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Encyclopedia > The Love for Three Oranges

The Love for Three Oranges (Любовь к трем апельсинам in Russian, Lyubov k Tryom Apelsinam in transliteration) is an opera by Sergei Prokofiev to a libretto based on the play L'amore delle tre melarance by Carlo Gozzi. It was composed in 1919,and was first performed on December 30, 1921, at the Chicago Opera, with the composer himself conducting. Transliteration in a narrow sense is a mapping from one system of writing into another. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Russian: , Sergej Sergejevič Prokofev, 15/April 271, 1891–March 5, 1953) was a Ukrainian-born Russian composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. ... A libretto is the complete body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. ... A play is a common form of literature, usually consisting chiefly of dialog between characters, and usually intended for performance rather than reading. ... Carlo, Count Gozzi (13 December 1720 – April 4, 1806), was an Italian dramatist. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

The absurd story is in the Commedia dell'Arte tradition, and concerns a young prince, cursed by a wicked witch and forced to voyage into distant lands in search of three oranges each of which contains a princess. The libretto was by Prokofiev and Vera Janacopoulos, based on Vsevolod Meyerhold's adaptation of Gozzi's play. The adaptation modernized some of the Commedia dell'Arte influences and also introduced a healthy dose of Surrealism. At its premiere, the opera was sung in French as L'Amour des Trois Oranges. Karel Dujardins set his closely-observed scene of a travelling troupes makeshift stage against idealized ruins in the Roman Campagna: dated 1657 (Louvre Museum) Commedia dellarte (Italian, meaning comedy of professional artists but has also been interpreted as comedy of humors) was a form of improvisational theater which... Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (born Karl Kazimir Theodor Meyerhold) (1874 - 1940) was a Russian theatrical director, actor and theorist. ... Surrealism is a cultural, artistic, and intellectual movement oriented toward the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative faculties of the unconscious mind and the attainment of a state different from, more than, and ultimately truer than everyday reality: the sur-real, i. ...

The most famous piece from the Prokofiev opera is the "March from The Love for Three Oranges". It is a popular orchestral selection, and was used by CBS in the series The FBI in Peace and War that was broadcast 1944-1958. CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... The FBI in Peace and War was a radio crime drama inspired by Frederick Collins book, The FBI in Peace and War. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The opera features an array of whimsical characters, including:

  • The Prince (tenor): the hero. In the first act he is dying of incurable hypochondria. After being cursed by Fata Morgana, he must go on a quest to rescue the three oranges from the evil chef Creonte, with the help of Trufaldino.
  • King of Clubs (bass): the father of the Prince. Compare with the Queen of Hearts in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
  • Truffaldino (tenor): the Prince's somewhat unreliable sidekick. Based on the Commedia dell'Arte character Arlecchino.
  • Tchelio (bass): a bumbling wizard and protector of the Prince.
  • Fata Morgana (soprano): the evil, somewhat bumbling witch who curses the Prince. There is an optical phenomenon of the same name. Ultimately the name derives from Morgan le Fay.
  • Leandre (bass-baritone), Clarissa (mezzo), and Smeraldina (mezzo): plotters against the King and Prince, allies of Fata Morgana.
  • Farfarello (baritone): antagonizing wind demon. Name is from the Italian for demon.
  • Creonte (bass): the evil chef who has imprisoned the three oranges and threatens the Prince and Truffaldino with a giant ladle.
  • Ninetta (soprano): the princess of the orange.
  • Linetta (mezzo) and Nicoletta (soprano): ill-fated orange princesses.
  • A chorus of "Ridiculous People" representing the audience of the play and also involved in the action of the play at times. Compare to the prologue of I Pagliacci or of Faust Part 1.

Hypochondria (sometimes hypochondriasis) is a somatoform disorder in which one has the unfounded belief that he or she is suffering from a serious illness. ... A fata Morgana, named after Morgan le Fay, the faery shapeshifting half-sister of King Arthur, is a mirage, an optical phenomenon which results from a temperature inversion. ... Miss Piggy on The Muppet Show, as the Queen of Hearts The Queen of Hearts is a character from the book Alices Adventures in Wonderland by the mathematician Lewis Carroll. ... John Tenniels illustration for A Mad Tea-Party, 1865 Illustration by Arthur Rackham Alices Adventures in Wonderland is a work of childrens literature by the British mathematician and author Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll. ... Arlecchino (also known as Harlequin in English, Arlequin in French) is the most popular of the zanni or comic servant characters from the Italian Commedia dellArte. ... A fata Morgana, named after Morgan le Fay, the faery shapeshifting half-sister of King Arthur, is a mirage, an optical phenomenon which results from a temperature inversion. ... Morgan le Fay, by Anthony Frederick Sandys (1829 - 1904), 1864 (Birmingham Art Gallery): A spell-brewing Morgaine distinctly of Tennysons generation In the mythology of King Arthur, Morgan le Fay, alternatively known as Morgaine, Morgain or Morgana and a slew of related name variants, is a powerful sorceress and... Pagliacci (The Clowns) is an opera in two acts and a prologue by Ruggiero Leoncavallo. ... Faust Part 1 (original title: Faust - Der Tragödie erster Teil) is Johann Wolfgang von Goethes most famous work. ...

External link

  • Prokofiev.org
  • MIDI for March from the Love for Three Oranges
  • The Love Of Three Oranges: A Play For The Theatre That Takes The Commedia Dell'arte Of Carlo Gozzi And Updates It For The New Millennium by Carlo Gozzi, New translation by Hillary DePiano

  Results from FactBites:
The Love for Three Oranges (971 words)
The curse takes effect immediately; setting off on their orange odyssey, the prince and Truffaldino are blown on their way by the devil Farfarello and his magic bellows.
In the desert, the sorcerer Chelio, the king's protector, tells the prince and Truffaldino that the oranges they seek are in the kitchen of the palace of Creonte, guarded by a cook with a lethal ladle.
The oranges have now grown to enormous size and the prince and Truffaldino are sick of carrying them.
MSN Encarta - Romania (1012 words)
  More results at FactBites »



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