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Encyclopedia > The Lion Sleeps Tonight
“The Lion Sleeps Tonight”
“The Lion Sleeps Tonight” cover
The Lion Sleeps Tonight by The Tokens
Single by The Tokens
Genre Novelty
World music
Length 2:38
Label RCA Records
Writer(s) Hugo Peretti
Luigi Creatore
George David Weiss
Albert Stanton
Solomon Linda
Audio sample
Info (help· info)

"The Lion Sleeps Tonight" began as a 1939 African popular music hit "Mbube" that, in modified versions, also became a hit in the US and UK. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... The Tokens are an American male doo-wop vocal group from Brooklyn, New York. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A novelty song is a usually intentionally humorous song, usually in published or recorded form. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... We dont have an article called Hugo Peretti Start this article Search for Hugo Peretti in. ... Luigi Creatore (born December 21, 1920 in the Hells Kitchen section of New York City) is a retired American songwriter and record producer. ... George David Weiss (born April 9, 1921) was a Jewish-American songwriter. ... Solomon Linda (1909-1962) and the Evening Birds in 1941. ... Image File history File links The_Lion_Sleeps_Tonight_by_The_Tokens. ... Image File history File links The_Lion_Sleeps_Tonight_by_The_Tokens. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...

Contents

History

"Mbube" (Zulu for "lion") was first recorded by its writer, Solomon Linda, and his group, The Evening Birds, in 1939. Gallo Record Company paid Linda a single fee for the recording and no royalties. "Mbube" became a hit throughout South Africa and sold about 100,000 copies during the 1940s. The song became so popular that Mbube lent its name to a style of African a cappella music, though the style has since been mostly replaced by isicathamiya (a softer version). Zulu (called isiZulu in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... Solomon Linda (1909-1962) and the Evening Birds in 1941. ... See also: 1938 in music, other events of 1939, 1940 in music and the list of years in music. Events Publication of Music Here and Now, book by Ernst Krenek March 23 - Béla Bartóks Violin Concerto No. ... Gallo Record Company is the largest record label in Africa. ... Mbube is a form of South African vocal music, made famous by the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ... This article is about the vocal technique. ... Isicathamiya is a singing style originated from the South African Zulus. ...


Alan Lomax brought the song to the attention of Pete Seeger of the folk group The Weavers. It was on one of several records Lomax loaned to Seeger.[1] After having performed the song for at least a year in their concerts, in November, 1951, they recorded their version entitled "Wimoweh", a mishearing of the original song's chorus of 'uyimbube' (meaning "you're a lion"). Pete Seeger had made some of his own additions to the melody. The song was credited exclusively to Paul Campbell (Campbell being a pseudonym for the four members of the group: Lee Hays, Fred Hellerman, Ronnie Gilbert, and Pete Seeger). Linda's name was unknown at the time, to a point where he did not receive credit even on his own original release of the song, "Mbube". Solomon Linda would not receive actual credit until years later, one of the earliest being Miriam Makeba's 1960 version of "Mbube" (credited to "J. Linda") when she came to the US and performed the song live at Webster Hall in New York City, accompanied by the Chad Mitchell Trio, released on her debut album on RCA Victor. (Note that on many CD releases of early versions, credits were updated to include Linda as the original song's composer, including the Weavers and the Kingston Trio versions.) Lomax playing guitar on stage at the Mountain Music Festival, Asheville, North Carolina, sometime between 1939 and 1950. ... Peter Seeger (born May 3, 1919), better known as Pete Seeger, is a folk singer, political activist, and a key figure in the mid-20th century American folk music revival. ... Folk song redirects here. ... The Weavers were an immensely popular and influential folk music quartet from Greenwich Village, New York, United States. ... For other uses, see Alias. ... Miriam Makeba performing at the Cape Town Jazz Festival in 2006. ... Marquee at Webster Halls Entrance Webster Hall is a nightclub in New York City. ... The Chad Mitchell Trio was a popular folk music group during the 1960s. ...


Pete Seeger explains in one recording, "it refers to an old legend down there, [about] their last king, who was known as Chaka The Lion. Legend says, Chaka The Lion didn't die when Europeans took over our country; he simply went to sleep, and he'll wake up some day." (See "Senzenina / Wimoweh" on Seeger's With Voices Together We Sing (Live).) For other uses, see Shaka (disambiguation). ...


It was published by Folkways. Their 1952 version, arranged by Gordon Jenkins, became a top-twenty hit in the U.S., and their live 1957 recording turned it into a folk music staple. This version was covered in 1959 by the The Kingston Trio. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Gordon Jenkins Gordon Hill Jenkins (12 May 1910-1 May 1984) was an American arranger who was an influential figure in popular music in the 1940s and 1950s, renowned for his lush string arrangements. ... The Kingston Trios original lineup: Bob Shane, Dave Guard, Nick Reynolds The Kingston Trio is an American folk group. ...


New lyrics to the song were written by George Weiss, Luigi Creatore, and Hugo Peretti, based very loosely upon the meaning of the original song. The Tokens' 1961 cover of this version rose to number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and still receives fairly frequent replay on many American oldies radio stations. In the UK, an up-tempo rendering of this version was a top-ten hit for Karl Denver and his Trio. In 1971, Robert John did a cover of this version. Since then, "Wimoweh" / "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" has remained popular and frequently covered. Most recently, the song has been covered by Australian electronica duo "Pharmacy," a trance/electro version which has become popular especially in their hometown of Perth, Western Australia. ... Luigi Creatore (born December 21, 1920 in the Hells Kitchen section of New York City) is a retired American songwriter and record producer. ... We dont have an article called Hugo Peretti Start this article Search for Hugo Peretti in. ... The Tokens are an American male doo-wop vocal group from Brooklyn, New York. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Karl Denver (born Angus Murdo McKenzie, 16 December 1931, in Springburn, Glasgow died 21 December 1998), was a British singer, who, with his Trio (Kevin Neil (born 25 July 1931, in Manchester, Lancashire; Gerry Cottrell (born Gerard Cottrell, 18 December 1933, in Manchester, Lancashire died Frid 24 November 2006, at... // In popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition (performance or recording) of a previously recorded song. ...


Copyright issues

Pete Seeger later said in the book A Lion's Trail, "The big mistake I made was not making sure that my publisher signed a regular songwriters’ contract with Linda. My publisher simply sent Linda some money and copyrighted The Weavers’ arrangement here and sent The Weavers some money." Not to be confused with copywriting. ...


In 2000, South African journalist Rian Malan wrote a feature article for Rolling Stone magazine, highlighting Linda's story and estimating that the song had earned U.S. $15 million for its use in the movie The Lion King alone; this prompted the South African documentary "A Lion's Trail" by François Verster that documented the song's history. Screened by PBS, in September 2006, the documentary won an Emmy Award. Rian Malan is a South African author, journalist and songwriter of Afrikaner descent. ... This article is about the magazine. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ... PBS redirects here. ... An Emmy Award. ...


In July 2004, the song became the subject of a lawsuit between the family of its writer Solomon Linda and Disney. The suit claimed that Disney owed $1.6 million in royalties for the use of "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" in the film and stage production of The Lion King. Meanwhile, publisher of The Weavers' "Wimoweh", TRO/Folkways, began to pay $3000 annually to Linda's heirs. Disney redirects here. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ...


In February 2006, Linda's heirs reached a legal settlement for an undisclosed amount with Abilene Music, who held the worldwide rights and had licensed the song to Disney. This settlement applies to worldwide rights, not just South African, since 1987.


Selected list of recorded versions

Mbube

The above is exclusive to the movie alone (VHS or DVD) and was not a part of the actual released soundtrack (vinyl, CD, or otherwise). The version was also never a part of any other LBM recorded offering. Solomon Linda (1909-1962) and the Evening Birds in 1941. ... Miriam Makeba performing at the Cape Town Jazz Festival in 2006. ... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. ... For the reality television series starring Victoria Beckham, see Victoria Beckham: Coming to America. ...

The very first line-up of the Mahotella Queens began recording for Gallo Africa in 1964 with their long-standing musical partner, Simon ‘Mahlathini’ Nkabinde, the ‘lion of Soweto’. The Queens members were studio singers before 1963, with many (including resident lead singer Hilda Tloubatla) having recorded backing tracks for... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. ... The very first line-up of the Mahotella Queens began recording for Gallo Africa in 1964 with their long-standing musical partner, Simon ‘Mahlathini’ Nkabinde, the ‘lion of Soweto’. The Queens members were studio singers before 1963, with many (including resident lead singer Hilda Tloubatla) having recorded backing tracks for... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. ... Long Walk to Freedom is an album by the South African isicathamiya group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. ...

Wimoweh

The Weavers were an immensely popular and influential folk music quartet from Greenwich Village, New York, United States. ... James Jimmy Dorsey (February 29, 1904 - June 12, 1957) was a prominent jazz clarinetist, saxophonist and big band leader. ... Yma Sumac on the cover of her collection The Ultimate Yma Sumac Collection Yma Sumac (born September 10, 1922?), also spelled Ymma Sumak, is a noted vocalist of Peruvian origin. ... The Weavers were an immensely popular and influential folk music quartet from Greenwich Village, New York, United States. ... The Kingston Trios original lineup: Bob Shane, Dave Guard, Nick Reynolds The Kingston Trio is an American folk group. ... Karl Denver (born Angus Murdo McKenzie, 16 December 1931, in Springburn, Glasgow died 21 December 1998), was a British singer, who, with his Trio (Kevin Neil (born 25 July 1931, in Manchester, Lancashire; Gerry Cottrell (born Gerard Cottrell, 18 December 1933, in Manchester, Lancashire died Frid 24 November 2006, at... Bert Kaempfert (born Berthold Kämpfert; October 16, 1923 - June 21, 1980) was a German orchestra leader and songwriter. ... Depiction of Nanci Griffith on the cover of her album Flyer Nanci Caroline Griffith, (born July 6, 1953 in Seguin, Texas) is an American singer, guitarist and songwriter from Austin, Texas. ... Odetta (b. ... Other Voices, Other Rooms, Nanci Griffiths tenth album, is unusual in the singer-songwriters catalog in that none of its songs was written by Griffith. ...

The Lion Sleeps Tonight

The Tokens are an American male doo-wop vocal group from Brooklyn, New York. ... Trancoso 22:20, 14 October 2006 (UTC)Henri Salvador (born July 18, 1917, Cayenne, French Guiana) is a French singer. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... The New Christy Minstrels is an American folk music group that came to prominence in the 1960s. ... Eric Donaldson Reggae singer/songwriter Eric Donaldson was born in St. ... Robert John Pedrick, Jr. ... There have been a number of prominent figures named David Newman, including: David Newman, American composer David Newman, American Visual Artist David Newman, Canadian politician This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Danish (dansk) is one of the North Germanic languages (also called Scandinavi languages), a sub-group of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages. ... Tight Fit were a British pop group who had a number of hits in the early 1980s, including a UK number 1 with their cover version of The Lion Sleeps Tonight. Steve Grant (born Stephen Robert Grant, 26 February 1960) - lead vocalist. ... The Nylons are an a cappella group founded in 1979 in Toronto, Canada, best known for their covers of The Turtles Happy Together, Steams Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye, and The Tokens version of the traditional The Lion Sleeps Tonight. However, the group has been criticized for... Sandra Bernhard (born June 6, 1955 in Flint, Michigan) is an American actress, comedian, author and singer. ... This article is about the musical group. ... Laura Cantrell Laura Cantrell is a country singer and DJ from Nashville, Tennessee. ... The The Guitar (The Lion Sleeps Tonight) single (from They Might Be Giants 1992 Apollo 18 album) was released in 1992 by Elektra Entertainment. ... Pow wow redirects here. ... R.E.M. is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 by Bill Berry (drums), Peter Buck (guitar), Mike Mills (bass guitar), and Michael Stipe (vocals). ... The Sidewinder Sleeps Tonite is a song by R.E.M.. It was influenced by the song The Lion Sleeps Tonight, performed in the 1960s by The Tokens, both in the title of the song and through the songs opening refrain which sees Michael Stipe echo the line... This article is about motion pictures. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ... Lebo Morake, commonly known as Lebo M, is a South African composer most famous for arranging and performing music for the Lion King movies and stage productions. ... *NSYNC is a five-part pop music vocal group, sometimes referred to as a boy band, formed in Orlando, Florida, USA. The group members are Lance Bass, JC Chasez, Joey Fatone, Chris Kirkpatrick, and Justin Timberlake. ... Helmut Lotti (born Helmut Lotigiers on October 22, 1969 in Ghent, Belgium) is a Belgian popular singer and songwriter. ... Laurie Berkner (born 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France of American parents) is a musician best known for her work as a childrens musical artist. ... West Indies redirects here. ... Baha Men is the name of a pop group that plays a modernized style of Bahamian folk music called Junkanoo. ...

References

  1. ^ Liner notes, "Pete Seeger's Greatest Hits," released 1962.
  2. ^ De Nederlandse Top 40, week 16, 1982. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References to the song in the media

  • In early 2006, a clip of the digitally animated hippo & dog duo Pat & Stanley singing "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" circulated widely around the Internet. It had originated about 5 years earlier.
  • In 1981, German NDW Band "Profil" did a mostly instrumental German version of "Wimoweh" called "Immer Mehr" (= "Ever More") as the B-side of their hit single "Berühren".
  • In the sitcom Friends, Ross Geller's monkey, Marcel, is shown to have a particular liking for the song in the episode The One with all the Poker. In fact, in a later episode, The One After the Superbowl, Part Two, another character in the show, Joey Tribbiani, sings most of the song along with the rest of the gang to help the monkey remember Ross.
  • In an early college film by Sam Raimi entitled Cleveland Smith: Waders of the Lost Park, Bruce Campbell plays a parody of Indiana Jones. Falling from the sky, he lands in a cannibal cookpot. As they boil him, the blackface "natives" dance around singing "Oweemboay-oweemboay-oweemboay" in an obvious send-up of the song.
  • The Portuguese comedy show Gato Fedorento featured the song in one of his sketches, "El Chato", where El Chato (Spanish for The Annoying, played by Zé Diogo Quintela), a bull annoyer, sings the song very loud to annoy a bull.
  • The song is a soundtrack of the movie Ace Ventura: Pet Detective.
  • The song was featured in the movie The Sandlot.
  • In 1960, two vocal versions were released with original words added to the melodic chant. One was by the Randy Sparks Three called "Eh Wimoweh" on their Verve LP #2143. The lyric there was composed by members Jackie Sparks and Paul Sykes. The next was by Kitty White called "Wimoweh (The Lion Sleeps)" (Dot 16157, released October, 1960). Unlike the Tokens version, which came along a year later, this one had nothing to do with a sleeping lion, but was more a tribute to her man. Kitty White adapted the song with her own lyric.
  • Timon and Pumbaa briefly sang the Tokens' version of the song in the Disney film The Lion King.
  • Dave Chappelle sang the song (while dressed as Nelson Mandela) during a talk show spoof in the second season of Chappelle's Show.
  • The song has been referenced in three episodes of The Simpsons: Insane Clown Poppy, Treehouse of Horror XIII and My Big Fat Geek Wedding.
  • In Rise of the Cybermen, an episode of Doctor Who, the song is played by a character to drown out the sound of people screaming.
  • The song was featured in the movie No Reservations.
  • A parody called "My Husband Sleeps Tonight" is featured in the Off-Broadway sensation Menopause the Musical.
  • Jack Nicholson and Morgan Freeman sang the song in the movie The Bucket List when their characters were in the jungle.
  • The Tracy Ullman Show, featured a sketch in which a sad-looking woman (Ullman) encourages an entire crowded bus stop full of people to join her in singing "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" to distract them as she and an accomplice pick their pockets.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Neue Deutsche Welle (New German Wave, often abbreviated NDW) was a style of German music originally derived from punk rock and New Wave in 1976. ... This article is about the television show. ... Ross Eustace Geller, Ph. ... The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline for Television episodes. ... The One After the Superbowl, Part Two is the thirteenth episode of season two of the television situation comedy Friends. ... Joseph Joey Francis Tribbiani, Jr. ... For the American opera singer, see Samuel Ramey. ... For the former baseball player of the same name, see Bruce Campbell (baseball). ... Dr. Henry Walden Jones, Jr. ... Cannibalism is the act or practice of eating members of the same species, e. ... This reproduction of a 1900 minstrel show poster, originally published by the Strobridge Litho Co. ... Image:Gatofedorento. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Ace Ventura, Pet Detective is a 1994 wacky comedy movie, directed by Tom Shadyac. ... The Sandlot is a 1993 film about young baseball players. ... The Tokens are an American male doo-wop vocal group from Brooklyn, New York. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ... David Khari Webber Chappelle (born August 24, 1973) is an American stand-up comedian, satirist and actor. ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... Chappelles Show is an American comedy television series starring comedian Dave Chappelle. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Insane Clown Poppy is the third episode of the twelfth season of The Simpsons. ... Treehouse of Horror XIII is the first episode of The Simpsons fourteenth season, as well as the thirteenth Halloween episode. ... My Big Fat Geek Wedding is the 17th episode of The Simpsons fifteenth season, first aired on April 18, 2004. ... Rise of the Cybermen is an episode in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... This article is about the television series. ... Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations is a travel and food show on the Travel Channel. ... Off-Broadway plays or musicals are performed in New York City in smaller theatres than Broadway, but larger than Off-Off-Broadway, productions. ... Menopause The Musical debuted March 28, 2001 in a small theatre in Orlando, Florida. ... John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), known as Jack Nicholson, is a three time Academy Award-winning American actor internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... Dawsons Creek director, see Morgan J. Freeman. ... The Bucket List is a 2008 American film directed by Rob Reiner and starring Jack Nicholson, Morgan Freeman, Sean Hayes, Beverly Todd, and Rob Morrow. ... The Tracey Ullman Show was a weekly American television variety show, hosted by British comedian and onetime pop singer Tracey Ullman. ...

External links

Preceded by
"Please Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes
Billboard Hot 100 number one single (The Tokens version)
December 18, 1961
Succeeded by
"The Twist" by Chubby Checker
Preceded by
"Town Called Malice" by The Jam
UK number one single (Tight Fit version)
February 28, 1982
Succeeded by
"Seven Tears" by Goombay Dance Band
Mark Steyn (born 1959) is a Canadian journalist, columnist, and film and music critic. ... Please Mr. ... The Marvelettes was an American singing girl group on the Motown label. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... This is a list of number-one hits in the United States by year from the Billboard Hot 100. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Twist is a 1960 and 1962 hit song performed by American singer Chubby Checker. ... Chubby Checker is the stage name of Ernest Evans (born October 3, 1941), an American Rock and Roll singer best known for popularizing the dance The Twist with his 1960 song The Twist. He was born in Spring Gulley, South Carolina,[1] and raised in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and attended... Featuring one of the easily-recognisable bass-lines in British music history,Town Called Malice is a song recorded by The Jam from the album The Gift. ... The Jam were an English punk rock/mod revival band active during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... This is a list of the number one hits in the UK Singles Chart, from its inception in 1952 to the present. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Seven Tears was a popular song by the Goombay Dance Band. ... The Goombay Dance Band was a german-based band of the 1970s created by Oliver Bendt. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Lion Sleeps Tonight (623 words)
In the jungle, the mighty jungle, the lion sleeps tonight.
In the jungle, the quiet jungle, the lion sleeps tonight.
Near the village, the quiet village, the lion sleeps tonight.
The Lion Sleeps Tonight - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (697 words)
The song was first recorded by its writer, Solomon Linda, and his group, The Evening Birds, in 1939 under the title "Mbube" (Zulu for "lion").
In 1952, they recorded their version entitled "Wimoweh", a mishearing of the original song's chorus of 'uyimbube' (meaning "you're a lion"), and credited the four group members as the composers (under the group pseudonym Paul Campbell) and published by Folkways.
For The Tokens' 1961 cover "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", new lyrics were written by George Weiss, Luigi Creatore, and Hugo Peretti, based very loosely upon the meaning of the original song.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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