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Encyclopedia > The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
Author Washington Irving
Country Flag of the United States USA
Language English
Genre(s) short story
Published in The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon
Publication date 1820

"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is a short story by Washington Irving contained in his collection The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent., written while he was living in Birmingham, England, and first published in 1820. With Irving's companion piece "Rip Van Winkle", "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is among the earliest examples of American fiction still read today. Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author of the early 19th century. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Headline text ... This article is in need of attention. ... Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author of the early 19th century. ... Headline text ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For the operetta of the same name, see Rip Van Winkle (operetta). ...

Contents

Plot summary

The Headless Horseman Pursuing Ichabod Crane (1858) by John Quidor

The story is set circa 1790 in the Dutch settlement of Tarry Town, New York, in a secluded glen called Sleepy Hollow. It tells the story of Ichabod Crane, a lanky, extremely superstitious schoolmaster from Connecticut, who competes with Abraham "Brom Bones" Van Brunt, the town rowdy, for the hand of 18-year-old Katrina Van Tassel, the daughter and sole child of a wealthy farmer. As Crane leaves a party he attended at the Van Tassel home on an autumn night, he is pursued by the Headless Horseman, who is supposedly the ghost of a Hessian trooper who lost his head to a stray cannonball during "some nameless battle" of the American Revolutionary War, and who "rides forth to the scene of battle in nightly quest of his head". Ichabod strangely disappears from town, leaving Katrina to marry Brom Bones, who was "to look exceedingly knowing whenever the story of Ichabod was related". This implies that Brom had disguised himself as the ghost on purpose to chase Ichabod from the town. The presence of a shattered pumpkin at the site of Ichabod's disappearance is said to imply that Brom had used it to simulate the Horseman's severed head, whereas additional support is found in the fact that Brom's horse Daredevil, like the horse ridden by the ghost, was black. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Quidor (kĬdôr, 1801-1881) was an American painter who studied with J. W. Jarvis. ... Main areas in which Dutch-Americans can be found. ... Tarrytown is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. ... by William J. Wilgus, artist chromolithograph, c. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... For other uses, see Headless Horseman (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ghost (disambiguation). ... The term Hessian refers to the inhabitants of the German state of Hesse. ... This article is about military actions only. ... For other uses, see Pumpkin (disambiguation). ...


Inspiration

The dénouement of the fictional tale is set at the bridge in the real location of the Old Dutch Burying Ground in Sleepy Hollow. The characters of Ichabod Crane and Katrina Van Tassel may have been based on local residents known to the author. The character of Katrina is thought to have been based upon Eleanor Van Tassel Brush, in which case her name is derived from that of Eleanor's aunt Catriena Ecker Van Tessel. In literature, a dénouement (IPA: ) consists of a series of events that follow a dramatic or narratives climax, thus serving as the conclusion of the story. ... North Side of the Old Dutch Church, Sleepy Hollow, New York, with the Old Dutch Burying Ground. ... Sleepy Hollow is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. ...


Although Irving knew an army colonel named Ichabod Crane from Staten Island, New York (who was also once the Commanding Officer of Lieutenant Stonewall Jackson), the character in "The Legend" may have been patterned after Jesse Merwin, who taught at the local schoolhouse in Kinderhook, further north along the Hudson River, where Irving spent several months in 1809.[1]. This article is about the borough in New York City. ... For other uses of Stonewall Jackson, see Stonewall Jackson (disambiguation). ... Kinderhook is a town in Columbia County, New York, USA. The population was 8,296 at the 2000 census. ... , The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, the Great Mohegan by the Iroquois,[1][2][3] or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, Θkahnéhtati[4] in Tuscarora), is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and...


"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" follows a tradition of folk tales and poems involving a supernatural wild chase, including Robert Burns's Tam O' Shanter (1790), and Bürger's Der wilde Jäger, translated as The Wild Huntsman (1796). For the chain gang fugitive and author from Georgia, see Robert Elliott Burns. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Tam o Shanter This article is about the poem by Robert Burns. ... Gottfried August Bürger Gottfried August Bürger (January 1, 1748 - June 8, 1794), German poet, was born at Molmerswende near Halberstadt, of which village his father was the Lutheran pastor. ...


Film adaptations

Notable film adaptations include: This article is about motion pictures. ...

Will Rogers in The Headless Horseman (1922)
Will Rogers in The Headless Horseman (1922)
  • The Headless Horseman (1922), a silent version directed by Edward Venturini, and starring Will Rogers as Ichabod Crane. It was filmed on location in New York's Hudson River Valley.
  • The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949), directed by James Algar, Clyde Geronimi and Jack Kinney, produced by Walt Disney Productions. It is an animated cartoon version of the story, paired with a similar treatment of Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows. The climactic ride is more extended than in the original story, and the possibility is stressed that the visually impressive Horseman is in fact a ghost rather than a human in disguise. Later the Sleepy Hollow portion of the film was separated from the companion film, and shown separately as The Legend of Sleepy Hollow in 1958.
  • The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1980), directed by Henning Schellerup. A made-for-television movie filmed in Utah, starring Jeff Goldblum as Ichabod Crane and Dick Butkus as Brom Bones.
  • In the Nickelodeon television series Are You Afraid of the Dark? (1992), the episode "The Tale of the Midnight Ride" serves as a sequel to the classic story. In this episode a boy moves to Sleepy Hollow where he develops a crush on a girl. One night after the Halloween dance, they see the ghost of Ichabod Crane and send him over the bridge that the Headless Horseman cannot cross, prompting the Headless Horseman to then come after them.
  • Sleepy Hollow (1999), directed by Tim Burton. A movie adaptation which takes many liberties with the plot and characters. Johnny Depp starred as Ichabod Crane while Christopher Walken plays the Headless Horseman.
  • The Hollow (2004) a TV movie that premiered on the ABC Family channel starring Kaley Cuoco. about a teenaged descendant of Ichabod Crane.
  • The Legend of Sleepy Halliwell (2004), an episode of the TV show Charmed. A headless horseman terrorises the teachers at Magic School by beheading them.

William Penn Adair Rogers (November 4, 1879 – August 15, 1935) was a Cherokee-American cowboy, comedian, humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer, and actor. ... Image of the Hudson River taken by NASA. View of the Hudson River in 1880s showing Jersey City View of the Hudson River from Battery Park, New York The Goldman Sachs Tower looms above the skyline of downtown Jersey City, New Jersey, overlooking the Hudson River. ... The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. ... Clyde Gerry Geronimi (June 12, 1901 - April 24, 1989) was an Italian-American animation director. ... Jack Kinney (March 29, 1909 - February 9, 1992) was an animator, director and producer of animated shorts. ... Walt Disney Productions is the former name of The Walt Disney Company, which it held from 1929 to 1986. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Kenneth Grahame Kenneth Grahame (March 8, 1859 – July 6, 1932) was a Scottish novelist. ... For other uses, see The Wind in the Willows (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy-Award nominated American actor. ... Richard Marvin Butkus (born December 9, 1942) is a former American football player, widely regarded as the greatest linebacker of his generation and one of the best football players of all time. ... Are You Afraid of the Dark? title screen. ... Sleepy Hollow (1999) is a horror film directed by Tim Burton, interpreting the legend of The Headless Horseman and based loosely around the Washington Irving story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and often dark atmosphere in his high-profile films. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... The Hollow is a 2004 teen horror movie, starring Kevin Zegers, Kaley Cuoco, Nick Carter and Stacy Keach. ... Kelly Christine Cuoco (born November 30, 1985)[1] is an American television actress perhaps best known for her supporting role as Bridget Hennessy on the ABC sitcom 8 Simple Rules. ... List of Charmed episodes // Spoiler warning: Leos old mentor at Magic School, Gideon, calls upon Piper, Phoebe and Paige to find out who cast the spell of darkness upon the school and conjured up the Headless Horseman (from the story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow), who has been beheading... For other uses, see Charm. ...

Stage adaptations

  • Sleepy Hollow (1948), a Broadway musical, with music by George Lessner and book and lyrics by Russell Maloney and Miriam Battista. It lasted 12 performances.[2]

For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ...

Audio Books on CD

Notable audio adaptations include:

  • The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (2005). Produced by The Colonial Radio Theatre on the Air and released by Blackstone Audio. Faithfully adapted from the book by Washington Irving, this production has an elaborate music score by Jeffrey Gage, sound effects, and a full cast. Originally released as a "Halloween Pick" by Barnes & Noble bookstores, the production went on to win the Ogle Award for "Best Fantasy Production of 2005." The cast includes Lincoln Clark as Ichabod Crane, Joseph Zamparelli Jr. as Brom Bones, and Diane Capen as Katrina Van Tassel. The book was dramatized, produced and directed by Jerry Robbins. On Halloween 2005, the production was broadcast coast to coast on XM Radio's Sonic Theater, and repeated the following year. It continues to be one of Colonial's most popular titles in release.
  • Sleepy Hollow (2007), produced and directed by Dave Johnson. This version is voiced by Alan Zain, who plays all the parts. [1]. ISBN 978-1-4276-2425-3.

A typical Barnes & Noble bookstore. ... XM Satellite Radio (NASDAQ: XMSR) is a satellite radio service in the United States based in Washington, DC and controlled by News Corporations DirecTV, General Motors, American Honda, Hughes Electronics, and several private investment groups. ... Sonic Theater is a channel on the XM Satellite Radio network that specializes in playing Audio Books and Radio Dramas. ...

References

  1. ^ A letter from Merwin to Irving was endorsed in Irving's handwriting: "From Jesse Merwin, the original of Ichabod Crane" Life and Letters of Washington Irving, New York: G.P. Putnam and Son, 1869, vol. 3, pp. 185–186.
  2. ^ Internet Broadway Database.

See also

  • Sleepy Hollow Cemetery was founded in 1849, and is adjacent to the Old Dutch Burying Ground. They are separately owned and administered.

Sleepy Hollow Cemetery is the resting place of numerous famous figures, including Washington Irving, whose story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow is set in the adjacent Old Dutch Burying Ground. ...

Further reading

  • Thomas S. Wermuth (2001). Rip Van Winkle's Neighbors: The Transformation of Rural Society in the Hudson River Valley. State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-5084-8.

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Bartleby. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and often dark atmosphere in his high-profile films. ... For other uses, see Lego (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1105 words)
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery is the resting place of numerous famous figures, including Washington Irving, whose story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow is set in the adjacent Old Dutch Burying Ground.
Sleepy Hollow (1999; see also 1999 in film) is a historical fantasy film interpreting the legend of the Headless Horseman and based loosely around the Washington Irving story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
The legend featured in the story is that of the Headless Horseman or Galloping Hessian of the Hollow, the ghost of a Hessian trooper who lost his head to a canon-ball during "some nameless battle " of the American Revolutionary War and who stalks Sleepy Hollow in search of a replacement head.
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. Irving, Washington. 1917. Rip Van Winkle & The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. Vol. X, Part ... (7978 words)
Several of the Sleepy Hollow people were present at Van Tassel’s, and, as usual, were doling out their wild and wonderful legends.
The chief part of the stories, however, turned upon the favorite spectre of Sleepy Hollow, the headless horseman, who had been heard several times of late, patrolling the country; and, it was said, tethered his horse nightly among the graves in the church-yard.
Some of the damsels mounted on pillions behind their favorite swains, and their light-hearted laughter, mingling with the clatter of hoofs, echoed along the silent woodlands, sounding fainter and fainter until they gradually died away—and the late scene of noise and frolic was all silent and deserted.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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