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Encyclopedia > The Little Mermaid (film)
The Little Mermaid

The Little Mermaid Original Release Poster
Directed by Ron Clements
John Musker
Produced by Howard Ashman
John Musker
Maureen Donley
Written by Hans Christian Andersen (fairy tale)
Roger Allers (story)
Howard Ashman (musical)
Ron Clements
John Musker
Starring Jodi Benson
Samuel E. Wright
Christopher Daniel Barnes
Pat Carroll
Kenneth Mars
Jason Marin
Buddy Hackett
Music by Alan Menken
Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures
Released November 15, 1989 (original release)
November 14, 1997 (re-release)
Running time 83 minutes
Language English
Budget N/A
Preceded by Oliver & Company (1988)
Followed by The Rescuers Down Under (1990)
IMDb profile

The Little Mermaid is the twenty-eighth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. Based upon the Hans Christian Andersen fairy tale The Little Mermaid, the film was produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and first released on November 15, 1989 by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution. [1] Grossing over $111 million in the U.S. and an additional $99 million worldwide, the film is given credit for breathing life back into the animated feature film genre after a string of critical and commercial failures (The Black Cauldron, The Great Mouse Detective, Oliver and Company). In addition, The Little Mermaid signaled the start of a decade-long period of successful Disney movies (except The Rescuers Down Under). The Little Mermaid, movie poster This work is copyrighted. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Howard Ashman (b. ... Hans Christian Andersen. ... Roger Allers is a famous producer and screenwriter, who has worked on many big Disney movies. ... Howard Ashman (b. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Jodi Benson (born October 10, 1961) is a U.S. voice actress and singer, best known for providing the voice of Disneys Princess Ariel, The Little Mermaid. ... Samuel E. Wright (born 1946) is an American actor who voiced Sebastian the crab in Disneys The Little Mermaid. ... Christopher Daniel Barnes (born 7 November 1972 in Portland, Maine) is an American actor who performed in many movies and television series. ... Pat Carroll (born May 5, 1927 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a devoutly Catholic character actress and comedian. ... Kenneth Mars (born April 14, 1936 in Chicago, Illinois) is a television, movie and voice actor, perhaps best known for his roles in several Mel Brooks films and for playing King Triton in Disneys The Little Mermaid. ... Buddy Hackett showing his love to Herbie, the Love Bug, from Disneys The Love Bug (1969). ... Alan Menken (born July 22, 1949) is an American Broadway and film music composer. ... The Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group is a collection of affiliated motion picture studios, all subsidaries of The Walt Disney Company. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Oliver & Company is a 1988 animated feature film that was made and produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation. ... The Rescuers Down Under is the twenty-ninth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and was released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution on November 16, 1990. ... Animation refers to the technique in which each frame of a film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result. ... This is a list of animated feature films produced by Walt Disney Productions/The Walt Disney Company: Official canon The following is a list of the forty-four feature films officially part of the Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) canon. ... Hans Christian Andersen. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... The Little Mermaid (Den lille havfrue) is a fairy tale about a young mermaid, her love for a human prince, and her desire to gain a human soul. ... Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) is the animation studio that makes up a key element of The Walt Disney Company. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Walt Disney Pictures is an American movie studio, with off-shoot studios in Japan and other sites in the United States. ... Buena Vista production logo, 1950s. ... The Black Cauldron (also known as Taran and the Magic Cauldron in some countries) is the twenty-fifth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Great Mouse Detective (also known as The Adventures of the Great Mouse Detective for its US reissue and Basil, the Great Mouse Detective in some countries) is the twenty-sixth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Oliver and Company is a 1988 animated feature film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation. ... The Rescuers Down Under is the twenty-ninth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and was released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution on November 16, 1990. ...


An upcoming stage adaptation of the movie is planned with additional songs by Alan Menken and new lyricist Glenn Slater and is expected to open on Broadway in 2007 or 2008. [2]. The book for the musical has been completed by Doug Wright. [3] Alan Menken (born July 22, 1949) is an American Broadway and film music composer. ... Glenn Slater wrote the lyrics to Alan Menkens music in Home on the Range. ... Broadway theatre is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. ... Doug Wright Doug Wright is a playwright, librettist, and screenplay writer. ...

Contents


Plot


The film follows the story of a headstrong sixteen-year-old mermaid named Ariel, who is dissatisfied with life under the sea. Ignoring the warnings of her father, King Triton, and the court musician, Sebastian the crab, Ariel and her best friend, a fish named Flounder, often sneak up to the surface of the ocean. There, they collect human artifacts with the help of a goofy seagull named Scuttle. Ariel knows that contact between the humans and merpeople is forbidden, but she longs to be part of the human world.-1... Ariel the Mermaid is a famous teenage mermaid from Disneys The Little Mermaid, and the mother of Melody in The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea. Daughter of King Triton, she lives in Atlantica with her friends Flounder and Sebastian. ... King Triton is a character who first appeared in the Disney animated movie The Little Mermaid. ... Sebastian, voiced by Samuel E. Wright, is a fictional character in Disneys The Little Mermaid (1989). ... Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus: one of the most abundant species of fish in the world. ... An artifact (also artefact) refers to any object or process resulting from human activity which represents things from the past. ... Seagull or Seagulls may refer to: Gull, a family of seabird, members of which are often called seagulls. ... Scuttle was a fictional cartoon character in the 1989 Walt Disney Studios feature film The Little Mermaid and The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea in 2000. ...


Worried about his daughter's behavior, Triton assigns Sebastian to look after her and report on her activities. Sebastian discovers that Ariel has been collecting all of the items she finds from the surface in a secret underwater grotto, but he decides not to tell Triton for Ariel's sake. A Grotto (Italian grotta), when it is not an artificial garden feature, is a cave, small or quite large, usually near water and often flooded or liable to flood at high tide. ...


Unknown to anyone, all of this is being observed by Ursula the sea witch, who for many years has been seeking a way to exact her revenge upon King Triton for banishing her from the kingdom. She sees Ariel as the perfect pawn in her quest to rule the seas. Ursula the Sea-witch makes her proposal to Ariel Ursula is a villainess who first appeared in the Disney animated movie The Little Mermaid. ...


That night, Ariel and Flounder travel again to the surface to watch a fireworks celebration for Prince Eric's birthday. Eric is presented with a giant stone statue of himself, commissioned by his guardian Grimsby, who is pressuring Eric to get married so he can become king. The birthday celebration is cut short when a violent storm destroys the ship. Eric is lost at sea and almost drowns before he is saved by Ariel, who has taken a liking to the prince. She disappears just as he is awakening, but Eric is enthralled by the memory of her beautiful singing voice.


Ariel's dazed behavior the next morning causes her father to become suspicious, and Triton attempts to extract from Sebastian the name of the man she is in love with. When King Triton learns that his daughter is in love with a human, he becomes furious and destroys Ariel's grotto, including the stone statue from Eric's birthday party.


Ursula decides that now is the time to make her move, and she assigns her pet eels Flotsam and Jetsam to bring Ariel to her underwater cave. There, Ursula makes a deal with the princess to transform Ariel into a human for three days. Within these three days, if she plans to remain a human, she must give Eric the "kiss of true love"; otherwise she will transform back into a mermaid at sunset on the third day. If this happens, Ursula will own her very soul and wither her down into a polyp, to join her garden of other lost merfolk. Suborders Anguilloidei Nemichthyoidei Congroidei Synaphobranchoidei See text for families. ... In zoology, a polyp is one of two forms of individuals found in many species of cnidarians. ...


As agreed, Ursula makes a potion to change the little mermaid. As "payment", she takes Ariel's voice and makes her unable to speak, knowing that Eric remembers Ariel only by her voice. Ariel's tail is ripped into two legs and she becomes human. Sebastian and Flounder drag the drowning, helpless Ariel to the surface, where she takes her first breath of air and is helped toward the beach, where Eric discovers her. He has no idea who Ariel is and what she has done for him, and she is unable to tell him.


While Ariel is enjoying life with Eric in the human palace, Sebastian, Flounder and Scuttle try to get Ariel and Eric to kiss and break the spell. Ursula, however, is trying to prevent them from doing so. Taking the guise of a beautiful young woman named Vanessa, Ursula appears onshore, singing in Ariel's voice, which is housed in a magic nautilus shell around "Vanessa's" neck. She casts a spell of enchantment on Eric, who plans to marry her immediately, much to Ariel's dismay. Genera and species Genus Allonautilus Ward & Saunders, 1997   Allonautilus perforatus   Allonautilus scrobiculatus Genus Nautilus Linnaeus, 1758   Nautilus belauensis   Nautilus macromphalus   Nautilus pompilius pompilius   Nautilus pompilius suluensis   Nautilus stenomphalus The nautilus is a marine creature of the class Cephalopoda. ... For other uses of the words enchantment, enchanter, or enchantress, see enchantment (disambiguation). ...


The ceremony is set to take place at sunset, which is when Ariel's deal with Ursula ends. Sebastian rushes to inform Triton, while Scuttle, Flounder and Eric's sheepdog Max stall the wedding by causing all sea and air animals to distract the wedding party. Scuttle and his fellow seabirds pull at "Vanessa's" hair and conch necklace. After a flock of seagulls fly between her causing her to stumble, Max bites her bottom and she becomes susceptible to revealing her true identity. When "Vanessa" is distracted, the conch shell around her neck is broken, and Ariel's voice is restored. Realizing that Ariel was the girl who saved his life, Eric rushes to kiss her, but he is too late; the sun sets and Ariel transforms back into a mermaid. "Vanessa" transforms back into Ursula and she grabs Ariel as she disappears into the sea. A Sheep dog is a type of domestic dog whose original purpose was to herd or guard sheep. ...


Triton catches up with Ursula and attempts to destroy the deal she made with Ariel, but is unable to do so. Before Triton's eyes, Ursula begins the process of transforming Ariel into a polyp, but then offers Triton a deal: she will accept his soul in the place of Ariel's. Triton sacrifices himself for his daughter and is transformed into a helpless polyp.


Ursula takes Triton's crown and trident and declares herself ruler of the sea. Ariel tries to stop her, and accidentally causes Ursula to destroy her pet eels. An enraged Ursula transforms into a giant and attempts to destroy Ariel. Eric sails out to sea and joins Ariel in the fight against Ursula, but the two of them appear to be no match for the behemoth, who forms a massive whirlpool that drags wrecked ships from the bottom of the sea. She then uses the trident to blast Ariel into the bottom of the whirlpool, where she is trapped and helpless. Ursula raises the trident to finish Ariel with a blast of energy, but Eric jumps aboard one of the vessels and rams the bow of the ship through her heart, killing her. A massive sculpture of Lord Shiva holding a trident (Trishula) Poseidon sculpture holding a trident For other uses, see Trident (disambiguation). ... Behemoth and Leviathan, an engraving by William Blake For other uses, see Behemoth (disambiguation). ... Italian ship-rigged vessel Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large, sea-going watercraft, usually with multiple decks. ...


With Ursula dead, the polyps in Ursula's garden, including Triton, are all changed back into merpeople. Noticing how unhappy his daughter is and how much she truly loves Eric, Triton decides to give Ariel what she wants. Ariel watches in astonished delight as she is changed permanently into a human, and walks gracefully to shore before her proud father's eyes. She runs into Eric's arms, and the two finally kiss. Shortly afterward, she and Eric are seen kissing again, this time at the true wedding. Both humans and merpeople turn out for the wedding, and Triton accepts Eric as a part of the family. Eric and Ariel sail away into the sunset to live happily ever after.

The Little Mermaid theatrical release history

17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Significance

1997 re-release poster of The Little Mermaid.
1997 re-release poster of The Little Mermaid.

The Little Mermaid is an important film in animation history for many reasons: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (546x800, 74 KB) Summary Poster of The Little Mermaid (1989). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (546x800, 74 KB) Summary Poster of The Little Mermaid (1989). ... 12 frames per second is the typical rate for an animated cartoon. ...

  • It marks a return to the musical format that made Disney films popular from the 1930s to the 1960s, after a test run with Oliver and Company the year before. It features seven original songs by composer Alan Menken and lyricist Howard Ashman, who also served as the film's producer.
  • It had the most special effects for a Disney animated feature since Fantasia was released forty-nine years earlier. Effects animation supervisor Mark Dindal estimated that over a million bubbles were drawn for this film, in addition to the use of other processes such as airbrushing, backlighting, superimposition, and some flat-shaded computer animation.
  • The wedding scene at the close of the film marked the first use of CAPS (Computer Animation Production System) in a Disney feature. CAPS is a digital ink-and-paint and animation production system that colors the animators' drawings digitally, as opposed to the traditional animation method of tracing ink and paint onto cels (see Traditional animation). The rest of The Little Mermaid is painted traditionally. All subsequent Disney features have used CAPS instead of ink-and-paint.
  • This film signaled a renaissance in Disney animation; the films were popular and financial successes, causing Disney's feature animation department to begin significant expansion, from about 300 artists in 1988 to 2,400 by 1999.

This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1961 to 1970, inclusive. ... Oliver and Company is a 1988 animated feature film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation. ... Alan Menken (born July 22, 1949) is an American Broadway and film music composer. ... Howard Ashman (b. ... Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, the third in the Disney animated features canon, which was a Walt Disney experiment in animation and music. ... Mark Dindal (born in Columbus, Ohio) is an American special effects animator and film director. ... It has been suggested that Airbrush Technique be merged into this article or section. ... Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ... The Computer Animation Production System (CAPS) is a proprietary collection of software programs, camera systems and custom desks developed by The Walt Disney Company together with Pixar in the late-1980s to computerize the ink and paint and post-production processes of traditionally animated feature films produced by Walt Disney... Traditional animation, sometimes also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... This article describes the history of animation in the United States of America from the late 1980s to the start of the 21st century. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... From Rule Sixteen of the Special Rules for The Music Awards Original Score: An original score is a substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... The Academy Award for Best Song is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are songwriters and composers. ...

Production

In 1985, "The Great Mouse Detective" codirector Ron Clements discovered a collection of Hans C. Anderson's fairy tales while browsing a bookstore. He presented a two-page draft of a movie based on "The Little Mermaid" to CEO Michael Eisner and Walt Disney Pictures boss Jeffrey Katzenberg, who green-lighted the idea for possible development, along with "Oliver & Company."


That year, Clements and "Great Mouse Detective" co-director John Musker expanded the two-page idea into a 20-page rough script, eliminating the role of the mermaid's grandmother and expanding the roles of the Merman King and the sea witch. However, the film's plans were momentarily shelved as Disney focused its attention on "Who Framed Roger Rabbit?" and "Oliver & Company" as more immediate releases.


In 1987, songwriter Howard Ashman became involved with "Mermaid" after he was asked to contribute to "Oliver & Company." He proposed changing the minor character Clarence, the English-butler crab, to a Jamaican Rastafarian crab and shifting the music style throughout the film to reflect this. At the same time, Katzenberg, Clements, Musker, and Ashman changed the story format to make "Mermaid" like an animated Broadway musical. Ashman and Alan Menken (composer) teamed up to compose the entire songtrack. In 1988, with "Oliver" out of the way, "Mermaid" was slated as the next major Disney release. Howard Ashman (b. ...


More money and resources were dedicated to "Mermaid" than any other Disney animated film in decades.[citation needed] The artistic manpower needed for "Mermaid" required Disney to farm out most of the bubble-drawing in the film to Pacific Rim Productions, a China-based firm with production facilities in Beijing.


Principal artists worked on the animation - Glen Keane and Mark Henn on Ariel, Duncan Marjoribanks on Sebastian, Andreas Deja on King Triton and Ruben Aquino on Ursula. Originally, Keane had been asked to work on Ursula, as he had established a reputation for drawing large, powerful figures (the bear in "The Fox and the Hound," Professor Ratigan in "The Great Mouse Detective".) Keane, however, was assigned as one of the two lead artists on the petite, charming Ariel and oversaw the "Part of Your World" musical number. The Fox and the Hound is the twenty-fourth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Great Mouse Detective (also known as The Adventures of the Great Mouse Detective for its US reissue and Basil, the Great Mouse Detective in some countries) is the twenty-sixth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ...


Another first for recent years was that live actors and actresses were filmed for reference material for the animators. Broadway actress Jodi Benson was chosen to play Ariel, and Sherri Lynn Stoner, a former member of Los Angeles' Groundlings improv comedy group, acted out Ariel's key scenes. Not all of Disney's animators approved of the use of live-action reference; one artist quit the project over the issue. An attempt to use Disney's famed multiplane camera for the first time in years for quality "depth" shots failed because the machine was reputedly in dilapidated condition. Jodi Benson (born October 10, 1961) is a U.S. voice actress and singer, best known for providing the voice of Disneys Princess Ariel, The Little Mermaid. ...


Aside from its main animation facility in Glendale, California, Disney opened a satellite feature animation facility during the production of "Mermaid" near Orlando, Florida, within the still-unfinished Disney-MGM Studios Theme Park at Walt Disney World. Though the park opened to the public a year later, work at the animation studio began in May 1988, and the Disney-MGM facility's first projects were to produce an entire "Roger Rabbit" cartoon short, and contribute ink and paint support to "Mermaid." Nickname: The Jewel City Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses...


"Mermaid" is the last Disney feature film to use the traditional hand-painted cel method of animation. Disney's next film, "The Rescuers Down Under," used a digital method of coloring and combining scanned drawings -- CAPS (Computer Animation Production System), which eliminated the need for cels. A CAPS prototype was used experimentally on a few scenes in "Mermaid," including the final wedding scene. Other CGI includes some of the wrecked ships in the final battle, a staircase behind a shot of Ariel in Eric's castle, and the carriage Eric and Ariel are riding in when she bounces it over a ravine. (Notice that the wheels aren't moving when it comes down for a landing.) The Rescuers Down Under is the twenty-ninth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and was released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution on November 16, 1990. ... CGI may mean: CGI Group Inc. ...


In November 15, 1989, "Mermaid" began critics' screenings in Los Angeles and New York City. In November 17, 1989, the world premiere of "Mermaid" took place near Orlando, Florida on all ten AMC Pleasure Island screens at Walt Disney World's newly-built Pleasure Island nightclub. November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... Nickname: The Big Apple, The Capital of the World Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Orlando is Spanish for Roland. More specifically it can be: Geographically a city in Florida; a town in Oklahoma; a township in South Africa; In fiction and arts (and/or as borderline fictional character) a character in Renaissance and Baroque literature and music. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq. ...


Voice cast

Actor Role
Jodi Benson Ariel and Vanessa
Samuel E. Wright Horatio Felonious Ignacious Crustaceous Sebastian
Pat Carroll Ursula
Christopher Daniel Barnes Prince Eric
Kenneth Mars King Triton
Jason Marin Flounder
Buddy Hackett Scuttle
Ben Wright Grimsby
Rene Auberjonois Chef Louis
Paddi Edwards Flotsam and Jetsam
Edie McClurg Carlotta
Will Ryan Seahorse

Jodi Benson (born October 10, 1961) is a U.S. voice actress and singer, best known for providing the voice of Disneys Princess Ariel, The Little Mermaid. ... Ariel the Mermaid is a famous teenage mermaid from Disneys The Little Mermaid, and the mother of Melody in The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea. Daughter of King Triton, she lives in Atlantica with her friends Flounder and Sebastian. ... Samuel E. Wright (born 1946) is an American actor who voiced Sebastian the crab in Disneys The Little Mermaid. ... Sebastian, voiced by Samuel E. Wright, is a fictional character in Disneys The Little Mermaid (1989). ... Pat Carroll (born May 5, 1927 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a devoutly Catholic character actress and comedian. ... Ursula the Sea-witch makes her proposal to Ariel Ursula is a villainess who first appeared in the Disney animated movie The Little Mermaid. ... Christopher Daniel Barnes (born 7 November 1972 in Portland, Maine) is an American actor who performed in many movies and television series. ... Kenneth Mars (born April 14, 1936 in Chicago, Illinois) is a television, movie and voice actor, perhaps best known for his roles in several Mel Brooks films and for playing King Triton in Disneys The Little Mermaid. ... King Triton is a character who first appeared in the Disney animated movie The Little Mermaid. ... Buddy Hackett showing his love to Herbie, the Love Bug, from Disneys The Love Bug (1969). ... Scuttle was a fictional cartoon character in the 1989 Walt Disney Studios feature film The Little Mermaid and The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea in 2000. ... Ben Wright (May 5, 1915 - July 9, 1989) was a British actor in radio, film, and television. ... René Murat Auberjonois (born June 1, 1940 in New York City) is an American actor best known for his early 1980s role as Clayton Endicott III on the television show Benson and his role as Odo on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. ... Paddi Edwards, born December 9, 1931, was an American actress. ... Edie McClurg Edie McClurg (born July 23, 1951 in Kansas City, Missouri) is an American actress. ... Will Ryan is a voice actor originally from Cleveland, Ohio. ...

Songs

  • "Fathoms Below", performed by Sailors
  • "Daughters of Triton", performed by Aquata, Andrina, Arista, Attina, Adella and Alana
  • "Part of Your World", performed by Ariel
  • "Part of Your World (Reprise)", performed by Ariel
  • "Under the Sea", performed by Sebastian
  • "Poor Unfortunate Souls", performed by Ursula and Ariel
  • "Les Poissons", performed by Louis
  • "Kiss the Girl", performed by Sebastian
  • "Happy Ending", performed by Merpeople

Controversy

Rumors of subliminal sexual images being hidden in The Little Mermaid have dogged the film twice. One of the castle spires was said to bear a striking resemblance to a circumcised phallus. (This was on the Walt Disney Black Diamond Classics video release, and an early promotional poster.) The artist (who was not a Disney employee) claimed not to have noticed the resemblance until a member of his youth church group made him aware of the controversy. Later promotional posters and video/DVD covers were redesigned to exclude this content. The Latin word phallus (from the Greek phallos) and its derived adjective phallic, adopted in English and in many modern languages, refers to the penis. ... The Black Diamond series was a Disney video series that was created (it was officially titled as The Classics or Walt Disney Classics) due to the popularity of home video, as well as the demand of Disney animated movies on video. ...


A second rumour claimed that the priest performing the wedding between Eric and Vanessa (Ursula in disguise), had an obvious penile erection in one scene. The alleged erection also appears to be a bony knee poking through his robe. Nevertheless, The Walt Disney Company has been subject of attacks in the recent years and even boycotts regarding not only this film, but others such as The Rescuers, Aladdin and The Lion King, which were said to contain similar sexual references. The Walt Disney Company (most commonly known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... The Rescuers is the twenty-third film in the Disney animated features canon. ... Aladdin is the thirty-first animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, made and produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and released on November 25, 1992 by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution. ... For the theatrical musical, see The Lion King (musical). ...


The following two external links lead to pages on the Urban Legends Reference Pages that explains these urban legends in more detail: The title page of snopes. ... Urban Legend is also the name of a 1998 movie. ...

  • A phallus was drawn on the video cover for the movie by a disgruntled artist.
  • A minister becomes aroused during the wedding scene in the movie.

The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...

TV series and Sequels

An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... The Little Mermaid is an animated television series based on the movie of the same name by The Walt Disney Company. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... A sequel is a work of fiction in literature, film, and other creative works that is produced after a completed work, and is set in the same universe but at a later time. ... The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea is a sequel to The Little Mermaid. ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ... The Little Mermaid III is the third installment to the successful film The Little Mermaid by Disney. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Trivia

2006 DVD Cover for The Little Mermaid
Enlarge
2006 DVD Cover for The Little Mermaid
  • Glen Keane, the supervising animator for Ariel, jokingly stated on the Pocahontas: 10th Anniversary Edition DVD that Ariel looks exactly like his wife 'without the fins'. The character's body shape and personality were based upon that of Alyssa Milano, then starring on TV's Who's the Boss? and the effect of her hair underwater was based on footage of Sally Ride, when she was in space.
  • The world of The Little Mermaid, Atlantica, appears in all three games of the Kingdom Hearts series, where Ariel teams up with Sora (the main character of the series), Donald Duck and Goofy to fight Ursula thrice. In order to blend in with the atmosphere of Atlantica and survive underwater, Sora becomes a merman (With a dolphin tail instead of a fish's), Donald's legs become tentacles like an octopus', and Goofy becomes a sea turtle.
  • In Kingdom Hearts 2, Atlantica features a series of games that feature new songs such as "Swim This Way," "Ursula's Revenge," and "A New Day is Dawning." It also uses songs from the movie such as "Part Of Your World" and "Under the Sea" with vocals by Sora, Donald, and Goofy. It more closely follows the plot of the movie than the first game.
  • Ursula's death is based on the shark's death in Jaws: The Revenge
  • In Ursula's spell to turn Ariel human, she uses types of caviar in her incantation. (E.g., Beluga, Sevruga...)
  • Re-release on DVD is scheduled on October 3, 2006 as part of Buena Vista Home Entertainment's Platinum Collection of the classic Walt Disney animated features. Deleted scenes, new musical sequences and several in-depth documentaries in the style of the Platinum release of Cinderella in 2005 are expected to be included. [4]

Image File history File links Thelittlemermaidplatnuimedition-finalcover. ... Image File history File links Thelittlemermaidplatnuimedition-finalcover. ... Glen Keane (born on April 13, 1954)[1], is the son of Bil Keane, an illustrator best known for the daily comic strip The Family Circus, and Thelma Thel Carne Keane [2]. He is perhaps the most famous traditional (2D) lead character animator in recent history. ... Pocahontas is the thirty-third animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Alyssa Milano on the Charmed promotional shoot. ... Cast of Whos the Boss? Whos the Boss? was a television sitcom starring Tony Danza that aired for eight seasons on ABC from 1984 to 1992. ... Sally Ride Sally Kristen Ride (b. ... Atlantica was an ancient continent. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Sora, as he appears in Kingdom Hearts II. Sora ) is the protagonist of the Kingdom Hearts series. ... Donald Duck Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... Goofy Goofy is a fictional character from the Walt Disneys Mickey Mouse universe. ... Kingdom Hearts II is an RPG video game sequel to 2002 Kingdom Hearts. ... A can of black Iranian caviar Russian salmon caviar on butterbrot Caviar is the processed, salted roe of various species of fish, most notably sturgeon. ... DVD-R writing/reading side DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group is a collection of affiliated motion picture studios, all subsidiaries of The Walt Disney Company. ... Walt Disneys 1950 adaptation of Cinderella. ... Template:Diffgggtgerent calendars 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea is a sequel to The Little Mermaid. ... The Little Mermaid III is the third installment to the successful film The Little Mermaid by Disney. ... This is a list of animated feature films produced by Walt Disney Productions/The Walt Disney Company: Official canon The following is a list of the forty-four feature films officially part of the Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) canon. ...

External links


The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about actors, films, television shows, television stars, video games and production crew personnel. ... The Big Cartoon DataBase (BCDB) is an online database of information about animated cartoons, animated movies, animated television shows and cartoon shorts. ...

Disney theatrical animated features
Official canon (Walt Disney Animated Classics)

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) • Pinocchio (1940) • Fantasia (1940) • Dumbo (1941) • Bambi (1942) • Saludos Amigos (1942) • The Three Caballeros (1944) • Make Mine Music (1946) • Fun and Fancy Free (1947) • Melody Time (1948) • The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949) • Cinderella (1950) • Alice in Wonderland (1951) • Peter Pan (1953) • Lady and the Tramp (1955) • Sleeping Beauty (1959) • One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961) • The Sword in the Stone (1963) • The Jungle Book (1967) • The Aristocats (1970) • Robin Hood (1973) • The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1977) • The Rescuers (1977) • The Fox and the Hound (1981) • The Black Cauldron (1985) • The Great Mouse Detective (1986) • Oliver & Company (1988) • The Little Mermaid (1989) • The Rescuers Down Under (1990) • Beauty and the Beast (1991) • Aladdin (1992) • The Lion King (1994) • Pocahontas (1995) • The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) • Hercules (1997) • Mulan (1998) • Tarzan (1999) • Fantasia 2000 (1999) • The Emperor's New Groove (2000) • Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001) • Lilo & Stitch (2002) • Treasure Planet (2002) • Brother Bear (2003) • Home on the Range (2004) • Chicken Little (2005) • Meet the Robinsons (2007) • American Dog (2008) • Rapunzel Unbraided (2009) This is a list of theatrical animated feature films produced and/or released by Walt Disney Productions/The Walt Disney Company: // Official canon (Walt Disney Animated Classics) The following is a list of the forty-eight feature films part of the Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) canon, also known as... --> Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is the first animated feature in the Disney animated features canon; the first animated feature in Technicolor. ... Pinocchio is the second animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, the third in the Disney animated features canon, which was a Walt Disney experiment in animation and music. ... Dumbo is the fourth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Bambi is the fifth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, originally released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on August 13, 1942 and produced by Walt Disney. ... Saludos Amigos is the sixth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Three Caballeros is a 1944 feature film, combining live-action and animation, produced by Walt Disney Productions and distributed by RKO Radio Pictures. ... Make Mine Music is an animated feature produced by Walt Disney and released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on April 20, 1946. ... Fun and Fancy Free (first released on September 27, 1947) is a feature film produced by Walt Disney Studios and released by RKO Radio Pictures. ... Melody Time (first released on May 27, 1948) is an animated feature produced by Walt Disney and released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures. ... The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. ... Cinderella is the twelfth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Alice In Wonderland is the thirteenth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Peter Pan is the fourteenth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Lady and the Tramp is the fifteenth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... 1986 Sleeping Beauty rerelease poster. ... One Hundred and One Dalmatians (often shortened as 101 Dalmatians) is the seventeenth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... For the 1894 Rudyard Kipling book see The Jungle Book. ... The Aristocats is the twentieth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, released in 1970 from the Walt Disney studio. ... Robin Hood is an animated film produced by the Walt Disney Studios, first released in the United States on November 8, 1973. ... The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh is a full-length animated film produced by Walt Disney Productions and first released on March 11, 1977. ... The Rescuers is the twenty-third film in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Fox and the Hound is the twenty-fourth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Black Cauldron (also known as Taran and the Magic Cauldron in some countries) is the twenty-fifth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Great Mouse Detective (also known as The Adventures of the Great Mouse Detective for its US reissue and Basil, the Great Mouse Detective in some countries) is the twenty-sixth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Oliver & Company is a 1988 animated feature film that was made and produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation. ... The Rescuers Down Under is the twenty-ninth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and was released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution on November 16, 1990. ... Beauty and the Beast is the thirtieth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Aladdin is the thirty-first animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, made and produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and released on November 25, 1992 by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution. ... For the theatrical musical, see The Lion King (musical). ... Pocahontas is the thirty-third animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Hunchback of Notre Dame (also known as The Bells of Notre Dame in some countries) is the thirty-fourth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Hercules is the thirty-fifth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Mulan is the thirty-sixth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, made and produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and first released on June 5, 1998 by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution. ... Tarzan is the thirty-seventh animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Fantasia 2000 is the thirty-eighth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The Emperors New Groove is the thirty-ninth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Milo trying to convince scholars of Atlantis existence. ... Lilo & Stitch is a 2002 animated film and the forty-first film in the Disney animated features canon. ... Treasure Planet is the 42nd film in the Disney animated feature canon. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Home on the Range is the forty-fourth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Chicken Little (2005) is a computer-generated imagery (CGI) animated film and the forty-fifth animated film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution on November 4, 2005. ... Meet the Robinsons (formerly titled A Day with Wilbur Robinson) is a computer-animated film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. ... American Dog is a CGI animated feature which will be produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, written and directed by Chris Sanders, and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution on an unknown date, expected to be spring or summer 2008. ... Rapunzel Unbraided is a American animation film scheduled for release in 2009 and produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and Walt Disney Pictures and to be distributed by Buena Vista Pictures in the United States. ...

Live-action films with animation

The Reluctant Dragon (1941) • Victory Through Air Power (1943) • Song of the South (1946) • So Dear to My Heart (1949) • Mary Poppins (1964) • Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) • Pete's Dragon (1977) • Tron (1982) • Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) • Enchanted (2007)
The Reluctant Dragon is a 1898 childrens book by Kenneth Grahame, which served as the key element to The Reluctant Dragon, a 1941 feature film from Walt Disney Productions. ... Victory through Air Power is a 1942 book by Alexander P. de Seversky, and a 1943 Walt Disney animated feature film movie based on the book. ... Song of the South is a feature film produced by Walt Disney Productions, released on November 12, 1946 by RKO Radio Pictures and based on the Uncle Remus cycle of stories by Joel Chandler Harris. ... So Dear to My Heart is a feature film produced by Walt Disney and originally released on January 19, 1949 by RKO Radio Pictures. ... Mary Poppins is a 1964 feature film based on the Mary Poppins series of childrens books written by P. L. Travers and illustrated by Mary Shepard. ... Bedknobs and Broomsticks is a 1971 musical film produced by Walt Disney Productions, which combines live action and animation; it premiered on October 7, 1971. ... Petes Dragon (first released on November 3, 1977) is a musical feature film from The Walt Disney Company. ... Tron is a 1982 Walt Disney Productions science fiction movie starring Jeff Bridges as Kevin Flynn (and his counterpart inside the electronic world, Clu), Bruce Boxleitner as Alan Bradley (and Tron), Cindy Morgan as Lora Baines (and Yori) and Dan Shor as Ram. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Disney subsidiary Touchstone and Amblin Entertainment, that combines animation and live action. ... Enchanted is a Disney film currently in production. ...

DisneyToons Studio animated features

DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp (1990) • A Goofy Movie (1995) • Doug's 1st Movie (1999) • The Tigger Movie (2000) • Recess: School's Out (2001) • Return to Never Land (2002) • The Jungle Book 2 (2003) • Piglet's Big Movie (2003) • Teacher's Pet (2004) • Pooh's Heffalump Movie (2005)
DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp is a movie made by The Walt Disney Company that is based on the animated series DuckTales. ... A Goofy Movie is a 1995 animated feature, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation Paris and released to theatres by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution, featuring the characters from the Disney Afternoon television series Goof Troop. ... Dougs 1st Movie is a 1999 animated film based on the television series Disneys Doug. ... The Tigger Movie film poster The Tigger Movie is a 2000 film produced by The Walt Disney Company and directed by Jun Falkenstein. ... Return to Never Land is a 2002 animated feature produced by the DisneyToons studio in Sydney, Australia and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution. ... The Jungle Book 2 (first released in France on February 5, 2003) is an animated feature produced by the DisneyToons studio in Sydney, Australia and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution. ... Piglets Big Movie is a 2003 animated feature produced by the DisneyToon Studios in Tokyo, Japan and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution. ... The Teachers Pet movie poster Teachers Pet is a 2004 animated film based on the television series of the same name. ... Poohs Heffalump Movie is an animated Winnie-the-Pooh movie released by Walt Disney Pictures in 2005. ...

Other theatrical animated features

The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) • James and the Giant Peach (1996) • Dinosaur (2000) 
Tim Burtons The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) is a stop motion animated musical film about the inhabitants of Halloween Town who take over Christmas one year, directed by stop-motion animator Henry Selick. ... James and the Giant Peach is a film based on the Roald Dahl book of the same name. ... Dinosaur is a feature film produced by Walt Disney Pictures, and released to movie theatres in 2000. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
THE "LITTLE MERMAID" AND THE ARCHETYPE OF THE LOST "BRIDE" by Margaret Starbird (1232 words)
Of all the possible pictures available from art galleries around the world, it is incredibly significant that the directors of the Disney® film chose to place Mary Magdalene at the bottom of the sea, for it is SHE who represents the lost Bride and the archetype of the "Sacred Feminine" as partner in Christian mythology.
Mermaids are prominent among the medieval watermarks related to the heresy of the bloodline, and some are rendered with the fleur-de-lis of the Merovingians entwined around their double tails.
How interesting that the image of the little mermaid, with the MM's of Mary Magdalene formed at the ends of her two tails and in her crown, is posted at streetcorners worldwide in the form of the Starbucks® logo!
The Little Mermaid (film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2853 words)
The film follows the story of a headstrong sixteen-year-old mermaid named Ariel, who is dissatisfied with life under the sea.
This film signaled a renaissance in Disney animation; the films were popular and financial successes, causing Disney's feature animation department to begin significant expansion, from about 300 artists in 1988 to 2,400 by 1999.
In 1987, songwriter Howard Ashman became involved with "Mermaid" after he was asked to contribute to "Oliver and Company." He proposed changing the minor character Clarence, the English-butler crab, to a Jamaican Rastafarian crab and shifting the music style throughout the film to reflect this.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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