within the Matrix they are able to use their understanding of its nature to bend the laws of physics within the simulation, giving them superhuman abilities. Morpheus believes that Neo is "the One", a man prophesied to end the war through his limitless control over the Matrix. AI redirects here. ... 20XX redirects here. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... The Matrix is the virtual reality simulation that is the main setting of The Matrix series of science fiction films, comic books and video games. ... Simulated reality is the idea that reality could be simulated — often computer-simulated — to a degree indistinguishable from true reality. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Neo is trained to become a member of the group. A socket in the back of Neo's skull, formerly used to connect him to the Matrix, allows knowledge to be uploaded directly into his mind. He learns numerous martial arts disciplines, and demonstrates his kung fu skills by sparring with Morpheus in a virtual reality "construct" environment similar to the Matrix, impressing the crew with his speed. Further training introduces Neo to the key dangers in the Matrix itself. Injuries suffered there are reflected in the real world; if he is killed in the Matrix, his physical body will also die. He is warned of the presence of Agents, powerful and fast sentient programs with the ability to take over the virtual body of anyone still connected to the system, whose purpose is to seek out and eliminate any threats to the simulation. Yet Morpheus predicts that, once Neo fully understands his own abilities as "the One", they will be no match for him. Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Alternative meaning: Kung Fu (TV series) Kung fu or gongfu (功夫, Pinyin: gōngfu) is a well-known Chinese term used in the West to designate Chinese martial arts. ... This article is about the simulation technology. ... From left to right: Agents Brown, Smith, and Jones Agents are a group of characters in the Matrix series. ...


The group enters the Matrix and takes Neo to the apartment of the Oracle, the woman who has predicted the eventual emergence of the One. She tells Neo that he has "the gift", but that he is waiting for something, perhaps the next life. Neo interprets from this that he is not "the One". She adds that Morpheus believes in Neo so blindly that he will sacrifice his life to save him. Returning to the hacked telephone line which serves as a safe "exit" from the Matrix, the group is ambushed by Agents and police officers, and Morpheus is captured as Neo and the others escape. The group was betrayed by one crew-member, Cypher, who preferred his old life in ignorance of the real world's hardships, and made a deal with the Agents to give them Morpheus in exchange for a permanent return to the Matrix. The betrayal leads to the deaths of all crew-members except Neo, Trinity, Tank, and Morpheus, who is imprisoned in a government building within the Matrix. The Agents attempt to gain information from him regarding access codes to the mainframe of Zion, the humans’ last refuge which is deep underground. Neo and Trinity return to the Matrix and storm the building, rescuing their leader. Neo becomes more confident and familiar with manipulating the Matrix, ultimately dodging bullets fired at him by an Agent. Morpheus and Trinity use a subway station telephone to exit the Matrix, but before Neo can leave, he is ambushed by Agent Smith. He stands his ground and eventually defeats Smith, but flees when the Agent possesses another body. The Oracle is a fictional character portrayed by Gloria Foster (and later, by Mary Alice) within the Matrix series of films created by the Wachowski brothers. ... A telephone line (or just line) is a single-user circuit on a telephone communications system. ... Many fictional characters appear in the Matrix series. ... Zion is a fictional place in The Matrix films. ... Exterior open entrance to a metro station (Tribunal station in Madrid) A metro station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as metro and subway. It is often underground or elevated. ... Movie poster for The Matrix Revolutions, featuring the various copies of Agent Smith. ...


As Neo runs through the city towards another telephone exit, he is pursued by the Agents while "Sentinel" machines converge on the Nebuchadnezzar's position in the real world. Neo reaches an exit, but he is shot dead by the pursuing Agent Smith. Back on-board the Nebuchadnezzar, in the real world, Trinity whispers to Neo that she was told by the Oracle that she would fall in love with "the One", implying that Neo is "the One". She refuses to accept his death and kisses him. Neo's heart beats again, and within the Matrix he stands up; the Agents shoot at him, but he raises his palm and stops their bullets in mid-air. Neo sees the Matrix as it really is: lines of streaming green code; he finally becomes "the One". Agent Smith makes a final attempt to physically attack him, but his punches are effortlessly blocked, and Neo destroys him. The other two Agents flee, and Neo returns to the real world just in time for the ship's EMP weapon to destroy the Sentinels that had already breached the hull of the ship. A short epilogue shows Neo back in the Matrix, making a telephone call promising that he will demonstrate to the people imprisoned in the Matrix that "anything is possible." He hangs up the phone and flies into the sky above the city. The term electromagnetic pulse (EMP) has the following meanings: electromagnetic radiation from an explosion (especially a nuclear explosion) or an intensely fluctuating magnetic field caused by Compton-recoil electrons and photoelectrons from photons scattered in the materials of the electronic or explosive device or in a surrounding medium. ...


Cast and characters

See also: The Matrix character names
From left to right: Agents Brown, Smith and Jones
From left to right: Agents Brown, Smith and Jones
  • Keanu Reeves as Thomas A. Anderson / Neo: A computer programmer who moonlights as the hacker Neo, later to realise he is the One when trying to rescue Morpheus from the Agents.
  • Laurence Fishburne as Morpheus: A human freed from the Matrix, captain of the Nebuchadnezzar. He was the one who found Neo.
  • Carrie-Anne Moss as Trinity: Freed by Morpheus, crewman of the Nebuchadnezzar and Neo's romantic interest.
  • Hugo Weaving as Agent Smith: A sentient "Agent" program of the Matrix whose purpose is to destroy Zion and stop humans from getting out of the Matrix.
  • Joe Pantoliano as Cypher: Another freed by Morpheus, he betrays the Nebuchadnezzar's crew to the Agents to ensure his return to the Matrix because "Ignorance is bliss."
  • Julian Arahanga as Apoc: A freed human and crew member on the Nebuchadnezzar.
  • Anthony Ray Parker as Dozer: A “natural” human, with no plugs for the Matrix, and pilot of the Nebuchadnezzar.
  • Marcus Chong as Tank: Dozer's brother, operates the training simulation, also a "natural" human and operator of the Nebuchadnezzar.
  • Matt Doran as Mouse: A freed human and programmer on the Nebuchadnezzar.
  • Gloria Foster as the Oracle: Exiled program who still resides in the Matrix, helping the freed humans with her foresight and wisdom.
  • Belinda McClory as Switch: A human freed by Morpheus and crew member of the Nebuchadnezzar.
  • Paul Goddard as Agent Brown: One of two sentient "Agent" programs in the Matrix who work with Agent Smith to destroy Zion and stop humans escaping the system.
  • Robert Taylor as Agent Jones: Second sentient "Agent" program.

Several of the character names in the Matrix series have additional meanings. ... Image File history File links Agents Brown, Smith, and Jones; from The Matrix. ... Image File history File links Agents Brown, Smith, and Jones; from The Matrix. ... List of artificial characters in The Matrix series of films. ... Movie poster for The Matrix Revolutions, featuring the various copies of Agent Smith. ... List of artificial characters in The Matrix series of films. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced in IPA: ) is an actor, born September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Thomas A. Anderson (alias Neo) is a fictional character in the Matrix trilogy: The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded, and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Laurence John Fishburne III[1] (born July 30, 1961) is an American Academy Award-nominated, Emmy- and Tony Award-winning actor of screen and stage, as well as playwright, director, and producer. ... Morpheus in The Matrix Revolutions Morpheus as he styled himself in The Matrix Reloaded Morpheus is the name of a fictional character (played by Laurence Fishburne) in the science fiction films, The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded, and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Carrie-Anne Moss (born August 21, 1967) is a Canadian actress best known for her role as Trinity in The Matrix trilogy. ... For other uses, see Trinity (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Movie poster for The Matrix Revolutions, featuring the various copies of Agent Smith. ... Joseph Peter Joe Pantoliano (born September 12, 1951) is an American actor. ... Many fictional characters appear in the Matrix series. ... Many fictional characters appear in the Matrix series. ... Anthony Ray Parker played Dozer in the original Matrix film. ... Many fictional characters appear in the Matrix series. ... Marcus Chong (born July 8, 1967 in Seattle, Washington) is the adopted son of famous comedian Tommy Chong, of Cheech and Chong fame. ... Matt Doran has acted in many films and TV programmes. ... Many fictional characters appear in the Matrix series. ... Gloria Foster (November 15, 1933 - September 29, 2001) was an American actress born in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Oracle is a fictional character portrayed by Gloria Foster (and later, by Mary Alice) within the Matrix series of films created by the Wachowski brothers. ... Many fictional characters appear in the Matrix series. ... Paul Goddard is a British-born, Australia-based actor. ... From left to right: Agents Brown, Smith, and Jones Agents are a group of characters in the Matrix series. ... Robert Taylor is an Australian actor. ... From left to right: Agents Brown, Smith, and Jones Agents are a group of characters in the Matrix series. ...

Production

The Matrix was a co-production of Warner Bros. Studios and Australian Village Roadshow Pictures, and all but a few scenes were filmed at Fox Studios in Sydney, Australia, and the city itself. Recognisable landmarks were not included in order to maintain the setting of a generic American city. Nevertheless, the Sydney Harbour Bridge, AWA Tower,Martin Place and a Commonwealth Bank branch are visible in some shots. Subtle nods were included to Chicago, Illinois, the home city of the directors, through place names, city maps, and a subtly placed picture of the Sears Tower.[citation needed] “WB” redirects here. ... Village Roadshow Pictures is a United States-based motion picture production company. ... This is about the city of Sydney in Australia. ... The Sydney Harbour Bridge is the main crossing of Sydney Harbour carrying rail, vehicular, and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore. ... AWA Tower The AWA Tower is an office and communications complex in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... Martin Place Martin Place is a pedestrian mall in the business district of Sydney, Australia. ... The Commonwealth Bank of Australia (ASX: CBA) is one of the largest financial institutions in Australia, founded in 1911 by the Australian Government. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ...


The rooftop set that Trinity uses to escape from Agent Jones early in the film was left over from the production of Dark City, which has been remarked upon due to the thematic similarities of the films.[1] According to The Art of the Matrix, at least one filmed scene and a variety of short pieces of action were omitted from the final cut, and have (to date) not been published. Dark City is a 1998 science fiction film written by Alex Proyas, Lem Dobbs and David S. Goyer, and directed by Proyas. ...


The Wachowski Brothers were keen that all involved understood the thematic background of the movie.[citation needed] For example the book used to conceal disks early in the movie, Simulacra and Simulation by the French Philosopher Jean Baudrillard, was required reading for most of the principal cast and crew. There are many occurrences, both real and in popular culture, of concealing something in a book. ... Simulacra and Simulation (Simulacres et Simulation in French), published in 1981, is a philosophical treatise by Jean Baudrillard. ... Jean Baudrillard (July 29, 1929 – March 6, 2007) (IPA pronunciation: [1]) was a French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator, and photographer. ...


Casting

Actor Will Smith turned down the role of Neo. He later stated that, if given the role at that time, he "would have messed it up".[2] His wife Jada Pinkett-Smith later played Niobe in the two Matrix sequels. Carrie Anne Moss had co-starred in a fantasy television series entitled Matrix several years before production of The Matrix. That series ran for only 13 episodes but was rebroadcast in several countries after The Matrix became a hit. “W. S.” redirects here. ... Jada Pinkett Smith at the 76th Annual Academy Awards Jada Pinkett Smith (born Jada Koren Pinkett on September 18, 1971 in Baltimore, Maryland) is an African-American actress, known for her petite size and high-energy charm. ... Niobe Niobe (played by actress Jada Pinkett Smith) is the captain of the Logos in the video game Enter the Matrix and the two feature films The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Matrix is the title of a Canadian-produced fantasy/adventure series that ran for 13 episodes during 1993 in syndication. ...


Production design

In the film, the code that comprises the Matrix itself is frequently represented as downward-flowing green characters. This code includes mirror images of half-width kana characters and Western Latin letters and numerals. In one scene, the pattern of trickling rain on a window being cleaned resembles this code. More generally, the film's production design placed a bias towards its distinctive green color for scenes set within the Matrix, whereas there is an emphasis on the color blue during the scenes set in the real world. In addition, grid-patterns were incorporated into the sets for scenes inside the Matrix, intended to convey the cold, logical, artificial nature of that environment.[3] Digital rain as seen in the Matrix series Closeup showing individual characters from a screensaver simulating the Matrix code. ... Half-width kana (はんかくカナ) refers to the katakana character portion of the character set specified by JIS X 0201. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... For other uses, see Arabic numerals (disambiguation). ... Production designer is a term used in the movie industry to refer to the person with the responsibility for designing the sets and costumes and choosing locations, and thus for creating the overall visual appearance of a film. ... Set construction is a process by which a set designer works in collaboration with the director of the production to create the set for a theatrical production. ...


The "digital rain" is strongly reminiscent of similar computer code in the film Ghost in the Shell, an acknowledged influence on the Matrix series (see below). The linking of the color green to computers may have been intended to evoke the green tint of old monochrome computer monitors. Motoko Kusanagi from the manga Ghost in the Shell. ... A photograph of a sign in grayscale The same photograph in black and white Monochrome comes from the two Greek words mono (μωνο, meaning one), and chroma (χρωμα, meaning surface or the color of the skin). A monochromatic object has a single color. ... A computer display monitor, usually called simply a monitor, is a piece of electrical equipment which displays viewable images generated by a computer without producing a permanent record. ...


Visual effects

The film is known for developing and popularizing the use of a visual effect known as "bullet time", which allows the viewer to explore a moment progressing in slow-motion as the camera appears to orbit around the scene at normal speed. Bullet-time is a concept introduced in recent films and computer games whereby the passage of time is slowed down so that an observer can see individual bullets flying throughout the scene at a conceivable rate, usually with their trails made visible. ... Slow motion is a technique in filmmaking whereby time appears to be slowed down. ...


One proposed technique for creating these effects involved accelerating a high-frame-rate motion picture camera along a fixed track at a high speed to capture the action as it occurred. However, this was discarded as unfeasible, as the destruction of the camera in the attempt was all but inevitable. Instead, the method used was a technically expanded version of an old art photography technique known as time-slice photography, in which a large number of cameras are placed around an object and fired nearly simultaneously. Each camera is a "still" camera, not a motion picture camera, and contributes one frame to the sequence. When the sequence of shots is viewed as a movie, the viewer sees what is in effect two-dimensional "slices" of a three-dimensional moment. Watching such a "time slice" movie is akin to the real-life experience of walking around a statue to see how it looks from different angles. The positioning of the still cameras can be varied along any desired smooth curve to produce a smooth looking camera motion in the finished clip, and the timing of each camera's firing may be delayed, if desired, so that a motion scene can be executed (albeit over a very short period of movie time.) 2-dimensional renderings (ie. ...


Some scenes in The Matrix feature the "time-slice" effect with completely frozen characters and objects. Interpolation techniques improved the fluidity of the apparent "camera motion". The effect was further expanded upon by the Wachowski brothers and visual effects supervisor John Gaeta to create "bullet time", which incorporates temporal motion, so that rather than being totally frozen the scene progresses in slow and variable motion. Engineers at Manex Visual Effects pioneered 3D visualization planning methods to move beyond mechanically fixed views towards complex camera paths and flexibly moving interest points. There is also an improved fluidity through the use of non-linear interpolation, digital compositing and the introduction of computer generated "virtual" scenery. In the mathematical subfield of numerical analysis, interpolation is a method of constructing new data points from a discrete set of known data points. ... John Gaeta (born 1965) is a visual effects designer best known for his work on the Matrix film trilogy, where he advanced and popularized the effects known as Bullet Time and Virtual Cinematography as well as pushing the boundaries of computer-generated imagery pre visualization. ... Manex Visual Effects (MVFX) was a motion picture special visual effects company located in Alameda, California. ...


The objective of bullet time shots in The Matrix was to creatively illustrate "mind over matter" type events as captured by a "virtual camera". However, the original technical approach was physically bound to pre-determined perspectives, and the resulting effect only suggested the capabilities of a true virtual camera. Virtual camera Refers to a motion camera which is not real (this could also refer to a set of still cameras which are designed to behave as a motion camera), or is taking images of objects which are not real. ...


The evolution of photogrametric and image based CGI background approaches in The Matrix's bullet time shots set the stage for later innovations unveiled in the sequels The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. Virtual Cinematography (CGI-rendered characters, locations and events) and the high-definition Universal Capture process completely replaced the use of still camera arrays, thus realising the virtual camera. The Matrix Reloaded is the second installment of The Matrix series, written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers. ... The Matrix Revolutions is the third and final film in The Matrix trilogy. ...


This film upset the juggernaut release of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace by winning the Academy Award for Visual Effects. Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ...


Music

See also: The Matrix: Original Motion Picture Score and The Matrix: Music from the Motion Picture

The film's score was composed by Don Davis. He noted that mirrors appear frequently in the movie: reflections of the blue and red pills are seen in Morpheus's glasses; Neo's capture by Agents is viewed through the rear-view mirror of Trinity's motorcycle; Neo observes a broken mirror mending itself; reflections warp as a spoon is bent; the reflection of a helicopter is visible as it approaches a skyscraper. (The film also frequently references the book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, which has a sequel entitled Through the Looking-Glass.) Davis focused on this theme of reflections when creating his score, alternating between sections of the orchestra and attempting to incorporate contrapuntal ideas.[4] A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Donald Romain Davis (born February 4, 1957) is an American film score composer, conductor, and orchestrator. ... “Alice in Wonderland” redirects here. ... Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (1871) is a work of childrens literature by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), generally categorized as literary nonsense. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... For other uses, see Counterpoint (disambiguation). ...


In addition to Davis's score, The Matrix's soundtrack also features music from acts such as Rammstein, Rob Dougan, Rage Against the Machine, Propellerheads, Ministry, Deftones, The Prodigy, Rob Zombie, Meat Beat Manifesto, Massive Attack and Marilyn Manson. In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... For other uses, see Ramstein. ... Rob Dougan in 2003 for the promotion of his debut album Furious Angels Rob Dougan, who started as Rob D, is a genre-blending music composer. ... Rage Against the Machine (also Rage and RATM) is an American rock band, noted for their blend of hip hop, heavy metal, punk and funk as well as their revolutionary politics and lyrics. ... Propellerheads is a British big beat music band made up of electronic producers Will White and Alex Gifford. ... Ministry is an influential, Grammy-nominated American industrial metal band founded by frontman Al Jourgensen in 1981. ... Deftones are a Grammy award-winning experimental alternative rock band from Sacramento, California. ... The Prodigy (or just Prodigy)[1] are an English band. ... Robert Cummings (born January 12, 1965 in Haverhill, Massachusetts), better known as Rob Zombie, is an American musician, film director, and writer. ... Meat Beat Manifesto, often shortened to Meat Beat or MBM, is an electronic music outfit originally consisting of Jack Dangers and Jonny Stephens formed in 1987 in Swindon, UK. This was also the hometown of the band XTC, who helped Meat Beat get started. ... Massive Attack are a trip hop band from Bristol, England. ... Marilyn Manson is a rock band based in Los Angeles, California. ...


Release

The Matrix was first released in the U.S. on 31 March 1999. It earned $171 million in the U.S. and $460 million worldwide,[5] and later became the first DVD to sell more than three million copies in the U.S.[6] The Ultimate Matrix Collection was released on HD DVD on May 22, 2007.[7] is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... The Ultimate Matrix Collection The Ultimate Matrix Collection is a DVD release featuring all the titles in the Matrix Series, as well as several hours of special features, spread over 10 discs. ... HD-DVD disc HD DVD (for High Density Digital Versatile Disc) is a digital optical media format which is being developed as one standard for high-definition DVD. HD DVD is similar to the competing Blu-ray Disc, which also uses the same CD sized (120 mm diameter) optical data... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Critical reception

The combination of special-effects-laden action and philosophical meandering was considered fresh and exciting.[8] Philip Strick commented in Sight & Sound, "if the Wachowskis claim no originality of message, they are startling innovators of method", praising the film's details and its "broadside of astonishing images".[9] Roger Ebert praised the film's visuals and premise, but disliked the third act's focus on action.[10] Similarly, Time Out praised the "entertainingly ingenious" switches between different realities, Hugo Weaving's "engagingly odd" performance, and the film's cinematography and production design, but concluded, "the promising premise is steadily wasted as the film turns into a fairly routine action pic… yet another slice of overlong, high concept hokum".[11] Other reviewers criticised the comparative humorlessness and self-indulgence of the movie.[12][13] Sight & Sound is a British monthly magazine about film. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... Time-out can mean: sport time-out, a break in play that may be called by a side to formulate strategy or respond to an players injury. ...


In 2001, The Matrix was placed 66th in the American Film Institute's "100 Years... 100 Thrills" list. In 2007, Entertainment Weekly called The Matrix the best science-fiction piece of media for the past 25 years.[14] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 100 most heart-pounding American films as described by the AFI on the evening of June 12, 2001. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ...


Several science fiction creators commented on the film. Author William Gibson, a key figure in cyberpunk fiction, called the film "an innocent delight I hadn't felt in a long time", and stated, "Neo is my favourite-ever science fiction hero, absolutely".[15] Joss Whedon called the film "my number one" and praised its storytelling, structure and depth, concluding, "It works on whatever level you want to bring to it."[16] Filmmaker Darren Aronofsky commented,[17] "I walked out of The Matrix [...] and I was thinking, 'What kind of science fiction movie can people make now?' The Wachowskis basically took all the great sci-fi ideas of the 20th century and rolled them into a delicious pop culture sandwich that everyone on the planet devoured." For other persons named William Gibson, see William Gibson (disambiguation). ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... Darren Aronofsky (born February 12, 1969 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American film director, screenwriter and film producer. ...


Awards and nominations

The Matrix received Oscars for film editing, sound effects editing, visual effects, and sound.[18][19] In 1999, it won Saturn Awards for Best Science Fiction Film and Best Direction.[20] The Matrix also received BAFTA awards for Best Sound and Best Achievement in Special Visual Effects, in addition to nominations in the cinematography, production design and editing categories.[21] Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... This is a list of films that have won or been nominated for an Academy Award for Best Sound Effects (1963-1967, 1975), Sound Effects Editing (1977, 1981-1999), or Sound Editing (1979, 2000-present). ... The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Science Fiction Film: See also Science fiction film Categories: | ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Direction: ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ...


Influences and interpretations

See also: The Matrix influences and interpretations
The Matrix is arguably the ultimate "cyberpunk" artifact.
William Gibson, 2003-01-28[22]

The Matrix makes numerous references to recent films and literature, and to historical myths and philosophy including Messianism, Buddhism, Gnosticism, Christianity, Existentialism, Nihilism, Vedanta, Advaita Hinduism, Yoga Vashishta Hinduism and Sikhism. The film's premise resembles Plato's Allegory of the cave, René Descartes's evil genius, Kant's reflections on the Phenomenon versus the Ding an sich, and the brain in a vat thought experiment, while Jean Baudrillard's Simulacra and Simulation is featured in the film. There are similarities to cyberpunk works such as Neuromancer by William Gibson.[23] The Matrix makes numerous references to recent films and literature, and to historical myths and philosophy including Messianism, Buddhism, Gnosticism, Christianity, Existentialism, Nihilism, Vedanta, Advaita Hinduism, Yoga Vashishta Hinduism and Sikhism. ... Berlins Sony Center reflects the global reach of a Japanese corporation. ... For other persons named William Gibson, see William Gibson (disambiguation). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Existentialism is the philosophical movement positing that individual human beings create the meaning and essence of their lives as persons. ... This article is about the philosophical position. ... This article is about the Hindu philosophy. ... Advaita Vedanta (IAST ; Sanskrit ; IPA ) is a sub-school of the Vedānta (literally, end or the goal of the Vedas, Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... For other uses, see Yoga (disambiguation). ... Vasishtha (Sanskrit: वसिष्ठ), in Hindu mythology was chief of the seven venerated sages (or Saptarishi) and the Rajaguru of the Suryavamsha or Solar Dynasty. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Descartes redirects here. ... Ernst Stavro Blofeld in You Only Live Twice, a textbook example of an evil genius. ... Kant redirects here. ... For other uses, see Phenomena (disambiguation). ... The noumenon (plural: noumena) classically refers to an object of human inquiry, understanding or cognition. ... In philosophy, the brain-in-a-vat is any of a variety of thought experiments intended to draw out certain features of our ideas of knowledge, reality, truth, mind, and meaning. ... Jean Baudrillard (July 29, 1929 – March 6, 2007) (IPA pronunciation: [1]) was a French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator, and photographer. ... Simulacra and Simulation (Simulacres et Simulation in French), published in 1981, is a philosophical treatise by Jean Baudrillard. ... Berlins Sony Center reflects the global reach of a Japanese corporation. ... For the 1988 video game, see Neuromancer (video game). ... For other persons named William Gibson, see William Gibson (disambiguation). ...


Japanese director Mamoru Oshii's Ghost in the Shell was a strong influence. Producer Joel Silver has stated that the Wachowski brothers first described their intentions for The Matrix by showing him that anime and saying, "We wanna do that for real".[24][25] Mitsuhisa Ishikawa of Production I.G., which produced Ghost in the Shell, noted that the anime's high-quality visuals were a strong source of inspiration for the Wachowski brothers. He also commented, "... cyberpunk films are very difficult to describe to a third person. I'd imagine that The Matrix is the kind of film that was very difficult to draw up a written proposal for to take to film studios." He stated that since Ghost in the Shell had gained recognition in America, the Wachowski brothers used it as a "promotional tool".[26] Urusei Yatsura 2: Beautiful Dreamer Mamoru Oshii (押井守 Oshii Mamoru; born August 8, 1951 in Tokyo) is a Japanese animation and live-action film writer and director famous for his philosophy-orietned storytelling. ... This article contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed. ... Joel Silver (born July 14, 1952) is a successful Hollywood film producer. ... Production I.G, Inc. ...


Reviewers have commented on similarities between The Matrix and other late-1990s films such as Strange Days, Dark City, and The Truman Show.[10][27][28] Comparisons have also been made to Grant Morrison's comic series The Invisibles; Morrison believes that the Wachowski brothers essentially plagiarized his work to create the film.[29] In addition, the similarity of the film's central concept to a device in the long running series Doctor Who has also been noted. As in the film, the Matrix of that series (introduced in the 1976 serial The Deadly Assassin) is a massive computer system which one enters using a device connecting to the head, allowing users to see representations of the real world and change its laws of physics; but if killed there, they will die in reality.[30] There is also a similar "Matrix" used by the Travellers in Paul Cornell's 1992 Doctor Who spin-off novel Love and War, in which a socket at the top of the spine is used to plug into the Matrix. Strange Days is the title of a 1995 science fiction film directed by Kathryn Bigelow and produced and co-written by her ex-husband James Cameron with the assistance of Jay Cocks. ... Dark City is a 1998 science fiction film written by Alex Proyas, Lem Dobbs and David S. Goyer, and directed by Proyas. ... The Truman Show is a 1998 film directed by Peter Weir, written by Andrew Niccol, and starring Jim Carrey and Ed Harris. ... Grant Morrison (born January 31, 1960) is a Scottish comic book writer and artist. ... The Invisibles is an adult comic book series that was published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics from 1994 to 2000. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Matrix, in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who, is a massive computer system on the planet Gallifrey that acts as the repository of the combined knowledge of the Time Lords. ... The Deadly Assassin is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from October 30 to November 20, 1976. ... This article is about the British writer. ... Love and War is an original novel written by Paul Cornell and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ...


Influence on filmmaking

The Matrix has had a strong effect on action film-making in Hollywood. It upped the ante for cinematic fight scenes by hiring acclaimed choreographers (such as Yuen Woo-ping) from the Hong Kong action cinema scene, well-known for its production of martial arts films. The success of The Matrix put those choreographers in high demand by other filmmakers who wanted fights of similar sophistication: for example, Yuen Woo-ping's brother Yuen Cheung-Yan was choreographer on Daredevil (2003). There was a surge in movies, commercials and pop videos copying "the Matrix look", usually without the training and attention to detail that made it successful in the first place.[citation needed] A Fight scene is a scene in a dramatic production that is intended to simulate combat with varying degrees of realism. ... Stage Combat is a specialized method of physical theatre designed to create the illusion of physical combat for theatrical, operatic and ballet productions. ... Yuen Woo-ping on the set of Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon This is a Chinese name; the family name is Yuen. ... Hong Kong action cinema is the principal source of the Hong Kong film industrys global fame. ... Daredevil is a 2003 movie directed by Mark Steven Johnson, who also wrote the screenplay. ...


Following The Matrix, films made abundant use of slow-motion, spinning cameras, and, often, the famed bullet time effect of a character freezing or slowing down and the camera panning around them. The bullet time effect has also been parodied numerous times, in comedy films such as Scary Movie, Deuce Bigalow: Male Gigolo, Shrek and Kung Pow: Enter the Fist; in TV series such as The Simpsons, Family Guy and Son Of The Beach; in the OVA series FLCL; and in video games such as Conker's Bad Fur Day. Bullet-time is a concept introduced in recent films and computer games whereby the passage of time is slowed down so that an observer can see individual bullets flying throughout the scene at a conceivable rate, usually with their trails made visible. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... This article is about a horror parody movie. ... For other uses, see Shrek (disambiguation). ... Kung Pow: Enter the Fist is a 2002 comedy film. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... A human ovum An ovum (loosely, egg or egg cell) is a female sex cell or gamete. ... Serialized in Magazine Z Original run October 23, 2000 – August 23, 2001 No. ... Conkers Bad Fur Day is a Nintendo 64 video game developed and published by Rare, and distributed by Nintendo. ...


In 2005 a feature-length parody of the Matrix series called The Helix...Loaded starring Scott Levy as the Neo character and Vanilla Ice was released. The Matrix series is a media franchise consisting primarily of three films: The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Scott Levy (born February 13, 1971 in Westwood, New Jersey) is an American actor. ... Look up neo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Robert Matthew Van Winkle (born October 31, 1968), better known as Vanilla Ice, is a Grammy Award nominated, American Music Award winning American rapper and actor known mostly for the 1990 single Ice Ice Baby. ...


The Matrix series

Main article: The Matrix (series)

The film's mainstream success led to the greenlighting of the next two films of what was conceived as a trilogy,[citation needed] The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. These were filmed simultaneously during one shoot and released in two parts in 2003. The first film's introductory tale is replaced by a story centered on the impending attack of the human enclave of Zion by a vast machine army. Neo also learns more about the history of the Matrix, his role as the One and the prophecy that he will end the war. The sequels also incorporate longer and more ambitious action scenes, as well as improvements in bullet time and other visual effects. The Matrix series is a media franchise consisting primarily of three films: The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... A trilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature or film, that are connected and can be seen as a single work, as well as three individual ones. ... The Matrix Reloaded is the second installment of The Matrix series, written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers. ... The Matrix Revolutions is the third and final film in The Matrix trilogy. ... A film being made in Warsaw, Bracka street Filmmaking is the process of making a film, from an initial story idea or commission through scriptwriting, shooting, editing and finally distribution to an audience. ... Zion is a fictional place in The Matrix films. ...


Also released was The Animatrix, a collection of nine animated short films, many of which were created in the same Japanese animation style that was a strong influence on the live trilogy. The Animatrix was overseen and approved by the Wachowski brothers but they only wrote four of the segments themselves and did not direct any of them; much of the project was created by notable figures from the world of anime. Four of the films were originally released on the series' official website; one was shown in cinemas with the Warner Bros movie Dreamcatcher; the others first appeared with the DVD release of all nine shorts. Several of the films were shown first on UK television prior to their DVD release. Animatrix The Animatrix is a major part of the Matrix series, a collection of nine animated short films set in that fictional universe. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Dreamcatcher (2003) is a movie adapted from the Stephen King novel of the same name. ...


The franchise contains three video games: Enter the Matrix (2003), which contains footage shot specifically for the game and chronicles events taking place before and during The Matrix Reloaded; The Matrix Online (2004), a MMORPG which continues the story beyond The Matrix Revolutions; and The Matrix: Path of Neo, which was released 8 November 2005 and focuses on situations based on Neo's journey through the trilogy of films. Enter the Matrix is the first video game based on the Matrix series. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Matrix Reloaded is the second installment of The Matrix series, written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers. ... The Matrix Online (MxO) is a massively multiplayer online game developed by Monolith Productions. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Available on the official website are a number of free comics set in the world of The Matrix, written and illustrated by figures from the comics industry.[31] Some of these comics are also available in two printed volumes. A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ Ebert, Roger (November 6, 2005). Great Movies: Dark City (English). Retrieved on December 18, 2006.
  2. ^ Hillner, Jennifer. I, Robocop. Wired. Condé Nast Publications.
  3. ^ Costume designer Kym Barret, production designer Owen Paterson and cinematographer Bill Pope, interviewed in The Matrix Revisited (Chapter 7).
  4. ^ Don Davis, interviewed in The Matrix Revisited (Chapter 28). A transcript of his comments may be found online: [1]
  5. ^ Box Office Mojo: The Matrix. URL retrieved 8 March 2006.
  6. ^ "Press release - August 1, 2000 - The Matrix DVD: The first to sell 3 million". URL retrieved 26 July 2006.
  7. ^ Warner Home Video. "The Matrix is Coming to HD DVD", Comingsoon.net, 2007-03-23. Retrieved on 2007-03-23. 
  8. ^ "Positive review of The Matrix". Retrieved on 2007-02-03.
  9. ^ Sight & Sound review of The Matrix. Retrieved on 2007-02-03.
  10. ^ a b Roger Ebert's review of The Matrix. URL retrieved 21 August 2006.
  11. ^ "Time Out Film Review - The Matrix". Time Out Film Guide 13. Time Out. Retrieved on 2007-02-05.
  12. ^ "Critical review of The Matrix". Retrieved on 2007-02-03.
  13. ^ "Negative review of The Matrix". Retrieved on 2007-02-03.
  14. ^ Jeff Jensen. "The Sci-Fi 25", Entertainment Weekly, 2007-05-07. Retrieved on 2007-05-07. 
  15. ^ The Art of the Matrix, p.451
  16. ^ "The 201 Greatest Movies of all Time", Empire (Issue 201), March 2006, pp. 98. 
  17. ^ Darren Aronofsky, quoted in the article "The Outsider", Wired. November 2006 issue (pp. 224)
  18. ^ Academy Awards® Database — Search page. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  19. ^ The Wachowski Brothers. Tribute magazine. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  20. ^ Saturn Awards. SaturnAwards.org. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  21. ^ BAFTA Film Winners 1990 – 1999. BAFTA.org. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  22. ^ "THE MATRIX: FAIR COP", The William Gibson Blog
  23. ^ "The Matrix: Fair Cop". URL retrieved 7 July 2006.
  24. ^ Joel Silver, interviewed in "Scrolls to Screen: A Brief History of Anime" featurette on The Animatrix DVD.
  25. ^ Joel Silver, interviewed in "Making The Matrix" featurette on The Matrix DVD.
  26. ^ Mitsuhisa Ishikawa, interviewed in The South Bank Show, episode broadcast 19 February 2006 [2]
  27. ^ "The Matrix (1999) - Channel 4 Film review". URL retrieved 21 August 2006.
  28. ^ "Cinephobia reviews: The Matrix". URL retrieved 27 December 2006.
  29. ^ "Poor Mojo Newswire: Suicide Girls Interview with Grant Morrison". URL retrieved 31 July 2006.
  30. ^ Condon, Paul. The Matrix Unlocked. 2003. Contender. p.141-3. ISBN 1-84357-093-9
  31. ^ The Matrix Comics at the official Matrix website
  • Spencer Lamm (editor); Larry and Andy Wachowski, Steve Skroce, Geof Darrow, Tani Kunitake, Warren Manser, Colin Grant, Zach Staenberg, Phil Oesterhouse, William Gibson (2000). The Art of the Matrix. Titan, 488. ISBN 1-84023-173-4. 
  • Josh Oreck (Director). The Matrix Revisited [DVD]. Warner Bros.

is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Owen Paterson is an Australian production designer, who was chiefly responsible for the design and look of The Matrix series of movies. ... Bill Pope(born June 19, 1952) is an award winning American cinematographer, best known for his work on the Matrix trilogy and Spider Man movies. ... The Matrix Revisited is a documentary on the production of the movie The Matrix. ... The Matrix Revisited is a documentary on the production of the movie The Matrix. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Time-out can mean: sport time-out, a break in play that may be called by a side to formulate strategy or respond to an players injury. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Darren Aronofsky (born February 12, 1969 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American film director, screenwriter and film producer. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joel Silver (born July 14, 1952) is a successful Hollywood film producer. ... Animatrix The Animatrix is a major part of the Matrix series, a collection of nine animated short films set in that fictional universe. ... Joel Silver (born July 14, 1952) is a successful Hollywood film producer. ... The South Bank Show is a British television arts magazine show, presented by Melvyn Bragg and seen in over 60 countries — including Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Sweden and the USA. Its stated aim is to bring both high art and popular culture to a mass audience. ... The Matrix Revisited is a documentary on the production of the movie The Matrix. ...

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Matrix (mathematics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1844 words)
The entry of a matrix A that lies in the i -th row and the j-th column is called the i,j entry or (i,j)-th entry of A.
A 1 × n matrix (one row and n columns) is called a row vector, and an m × 1 matrix (one column and m rows) is called a column vector.
The rank of a matrix A is the dimension of the image of the linear map represented by A; this is the same as the dimension of the space generated by the rows of A, and also the same as the dimension of the space generated by the columns of A.
PlanetMath: matrix (572 words)
As a rule, though, the word matrix and the notation associated with it are used only in connection with linear mappings.
One more illustration: The derivative (at a point) of a mapping from one surface to another is a linear mapping; it is not a matrix of partial derivatives, because the matrix depends on a choice of basis but the derivative does not.
This is version 15 of matrix, born on 2002-02-22, modified 2006-06-14.
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